Mammals of the World Database

Database from Bucknell University:
Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed)

Use form to search database (search does not include subspecies), Species field also searches "Common Name"

Genus Species Distribution IUCN Status

Database last downloaded: 02/01/14 17:03:57 EST

0 CommonName Order Family Genus Species Distribution  Status
1 Short-beaked Echidna MONOTREMATA Tachyglossidae Tachyglossus aculeatus S and E New Guinea; Australia, including Kangaroo Isl (off South Australia) and Tasmania.  IUCN ­– Lower Risk (nt) as T. a. multiaculeatus; otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant throughout its range.
2 Sir David’s Long-beaked Echidna. MONOTREMATA Tachyglossidae Zaglossus attenboroughi Known only from type locality.  CITES - Appendix II.
3 Eastern Long-beaked Echidna MONOTREMATA Tachyglossidae Zaglossus bartoni Interior New Guinea, east of Paniai Lakes, 600 to 3200 m.  CITES - Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as Z. bruijni (part).
4 Western Long-beaked Echidna. MONOTREMATA Tachyglossidae Zaglossus bruijni Western New Guinea, west of Paniai Lakes; Salawati Isl (Indonesia).  CITES - Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
5 Platypus. MONOTREMATA Ornithorhynchidae Ornithorhynchus anatinus Queensland, New South Wales, SE South Australia, Victoria, and Tasmania (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc); common but vulnerable to local extinction.
6 Derby’s Woolly Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Caluromys derbianus Mexico, Central America, W Colombia, and W Ecuador.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
7 Brown-eared Woolly Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Caluromys lanatus N and C Colombia, NW and S Venezuela, E Ecuador, E Perú, E Bolivia, E and S Paraguay, N Argentina (Provincia Misiones), and W and S Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
8 Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Caluromys philander Venezuela (including Margarita Isl), Trinidad, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Brazil, and E Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
9 Black-shouldered Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Caluromysiops irrupta SE Colombia, SE Perú, and W Brazil.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
10 Bushy-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Glironia venusta Amazonian Brazil, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.  IUCN – Vulnerable; rare.
11 Water Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Chironectes minimus Oaxaca and Tabasco, México, south through Central America to Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Perú, Venezuela, the Guianas, Paraguay, and NE Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt)
12 White-eared Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Didelphis albiventris Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and the northern half of Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
13 Big-eared Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Didelphis aurita E Brazil, SE Paraguay, and NE Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
14 Guianan White-eared Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Didelphis imperfecta Venezuela (south of the Orinoco), SW Suriname, French Guiana, and N Brazil.  
15 Common Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Didelphis marsupialis Tamaulipas, México, south throughout Central and South America to Perú, Bolivia, and Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
16 Andean White-eared Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Didelphis pernigra Andes of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.  
17 Virginia Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Didelphis virginiana S Canada; E and C United States (with introduced populations in Pacific states); México; and in Central America south into N Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
18 Aceramarca Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus aceramarcae Bolivia (type locality) and SE Perú.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
19 Agile Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus agilis Brazil, E Perú, E Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and adjacent Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
20 Agricola’s Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus agricolai Known only from the type locality.  
21 Wood Sprite Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus dryas Andes of W Venezuela.  IUCN –Vulnerable.
22 Emilia’s Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus emiliae Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, NE Brazil.  IUCN – Vulnerable; Listed as Data Deficient as G. longicaudis, but G. longicaudis represents a misidentification by Hershkovitz and has no standing as a species or as a population.
23 Pygmy Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus formosus Known only from the type locality in Formosa Province, Argentina.  
24 Red-bellied Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus ignitus Known only from type locality.  
25 Northern Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus marica N Colombia and Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt); Data Deficient as G. perijae.
26 Brazilian Gracile Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Gracilinanus microtarsus SE Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
27 Kalinowski’s Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Hyladelphys kalinowskii S Guyana, N French Guiana, west to E Perú.  IUCN – Data Deficient as Gracilinanus kalinowskii.
28 Patagonian Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Lestodelphys halli Provincia Mendoza south to Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
29 Lutrine Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Lutreolina crassicaudata South America in two populations: E Colombia, Venezuela, and W Guyana; E Bolivia, SE Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina south to Provincia de Buenos Aires.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
30 Heavy-browed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa andersoni Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
31 Rufous Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa lepida Surinam and E Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Brazil, and Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
32 Mexican Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa mexicana Tamaulipas, México to W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
33 Linnaeus’s Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa murina Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Brazil, E Ecuador, E Perú, and Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
34 Quechuan Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa quichua E Perú.  
35 Robinson’s Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa robinsoni Belize, Honduras (Isla Ruatán), Panamá, Colombia, W Ecuador, NW Perú, N Venezuela, and Grenada (Lesser Antilles).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
36 Red Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa rubra E Ecuador and Perú.  IUCN –Lower Risk (lc).
37 Tyleria Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa tyleriana Guayanan Highland tepuis of Venezuela.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
38 Guajira Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosa xerophila NE Colombia and NW Venezuela.  IUCN – Endangered.
39 Bishop’s Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops bishopi Brasil, Perú, and Bolivia.  
40 Narrow-headed Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops cracens Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
41 Dorothys’ Slender opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops dorothea NE Bolivia.  IUCN – Vulnerable (B1+2c).
42 Dusky Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops fuscatus E Andes of Colombia, N Venezuela, and Isl of Trinidad.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
43 Handley’s Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops handleyi Known from the vicinity of the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
44 Tschudi’s Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops impavidus Darién of Panamá to Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, W Brazil, and E Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
45 Gray Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops incanus E Brazil from the states of Bahia south to Săo Paulo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
46 Panama Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops invictus Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
47 Junin Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops juninensis Chanchamayo Valley of Perú.  
48 Neblina Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops neblina S Venezuela, E Ecuador, E Perú, and W Brazil (Patton et al., 2000).  
49 White-bellied Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops noctivagus Amazonian Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, and adjacent Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
50 Delicate Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops parvidens E Colombia, N Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana and N Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
51 Brazilian Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops paulensis SE Brazil in states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Săo Paulo, and Paraná.  
52 Pinheiro’s Slender Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Marmosops pinheiroi Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil.  
53 Brown Four-eyed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Metachirus nudicaudatus Nicaragua to Paraguay and N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
54 Alston’s Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Micoureus alstoni E Central America from Belize to Panamá and adjacent Caribbean islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
55 White-bellied Woolly Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Micoureus constantiae E Bolivia and adjacent Brazil south into N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
56 Woolly Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Micoureus demerarae Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Brazil, E Perú, and E Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
57 Tate’s Woolly Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Micoureus paraguayanus  E Brazil from Minas Gerais and S Bahia south to Rio Grande do Sul and E Paraguay.  
58 Little Woolly Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Micoureus phaeus W slopes of the Andes from SW Colombia to SW Ecuador.  
59 Bare-tailed Woolly Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Micoureus regina Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Brazil, and Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
60 Sepia Short-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis adusta E Panamá, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
61 Northern Three-striped Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis americana E Brazil from the states of Pará south to Santa Catarina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
62 Northern Red-sided Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis brevicaudata Venezuela, the Guianas, and adjacent Brasil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
63 Yellow-sided Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis dimidiata Uruguay, SE Brazil, and NE Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
64 Gray Short-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis domestica Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
65 Emilia’s Short-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis emiliae Amazon Basin of Perú, Brazil, and N Bolivia.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
66 Amazonian Red-sided Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis glirina Central Brazil to N Bolivia.  
67 Ihering’s Three-striped Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis iheringi SE Brazil (Espírito Santo, Săo Paulo, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
68 Pygmy Short-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis kunsi Known from only four localities, two in Bolivia and two in Brazil.  IUCN – Endangered.
69 Marajó Short-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis maraxina Brazil, Pará, Marajó Isl.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
70 Osgood’s Short-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis osgoodi E Perú and C Bolivia.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
71 Hooded Red-sided Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis palliolata NE Colombia and W Venezuela.  
72 Chestnut-striped Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis rubida E Brazil from Goiás south to Săo Paulo.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
73 Long-nosed Short-tailed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis scalops From Espírito Santo, SE Brazil, south Alto Paraguay, Paraguay (Contreras and Silvera Avalos, 1995).  IUCN – Vulnerable
74 Southern Red-sided Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis sorex SE Brazil, S Paraguay, and NE Argentina.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
75 Southern Three-striped Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis theresa E Brazil.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
76 Red Three-striped Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis umbristriata Known from the Brazilian states of Goiás and Minas Gerais.  
77 One-striped Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Monodelphis unistriata State of Săo Paulo, Brazil, and Provincía Misiones, Argentina.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
78 Anderson’s Four-eyed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Philander andersoni S Venezuela, E Colombia, Ecuador, and Andean foothills of Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
79 Southeastern Four-eyed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Philander frenatus E Brasil southward to Paraguay and adjacent Argentina.  
80 McIlhenny’s Four-eyed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Philander mcilhennyi Amazon Basin of C Perú and W Brazil.  
81 Gray Four-eyed Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Philander opossum Tamaulipas, México, through Central and South America to Bolivia and SC Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
82 Cinderella Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys cinderella N Argentina and probably S Bolivia.  
83 Elegant Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys elegans Chile, on Pacific side of Andes between 32° and 38° S.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
84 Karimi’s Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys karimii Known only from type locality.  
85 Paraguayan Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys macrurus Paraguay and S Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
86 White-bellied Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys pallidior W and S Peru, N Chile, and S Bolivia as far south as Peninsula Valdéz, Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
87 Common Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys pusillus Paraguay, SE Bolivia, and N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
88 Argentine Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys sponsorius N Argentina and S Bolivia.  
89 Tate’s Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys tatei Departments of Ancash and Lima, Peru.  
90 Dwarf Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys velutinus SE Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
91 Buff-bellied Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Thylamys venustus S Perú and Bolivia, south to Provincia Neuquén, Argentina.  
92 Gray Mouse Opossum DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Tlacuatzin canescens México from S Sonora to Oaxaca, Yucatán, and Tres Marías Isls.  IUCN – Data Deficient as Marmosa canescens.
93 Gray-bellied Caenolestid PAUCITUBERCULATA Caenolestidae Caenolestes caniventer SW Ecuador and NW Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
94 Andean Caenolestid PAUCITUBERCULATA Caenolestidae Caenolestes condorensis Cordillera del Cóndor of SE Ecuador.  
95 Northern Caenolestid PAUCITUBERCULATA Caenolestidae Caenolestes convelatus W Colombia and NW Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
96 Dusky Caenolestid PAUCITUBERCULATA Caenolestidae Caenolestes fuliginosus Colombia, Ecuador, and NW Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
97 Incan Caenolestid PAUCITUBERCULATA Caenolestidae Lestoros inca S Andean Perú and adjacent Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
98 Long-nosed Caenolestid PAUCITUBERCULATA Caenolestidae Rhyncholestes raphanurus SC Chile including Chiloé Isl and adjacent Argentina.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
99 Monito del Monte MICROBIOTHERIA Microbiotheriidae Dromiciops gliroides Chile and adjacent Argentina from about 36°S to near 43°S.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
100 Northern Marsupial Mole NOTORYCTEMORPHIA Notoryctidae Notoryctes caurinus NW Western Australia.  IUCN – Endangered, Unknown.
101 Southern Marsupial Mole NOTORYCTEMORPHIA Notoryctidae Notoryctes typhlops Western deserts from Ooldea (South Australia) to Charlotte Waters and NW Western Australia, Northern Territory.  IUCN – Endangered. Thought to be rare, but no real data exist.
102 Thylacine DASYUROMORPHIA Thylacinidae Thylacinus cynocephalus Tasmania.  CITES – Appendix I [Possibly Extinct]; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.
103 Numbat DASYUROMORPHIA Myrmecobiidae Myrmecobius fasciatus SW Western Australia; formerly in NW South Australia and SW New South Wales.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
104 Mulgara DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasycercus cristicauda Arid Australia from NW Western Australia to SW Queensland, N South Australia.  IUCN – Vulnerable as D. cristicauda, Endangered as D. hillieri. Rare or indeterminate.
105 Little Red Kaluta DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasykaluta rosamondae NW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.
106 Kowari DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasyuroides byrnei Junction of Northern Territory, South Australia, and Queensland (C Australia).  IUCN – Vulnerable as Dasycercus byrnei
107 New Guinean Quoll DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasyurus albopunctatus New Guinea, sea level to 3500 m, possibly Yapen Isl: see Flannery (1995a).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
108 Western Quoll DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasyurus geoffroii Western Australia; formerly in South Australia, Northern Territory, S Queensland, W New South Wales, and NW Victoria (Archer, in Tyler, 1979; Waithman, 1979).  IUCN – Vulnerable. Rare.
109 Northern Quoll DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasyurus hallucatus Australia: N Northern Territory, N and NE Queensland, and N Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Common.
110 Tiger Quoll DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasyurus maculatus Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, E and S Victoria, SE South Australia, Tasmania. Formerly occurred in South Australia.  IUCN – Endangered as D. m.gracilis, Vulnerable as D. maculatus and D. m. maculatus. Widespread but rare; locally common in Tasmania.
111 Bronze Quoll DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasyurus spartacus Fly Plains, Papua New Guinea.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
112 Eastern Quoll DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Dasyurus viverrinus Probably survives only in Tasmania; formerly South Australia, New South Wales, and Victoria (Archer, in Tyler, 1979).  U.S ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
113 Three-striped Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Myoictis melas Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya) and NE Papua New Guinea; Salawati Isl. Also Waigeo, Yapen, possibly Batanta.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Secure.
114 Wallace’s Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Myoictis wallacii Southern New Guinea and Aru Isls (Indonesia).  Unknown, but rare.
115 Speckled Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Neophascogale lorentzi C New Guinea (highlands).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.
116 Southern Dibbler DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Parantechinus apicalis Inland periphery of SW Western Australia.  U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
117 Red-bellied Marsupial Shrew DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Phascolosorex doriae W interior New Guinea, 100-2000 m.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Uncommon.
118 Narrow-striped Marsupial Shrew DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Phascolosorex dorsalis W and E interior New Guinea (not known from central region).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
119 Sandstone Dibbler DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Pseudantechinus bilarni Northern Territory (Australia), known from region of type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.
120 Fat-tailed False Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Pseudantechinus macdonnellensis Uplands of Western Australia, about 24-28°S, 124-130°E, and southern desert region of Northern Territory, from type locality north to about 19°S (see Cooper et al., 2000b:Fig. 12).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
121 Alexandria False Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Pseudantechinus mimulus Northern Territory: known only from type locality and North Isl, Sir Edward Pellew Group.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
122 Ningbing False Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Pseudantechinus ningbing Kimberley region, Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
123 Rory Cooper’s False Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Pseudantechinus roryi Western Australia: Northern Pilbara, north of the Hamersley Range, into Great Sandy Desert as far east as Clutterbuck Hills; Cape Range Peninsula; probably Barrow Isl (Cooper et al., 2000b).  
124 Woolley's False Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Pseudantechinus woolleyae Western Australia: Pilbara region and further south - between ca. 20° and 30°S, 115° and 123°E (see Cooper et al., 2000b:Fig. 12).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
125 Tasmanian Devil DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sarcophilus harrisii Australia: Tasmania; known as a subfossil in S Victoria (Mt. Hamilton and Lake Corangamite).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
126 Tropical Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus adustus Australia: Dense tropical vine forests from Paluma (19°00’S, 146°12’E) to Mt. Spurgeon (16°25' S, 145°12'E).  Unknown.
127 Agile Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus agilis Australia: Victoria (SW, and C, E and NE districts), and SE New South Wales north on the coast to Kioloa (35°32'S, 150°23'E), and inland north to Mt. Canobolas (33°10'S, 149°00'E).  Common.
128 Fawn Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus bellus N Northern Territory (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
129 Yellow-footed Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus flavipes Cape York Peninsula (Queensland); Victoria and SE South Australia; SW Western Australia. In SE Australia, bioclimatic modeling predicts its range as (somewhat discontinuously) from about 23°N to S Victoria, and west to about 136°E on the South Australian coast. Inland, it may reach as far as about 145°E in S New South Wales (Sumner and Dickman, 1998).  Lower Risk (lc).
130 Atherton Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus godmani NE Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
131 Cinnamon Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus leo Cape York Peninsula from the Iron Range to the southern limit of the McIlwraith Range.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
132 Swamp Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus minimus Coastal SE South Australia to Tasmania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as A. minimus, Lower Risk (nt) as A. m. maritimus.
133 Brown Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus stuartii SE Queensland, E New South Wales south to Kioloa (35°32'S, 150°23'E). Bioclimatic modeling predicts an almost entirely coastal distribution, north to about 26°S (Sumner and Dickman, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
134 Subtropical Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus subtropicus SE Queensland, south from Gympie (26°11’S, 152°40’E) into NE NSW, in subtropical vine forests.  Unknown.
135 Dusky Antechinus DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinus swainsonii SE Queensland, E New South Wales, E and SE Victoria, coastal SE Australia, and Tasmania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
136 Habbema Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Micromurexia habbema Central Cordillera of New Guinea, 4°05’-8°03’S, 138°50’-146°53’E, at 1600-3660 m (Van Dyck, 2002).  IUCN – Data Deficient at Antechinus habbema.
137 Black-tailed Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Murexechinus melanurus New Guinea, from 134°00’E to 151°01’E (Normanby Isl), sea level to 2800 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Antechinus melanurus, Data Deficient as A. wilhelmina.
138 Short-furred Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Murexia longicaudata New Guinea, sea level to 1800 m; Aru Isls; Yapen.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
139 Broad-striped Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Paramurexia rothschildi SE New Guinea, between 9°56’-10°02’S and 147°00’-149°43’E, 600 to 1400 m (Van Dyck, 2002).  IUCN – Data Deficient as Murexia rothschildi. Vulnerable.
140 Long-nosed Dasyure DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Phascomurexia naso Interior New Guinea, 3°32’S, 139°10’E to 8°35’S, 147°09’E, 1400-2800 m (Van Dyck, 2002).  IUCN – Data Deficient as Antechinus naso.
141 Red-tailed Phascogale DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Phascogale calura Inland SW Western Australia, formerly in Northern Territory, South Australia, NW Victoria, SW New South Wales, but probably extinct in all places except the Western Australian wheat belt.  IUCN – Endangered.
142 Brush-tailed Phascogale DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Phascogale tapoatafa SW Western Australia, SE South Australia, S Victoria, E New South Wales, SE and N Queensland, Northern Territory.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
143 Kultarr DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Antechinomys laniger Western Australia, S Northern Territory, N Victoria, W New South Wales, SW Queensland, N South Australia.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Data Deficient.
144 Wongai Ningaui DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Ningaui ridei Northern Territory, South Australia, and Western Australia (deserts).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
145 Pilbara Ningaui DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Ningaui timealeyi NW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
146 Southern Ningaui DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Ningaui yvonnae Australia: Western Australia to New South Wales, Victoria.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
147 Kangaroo Island Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis aitkeni Kangaroo Isl (South Australia).  IUCN - Endangered.
148 Chestnut Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis archeri Lowland S Papua New Guinea; Northern Gulf, Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Data Deficient. Common?
149 Kakadu Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis bindi Known from Stuart Highway (12°51’S, 131°08’E) southeast to Roper Valley (14°55’S, 133°54’E), but predicted from bioclimatic records to occur in much of C and S Arnhem Land (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
150 Boullanger Island Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis boullangerensis Boullanger Isl, and on the mainland at Lesueur, near Jurien; subfossil material near Hastings Cave may belong to this species according to the describers.  Threatened.
151 Carpentarian Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis butleri In Australia known only from the type locality; also in Papua New Guinea.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
152 Fat-tailed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis crassicaudata South Australia, SW Queensland, SE Northern Territory, S Western Australia, W New South Wales, W Victoria.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
153 Little Long-tailed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis dolichura Western Australia, South Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
154 Julia Creek Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis douglasi Known from 19-25°30’S, 141-143°E, in the "downs country" of NW Queensland; and possibly Mitchell Plateau, Western Australia.  IUCN – Endangered.
155 Sooty Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis fuliginosus SW Western Australia.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
156 Gilbert's Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis gilberti SW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
157 White-tailed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis granulipes SW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
158 Gray-bellied Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis griseoventer SW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
159 Hairy-footed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis hirtipes Central deserts in Northern Territory and Western Australia; also coastal scrub 500 km N of Perth.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
160 White-footed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis leucopus S and SE Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales, and Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Data Deficient. Common?
161 Long-tailed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis longicaudata Western Australia.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
162 Stripe-faced Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis macroura Australia: NW New South Wales, W Queensland, S Northern Territory, N South Australia, N Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
163 Slender-tailed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis murina SW Western Australia, SE South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, E Queensland.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. m. tatei; otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Common.
164 Ooldea Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis ooldea Edge of Nullarbor Plain (South Australia), Western Australia, S Northern Territory.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
165 Sandhill Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis psammophila Australia: SW Northern Territory (vicinity of Ayers Rock) and Eyre Peninsula (South Australia).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
166 Red-cheeked Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis virginiae N Queensland, N Northern Territory (Australia); Aru Isls (Indonesia); lowlands of S New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
167 Lesser Hairy-footed Dunnart DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis youngsoni Western Australia, Northern Territory.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
168 Paucident Planigale DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Planigale gilesi NE South Australia, NW New South Wales, and SW Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
169 Long-tailed Planigale DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Planigale ingrami Australia: N and E Queensland, NE Northern Territory, NE Western Australia.  U.S. ESA – Endangered as P. i. subtilissima; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc)..
170 Pygmy Planigale DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Planigale maculata E Queensland, NE New South Wales, and N Northern Territory (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
171 New Guinean Planigale DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Planigale novaeguineae Lowlands of S New Guinea.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
172 Narrow-nosed Planigale DASYUROMORPHIA Dasyuridae Planigale tenuirostris NW New South Wales, and SC Queensland (Australia).  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
173 Greater Bilby PERAMELEMORPHIA Thylacomyidae Macrotis lagotis Formerly in Western Australia, South Australia, Northern Territory, W New South Wales, SW Queensland. Survives only in SW Queensland, Northern Territory/Western Australia border region and Kimberleys.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
174 Lesser Bilby PERAMELEMORPHIA Thylacomyidae Macrotis leucura C Australia.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.
175 Pig-footed Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Chaeropodidae Chaeropus ecaudatus Australia: SW New South Wales, Victoria, S Northern Territory, N South Australia, Western Australia.  CITES – Appendix I [Possibly Extinct]; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.
176 Golden Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Isoodon auratus Australia: Formerly Northern Territory and N Western Australia, survives in NW of Western Australia and on Barrow Isl.  IUCN – Vulnerable as I. auratus, I. a. auratus, and I. a. barrowensis. Rare.
177 Northern Brown Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Isoodon macrourus NE Western Australia, N Northern Territory, E Queensland, and NE New South Wales (Australia); S and E New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
178 Southern Brown Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Isoodon obesulus SE New South Wales, S Victoria, SE South Australia, N Queensland, SW Western Australia, Nuyts Arch. (Great Australian Bight, S Australian coast), and Tasmania.  IUCN – Vulnerable as I. o. nauticus, Lower Risk (nt) as I. o. fusciventer, I. o. obesulus, and I. o. peninsulae; otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Locally common.
179 Western Barred Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Perameles bougainville Formerly in S South Australia, NW Victoria, W New South Wales, S Western Australia, Bernier and Dorre Isls, survives only on Bernier and Dorre Isls (off Western Australia).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as P. b. fasciata, Endangered as P. b. bougainville. Rare.
180 Desert Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Perameles eremiana N South Australia, S Northern Territory, Great Victoria Desert (Western Australia).  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.
181 Eastern Barred Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Perameles gunnii Australia: S Victoria, where restricted to Hamilton, and Tasmania.  IUCN – Vulnerable as P. g. gunnii. Common in Tasmania, Endangered in Victoria.
182 Long-nosed Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Perameles nasuta Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, E Victoria.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
183 Giant Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Peroryctes broadbenti SE New Guinea, probably lowlands.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
184 Raffray’s Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Peroryctes raffrayana New Guinea, sea level to 4000 m; Yapen Isl.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Secure.
185 Clara’s Echymipera PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Echymipera clara NC New Guinea, 300-1700 m; Yapen Isl (Indonesia).  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
186 David’s Echymipera PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Echymipera davidi Kiriwina Isl (Papua New Guinea).  IUCN – Data Deficient. Unknown.
187 Menzies’ Echymipera PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Echymipera echinista Known only from Western (Fly River) Province, Papua New Guinea.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
188 Common Echymipera PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Echymipera kalubu New Guinea and adjacent small islands including Bismarck Arch., Yapen, Biak-Supiori, Waigeo, Misool and Salawati Isls.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
189 Long-nosed Echymipera PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Echymipera rufescens Cape York Peninsula (Queensland, Australia); New Guinea and D’Entrecasteaux Isls; Kai and Aru Isls, Yapen Isl, and Misool Isl (Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.
190 Striped Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Microperoryctes longicauda Interior New Guinea, 1000-4000 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
191 Mouse Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Microperoryctes murina W interior New Guinea., Vogelkop and Weyland Range, around 2000 m.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
192 Papuan Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Microperoryctes papuensis SE interior New Guinea, 1200-2650 m.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
193 Seram Bandicoot PERAMELEMORPHIA Peramelidae Rhynchomeles prattorum Seram Isl (Indonesia), restricted to high elevations.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
194 Koala DIPROTODONTIA Phascolarctidae Phascolarctos cinereus Australia: SE Queensland, E New South Wales, SE South Australia, and Victoria. Introduced on Kangaroo Isl, South Australia and at Yanchep, Western Australia.  U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Vulnerable.
195 Northern Hairy-nosed Wombat DIPROTODONTIA Vombatidae Lasiorhinus krefftii Australia: SE and E Queensland, Deniliquin (New South Wales).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
196 Southern Hairy-nosed Wombat DIPROTODONTIA Vombatidae Lasiorhinus latifrons S South Australia, SE Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Locally common.
197 Common Wombat DIPROTODONTIA Vombatidae Vombatus ursinus E New South Wales, S Victoria, SE South Australia, Tasmania, islands in the Bass Strait, and extreme SE Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Vulnerable as V. u. ursinus, Lower Risk (lc) as V. usrinus. Common.
198 Mountain Pygmy Possum DIPROTODONTIA Burramyidae Burramys parvus Mountains of NE Victoria and S New South Wales (Australia).  U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
199 Long-tailed Pygmy Possum DIPROTODONTIA Burramyidae Cercartetus caudatus Interior New Guinea, above 1500 m; Fergusson Isl (Papua New Guinea); NE Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as C. c. macrurus, Lower Risk (lc) as C. c. caudatus. Common.
200 Southwestern Pygmy Possum DIPROTODONTIA Burramyidae Cercartetus concinnus SW Western Australia, S and SE South Australia including Kangaroo Isl, W Victoria.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
201 Tasmanian Pygmy Possum DIPROTODONTIA Burramyidae Cercartetus lepidus Australia: Tasmania, NW Victoria/South Australia border, and Kangaroo Isl (South Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
202 Eastern Pygmy Possum DIPROTODONTIA Burramyidae Cercartetus nanus Australia: SE South Australia, E New South Wales to SE Queensland, Victoria, and Tasmania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
203 Talaud Bear Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Ailurops melanotis Only found on Salebabu Isl in the Talaud Isls (Indonesia).  Unknown.
204 Sulawesi Bear Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Ailurops ursinus Sulawesi, Peleng Isl, Muna and Butung Isls, Togian Isls.  IUCN – Date Deficient. Common.
205 Gebe Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger alexandrae Pulau (Isl) Gebe.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Very restricted distribution.
206 Mountain Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger carmelitae Interior New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
207 Ground Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger gymnotis New Guinea; Aru Isls and other small Indonesian islands.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Common.
208 Eastern Common Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger intercastellanus SE Papua New Guinea, east of Markham valley; Sariba, Itoh, Goodenough, Fergusson, Normanby, Kiriwina, Misima, Sudest and Rossel Isl.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Queensland subpopulation, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). CITES – Appendix II as P. orientalis.
209 Woodlark Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger lullulae Woodlark Isl (Papua New Guinea).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.
210 Blue-eyed Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger matabiru Ternate and Tidore Isls (Indonesia).  Restricted distribution.
211 Telefomin Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger matanim Telefomin area, W Papua New Guinea.  IUCN – Endangered. Rare.
212 Southern Common Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger mimicus S New Guinea, from Mimika River (Prov. of Papua) east to Mt. Bosavi and Oriomo River; perhaps Aru Isls; Cape York Peninsula (Australia).  CITES – Appendix II as P. orientalis.
213 Northern Common Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger orientalis Timor, Sanana (Sulu Isls), Buru, Halmahera and Seram Isls (Indonesia) to northern New Guinea, Karkar Isl, Schouten group, Bismarck Arch., Solomon Isls; Sanana (Sula Isls), Buru, and Halmahera.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc); CITES – Appendix II.
214 Ornate Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger ornatus Halmahera, Bacan, possibly Morotai Isls (Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Apparently common.
215 Rothschild’s Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger rothschildi Pulau (Isl) Obi, and Bisa.  IUCN – Vulnerable. Common.
216 Silky Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger sericeus C and E New Guinea, higher elevations, above 1500 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
217 Stein’s Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Phalanger vestitus Interior New Guinea, 1200-1500 m. (in western range, up to 2200 m.).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
218 Admiralty Island Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Spilocuscus kraemeri Manus and Lou Isls.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
219 Common Spotted Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Spilocuscus maculatus New Guinea and adjacent small islands; Aru and Kei Isls, Seram, Ambon and Selayar Isls (Indonesia); Cape York Peninsula (Queensland, Australia). On New Guinea, found mainly above 1200 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc); CITES – Appendix II; but "common" in New Guinea (Flannery, 1990).
220 Waigeou Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Spilocuscus papuensis Waigeou.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
221 Black-spotted Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Spilocuscus rufoniger N New Guinea, above 1200 m.  IUCN – Endangered.
222 Sulawesi Dwarf Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Strigocuscus celebensis Sulawesi, Peleng Isl, Sanghir Isls. Records from Taliabu and Obi Isl (Indonesia) may be erroneous (T. F. Flannery, pers. comm.).  IUCN – Data Deficient. Common.
223 Banggai Cuscus DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Strigocuscus pelengensis Peleng and Sula Isls (Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Unknown.
224 Northern Brushtail DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Trichosurus arnhemensis N Northern Territory, NE Western Australia, Barrow Isl (Australia).  Common.
225 Short-eared Possum DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Trichosurus caninus Australia: C Queensland (near Gladstone) south to C New South Wales, and possibly to the Victorian border (Lindenmayer et al., 2002).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
226 Mountain Brushtail Possum DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Trichosurus cunninghami Australia: C to NE Victoria, and possibly into S New South Wales (Lindenmayer et al., 2002).  Common.
227 Coppery Brushtail DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Trichosurus johnstonii Australia: rainforests of NE Queensland.  Common.
228 Common Brushtail DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Trichosurus vulpecula Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, SE and N South Australia, SW Western Australia; introduced to New Zealand (Wodzicki, 1950).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as T. v. hypoleuca, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Common, in many cities, lives commensally.
229 Scaly-tailed Possum DIPROTODONTIA Phalangeridae Wyulda squamicaudata NE Western Australia, Kimberleys.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
230 Lemur-like Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Hemibelideus lemuroides NE Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized but not endangered where it occurs.
231 Greater Glider DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Petauroides volans E Australia, from Dandenong Ranges (Victoria) to Rockhampton (Queensland).  Lower Risk (lc). Common.
232 Rock-haunting ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Petropseudes dahli N Northern Territory, NW Western Australia.  Lower Risk (lc). Localized.
233 Common Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudocheirus peregrinus Australia: Cape York Peninsula (Queensland) to SE South Australia and SW Western Australia, Tasmania, islands of the Bass Straits.  IUCN – Vulnerable as P. occidentalis, Lower Risk (lc) as P. peregrinus. Common.
234 Lowland Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus canescens New Guinea and Salawati Isl, below 1300 m; Yapen Isl.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Uncommon.
235 Weyland Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus caroli WC New Guinea.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
236 Cinereous Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus cinereus North Queensland, tablelands from Mt. Carbine north to Thornton Peak.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized but not uncommon.
237 Painted Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus forbesi SE New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
238 Herbert River Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus herbertensis NE Queensland (Australia), Ingham north to Atherton Tablelands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized but not uncommon.
239 Masked Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus larvatus NE New Guinea (Huon Peninsula and eastern part of Central Cordillera).  Common.
240 Pygmy Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus mayeri C interior New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
241 Vogelkop Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirulus schlegeli Extreme NW New Guinea.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
242 D’Albertis’ Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirops albertisii N and W New Guinea, including Yapen Isl (Indonesia).  IUCN – Vulnerable. Uncommon.
243 Green Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirops archeri NE Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Locally common, but restricted.
244 Plush-coated Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirops corinnae Interior New Guinea.  IUCN – Vulnerable. Common.
245 Reclusive Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirops coronatus Arfak Mtns (Prov. of Papua = Irian Jaya, Indonesia), above 1000 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Unknown.
246 Coppery Ringtail DIPROTODONTIA Pseudocheiridae Pseudochirops cupreus Interior New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
247 Great-tailed Triok DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Dactylopsila megalura Interior New Guinea.  IUCN – Vulnerable. Rare.
248 Long-fingered Triok DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Dactylopsila palpator Interior New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
249 Tate’s Triok DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Dactylopsila tatei Fergusson Isl; Papua New Guinea.  IUCN – Endangered. Rare.
250 Striped Possum DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Dactylopsila trivirgata New Guinea, Yapen and Waigeo; Aru Isls; NE Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
251 Leadebeater’s Possum DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Gymnobelideus leadbeateri NE Victoria (Australia).  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
252 Northern Glider DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Petaurus abidi NC New Guinea.  IUCN – Vulnerable. Rare.
253 Yellow-bellied Glider DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Petaurus australis Coastal Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as P. a. australis and as P. australis. Common locally.
254 Biak Glider DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Petaurus biacensis Biak, Supiori and Owi Isls.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Unknown.
255 Sugar Glider DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Petaurus breviceps SE South Australia to Cape York Peninsula (Queensland), Tasmania (introduction), N Northern Territory, NE Western Australia; New Guinea and adjacent small islands, including Bismarck Arch.; Aru Isls and N Moluccas (Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
256 Ebony Glider DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Petaurus gracilis From Wharps Holding (18°41’18"S, 146°04’25"E) to Hall River (17°58’29"S, 146°02’02"E), NE Queensland.  IUCN – Endangered.
257 Squirrel Glider DIPROTODONTIA Petauridae Petaurus norfolcensis Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, E Victoria.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Common.
258 Honey possum DIPROTODONTIA Tarsipedidae Tarsipes rostratus SW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.
259 Feather-tailed Glider DIPROTODONTIA Acrobatidae Acrobates pygmaeus Australia: E Queensland to SE South Australia, inland to Deniliquin (New South Wales).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
260 Feather-tailed Possum DIPROTODONTIA Acrobatidae Distoechurus pennatus New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Abundant.
261 Musky Rat-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Hypsiprymnodontidae Hypsiprymnodon moschatus NE Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare, localized.
262 Rufous Rat-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Aepyprymnus rufescens Australia: NE Victoria, E New South Wales, E Queensland.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare, localized.
263 Eastern Bettong DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Bettongia gaimardi Formerly coastal SE Queensland and N New South Wales, south to SW Victoria; now extinct on mainland Australia; survives in Tasmania.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as B. g. gaimardi, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
264 Boodie DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Bettongia lesueur Formerly in Dampier Land (Western Australia), South Australia, Dirk Hartog Isl, Barrow Isl, Bernier and Dorre Isls, Northern Territory, and SW New South Wales (Australia); now extinct except on W Australian Isls.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as B. l. graii, otherwise Vulnerable. Rare.
265 Woylie DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Bettongia penicillata SW Western Australia, S South Australia including St. Francis Isl, NW Victoria, C New South Wales.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as B. p. penicillata, otherwise Lower Risk (conservation dependent).
266 Northern Bettong DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Bettongia tropica E Queensland: Windsor and Carbine Tablelands, Lamb Range, and Paluma.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
267 Desert Rat-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Caloprymnus campestris South Australia/Queensland border country.  CITES – Appendix I pe [Possibly Extinct]; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct, see Ride (1970:198); not recorded or sighted since 1935.
268 Gilbert’s Potoroo DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Potorous gilbertii Southern tip of Western Australia.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
269 Long-footed Potoroo DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Potorous longipes NE Victoria (Australia).  IUCN – Endangered.
270 Broad-faced Potoroo DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Potorous platyops Formerly SW Western Australia and Kangaroo Isl, South Australia.  IUCN – Extinct.
271 Long-nosed Potoroo DIPROTODONTIA Potoroidae Potorous tridactylus SE Queensland, coastal New South Wales, NE Victoria, SE South Australia, SW Western Australia, Tasmania, and King Isl (Australia).  IUCN – Vulnerable as P. t. tridactylus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Endangered on mainland Australia, common in Tasmania.
272 Banded Hare-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Lagostrophus fasciatus Survives only on Bernier and Dorre Isls (Western Australia); formerly in SW Western Australia and South Australia.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as L. f. albipilis, otherwise Vulnerable.
273 Bennett’s Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus bennettianus NE Queensland (Australia): north of Daintree River as far as Mt. Amos.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
274 Doria’s Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus dorianus Interior New Guinea: Wondiwoi Peninsula, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya); Papua New Guinea/Indonesian border to extreme SE of mainland Papua New Guinea, 600 to 3650 m.  IUCN – Vulnerable; uncommon.
275 Goodfellow’s Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus goodfellowi Mainland of Papua New Guinea, sea level to 2860 m.  IUCN – Endangered; uncommon.
276 Grizzled Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus inustus New Guinea: Vogelkop and Fakfak peninsulas, along north coast as far east as Wewak; Yapen Isl; possibly present on Salawati and Waigeou (Flannery, 1995a).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
277 Lumholtz’s Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus lumholtzi NE Queensland (Australia), Kirrima north to Mt. Spurgeon, 300 to 1622 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
278 Huon Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus matschiei Extreme NE interior New Guinea (Huon Peninsula), 1000 to 3300 m; Umboi Isl and Mt. Agulupella in W New Britain (introduced).  IUCN – Endangered. Uncommon.
279 Dingiso DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus mbaiso Southern and western slopes of Sudirman Range, from Paniai Lakes region in west to Baliem Gorge in east, 136°30’ to 139°10’E, at 3250 to 4200 m, but perhaps down to 2700 m in suitable low mossy forest or scrub; Prov. of Papua, Indonesia.  IUCN – Vulnerable. Locally common but restricted in distribution.
280 Golden-mantled Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus pulcherrimus Sibilanga district, Toricelli Mtns only, 680-1120 m (Papua New Guinea).  Endangered.
281 Tenkile DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus scottae Torricelli Mtns and Mt. Menawa, 900-2000 m (Papua New Guinea).  IUCN – Endangered.
282 Lowlands Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus spadix S New Guinea, Gulf of Papua east of Fly River, sea level to 800 m.  IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.
283 Seri’s Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus stellarum New Guinea, from Paniai Lakes east to Hak-Om region, northeast of Telefomin, 2600-3200 m (Papua New Guinea).  Unknown.
284 Ursine Tree-kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dendrolagus ursinus Volgelkop and Fakfak peninsulas, extreme NW New Guinea, sea level to 2500 m.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
285 Black Dorcopsis DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dorcopsis atrata Goodenough Isl (Papua New Guinea).  IUCN – Endangered. Very rare, localized.
286 White-striped Dorcopsis DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dorcopsis hageni NC New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
287 Grey Dorcopsis DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dorcopsis luctuosa S New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
288 Brown Dorcopsis DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dorcopsis muelleri W New Guinea; Misool and Salawati Isls, Aru Isls, and Yapen Isl (Indonesia); occurred on Gebe until about 2000 ybp and on Halmahera until about 1870 ybp (Flannery et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
289 Macleay’s Dorcopsis DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dorcopsulus macleayi Extreme SE New Guinea.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
290 Small Dorcopsis DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Dorcopsulus vanheurni Interior New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
291 Lake Mackay Hare-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Lagorchestes asomatus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Extinct. Probably extinct.
292 Spectacled Hare-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Lagorchestes conspicillatus N Western Australia and adjacent islands, N Northern Territory, N and W Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Vulnerable as L. c. conspicillatus, otherwise Lower Risk (nt). Common locally.
293 Rufous Hare-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Lagorchestes hirsutus C Western Australia, C Australia, Dorre Isl and Bernier Isl (Western Australia). Survives only on Bernier and Dorre Isls, and a tiny area NW of Alice Springs (Northern Territory, Australia).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as L. h. hirsutus, otherwise Vulnerable. Rare.
294 Eastern Hare-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Lagorchestes leporides Formerly W New South Wales, E South Australia, NW Victoria.  IUCN – Extinct.
295 Agile Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus agilis NE Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland; S New Guinea; Kiriwina and D’Entrecasteaux Isls.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
296 Antilopine Kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus antilopinus N Queensland, Northern Territory, NE Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
297 Woodward’s Wallaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus bernardus Interior of N Northern Territory.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Rare.
298 Black-striped Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus dorsalis Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
299 Tammar Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus eugenii SW Western Australia, South Australia, Kangaroo Isl, Wallaby Isl and other islands.  IUCN – Extinct in the Wild as M. e. eugenii, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
300 Western Grey Kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus fuliginosus SW New South Wales, NW Victoria, South Australia, SW Western Australia, Tasmania, King Isl, and Kangaroo Isl (Australia).  U.S. ESA – Delisted Taxa (recovered); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as M. f. fuliginosus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant.
301 Eastern Grey Kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus giganteus E and C Queensland, Victoria, New South Wales, SE South Australia, and Tasmania (Australia).  U.S. ESA – Endangered as M. g. tasmaniensis; otherwise Delisted Taxa (recovered); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as M. g. tasmaniensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant throughout E Australia.
302 Toolache Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus greyi Formerly SE South Australia and adjacent Victoria.  IUCN – Extinct.
303 Western Brush Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus irma SW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Rare.
304 Parma Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus parma E New South Wales; introduced to Kawau Isl (New Zealand), see Wodzicki and Flux (1967).  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
305 Pretty-faced Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus parryi Australia: E Queensland, NE New South Wales.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
306 Wallaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus robustus Australia: Western Australia, South Australia, S Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales, Barrow Isl.  IUCN – Vulnerable as M. r. isabellinus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant.
307 Red-necked Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus rufogriseus SE South Australia, Victoria, SE Queensland, E New South Wales, Tasmania, King Isl and adjacent islands (Australia); introduced in England (Corbet and Hill, 1980:18).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
308 Red Kangaroo DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Macropus rufus Mainland, mid-latitude Australia.  U.S. ESA – Delisted Taxa (recovered); IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Very abundant.
309 Bridled Nail-tail Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Onychogalea fraenata Formerly in S Queensland, interior New South Wales; survives only near Taunton, Queensland (Australia).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
310 Crescent Nail-tail Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Onychogalea lunata SC and SW Western Australia, S Northern Territory.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct; probably extinct.
311 Northern Nail-tail Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Onychogalea unguifera N Australia: Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Secure.
312 Allied Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale assimilis C Queensland, from Townsville southward to lower Burdekin-Bowen Rivers, northwest to Croydon, southwest to Hughenden and Mt. Hope; Palm Isl, Magnetic Isl.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Locally common.
313 Short-eared Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale brachyotis Coast of NW Australia, N Northern Territory.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
314 Monjon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale burbidgei Kimberleys (Western Australia), Bonaparte Arch., and adjacent islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Rare.
315 Cape York Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale coenensis Musgrave north to Pascoe River, N Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized.
316 Nabarlek DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale concinna Australia: NE and NW Northern Territory, NE Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
317 Godman’s Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale godmani Near Mt. Carbine and Mitchell River, north to Bathurst Head, west to "Pinnacles" (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Threatened by genetic introgression from P. assimilis.
318 Herbert’s Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale herberti S Queensland, from Nanango, 100 km NW of Brisbane, north to Fitzroy River and northwest to Mt. Ball, near Rubyvale, and Mt. Donneybrook, near Clermont (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
319 Unadorned Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale inornata Coastal C Queensland, from Fitzroy River north to lower Burdekin-Bowen Rivers; Whitsunday Isl (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Localized.
320 Black-flanked Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale lateralis Australia: Western Australia (Barrow Isl, Northwest Cape, West Kimberley, Recherche Arch.), South Australia (Pearson Isl, Mann, Musgrave, Everard and Davenport Ranges), Northern Territory (Uluru and Macdonnell Ranges), W Queensland (Dajarra and Selwyn Range).  IUCN – Vulnerable as P. l. hacketti, P. l. lateralis, and P. l. pearsoni. Common.
321 Mareeba Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale mareeba Mareeba north to Mitchell River and near Mt. Carbine, west to Mungana and south to Burdekin River, N Queensland (Australia).  Localized.
322 Brush-tailed Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale penicillata SE Australia, from East Gippsland (Victoria) to 100 km NW of Bisbane (Queensland).  IUCN – Vulnerable. Locally common but declining.
323 Proserpine Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale persephone Restricted to district around Proserpine.  IUCN – Endangered.
324 Purple-necked Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale purpureicollis Australia: Dajarra district, NW Queensland.  Uncertain.
325 Rothschild’s Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale rothschildi NW Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Vulnerable.
326 Mt. Claro Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale sharmani Seaview and Coane Ranges, west of Ingham, N Queensland (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
327 Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Petrogale xanthopus Australia: SW Queensland, South Australia, NW New South Wales.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerabler as P. x. xanthopus, Lower Risk (nt) as P. x. celeris.
328 Quokka DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Setonix brachyurus SW Western Australia, Rottnest Isl, and Bald Isl (Australia).  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
329 Tasmanian Pademelon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Thylogale billardierii Australia: SE South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania, islands in Bass Strait; probably survives only in Tasmania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
330 Brown’s Pademelon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Thylogale browni E New Guinea and adjacent small islands, sea level to 2000 m; Bismarck Arch. (Papua New Guinea).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
331 Dusky Pademelon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Thylogale brunii Southern New Guinea (Trans-Fly Plains and Port Moresby district); Aru Isls; Palau (= Isl) Kei Besar.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
332 Calaby’s Pademelon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Thylogale calabyi Known from Mt. Albert Edward and Mt. Giluwe, Eastern highlands of Papua New Guinea, about 3000 m.  IUCN – Endangered.
333 Mountain Pademelon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Thylogale lanatus Subalpine grasslands of Huon Peninsula.  Vulnerable.
334 Red-legged Pademelon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Thylogale stigmatica E Queensland, E New South Wales (Australia); SC lowland New Guinea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.
335 Red-necked Pademelon DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Thylogale thetis E Queensland, E New South Wales (Australia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.
336 Swamp Wallaby DIPROTODONTIA Macropodidae Wallabia bicolor Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, Victoria, SE South Australia, Stradbroke Isl, Fraser Isl.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.
337 Large-eared Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Geogale aurita Western deciduous forest and spiny bush of S and W Madagascar and Fénérive, NE Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
338 Web-footed Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Limnogale mergulus Freshwater streams of eastern humid forest and central highlands of E Madagascar.  IUCN – Endangered.
339 Short-tailed Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale brevicaudata Northern highlands, sambirano, western deciduous forest and eastern humid forest of N and NW Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
340 Cowan's Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale cowani Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
341 Dobson's Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale dobsoni Eastern humid forest of N, E and SE, and central highlands, Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
342 Drouhard’s Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale drouhardi Eastern humid forest of N and E Madagascar.  
343 Dryad Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale dryas Known only from the type locality and from an owl pellet collected at Réserve Spéciale d’Anjanharibe-Sud, NE Madagascar.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
344 Pale Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale fotsifotsy Eastern humid rainforests of N, E and SE Madagascar.  
345 Gracile Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale gracilis Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
346 Naked-nosed Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale gymnorhyncha Eastern humid forest of N, E and SE and central highlands, Madagascar.  
347 Lesser Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale longicaudata Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE, and western deciduous forest of W Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
348 Montane Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale monticola Northern highlands of N Madagascar.  
349 Nasolo’s Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale nasoloi Known only from transitional dry deciduous forest at the type locality and Analavelona Forest, SW Madagascar.  
350 Pygmy Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale parvula Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.  Revised by Jenkins et al. (1997). Although recorded as Endangered as M. parvula and Vulnerable as M. pulla in the IUCN Red List 2003, this species is currently common over a wide distributional range (Goodman and Jenkins, 1998, 2000; Goodman et al., 1999a; Jenkins et al., 1996, 1997).
351 Greater Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale principula Eastern humid forest of N, E and SE Madagascar.  IUCN – Endangered.
352 Least Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale pusilla Eastern humid forest of E and SE, and central highlands, Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
353 Shrew-toothed Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale soricoides Northern highlands, eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.  
354 Taiva Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale taiva Southern regions of eastern humid forest of Madagascar.  
355 Talazac's Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale talazaci Northern highlands, eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
356 Thomas's Shrew Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Microgale thomasi Eastern humid forest, and central highlands, E and SE Madagascar.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
357 Mole-like Rice Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Oryzorictes hova Northern highlands, eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, NW, E and S Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
358 Four-toed Rice Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Oryzorictes tetradactylus Eastern humid forest and central highlands of C and E Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
359 Nimba Otter Shrew AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Micropotamogale lamottei Environs of Mt. Nimba in Guinea, Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire.  IUCN – Endangered.
360 Ruwenzori Otter Shrew AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Micropotamogale ruwenzorii Ruwenzori region (Uganda, Dem. Rep. Congo), and W of Lake Edward and Lake Kivu (Dem. Rep. Congo).  IUCN – Endangered.
361 Giant Otter Shrew AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Potamogale velox Tropical Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.  IUCN – Endangered.
362 Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Echinops telfairi Western deciduous forest and spiny bush of S Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
363 Highland Streaked Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Hemicentetes nigriceps Eastern edge of central highlands, E Madagascar.  
364 Lowland Streaked Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Hemicentetes semispinosus Eastern humid forest, central highlands of E Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc)
365 Greater Hedgehog Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Setifer setosus All latitudes and phytographic zones: eastern humid forest, central highlands, northern highlands, sambirano, western deciduous forest, spiny bush, Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
366 Tail-less Tenrec AFROSORICIDA Tenrecidae Tenrec ecaudatus All latitudes and phytographic zones: eastern humid forest, central highlands, northern highlands, sambirano, western deciduous forest, spiny bush, Madagascar; Comoro Isls. Introduced on Reunion, Mauritius, and the Seychelle Isls.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
367 Arend’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Carpitalpa arendsi E Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
368 Duthie’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Chlorotalpa duthieae Coastal belt of Western and Eastern Cape Prov., South Africa.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
369 Sclater’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Chlorotalpa sclateri Western Cape Prov., E Free State, and S Mpumalanga (South Africa); Lesotho.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
370 Cape Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Chrysochloris asiatica Western Cape Prov. and Robben Isl northwards along coastal plain to Orange River (South Africa).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
371 Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Chrysochloris stuhlmanni Burundi, Cameroon, Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
372 Visagie’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Chrysochloris visagiei Known only from the holotype.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
373 Giant Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Chrysospalax trevelyani Eastern Cape Prov. (South Africa).  IUCN – Endangered.
374 Rough-haired Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Chrysospalax villosus Eastern Cape Prov., KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng and S Mpumalanga (South Africa).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
375 De Winton’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Cryptochloris wintoni Little Namaqualand, Northern Cape Prov., South Africa.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
376 Van Zyl’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Cryptochloris zyli Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
377 Grant’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Eremitalpa granti Coastal dunes from Western and Northern Cape Prov., South Africa, to Namib Desert, Namibia.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
378 Fynbos Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Amblysomus corriae Western Cape Prov. from Stellenbosch/Paarl eastwards to Knysna and George (South Africa).  
379 Hottentot Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Amblysomus hottentotus Eastern Cape Prov., KwaZulu-Natal, NE Free State and Mpumalanga (South Africa); Lesotho; possibly Swaziland.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) for A. hottentotus and A. iris.
380 Marley’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Amblysomus marleyi Ubombo to Ingwavuma, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa).  
381 Robust Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Amblysomus robustus Belfast to Dullstroom (Mpumalanga, South Africa).  
382 Highveld Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Amblysomus septentrionalis Helibron and Parys (NE Free State) to Wakkerstroom and Ermelo (Mpumalanga, South Africa); possibly also Swaziland.  
383 Congo Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Calcochloris leucorhinus N Angola, Dem. Rep. Congo, Cameroon, Central African Republic.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Chlorotalpa leucorhina.
384 Yellow Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Calcochloris obtusirostris Maputaland (KwaZulu-Natal) and Kruger Nat. Park (Northern Prov., South Africa); S Zimbabwe and S Mozambique.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
385 Somali Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Calcochloris tytonis Known only from the type specimen.  IUCN – Critically Endangered as Chlorotalpa tytonis.
386 Gunning’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Neamblysomus gunningi Woodbush Forest and New Agatha Forest Reserve, Limpopo Province, South Africa.  IUCN – Vulnerable as Amblysomus gunningi.
387 Juliana’s Golden Mole AFROSORICIDA Chrysochloridae Neamblysomus julianae Pretoria (Gauteng), Nylstroom (Limpopo Prov.) and Kruger Nat. Park (Mpumalanga, South Africa).  IUCN – Critically Endangered as Amblysomus julianae.
388 Short-snouted Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus brachyrhynchus N South Africa; NE Namibia; E and N Botswana; Angola; Zimbabwe; Malawi; Zambia; S Dem. Rep. Congo; Mozambique; Tanzania; Kenya and Uganda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
389 Cape Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus edwardii W and SC South Africa.  IUCN – Least Concern.
390 Dusky-footed Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus fuscipes Uganda; NE Dem. Rep. Congo; S Sudan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
391 Dusky Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus fuscus Mozambique; S Malawi; SE Zambia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
392 Bushveld Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus intufi SW Angola; Namibia; Botswana; N South Africa.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
393 Eastern Rock Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus myurus Zimbabwe; E Botswana; N, C and E South Africa; Lesotho; W Mozambique.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
394 Somali Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus revoili N Somalia.  IUCN – Endangered.
395 North African Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus rozeti Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; W Libya.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
396 Rufous Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus rufescens S and E Ethiopia; Kenya; E Uganda; S Sudan; N, C and W Tanzania; N and S Somalia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
397 Western Rock Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Elephantulus rupestris W Namibia; SW and SC South Africa.  IUCN – Least Concern.
398 Short-eared Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Macroscelides proboscideus W, NW and SC South Africa; S Namibia.  IUCN – Least Concern.
399 Four-toed Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Petrodromus tetradactylus Mozambique; Tanzania (including Mafia and Zanzibar); SE Kenya; S Uganda; Zambia; Malawi; SE Zimbabwe; Dem. Rep. Congo; E Republic of Congo; NE Angola; E South Africa.  IUCN – Not Evaluated as P. t. sangi; otherwise IUCN – Not listed.
400 Golden-rumped Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Rhynchocyon chrysopygus E Kenya.  IUCN – Endangered.
401 Checkered Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Rhynchocyon cirnei N Mozambique; Malawi, S and SW Tanzania, NE Zambia, N and E Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda.  IUCN – Not Evaluated as R. c. cirnei and R. c. hendersoni; otherwise Vulnerable.
402 Black and Rufous Elephant Shrew MACROSCELIDEA Macroscelididae Rhynchocyon petersi E Tanzania (including Mafia and Zanzibar); SE Kenya.  IUCN – Endangered.
403 Aardvark TUBULIDENTATA Orycteropodidae Orycteropus afer Savannah zones of West Africa to E Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea; Kenya; Somalia; N and W Uganda to Tanzania; Rwanda; N, E, and C Dem. Rep. Congo; W Angola; Namibia; Botswana; Zimbabwe; Zambia; Mozambique; South Africa.  IUCN – Least Concern.
404 Southern Tree Hyrax. HYRACOIDEA Procaviidae Dendrohyrax arboreus Western Cape Prov., Eastern Cape Prov., and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa); Mozambique; Zambia; Malawi; Dem. Rep. Congo; Tanzania to Kenya and Sudan.  IUCN – Vulnerable as D. validus and as D. arboreus South African subpopulation only, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
405 Western Tree Hyrax. HYRACOIDEA Procaviidae Dendrohyrax dorsalis West and Central Africa from Senegal, Gambia to N Angola; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea); C and NE Dem. Rep. Congo; N Uganda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
406 Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax. HYRACOIDEA Procaviidae Heterohyrax brucei Egypt to Somalia to southern Africa to WC Angola, with ‘pockets’ in C Sahara.  IUCN – Vulnerable as H
407 Rock Hyrax. HYRACOIDEA Procaviidae Procavia capensis Sub-Saharan and NE Africa (a line from Senegal through S Algeria and Libya, Egypt to southern most tip of Africa), portion of the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Israel), and the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen); isolated mountains in Algeria and Libya.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
408 Asian Elephant PROBOSCIDEA Elephantidae Elephas maximus Thirteen countries in SE Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
409 African Bush Elephant PROBOSCIDEA Elephantidae Loxodonta africana Sub-Saharan, except C and W coast of Africa, including 30 countries from Senegal in the west to Somalia in the east.  CITES – Appendix II for Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, Appendix I for other African countries; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Endangered.
410 African Forest Elephant PROBOSCIDEA Elephantidae Loxodonta cyclotis C and W coast of Africa, including 21 countries from Senegal in the west to Uganda in the east.  CITES – Appendix I (as included in L. africana); U.S. ESA – Threatened (as included in L. africana); IUCN – Endangered (as included in L. africana).
411 Dugong SIRENIA Dugongidae Dugong dugon Tropical coastal waters of Indian and W Pacific Oceans.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered except in Palau, where it is Proposed Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
412 Steller's Sea Cow SIRENIA Dugongidae Hydrodamalis gigas Known only from the Commander Isls, Bering Sea.  IUCN – Extinct.
413 Amazonian Manatee SIRENIA Trichechidae Trichechus inunguis Amazon basin of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, and Peru.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
414 West Indian Manatee SIRENIA Trichechidae Trichechus manatus Caribbean coastal areas and river systems from Virginia, USA to Espírito Santo, Brazil.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
415 African Manatee SIRENIA Trichechidae Trichechus senegalensis Coastal W Africa including river systems from Angola to Senegal.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.
416 Southern Long-nosed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus hybridus Argentina, Paraguay, and S Brazil south to Río Negro, Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
417 Greater Long-nosed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus kappleri Colombia (east of the Andes), Venezuela (south of the Orinoco), Guyana, Surinam, and south through the Amazon Basin of Brazil, Ecuador and Perú to NE Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
418 Nine-banded Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus novemcinctus S USA, México, Central and South America to N Argentina, the Lesser Antilles (Grenada), and Trinidad and Tobago.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
419 Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus pilosus Known only from the Peruvian Andes in the departments of San Martín, La Libertad, Huánuco, and Junín.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
420 Llanos Long-nosed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus sabanicola Llanos of Venezuela and Colombia.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
421 Seven-banded Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus septemcinctus Lower Amazon Basin of Brazil to the Gran Chaco of Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
422 Yepes’s Mulita CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus yepesi Gran Chaco of Paraguay, and N Argentina.  
423 Greater Fairy Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Calyptophractus retusus Gran Chaco of N Argentina, W Paraguay, and SE Bolivia.  IUCN – Vulnerable as Chlamyphorus retusus.
424 Andean Hairy Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Chaetophractus nationi Bolivian departments of La Paz, Oruro, and Potosí.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
425 Screaming Hairy Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Chaetophractus vellerosus Chaco Boreal of Bolivia and Paraguay south to C Argentina and west to the Puna de Tarapacá of Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
426 Big Hairy Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Chaetophractus villosus Gran Chaco of Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina south to Santa Cruz, Argentina, and Magallanes, Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
427 Pink Fairy Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Chlamyphorus truncatus Argentina.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
428 Six-banded Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Euphractus sexcinctus S Surinam and adjacent Brazil as a northern isolated segment; E Brazil to Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and N Argentina as the main population.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
429 Pichi CINGULATA Dasypodidae Zaedyus pichiy Mendoza, San Luis, and Buenos Aires, Argentina, south through Argentina and E Chile to the Straits of Magellan.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
430 Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Cabassous centralis México (Chiapas) to N Colombia and NW Venezuela.  CITES – Appendix III (Costa Rica); IUCN – Data Deficient.
431 Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Cabassous chacoensis Gran Chaco of W Paraguay and NW Argentina. Known from Mato Grosso, Brazil, based on one zoological park specimen (Wetzel, 1980).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
432 Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Cabassous tatouay Uruguay, S Brazil, SE Paraguay, and NE Argentina.  CITES – Appendix III (Uruguay); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
433 Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Cabassous unicinctus South America east of the Andes from Colombia to Bolivia and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
434 Giant Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Priodontes maximus South America east of the Andes from N Venezuela and the Guianas south to Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
435 Southern Three-banded Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Tolypeutes matacus E Bolivia and SW Brazil south through the Gran Chaco of Paraguay to Argentina (Buenos Aires).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
436 Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo CINGULATA Dasypodidae Tolypeutes tricinctus Brazilian states of Bahia, Ceará, Maranhăo, Piauí, and Pernambuco; and expected in Goiás (Santos et al., 1994; Olmos, 1995; Oliveira, 1995; Marinho-Filho et al., 1997).  IUCN – Vulnerable; extremely rare (see Silva and Oren, 1993; Santos et al., 1994).
437 Pygmy Three-toed Sloth PILOSA Bradypodidae Bradypus pygmaeus Known only from Isla Escudo de Veraguas.  Vulnerable.
438 Maned Sloth PILOSA Bradypodidae Bradypus torquatus Coastal forests of SE Brazil.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
439 Pale-throated Sloth PILOSA Bradypodidae Bradypus tridactylus Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Venezuela south of the Orinoco, and N Brazil (south to the Amazonas/Solimőes).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
440 Brown-throated Sloth PILOSA Bradypodidae Bradypus variegatus Honduras to Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, W Venezuela, E Perú and Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
441 Linnaeus’s Two-toed Sloth PILOSA Megalonychidae Choloepus didactylus Guianas and Venezuela (delta and south of Río Orinoco) south into Brazil (Maranhăo west along Rio Amazonas/Solimőes) and west into upper Amazon Basin of Ecuador and Perú.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
442 Hoffmann’s Two-toed Sloth PILOSA Megalonychidae Choloepus hoffmanni Central America (Nicaragua) into South America east to W Venezuela and south to Brazil (Mato Grosso) and E Bolivia.  CITES – Appendix III (Costa Rica); IUCN – Data Deficient.
443 Silky Anteater PILOSA Cyclopedidae Cyclopes didactylus México (Veracruz and Oaxaca) to Colombia and west of Andes to S Ecuador, east of Andes to Venezuela, Trinidad, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, and S Colombia and Venezuela, south to Bolivia (La Paz and Santa Cruz) and Brazil (Acre east to Alagoas).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
444 Giant Anteater PILOSA Myrmecophagidae Myrmecophaga tridactyla Belize and Guatemala through South America to Uruguay and the Gran Chaco of Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
445 Northern Tamandua PILOSA Myrmecophagidae Tamandua mexicana E México (Tamaulipas), Central America, South America to NW Perú and NW Venezuela.  CITES – Appendix III (Guatemala); IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
446 Southern Tamandua PILOSA Myrmecophagidae Tamandua tetradactyla South America east of the Andes from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, and the Guianas, south to Uruguay and N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
447 Madras Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Anathana ellioti India south of the Ganges River.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
448 Bornean Smooth-Tailed Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Dendrogale melanura Restricted to higher altitudes (above 900 m) in Malaysian N Borneo, including the mountains of NE Sarawak and Mts. Kinabalu and Trus Madi in Sabah.  CITES –Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
449 Northern Smooth-Tailed Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Dendrogale murina From E Thailand (Chatraburi and Trat Provinces) through Cambodia to S Vietnam.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
450 Northern Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia belangeri S and SE Asia north of and including the Isthmus of Kra: Thailand, Burma, Bangladesh, far E India and Nepal, S China, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, and associated coastal islands, including Hainan. Probably also Preparis Isl north of the Andaman Isls (Lyon, 1913:61).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
451 Golden-bellied Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia chrysogaster N and S Pagai Isls, and Sipora (Mentawai Isls, Indonesia). Recorded erroneously from Nias by Lyon (1913:36, 39).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
452 Striped Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia dorsalis Borneo: Sabah, Sarawak (Malaysia), Brunei, and Kalimantan (Indonesia) except SE, at low to moderate elevations (below 1,000 m).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
453 Common Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia glis SE Asia south of about 10° N latitude, from the vicinity of Hat-Yai, S Thailand through mainland Malaysia (and adjacent coastal isls) to Singapore; also Indonesia, including Siberut, Batu Isls, Sumatra, Java, Bangka, and the Riau, Lingga, and Anambas Isls.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
454 Slender Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia gracilis Borneo below 1,200 m, including Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia) and Kalimantan (Indonesia) except SE; west to islands of Karimata, Belitung, and Bangka, and north to Banggi Isl.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
455 Horsfield’s Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia javanica Indonesia: Bali, Java, W Sumatra, and Nias.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
456 Long-footed Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia longipes Borneo, including Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), Kalimantan (Indonesia), and Brunei.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
457 Pygmy Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia minor S peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, (Malay Peninsula, Sabah, Sarawak, and Laut), and Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra, Lingga Isls, Banggi and Balambangan).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
458 Calamian Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia moellendorffi Calamian Isls (Busuanga, Culion) and Cuyo in the Philippines.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable (as included in T. palawanensis).
459 Mountain Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia montana Mountains of Sarawak and W Sabah (Malaysia); probably N Kalimantan (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
460 Nicobar Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia nicobarica Great and Little Nicobar Isls (India).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
461 Palawan Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia palawanensis Palawan and Balabac in the Philippines.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
462 Painted Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia picta Borneo: N Sarawak (Malaysia), E Kalimantan (Indonesia), and Brunei.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
463 Ruddy Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia splendidula Malaysia and Indonesia, including S Borneo (splendidula) and Karimata Isl (carimatae), Bunguran (natunae) and Laut (lucida) in the N Natuna Isls, and Riabu (riabus) in the Anambas Isls.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
464 Large Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Tupaia tana Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, Banggi) and Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra, Batu Isls, Lingga Isls, Bangka, Belitung, Tambelan, Serasan).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
465 Mindanao Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Tupaiidae Urogale everetti Philippines: Mindanao, Siargao, and Dinagat.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
466 Pen-tailed Treeshrew SCANDENTIA Ptilocercidae Ptilocercus lowii S Thailand, Malaysia (Malay Peninsula, Sabah, Sarawak, Labuan), Singapore, Brunei, and Indonesia (Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Riau, Batu, Siberut, Bangka, and Serasan Isls).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
467 Philippine Flying Lemur DERMOPTERA Cynocephalidae Cynocephalus volans Philippine Isls: Dinagat, Mindanao, Basilan, Samar, Siargao, Leyte, and Bohol.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
468 Sunda Flying Lemur DERMOPTERA Cynocephalidae Galeopterus variegates Indochina to Java (Indonesia), Borneo, and most associated islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Cynocephalus variegatus.
469 Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Allocebus trichotis E Madagascar, vicinity of Morondava Bay.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
470 Spiny Desert Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Cheirogaleus adipicaudatus W and S Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
471 Crossley’s Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Cheirogaleus crossleyi E Madagascar: inland regions from Vohima south to Imerima.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
472 Greater Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Cheirogaleus major E Madagascar: Antongil Bay south to nearly 23°S.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
473 Lesser Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Cheirogaleus medius W Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
474 Small Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Cheirogaleus minusculus Known only from type locality.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
475 Large Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Cheirogaleus ravus E Madagascar, about 17°-18°S.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
476 Sibree’s Dwarf Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Cheirogaleus sibreei E Madagascar: Ankeramadinika, Imerima and Pasandava.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
477 Berthe’s Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus berthae Madagascar: region surrounding Kirindy/CFPF Forest, perhaps south to RS d’Andranomena and north to region of Analabe.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
478 Red-and-gray Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus griseorufus Madagascar: region around RS Beza Mahafaly, north at least to Lamboharana.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
479 Gray Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus murinus W Madagascar, apparently from the far southwest to the Sambirano region.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
480 Peters’ Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus myoxinus Madagascar: between Tsiribihna River and Soalala Peninsula.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
481 Ravelobe Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus ravelobensis Madagascar: Ankarafantsika region.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
482 Eastern Rufous Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus rufus E and N Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
483 Sambirano Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus sambiranensis Madagascar: Manongarivo Reserve.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
484 Northern Rufous Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Microcebus tavaratra Madagascar: Ankarana Reserve.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
485 Giant Mouse Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Mirza coquereli W Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
486 Mt. d’Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Phaner electromontis N Madagascar, Amber Mountain (Ambohitra).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. furcifer electromontis.
487 Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Phaner furcifer Madagascar, Masoala Peninsula.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
488 Pale Fork-crowned Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Phaner pallescens W Madagascar, discontinuously from Soalala to somewhat south of Fiherenana River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. furcifer pallescens.
489 Pariente’s Fork-crowned Lemur PRIMATES Cheirogaleidae Phaner parienti NW Madagascar, Sambirano region.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. furcifer parienti.
490 White-headed Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur albifrons N Madagascar, except extreme south; Mayotte (Comoro Isls).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as E. fulvus albifrons.
491 White-collared Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur albocollaris Madagascar: restricted to forest between Manampatrana and Mananara Rivers.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as E. fulvus albocollaris.
492 Gray-headed Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur cinereiceps Known only from type locality.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
493 Red-collared Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur collaris Madagascar: from Mananara River south to near Tolagnaro.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as E. fulvus collaris.
494 Crowned Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur coronatus Mt. Ambre (N Madagascar).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
495 Brown Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur fulvus W Madagascar from Akarafantsika north to the Sambirano, perhaps to the Tsaratanana; E Madagascar, some way northeast of Antananarivo; Mayotte (Comoro Isls).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
496 Black Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur macaco Nosi Be and NW Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as E. m. flavifrons, otherwise Vulnerable.
497 Mongoose Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur mongoz NW Madagascar, between Majunga and Betsiboka; Anjouan, Moheli (Comoro Isls).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
498 Red-bellied Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur rubriventer E Madagascar, from Tsaratanana Mtns to Ivohibé.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
499 Red-fronted Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur rufus E Madagascar, probably from Mangoro River to Manampatrana River; W Madagascar, from Betsiboka River to south of Fiherenana River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as E. fulvus rufus.
500 Sanford’s Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Eulemur sanfordi N Madagascar, from Ampasindava peninsula south to Mahavavy and Manambato Rivers.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as E. fulvus sanfordi.
501 Bandro PRIMATES Lemuridae Hapalemur alaotrensis Reed-beds around Lake Alaotra, E Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as H. griseus alaotrensis.
502 Golden Bamboo Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Hapalemur aureus Between Namorona River and Bevoahazo Village, SE Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
503 Gray Bamboo Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Hapalemur griseus E Madagascar from Tsaratanana Massif south to Tolagnaro.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. g. griseus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
504 Sambirano Bamboo Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Hapalemur occidentalis Sambirano region and perhaps elsewhere in W Madagscar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as H. griseus occidentalis.
505 Ring-tailed Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Lemur catta S Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
506 Greater Bamboo Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Prolemur simus Madagascar: confined to Ranomafana district; in historic times occurred around Bay of Antongil.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Hapalemur simus.
507 Red Ruffed Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Varecia rubra Madagascar: Masoala Peninsula.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
508 Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur PRIMATES Lemuridae Varecia variegata East coast of Madagascar, to 19°S latitude.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
509 Ankarana Sportive Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur ankaranensis Montagne d’Ambre, Ankarana, Andrafiamena and Analamera regions, extreme N Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as included in L. septentrionalis.
510 Black-striped Sportive Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur dorsalis Nosi Bé, Nosy Komba, and Sambirano region (NW Madagascar).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
511 Milne-Edwards’s Sportive Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur edwardsi E Madagascar, from 15°15’S perhaps to the Tsiribihina River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
512 White-footed Sportive Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur leucopus Arid zone of S Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
513 Small-toothed Sportive Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur microdon E Madagascar, from 18°S to 24°50’S.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
514 Weasel Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur mustelinus E Madagascar, from about 13°45’S to 20°S.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
515 Red-tailed Sportive Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur ruficaudatus SW Madagascar, from about 19°45’S to 23°S, and along the Onilahy River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
516 Northern Sportive Lemur PRIMATES Lepilemuridae Lepilemur septentrionalis Sahafary Forest, extreme NE Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
517 Eastern Woolly Lemur PRIMATES Indridae Avahi laniger E coast and Ankarafantsika Dist. in NW Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
518 Western Woolly Lemur PRIMATES Indridae Avahi occidentalis Madagascar: Betsiboka River north as far as Mahajamba or Sofia Rivers, perhaps to Maevarano River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
519 Sambirano Woolly Lemur PRIMATES Indridae Avahi unicolor Madagascar: probably restricted to Sambirano region.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.
520 Indri PRIMATES Indridae Indri indri NE to EC Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
521 Coquerel’s Sifaka PRIMATES Indridae Propithecus coquereli NW Madagascar, from Ambato-Boéni region to Antsohihy.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as P. verreauxi coquereli.
522 Van der Decken’s Sifaka PRIMATES Indridae Propithecus deckenii NC to SW Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. verreauxi deckenii, Critically Endangered as P. v. coronatus.
523 Diademed Sifaka PRIMATES Indridae Propithecus diadema N and E Madagascar, south to Mangoro River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as P. diadema diadema and P. d. candidus.
524 Milne-Edwards’s Sifaka PRIMATES Indridae Propithecus edwardsi Between Mangoro and Mananara Rivers.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered as P. diadema edwardsi.
525 Perrier’s Sifaka PRIMATES Indridae Propithecus perrieri E Madagascar, between Ankarana and the coast.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Critically Endangered as P. diadema perrieri.
526 Golden-crowned Sifaka PRIMATES Indridae Propithecus tattersalli Ampandraha, Madirabe and Daraina districts, Madagascar.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
527 Verreaux’s Sifaka PRIMATES Indridae Propithecus verreauxi Madagascar: xerophytic bush zone south of Tsiribihina River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
528 Aye-aye PRIMATES Daubentoniidae Daubentonia madagascariensis NE and NW Madagascar (discontinuous).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
529 Calabar Angwantibo PRIMATES Lorisidae Arctocebus aureus C Africa, south of Sanaga River, W and N of Congo/Oubangui River system.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
530 Golden Angwantibo PRIMATES Lorisidae Arctocebus calabarensis C Africa, between Niger and Sanaga Rivers.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
531 Gray Slender Loris PRIMATES Lorisidae Loris lydekkerianus Dry and hill zones of Sri Lanka; S India.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as L. tardigradus grandis, L. t. nyctoceboides (sic), and L. t. nordicus, Data Deficient as L. t. lydekkerianus and L. t. malabaricus.
532 Red Slender Loris PRIMATES Lorisidae Loris tardigradus Rainforest zone of SW Sri Lanka.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as L. t. tardigradus.
533 Bengal Slow Loris PRIMATES Lorisidae Nycticebus bengalensis Assam (India) to Vietnam and S Thailand (Isthmus of Kra); Yunnan, perhaps Kwangsi (China).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
534 Bengal Slow Loris PRIMATES Lorisidae Nycticebus coucang Sulu Arch. (S Philippines); Malay Peninsula, Tioman and offshore islands, Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo, Natuna Isl.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN - Data Deficient as N. c. menagensis and N. javanicus, Lower Risk (lc) as N. c. coucang.
535 Pygmy Slow Loris PRIMATES Lorisidae Nycticebus pygmaeus Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam, east of Mekong River; S Yunnan (China).  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.
536 Potto PRIMATES Lorisidae Perodicticus potto Cameroon to Guinea; Republic of Congo; Gabon; Dem. Rep. Congo to W Kenya.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
537 False Potto PRIMATES Lorisidae Pseudopotto martini unknown; one specimen is said to be from Cameroon.  CITES – Appendix II.
538 Southern Needle-clawed Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Euoticus elegantulus Gabon, Republic of Congo, Rio Muni, Cameroon south of Sanaga River.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
539 Northern Needle-clawed Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Euoticus pallidus Bioko (Equatorial Guinea); Korup and Cross River region, on both sides of Nigeria-Cameroon border.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as E. p. pallidus, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
540 Bioko Allen’s Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago alleni Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as G. a. alleni.
541 Cross River Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago cameronensis Cameroon northwest of the lower Sanaga River; SE Nigeria.  CITES – Appendix II.
542 Prince Demidoff’s Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago demidoff Senegal to E Dem. Rep. Congo; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
543 Gabon Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago gabonensis Gabon, Cameroon south of the Sanaga River, Rio Muni, Republic of Congo.  CITES – Appendix II.
544 Somali Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago gallarum Between Tana River (Kenya) and Webi Shebele River (Somalia), to Lake Turkana and Ethiopian rift lakes.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
545 Grant’s Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago granti Mozambique north to Ulugurus in S Tanzania.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
546 Dusky Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago matschiei E Dem. Rep. Congo; perhaps Uganda.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
547 Moholi Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago moholi KwaZulu-Natal and N Namibia north to Lake Victoria.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
548 Malawi Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago nyasae S Malawi and neighbouring region of Mozambique.  CITES – Appendix II.
549 Uluguru Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago orinus High elevations in Uluguru and probably Usambara Mtns.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
550 Rondo Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago rondoensis Rondo, Litipo, Ziwani and Pugu Forests, SE Tanzania.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
551 Senegal Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago senegalensis Senegal to Somalia, south to the Mwanza and Ankole districts on Lake Victoria.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
552 Thomas’s Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago thomasi W Uganda and Kivu district of Dem. Rep. Congo.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
553 Zanzibar Bushbaby PRIMATES Galagidae Galago zanzibaricus E African coast from Tana River, south to S Mozambique; Zanzibar.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
554 Brown Greater Galago PRIMATES Galagidae Otolemur crassicaudatus Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Angola.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
555 Northern Greater Galago PRIMATES Galagidae Otolemur garnettii S Somalia to SE Tanzania (including Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia Isls) and perhaps N Mozambique.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
556 Silvery Greater Galago PRIMATES Galagidae Otolemur monteiri Brachystegiawoodland, from Angola to Tanzania to W Kenya and Rwanda.  CITES – Appendix II.
557 Horsfield’s Tarsier PRIMATES Tarsiidae Tarsius bancanus Indonesia: Bangka Isl, Sumatra, Karimata Isl, Billiton Isl, and Sirhassen Isl (South Natuna Isls); Borneo.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. b. borneanus, T. b. natunensis, and T. b. saltator, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
558 Dian’s Tarsier PRIMATES Tarsiidae Tarsius dentatus C Sulawesi (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent) as T. dianae. Status unknown.
559 Peleng Tarsier PRIMATES Tarsiidae Tarsius pelengensis Peleng Isl (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
560 Pygmy Tarsier PRIMATES Tarsiidae Tarsius pumilus Known only from type locality and Latimojong Mtns, C Sulawesi (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
561 Sangihe Tarsier PRIMATES Tarsiidae Tarsius sangirensis Restricted to Pulau (=Isl) Sangihe Besar (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
562 Philippine Tarsier PRIMATES Tarsiidae Tarsius syrichta Mindanao, Bohol Isl, Samar Isl, Leyte Isl (Philippines).  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Data Deficient.
563 Spectral Tarsier PRIMATES Tarsiidae Tarsius tarsier Sulawesi lowlands and Selayar Isl (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as T. spectrum.
564 Goeldi’s Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callimico goeldii W Brazil, N Bolivia, E Peru, Colombia: Upper Amazon Rainforests.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Near Threatened.
565 Rio Acari Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix acariensis Presumed to be the entire interfluvium of the Rios Acari and Sucunduri (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico acariensis.
566 Silvery Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix argentata N and C Brazil, E Bolivia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico argentata.
567 Buffy-tufted Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix aurita SE Brazilian coast.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
568 Gold-and-white Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix chrysoleuca Between the Aripuană-Madeira and Canuma-Uraria, south to about 8°S, north to the Amazon (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico chrysoleucus.
569 Emilia’s Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix emiliae The interfluvium of the Rios Tapajos and Iriri, north to Maica, on the lower Tapajos, where perhaps sympatric with C. argentata (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico emiliae.
570 Buffy-headed Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix flaviceps S Espírito Santo (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
571 White-headed Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix geoffroyi EC Brazil (coast of Bahia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
572 Santarem Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix humeralifera Brazil, south of the Amazon between the Maues-Açu and Tapajós Rivers.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico humeralifer.
573 Roosmalens’ Dwarf Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix humilis Between the Rios Aripuană and Madeira, to about 6°S (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico humilis.
574 Hershkovitz’s Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix intermedia Interfluvium of the Rios Aripuană and Roosevelt (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico intermedius.
575 Common Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix jacchus Brazilian coast: Piauí, Ceará, and Pernambuco Provinces.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
576 Wied’s Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix kuhlii Between Rio de Contas and Rio Jequitinhonha, SW Brazil.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
577 White Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix leucippe The interfluvium of the Rios Tapajos and Cupari (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico leucippe.
578 Manicore Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix manicorensis The interfluvium of the Rios Aripuană and Manicoré, from the Rio Madeira south to the Rio Roosevelt (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico manicorensis.
579 Marca’s Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix marcai Known only from region of type locality.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico marcai.
580 Maués Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix mauesi Interfluvium of the Rios Uraria-Abacaxis and Maues-Açu (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico mauesi.
581 Black-tailed Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix melanura S Brazil, between the Rios Aripuană and Juruena, southwest to the Rio Beni in Bolivia.  CITES – Appendix II.
582 Black-headed Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix nigriceps Interfluvium of the Rios Marmelos and Madeira, north of the Ji-Parană River (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico nigriceps.
583 Black-tufted Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix penicillata Brazilian coast: Bahia to Săo Paulo, inland to Goiás.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
584 Pygmy Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix pygmaea N and W Brazil, N Peru, Ecuador.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Cebuella pygmaea.
585 Satéré Marmoset PRIMATES Cebidae Callithrix saterei Presumed to be the interfluvium of the Rios Abacaxis and Canumă-Sucunduri (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico saterei.
586 Superagui Lion Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Leontopithecus caissara Superagui Isl and a small region on the opposite mainland (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
587 Golden-headed Lion Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Leontopithecus chrysomelas Brazil, coastal Bahia.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
588 Black Lion Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Leontopithecus chrysopygus Brazil, Săo Paulo region.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
589 Golden Lion Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Leontopithecus rosalia SE Brazil: Rio Doce (Espírito Santo) south into Rio de Janeiro and Guanabara.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
590 Pied Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus bicolor N Brazil; perhaps NE Peru.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
591 Brown-mantled Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus fuscicollis N and W Brazil, N Bolivia, E Peru, E Ecuador, SW Colombia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. f. cruzlimai, otherwise Least Concern (including listing as S. fuscus).
592 Geoffroy’s Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus geoffroyi SE Costa Rica to NW Colombia.  CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Least Concern.
593 Graells’s Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus graellsi Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, west of Rio Napo, from Rio Putumayo south to Rio Marańon, west to Rio Santiago.  CITES – Appendix II.
594 Emperor Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus imperator W Brazil, E Peru, Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. i. imperator, otherwise Least Concern.
595 Mottle-faced Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus inustus NW Brazil, SW Colombia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
596 White-lipped Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus labiatus W Brazil, E Peru, Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
597 White-footed Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus leucopus N Colombia.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.
598 Martins’ Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus martinsi N Brazil: a very small area north of the Amazon, on either side of the Rio Nhamunda.  CITES – Appendix I as included in S. bicolor; U.S. ESA – Endangered (as included in S. bicolor) ; IUCN – Least Concern.
599 White-mantled Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus melanoleucus Brazil, between Rios Jurua and Tarauca.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. fuscicolis crandalli, otherwise not listed.
600 Red-handed Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus midas Brazil, Guyana, Cayenne, Surinam, north of the Amazon, east of the Rio Negro.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
601 Moustached Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus mystax W Brazil, Peru, south of Amazon-Solimoes-Marańon, between lower Rio Huallaga and Rio Madeira.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
602 Black Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus niger Brazil, south of the Amazon, east of the Rio Xingu, including Marajo Isl.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
603 Black-mantled Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus nigricollis W Brazil, E Peru, E Ecuador.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
604 Cottontop Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus oedipus N Colombia, Panama.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
605 Red-capped Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus pileatus W Brazil, east of Rio Téfé, west of Rio Purus.  CITES – Appendix II.
606 Golden-mantled Tamarin PRIMATES Cebidae Saguinus tripartitus East of Rio Curaray, Brazil-Colombia border; sympatric with S. fuscicollis around Curaray-Napo Confluence.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
607 White-fronted Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus albifrons Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, N Peru, NW Brazil, Trinidad, Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. a. trinitatis, Data Deficient as C. a. adustus, C. a. aequatorialis, C. a. cesarae, C. a. cuscinus, C. a. leucocephalus, C. a. malitiosus, C. a. versicolor, and C. a. yuracus, otherwise IUCN – Least Concern.
608 Tufted Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus apella N and W South America, from Guyana, Venezuela (south from the Río Orinoco delta) and Colombia south across the Amazon in Brazil to about 5°S in the east and to the headwaters of the upper tributaries in the west, nearly to 10°S.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. a. margaritae, otherwise Least Concern (including listing as C. macrocephalus).
609 White-headed Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus capucinus W Ecuador to Honduras.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as C. c. curtus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
610 Kaapori Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus kaapori Brazil, between Rios Gurupi and Pindaré, or may extend a few kms west of the Gurupi.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable C. olivaceus kaapori.
611 Black-striped Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus libidinosus Highland region of S Brazil, to Bolivia and Paraguay.  CITES – Appendix II.
612 Black Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus nigritus Brazilian coast, Atlantic forests, 16°-30°S.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as C. robustus.
613 Weeper Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus olivaceus Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, N Brazil, Venezuela, perhaps N Colombia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
614 Golden-bellied Capuchin PRIMATES Cebidae Cebus xanthosternos Brazil, formerly between Rio Săo Francisco and Rio Jequitinhonha or even further south; now much reduced.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
615 Black-capped Squirrel Monkey PRIMATES Cebidae Saimiri boliviensis Upper Amazon in Peru; SW Brazil; Bolivia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
616 Central American Squirrel Monkey PRIMATES Cebidae Saimiri oerstedii Panama, Costa Rica.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as S. o. citrinellus, Endangered as Saimiri o. oerstedii.
617 Common Squirrel Monkey PRIMATES Cebidae Saimiri sciureus N Brazil north of the Amazon-Jurua system, and south of the Amazon east of the Rio Xingu or the Rio Iriri; Marajo Isl (Brazil), Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
618 Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey PRIMATES Cebidae Saimiri ustus S Brazil: south of Rio Amazon, probably from Rio Xingu to Lage Tefé, approx. 61°30’W.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.
619 Black Squirrel Monkey PRIMATES Cebidae Saimiri vanzolinii Between Rios Japura, Solimőes and (probably) Paranado Jaraua (Brazil); Tarara and Capucho Isls (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
620 Azara’s Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus azarae Bolivia south of Amazon, between Rios Tocantins and Tapajos-Juruena, south to Paraguay and N Argentina.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
621 Hershkovitz’s Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus hershkovitzi Known from the type locality only.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
622 Gray-bellied Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus lemurinus Panama, Equador and Colombia west of Cordillera Oriental.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as A. l. griseimembra, Data Deficient as A. l. zonalis, otherwise Vulnerable as A. l. brumbacki and A. l. lemurinus.
623 Peruvian Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus miconax A small area in Peru between Rio Ucayali and the Andes, south of Rio Marańon.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
624 Nancy Ma’s Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus nancymaae Loreto Dept. (Peru) to Rio Jandiatuba, south of Rio Solimőes (Brazil); and enclave between Rios Tigre and Pastaza (Peru).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
625 Black-headed Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus nigriceps Brazil, south of Rio Solimőes, west of Rio Tapajós Juruena, west into Peru; Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
626 Three-striped Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus trivirgatus Venezuela, south of Rio Orinoco, south to Brazil north of Rios Negro and Amazon.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
627 Spix’s Night Monkey PRIMATES Aotidae Aotus vociferans Colombia, east of Cordillera Oriental, west of Rio Negro, south to Brazil (north of Amazon-Solimőes Rivers).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
628 Baptista Lake Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus baptista C Brazil, north of the Parana do Uraria and Parana do Ramos and south of the Amazon and lowermost Rio Madeira; and a small wedge between the Rio Uira-Curupa and Rio Andira (van Roosmalen et al., 2002:23-24).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
629 Barbara Brown’s Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus barbarabrownae E Brazil, between Rio Paraguaçu and Rio Itapicuru, except where C. coimbrai is found.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
630 Prince Bernhard’s Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus bernhardi Brazil, Amazonas and Rodonia states, between Rios Madeira-Ji-Parana and Rios Aripuana-Roosevelt.  CITES – Appendix II.
631 Brown Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus brunneus Middle to upper Madeira basin in Peru and Brazil, to upper Rio Purús (Brazil) and Ucayali (Peru); Bolivia (see van Roosmalen et al., 2002).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
632 Chestnut-bellied Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus caligatus South of the Rio Solimőes from Rio Purús to Rio Madeira, Brazil.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
633 Ashy Black Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus cinerascens Rio Madeira basin (SW Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
634 Coimbra Filho’s Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus coimbrai NE Brazil, between Rio Săo Francisco and Rio Real.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
635 Coppery Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus cupreus South of the Amazon from Rio Purús to Rio Ucayali, Brazil and Peru; probably Bolivia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
636 White-tailed titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus discolor Upper Amazonian region in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, and possibly into Brazil, between the Rios Ucayali and Huallaga and north of Rio Marańon across the Rio Napo to the Rio Putumayo and Rio Guamés.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
637 White-eared Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus donacophilus WC Bolivia, El Beni and Santa Cruz Provs., Upper Rios Marmoré-Grande and San Miguel basins.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
638 Hershkovitz’ Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus dubius Brazil, Ituxi River or the Mucuim River, east to the Madeira River south of Humaita, and west to the Purus River (van Roosmalen et al., 2002).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
639 Hoffmanns’s Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus hoffmannsi C Brazil, south of Amazon, between Rios Canuma and Tapajós-Jurena, south to the Rio Sucunduri.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
640 Lucifer Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus lucifer Peru, Ecuador and Brazil, between Rios Caqueta-Japua and Rios Napo-Solimoes.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc)
641 Black Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus lugens Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela, west of Rio Branco and north of Rios Negro/Uaupes/Vaupes; then west of Rio Apaporis and north of Rio Caqueta, east of Andes north to Rio Tomo, possibly to Rio Orinoco but known to reach the Orinoco only between Rio Caura and Rio Caroni (van Roosmalen et al., 2002).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
642 Colombian Black-handed Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus medemi Amazonian region of Colombia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
643 Coastal Black-handed Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus melanochir E Brazil, between Rio Mucuri and Rio Itapicuru.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
644 Rio Beni Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus modestus Upper Río Beni basin (Bolivia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
645 Red-bellied Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus moloch C Brazil, south of Amazon, between Rios Tapajós and Tocantins-Araguaia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
646 Black-fronted Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus nigrifrons SE Brazil, states of Rio de Janeiro, Săo Paulo (north of Rio Tietę), and S Minas Gerais.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
647 Rio Mayo Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus oenanthe Rio Mayo valley, 750-950 m (N Peru).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
648 Ollala Brothers’ Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus olallae Known only from the type locality.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
649 Ornate Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus ornatus Colombia, headwaters of Rio Meta and Rio Guiviare.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
650 White-coated Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus pallescens Paraguay, W of Rio Paraguay to about 23°S and 61°30’W in Gran Chaco; Mato Grosso do Sul, in the Pantanal (Brazil); probably Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
651 Atlantic Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus personatus SE Brazil, Espirito Santo, possibly into NW Minas Gerais.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
652 Rio Purus Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus purinus Brazil south of the Rio Solimoes between the Rio Tapaua and Rio Jurua.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
653 Red-headed Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus regulus Brazil, between Rios Javari/Solimoes and Rio Jurua.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
654 Stephen Nash’s Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus stephennashi Brazil: probably along the right bank of the Rio Purus, in between the distributions of C. caligatus and C. dubius (van Roosmalen et al., 2002).  CITES – Appendix II.
655 Collared Titi PRIMATES Pitheciidae Callicebus torquatus Brazil, between Rios Negro/Uaupes and Rios Solimoes/Japura/Apaporis.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
656 Bald Uacari PRIMATES Pitheciidae Cacajao calvus NW Brazil, E Peru.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. c. calvus, C. c. novaesi, and C. c. rubicundus, Vulnerable as C. c. ucayalii.
657 Black-headed Uacari PRIMATES Pitheciidae Cacajao melanocephalus SW Venezuela, NW Brazil.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
658 White-nosed Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Chiropotes albinasus NC Brazil.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
659 Red-backed Bearded Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Chiropotes chiropotes Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Brazil east of the R.Branco.  CITES – Appendix II; status not known.
660 Brown-backed Bearded Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Chiropotes israelita Brazil north of the Amazon and east of the Rio Branco, S Venezuela east of the Rio Orinoco.  CITES – Appendix II; status not known.
661 Black Bearded Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Chiropotes satanas Brazil south of Amazon estuary, between Rios Tocantins and Gurupi.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as C. s. satanas; IUCN – Endangered as C. s. satanas.
662 Uta Hick’s Bearded Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Chiropotes utahickae N Brazil, south of Amazon, between Rios Xingu and Tocantins, south to Serra dos Carajás and Rio Itacaiuna.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as C. satanus utahickae.
663 Equatorial Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Pithecia aequatorialis Napo (Ecuador) to Loreto (Peru).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
664 White-footed Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Pithecia albicans South bank of Amazon, between lower Jurua and lower Purús Rivers.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
665 Rio Tapajos Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Pithecia irrorata South of the Amazon in SW Brazil; SW Peru; E Bolivia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
666 Monk Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Pithecia monachus West of Rio Jurua and Rio Japura-Caqueta (in Brazil), Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. m. milleri, Data Deficient as P. m. napensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
667 White-faced Saki PRIMATES Pitheciidae Pithecia pithecia Guyana; French Guiana; Surinam; N Amazon, east of Río Negro and Rio Orinoco (N Brazil, S Venezuela).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
668 Red-handed Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta belzebul N Brazil (mainly south of Lower Amazon, east of Rio Madeira); Mexiana Isl (Brazil); in Pará Prov. (Brazil), north of Amazon.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. b. ululata, otherwise Lower Risk (lc) as A. belezebul (sic).
669 Black Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta caraya N Argentina to Mato Grosso (Brazil), Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
670 Coiba Island Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta coibensis Coiba Isl and Azuero Penninsula, Panama.  CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. c. trabeata, otherwise Endangered.
671 Brown Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta guariba N Bolivia (?- beniensis); SE and EC Brazil, north to the Rio Săo Francisco.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. g. guariba, otherwise Vulnerable.
672 Guyanan Red Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta macconnelli Trinidad; Guyana, French Guiana, and Brazil north of the lower and Middle Amazon.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as A. seniculus insulanus.
673 Amazon Black Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta nigerrima N Brazil, east of the Rio Trombetas to the Rio Tapajos, perhaps to the Rio Tocantins.  CITES – Appendix II.
674 Mantled Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta palliata W Ecuador to Veracruz and Oaxaca (Mexico).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as A. p. mexicana, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
675 Guatemalan Black Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta pigra Yucatan and Chiapas (Mexico) to Belize and Guatemala.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
676 Bolivian Red Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta sara Bolivia (Sara Province), Peru, and Brazil to the Rio Negro and Rondônia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
677 Venezuelan Red Howler PRIMATES Atelidae Alouatta seniculus Colombia to Venezuela and NW Brazil.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient at A. s. amazonica, A. s. juara, and A. s. puruensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
678 White-fronted Spider Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Ateles belzebuth Cordillera Oriental, Colombia to Venezuela and N Peru.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
679 Peruvian Spider Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Ateles chamek NE Peru, E Bolivia to Brazil west of Rio Juruá and south of Rio Solimőes.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
680 Black-headed Spider Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Ateles fusciceps SE Panama to Ecuador, Colombia to W Cordillera (Paraguay).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. geoffroyi fusciceps, Vulnerable as A. g. rufiventris.
681 Geoffroy’s Spider Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Ateles geoffroyi S Mexico to Panama.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as A. g. frontatus and A. g. panamensis only, otherwise CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. g. azuerensis, Endangered as A. g. grisescens and A. g. panamensis, Vulnerable as A. g. ornatus, A. g. yucatanensis, and A. g. frontatus, Lower Risk (lc) as A. g. vellerosus.
682 Brown Spider Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Ateles hybridus N Colombia and NW Venezuela.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as A. h. hybridus and A. h. brunneus.
683 White-cheeked Spider Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Ateles marginatus South of Lower Amazon, Rio Tapajós to Rio Tocantins (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
684 Red-faced Spider Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Ateles paniscus Guianas and Brazil, north of the Amazon (east of Rio Negro).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
685 Southern Muriqui PRIMATES Atelidae Brachyteles arachnoides SE Brazil: states of Rio de Janeiro and Săo Paulo.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
686 Northern Muriqui PRIMATES Atelidae Brachyteles hypoxanthus E Brazil: Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espiritu Santo.  CITES – Appendix I as included in B. arachnoides; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in B. arachnoides; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
687 Gray Woolly Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Lagothrix cana Brazil, south of Amazon; southern highlands of Peru; an isolated population in northern Bolivia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as L. c. cana and L. c. tschudii.
688 Brown Woolly Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Lagothrix lagotricha Brazil N of Rio Napo-Amazon system, SE Colombia, extreme N Peru and NE Ecuador.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
689 Colombian Woolly Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Lagothrix lugens Colombia, headwaters of Orinoco tributaries; Venezuela, Sarare River drainage.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
690 Silvery Woolly Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Lagothrix poeppigii Highlands of E Ecuador and N Peru, to about 70°W, 5°S in Brazil.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
691 Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey PRIMATES Atelidae Oreonax flavicauda E Andes in San Martin (Peru) and Amazonas (Brazil).  CITES – Appendix I as Lagothrix flavicauda; U.S. ESA – Endangered as L. flavicauda; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
692 Allen’s Swamp Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Allenopithecus nigroviridis NW Dem. Rep. Congo, NE Angola.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
693 Agile Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercocebus agilis Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Cameroon, NE Gabon, Central African Republic, N Republic of Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo N of Congo River to Garamba and Semliki River.  CITES – Appendix II.
694 Sooty Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercocebus atys Senegal to Ghana.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in C. torquatus; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. a. lunulatus, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
695 Golden-bellied Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercocebus chrysogaster Dem. Rep. Congo, south of Congo River.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as C. galeritus chrysogaster.
696 Tana River Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercocebus galeritus Lower Tana River (Kenya).  CITES – Appendix I as C. g. galeritus; U.S. ESA – Endangered as C. g. galeritus; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. g. galeritus.
697 Sanje Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercocebus sanjei Tanzania, Mwanihana Forest and eastern slopes of Uzungwa Mtns.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. galeritus sanjei.
698 Collared Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercocebus torquatus W Nigeria to Gabon.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
699 Sykes’ Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus albogularis Ethiopia to South Africa, S and E Dem. Rep. Congo, NW Angola.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. mitis labiatus, Data Deficient as C. m. albotorquatus, Lower Risk (lc) as C. m. albogularis, otherwise not listed.
700 Red-tailed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus ascanius Uganda, Dem. Rep. Congo, Zambia, Angola, marginally in Central African Republic; W Kenya.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
701 Campbell’s Mona Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus campbelli Senegal to Cavally River (Liberia – Côte d’Ivoire border).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
702 Moustached Guenon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus cephus Gabon, Republic of Congo, S Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, SW Central African Republic, NW Angola.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as C. c. ngottoensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
703 Dent’s Mona Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus denti Dem. Rep. Congo north and east of Congo-Lualaba system, Rwanda, W Uganda, Central African Republic.  CITES – Appendix II.
704 Diana Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus diana Sierra Leone to Sassandra River, Côte d’Ivoire.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
705 Silver Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus doggetti Highlands of Dem. Rep. Congo west of Lake Albert and Lake Tanganyika, to S Burundi, NW Tanzania (Bukoba), Rwanda, S Uganda (Ankole, Busenya, Kaiso).  CITES – Appendix II.
706 Dryas Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus dryas Known only from a few localities in C Dem. Rep. Congo (Wamba Dist., 22°31'-33°E, and 0°01'N-0°01'S); see Kuroda et al. (1985, as Cercopithecus salongo).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
707 White-throated Guenon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus erythrogaster S Nigeria, both west and east of the Niger in the delta region; Benin.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. e. erythrogaster and C. e. pococki.
708 Red-eared Guenon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus erythrotis S and E Nigeria, Cameroon coast, Bioko.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. c. erythrotis, otherwise Vulnerable.
709 Hamlyn’s Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus hamlyni E Dem. Rep. Congo, Rwanda.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. h. kahuziensis, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
710 Golden Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus kandti Virunga Volcanoes on Dem. Rep. Congo – Uganda – Rwanda borders; Nyungwe Forest, Rwanda.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. mitis kandti.
711 L’Hoest’s Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus lhoesti E Dem. Rep. Congo, W Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
712 Lowe’s Mona Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus lowei Côte d’Ivoire (Cavally River) to Ghana (Volta River).  CITES – Appendix II.
713 Blue Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus mitis Congo-Oubangui River system (probably Itimbiri River) to East African Rift Valley, N Angola and NW Zambia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as C. m. stuhlmanni and as C. mitis.
714 Mona Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus mona Ghana to Cameroon; introduced into Lesser Antilles (Caribbean).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
715 De Brazza’s Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus neglectus SE Cameroon to Uganda and N Angola, W Kenya, SW Ethiopia, and S Sudan.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
716 Greater spot-nosed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus nictitans Liberia; Côte d’Ivoire; Nigeria apparently to Itimbiri River in NW Dem. Rep. Congo, Central African Republic; Rio Muni and Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. n. stampflii, Endangered as C. n. martini, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
717 Lesser Spot-nosed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus petaurista Gambia to Togo.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
718 Crested Mona Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus pogonias SE Nigeria, Cameroon, Bioko and Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea), N and W Gabon, W Dem. Rep. Congo, Republic of Congo.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. p. pogonias, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
719 Preuss’s Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus preussi Region of Mt. Cameroon; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. p. preusii and C. p. insularis.
720 Roloway Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus roloway Sassandra River (Côte d’Ivoire) to Pra River, Ghana.  CITES – Appendix I as included in C. diana; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in C. diana; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. diana roloway.
721 Sclater’s Guenon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus sclateri SE Nigeria, between Niger and Cross Rivers.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
722 Sun-tailed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus solatus C Gabon.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable. Endangered.
723 Wolf’s Mona Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus wolfi Dem. Rep. Congo, NE Angola, south of the Congo River.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as C. pogonius wolfi.
724 Grivet PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Chlorocebus aethiops Sudan east of the White Nile, Eritrea, Ethiopia east to the Rift Valley.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Cercopithecus aethiops.
725 Malbrouck PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Chlorocebus cynosuros S Dem. Rep. Congo to N Namibia, Zambia west of Luangwa River.  CITES – Appendix II.
726 Bale Mountains Vervet PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Chlorocebus djamdjamensis Ethiopia, highlands east of Lakes Abiata, Shalla and Zway.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Cercopithecus aethiops djamdjamensis.
727 Vervet Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Chlorocebus pygerythrus Ethiopia (east of Rift Valley), Somalia, to Zambia east of the Luangwa, and South Africa.  CITES – Appendix II.
728 Green Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Chlorocebus sabaeus Senegal to the Volta River; introduced to Cape Verde Isls and to St. Kitts, Nevis, and Barbados (West Indies).  CITES – Appendix II.
729 Tantalus Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Chlorocebus tantalus Volta River (Ghana) east to White Nile (Sudan) and Lake Turkana (Kenya).  CITES – Appendix II.
730 Patas Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Erythrocebus patas Savannahs, from W Africa to Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
731 Gray-cheeked Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Lophocebus albigena SE Nigeria (Cross River), Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, NE Angola, Central African Republic, Dem. Rep. Congo north and east of Congo-Lualaba system, W Uganda (to Busoga), Burundi.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
732 Black Crested Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Lophocebus aterrimus Dem. Rep. Congo, south of the Congo River, in rainforest.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
733 Opdenbosch’s Mangabey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Lophocebus opdenboschi Dem. Rep. Congo, gallery forests along the Kwilu, Wamba and Kwango Rivers, into Angola.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as L. atterimus opdenboschi.
734 Stump-tailed Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca arctoides Assam (India) to S China and N Malay Peninsula.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.
735 Assam Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca assamensis Nepal to N Vietnam, S China.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as M. a. assamensia and M. a. pelops.
736 Formosan Rock Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca cyclopis Taiwan.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.
737 Crab-eating Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca fascicularis S Indochina and Burma to Borneo and Timor (Indonesia); Philippine Isls; Nicobar Isls (India).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as M. f. atriceps, M. f. condorensis, M. f. fusca, M. f. karimondjawae, M. f. lasiae, M. f. tua, and M. f. umbrosa, Lower Risk (nt) as M. f. fascicularis, M. f. aurea, and M. f. philippensis.
738 Japanese Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca fuscata Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and adjacent small islands (Japan); Yaku Isl (Ryukyu Isls, Japan).  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Endangered as M. f. yakui, otherwise Data Deficient.
739 Heck’s Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca hecki N Sulawesi, from the base of the northern peninsula northeast to Gorontalo (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
740 Northern Pig-tailed Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca leonina Burma, coast (including Mergui Arch.), Thailand north of about 8°N, S Yunnan (China), Laos, Bangladesh, India north to Brahmaputra River.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
741 Moor Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca maura S Sulawesi, south of Tempe Depression (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
742 Rhesus Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca mulatta Afghanistan and India to N Thailand, China, and Hainan Isl (China).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
743 Southern Pig-tailed Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca nemestrina Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and Bangka Isl (Indonesia), Thailand north to about 7°30’N.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
744 Celebes Crested Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca nigra Sulawesi, east of Onggak Dumoga River, Lembeh Isl, Bacan Isl (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.
745 Gorontalo Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca nigrescens Sulawesi, east of Gorontalo, to Onggak Dumoga River (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent).
746 Booted Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca ochreata SE Sulawesi, Kabaena, Muna, and Butung (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as M. brunnescens, otherwise Data Deficient.
747 Pagai Island Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca pagensis Mentawai group: Islands of Sipura, North Pagai and South Pagai (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as M. pagensis pagensis.
748 Bonnet Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca radiata S India.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
749 Siberut Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca siberu Siberut (Mentawai group).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as M. pagensis siberu.
750 Lion-tailed Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca silenus SW India, Western Ghats.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
751 Toque Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca sinica Sri Lanka.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Endangered as M. s. opisthomelas, otherwise Vulnerable as M. s. aurifrons and M. s. sinica.
752 Barbary Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca sylvanus Morocco, Algeria, Gibraltar (introduced).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
753 Milne-Edwards’ Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca thibetana E Tibet, Szechwan to Kwangtung (China).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent).
754 Tonkean Macaque PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Macaca tonkeana C Sulawesi, south to Latimojong, north to the base of the northern peninsula, between Palu and Parigi (Indonesia); Togian Isls (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
755 Drill PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Mandrillus leucophaeus SE Nigeria; Cameroon, north of the Sanaga River and just south of it; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea). See Grubb (1973) for details.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as M. l. leucophaeus and M. l. poensis.
756 Mandrill PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Mandrillus sphinx Cameroon, south of the Sanaga River; Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea); Gabon; Republic of Congo. See Grubb (1973) for details.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
757 Gabon Talapoin PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Miopithecus ogouensis S Cameroon, Rio Muni, Gabon, Angola (Cabinda).  CITES – Appendix II.
758 Angolan Talapoin PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Miopithecus talapoin Angola, SW Dem. Rep. Congo.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
759 Olive Baboon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Papio anubis Mali to Ethiopia, Kenya, NW Tanzania.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
760 Yellow Baboon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Papio cynocephalus Somalia, coastal Kenya, Tanzania, to Zambezi River.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
761 Hamadryas Baboon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Papio hamadryas Arid zone of Red Sea coast of Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, N Somalia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
762 Guinea Baboon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Papio papio Senegal, Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to Mauretania, Mali.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
763 Chacma Baboon PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Papio ursinus South of Zambezi River, to S Angola, SW Zambia.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
764 Gelada PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Theropithecus gelada N Ethiopia, highlands.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. g. obscurus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
765 Angola Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Colobus angolensis NE Angola, S and E Dem. Rep. Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, NE Zambia, SE Kenya, E Tanzania.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as C. a. palliatus and C. a. prigonginei, Vulnerable as C. a. ruwenzorii, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
766 Mantled Guereza PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Colobus guereza Nigeria to Ethiopia; Kenya; Uganda; Tanzania.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. g. percivali, Data Deficient as C. g. gallarum, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
767 King Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Colobus polykomos Gambia to the Nzo-Sassandra system in Côte d’Ivoire.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
768 Black Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Colobus satanas SW Gabon, Rio Muni and Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), SW Cameroon; possibly Republic of Congo (Carpaneto, 1995).  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. s. satanus, Data Deficient as C. s. antracinus, otherwise Vulnerable.
769 Ursine Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Colobus vellerosus Nzi-Bandama system (Côte d’Ivoire) to W Nigeria.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
770 Proboscis Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Nasalis larvatus Borneo.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
771 Western Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus badius Senegal to Ghana.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Procolobus b. waldroni (probably extinct: Oates et al., 2000), Endangered as P. b. badius and P. b. temminckii.
772 Central African Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus foai Republic of Congo (Sangha, Oubangui), Dem. Rep. Congo (north of Congo, east of Lualaba), Central African Republic (Ngotto), Sudan (southernmost forests).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Procolobus badius foai, P. b. ellioti, P. b. langi, P. b. lulidicus, and P. b. parmentierorum.
773 Uzungwa Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus gordonorum Tanzania, Uzungwa Mtns and forests between Little Ruaha and Ulanga Rivers.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
774 Zanzibar Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus kirkii Zanzibar.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as Procolobus pennantii kirki; IUCN – Endangered.
775 Pennant’s Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus pennantii Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), Niger Delta (Nigeria); Sangha-Likouala confluence (Republic of Congo).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Procolobus. pennantii bouvieri, Endangered as P. p. pennantii and P. p. epieni.
776 Preuss’s Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus preussi Yabassi Dist. (Cameroon).  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as Procolobus preussi; and IUCN – Endangered as Procolobus pennantii preussi.
777 Tana River Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus rufomitratus Lower Tana River (Kenya).  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as Procolobus rufomitratus; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Procolobus rufomitratus.
778 Ugandan Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus tephrosceles Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, W Tanzania to Lake Rukwa.  CITES – Appendix II.
779 Thollon’s Red Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus tholloni South of Congo River, west of Lomami River (Dem. Rep. Congo).  CITES – Appendix II.
780 Sarawak Surili PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis chrysomelas Kalimantan north of Kapuas River (Indonesia), Sarawak, Sabah (Borneo, Malaysia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Presbytis femoralis chrysomelas and P. f. cruciger.
781 Javan Surili PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis comata W and C Java (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as P. comata, Data Deficient as P. fredericae.
782 Banded Surili PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis femoralis Far south and northwest of Malay Peninsula; peninsular part of Thailand and Burma; Singapore; NE Sumatra, between Rokan and Siak Rivers.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as P. f. percura and P. f. robinsoni, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
783 White-fronted Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis frontata C and E Borneo, from C Sarawak to S coast.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.
784 Hose’s Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis hosei N and E Borneo: Brunei, E Sarawak, Sabah (Malaysia), south to Karangan River in Kalimantan (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. h. sabana, Data Deficient as P. h. hosei, P. h. canicrus and P. h. everetti. Nominotypical hosei perhaps extinct.
785 Sumatran Surili PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis melalophos Sumatra (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as P. femoralis batuana, Lower Risk (nt), not evaluated as bicolor, mitrata, and nobilis.
786 Natuna Island Surili PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis natunae Bunguran Isl (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II.
787 Mentawai Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis potenziani Mentawai Isls (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. p. potenziani and P. p. siberu.
788 Maroon Leaf-Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis rubicunda Borneo; Karimata Isl (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as P. r. chrysea, otherwise Lower Risk (lc), not evaluated as carimatae and ignita.
789 White-thighed Surili PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis siamensis Malay Peninsula, except far south and northwest; E Sumatra between Siak and Inderagiri Rivers, between Rokan and Barimun Rivers, Lake Toba region, and perhaps Jambi district; Kundur, Bintang, and probably Batam and Galang Isls, Riau Arch. (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
790 Thomas’s Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Presbytis thomasi Sumatra: Aceh, south to about 3°50'N.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
791 Olive Colobus PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Procolobus verus Sierra Leone to Togo; Idah Dist. (E Nigeria, see Menzies, 1970, for comments).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
792 Gray-shanked Douc Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Pygathrix cinerea C Vietnam, 13°59’-14°46’N.  CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Endangered as P. nemaeus cinerea.
793 Red-shanked Douc Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Pygathrix nemaeus C Vietnam, E Laos, from 20°N to about 14°N, perhaps as far as 13°N.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as P. n. nemaeus.
794 Black-shanked Douc Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Pygathrix nigripes S Vietnam, from about 10°30’N to 14°30’N; Cambodia east of the Mekong River.  CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Endangered.
795 Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus avunculus NW Vietnam.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
796 Black Snub-nosed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus bieti Ridge of Mekong-Salween divide, Yunnan (China).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
797 Gray Snub-nosed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus brelichi Van Gin Shan (Fanjinshan) Range (Guizhou, China).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
798 Golden Snub-nosed Monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus roxellana Mountains of Sichuan, S Ganssu, Hubei, Shaanxi (China).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as R. r. hubeiensis, R. r. qinlingensis, and R. r. roxellana.
799 Kashmir Gray Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus ajax India, Dehra Dun west into Pakistani Kashmir, 2000-3000 m.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. entellus ajax.
800 Southern Plains Gray Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus dussumieri SW and WC India.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. entellus dussumieri, S. e. achises, and S. e. elissa.
801 Northern Plains Gray Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus entellus Pakistan and India, lowlands north of Godavari and Krishna Rivers, south of Ganges.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
802 Tarai Gray Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus hector India (Kumaun) to Nepal (Hazaria district), 600-1800 m.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. entellus hector.
803 Black-footed Gray Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus hypoleucos India, Kerala, South Coorg region.  CITES – I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. entellus hypoleucos.
804 Tufted Gray Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus priam SE India; Sri Lanka.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Vulnerable as S. entellus thersites, Data Deficient as S. entellus priam.
805 Nepal Gray Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus schistaceus Nepal, east of Gorkha, to Sikkim and parts of southernmost Tibet (China), 1500-3500 m.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. entellus schistaceus.
806 Simakobou PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Simias concolor Mentawai Isls (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as Nasalis concolor; IUCN – Endangered as S. c. concolor and S. c. siberu.
807 Javan Lutung PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus auratus Java, Bali, and Lombok (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as T. a. auratus and T. a. mauritius.
808 Tenasserim Lutung PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus barbei N penisular Burma and Thailand, 14°20’-15°10’N, 98°30’-98°55’E.  CITES – Appendix II.
809 Silvery Lutung PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus cristatus Borneo, Natuna Isl, Bangka, Belitung, Sumatra, Riau Archipelago, and W coast of Malay Peninsula.  CITES – Appendix II.
810 Delacour’s Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus delacouri Vietnam south of Red River, 18°-21°36’N.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
811 Indochinese Black Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus ebenus Unknown. May be restricted to region of type locality (Brandon-Jones, 1995); but apparently occurs in Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation area, Laos, on Vietnam border at about 17°30’N according to Nadler (1998).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. francoisi ebenus.
812 François’ Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus francoisi N Vietnam, C Laos, Kwangsi (China).  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
813 Gee’s Golden Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus geei Between Sankosh and Manas Rivers, Indo-Bhutan border (on both sides).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
814 Indochinese Lutung PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus germaini Thailand and Burma (north of the peninsula), Cambodia, Vietnam, to 15°N.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. villosus ? germaini and T. v. caudalis.
815 Hatinh Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus hatinhensis Vietnam, Quang Binh and neighbouring regions.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Endangered as T. francoisi hatinhensis.
816 Nilgiri Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus johnii S India.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.
817 Laotian Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus laotum C Laos.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA– Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Data Deficient.
818 Dusky Leaf-monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus obscurus S Thailand and Malay Peninsula, and small adjacent islands.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc), subspecies not evaluated.
819 Phayre’s Leaf-monkey PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus phayrei Laos, Burma, C Vietnam, C and N Thailand, Yunnan (China).  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
820 Capped Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus pileatus Assam, NW Burma (west of Chindwin River); E Bangladesh.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as T. p. pileatus, T. p. brahma, T. p. durga, and T. p. tenebricus.
821 White-headed Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus poliocephalus Cat Ba Isl (Vietnam); Guangxi (China).  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA– Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Critically Endangered as T. p. poliocephalus and T. p. leucocephalus.
822 Shortridge’s Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus shortridgei Burma, east of Chindwin River; Gongshan (Yunnan, China).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered as T. pileatus shortridgei.
823 Purple-faced Langur PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus vetulus Sri Lanka.  CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened as Presbytis senex; IUCN – Endangered as T. v. vetulus, T. v. monticola, T. v. nestor, and T. v. philbricki.
824 Hoolock Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Bunopithecus hoolock Between the Brahmaputra and Salween Rivers in Assam (India), Burma, and Yunnan (China).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in Hylobates; IUCN – Endangered as B. h. hoolock and B. h. leuconedys.
825 Agile Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Hylobates agilis Malay Peninsula from the Mudah and Thepha Rivers on the north to the Perak and Kelanton Rivers on the south; Sumatra (Indonesia), SE of Lake Toba and the Singkil River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. a. agilis and H. a. unko.
826 Bornean White-bearded Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Hylobates albibarbis SW Borneo, south of Kapuas River and W of Barito River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. agilis albibarbis.
827 Kloss’s Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Hylobates klossii Mentawai Isls (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
828 Lar Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Hylobates lar Between the Salween and Mekong Rivers from S Yunnan (China) south to the Mun River (Thailand) and the Mudah and Thepha Rivers on the Malay Peninsula; S Malay Peninsula south of the Perak and Kelantan Rivers; Sumatra (Indonesia) NW of Lake Toba and the Singkil River; E and S Burma.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as H. l. yunnanensis, Lower Risk (nt) as H. l. lar, H. l. carpenteri, H. l. entelloides, and H. l. vestitus.
829 Silvery Javan Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Hylobates moloch Java (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as H. m. moloch and H. m. pongoalsoni.
830 Müller’s Bornean Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Hylobates muelleri Borneo from the N bank of the Kapuas River clockwise around the island to the east bank of the Barito River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. m. muelleri, H. m. abbotti, and H. m. funereus.
831 Pileated Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Hylobates pileatus SE Thailand and Cambodia south of the Mun and Takhrong Rivers and west of the Mekong River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
832 Black Crested Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Nomascus concolor E of the Mekong River, and a small enclave W of the Mekong, in S Yunnan (China), N and WC Laos, and in Vietnam to Red River; and an isolated region round Ban Nam Khueung, Laos.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as N. c. furvogaster, N. c. jingdongensis, and N. nasutus, Endangered as N. c. concolor and N. c. lu.
833 Red-cheeked Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Nomascus gabriellae S Laos, S Vietnam from 15°30’N, E Cambodia.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.
834 Hainan Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Nomascus hainanus Hainan Isl (China); Hoa Binh and Cao Bang Provs., Vietnam.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as N. nasutus hainanus.
835 Northern White-cheeked Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Nomascus leucogenys SW Yunnan (China) to 19°N in Vietnam and Laos.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
836 Southern White-cheeked Gibbon PRIMATES Hylobatidae Nomascus siki C Vietnam and Laos, from 15°45’ to 20°N.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Data Deficient as N. leucogenys siki.
837 Siamang PRIMATES Hylobatidae Symphalangus syndactylus Barisan Mountains of Sumatra (Indonesia); mountains of Malay Peninsula south of Perak River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. s. syndactylus and S. s. continentis.
838 Eastern Gorilla PRIMATES Hominidae Gorilla beringei N and E Dem. Rep. Congo, SW Uganda, N Rwanda.  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in G. gorilla; IUCN – Critically Endangered as G. g. beringei, Endangered as G. g. graueri.
839 Western Gorilla PRIMATES Hominidae Gorilla gorilla SE Nigeria, Cameroon, Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Republic of Congo, SW Central African Republic, Gabon.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as G. g. diehli, Endangered as G. g. gorilla.
840 Human PRIMATES Hominidae Homo sapiens Cosmopolitan.  CITES – Appendix II as Order Primates; absolutely not endangered.
841 Bonobo PRIMATES Hominidae Pan paniscus Congo Basin of Dem. Rep. Congo, on south side of Congo River.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.
842 Common Chimpanzee PRIMATES Hominidae Pan troglodytes S Cameroon; Gabon; S Republic of Congo; Uganda; W Tanzania; E and N Dem. Rep. Congo; W Central African Republic; Guinea to W Nigeria, south to Congo River in W Africa.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered in the wild, Threatened in captivity; IUCN – Endangered as P. t. verus, P. t. troglodytes, P. t. schweinfurthii, and P. t. vellerosus.
843 Sumatran Orangutan PRIMATES Hominidae Pongo abelii Sumatra, NW of Lake Toba (Indonesia).  CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA as included in P. pygmaeus; IUCN – Critically Endangered.
844 Bornean Orangutan PRIMATES Hominidae Pongo pygmaeus Borneo, except the southeast.  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered as P. pygmaeus, P. p. pygmaeus, and P. p. wurmbii.
845 Sewellel RODENTIA Aplodontiidae Aplodontia rufa W coast of North America from SW British Columbia (Canada) to N California (USA), isolated populations in N and C California, extending into W Nevada. See Hall (1981:335).  U. S. ESA – Endangered as A. r. nigra; IUCN – Vulnerable as A. r. nigra and A. r. phaea; otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
846 Pale Giant Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ratufa affinis Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and adjacent small islands.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
847 Black Giant Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ratufa bicolor E Nepal; SE Tibet to S Yunnan and Hainan (China); Assam (India), Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, south through the Malay Peninsula to Java and Bali.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
848 Indian Giant Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ratufa indica C and S India, excluding central lowlands.  CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Extinct as R. i. dealbata, Vulnerable as R. i. centralis, R. i. indica and R. i. maxima.
849 Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ratufa macroura Sri Lanka and S India.  CITES – Appendix II. IUCN – Vulnerable
850 Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurillus pusillus Brazil, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
851 Central American Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Microsciurus alfari Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
852 Amazon Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Microsciurus flaviventer Amazon basin of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil west of the Rios Negro and Jurua.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
853 Western Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Microsciurus mimulus NW Ecuador, N Colombia, and Panama.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
854 Santander Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Microsciurus santanderensis Colombia, between the Magdalena River and the Cordillera Oriental.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
855 Tufted Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Rheithrosciurus macrotis Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
856 Abert's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus aberti SE Utah, S and W Colorado, extreme SE Wyoming, W and C New Mexico, and Arizona (USA); Chihuahua, Durango, and Sonora (NW Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
857 Guianan Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus aestuans Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
858 Allen's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus alleni SE Coahuila through C Nuevo Leon, south through W Tamaulipas to extreme N San Luis Potosi (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
859 Caucasian Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus anomalus Turkey, Transcaucasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia), N and W Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq. Newly reported from Lesbos Isl, Greece (Hecht-Markou, 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
860 Arizona Gray Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus arizonensis C and SE Arizona and WC New Mexico (USA); NE Sonora (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
861 Red-bellied Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus aureogaster SW and C Guatemala to Guanajuato to Nayarit and Nuevo Leon (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
862 Eastern Gray Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus carolinensis E Texas (USA) to Saskatchewan (Canada) and east to Atlantic Coast. Introduced into Britain, Scotland, Ireland, Italy, Australia, South Africa, and various localities in W North America.  
863 Collie's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus colliaei Mexico: WC coast including Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Durango, Nayarit, Jalisco, and Colima.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
864 Deppe's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus deppei Tamaulipas (Mexico) to Costa Rica.  CITES – Appendix III (Costa Rica); IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
865 Fiery Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus flammifer Venezuela south of Orinoco River from the Colombian border to Cuidad Bolivar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
866 Yellow-throated Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus gilvigularis N Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
867 Red-tailed Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus granatensis Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Margarita Isl, Panama, Trinidad, Tobago, Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
868 Western Gray Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus griseus C Washington, W Oregon, and California (USA) to Baja California Norte (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
869 Bolivian Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus ignitus Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
870 Northern Amazon Red Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus igniventris Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
871 Japanese Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus lis Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu (Japan).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
872 Mexican Fox Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus nayaritensis Jalisco (Mexico) north to SE Arizona (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
873 Eastern Fox Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus niger Texas (USA) and adjacent Mexico, north to Manitoba (Canada) east to the Atlantic Coast.  U.S. ESA – Endangered as S. n. cinereus; nonessential experimental population in Sussex Co., Delaware (USA); IUCN – Data Deficient as S. n. vulpinus, Lower Risk (conservation dependent) as S. n. avicinnia and S. n. cinereus, Lower Risk (nt) as S. n. shermani, otherwise Lower Risk (lc) as S. niger.
874 Peters's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus oculatus Mexico: San Luis Potosi, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla, Mexico, Queretaro and Guanajuato.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
875 Andean Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus pucheranii Colombian Andes.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
876 Junín Red Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus pyrrhinus E slopes of the Andes of Peru.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
877 Richmond's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus richmondi Nicaragua.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
878 Sanborn's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus sanborni Madre de Dios Dept., Peru.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
879 Southern Amazon Red Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus spadiceus Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
880 Guayaquil Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus stramineus Extreme SW Peru and SW Ecuador in the area surrounding the Gulf of Guayaquil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
881 Variegated Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus variegatoides S Chiapas (Mexico), through Central America to Panama.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
882 Eurasian Red Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus vulgaris Forested regions of Palearctic, from Iberia and Great Britain east to Kamchatka Peninsula and Sakhalin Isl (Russia); south to Mediterranean and Black Seas, N Mongolia, W and NE China.  IUCN – Near Threatened.
883 Yucatan Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus yucatanensis Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico); N and SW Belize; N Guatemala.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
884 Bangs’s Mountain Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Syntheosciurus brochus Costa Rica to N Panama.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
885 Douglas's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamiasciurus douglasii Coast and Cascade ranges and Sierra Nevada of SW British Columbia (not Vancouver Isl) (Canada) to S California (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
886 Red Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Alaska (USA), throughout Canada (south of tundra); including Vancouver Isl, W USA in mountain states; NE USA, south to NW South Carolina.  U.S. ESA – Endangered as T. h. grahamensis; IUCN – Critically Endangered as T. h. grahamensis; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
887 Mearns's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamiasciurus mearnsi Sierra San Pedro Martir Mtns (Baja California Norte, Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
888 Northern Chinese Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Aeretes melanopterus Hebei and Sichuan (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
889 Black Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Aeromys tephromelas Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
890 Thomas’s Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Aeromys thomasi Borneo, except SE.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
891 Hairy-footed Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Belomys pearsonii Sikkim and Assam (India) to Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan (China); Bhutan; Indochina, and N Burma (see Agrawal and Chakraborty, 1979).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
892 Namdapha Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Biswamoyopterus biswasi Known only from type locality, western slope, Patkai Range.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
893 Kashmir Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Eoglaucomys fimbriatus Kashmir and Punjab (India) east to Raniket, Uttar Pradesh (Pasha and Suhail, 1997) from 1800 to 3600 m, mountains of EC and NW Afghanistan, between 1,600 and 3,500 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as E. fimbriatus and as Hypopetes baberi.
894 Woolly Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Eupetaurus cinereus High elevations from N Pakistan and Kashmir to Sikkim (India) to Tibet and possibly Yunnan (China; Agrawal and Chakraborty, 1970).  IUCN – Endangered.
895 Northern Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Glaucomys sabrinus Alaska and Canada, NW USA to S California and W South Dakota (Black Hills), NE USA to S Appalachian Mtns.  U.S. ESA – Endangered as G. s. coloratus and G. s. fuscus; IUCN – Endangered as G. s. griseifrons, Data Deficient as G. s. californicus, Vulnerable as G. s. coloratus and G. s. fuscus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc) as G. sabrinus.
896 Southern Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Glaucomys volans Texas, Kansas, and Minnesota (USA) to Nova Scotia (Canada) and E USA; montane populations scattered from NW Mexico to Honduras.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as G. volans, Not Evaluated as G. v. goldmani, G. v. guerreroensis, and G. v. oaxacensis.
897 Particolored Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes alboniger Nepal and Assam (India) to Sichuan, Yunnan, and Hainan (China) and Indochina.  IUCN – Endangered.
898 Bartel's Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes bartelsi Java.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
899 Gray-cheeked Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes lepidus Java and Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
900 Palawan Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes nigripes Palawan and Bancalan Isls (Philippines).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
901 Indochinese Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes phayrei Burma; Thailand; Laos; S Vietnam; Fukien and Hainan (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
902 Jentink’s Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes platyurus Sumatra, Malaysia.  
903 Sipora Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes sipora Sipora Isl (Indonesia).  IUCN – Endangered.
904 Red-cheeked Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes spadiceus Burma, Thailand, S Vietnam, Sumatra, and Malaysia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
905 Sumatran Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hylopetes winstoni Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
906 Javanese Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Iomys horsfieldii Malay Peninsula to Java; Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
907 Mentawai Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Iomys sipora Mentawai Isls (Indonesia).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
908 Lesser Pygmy Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurillus emiliae Sarawak.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
909 Hose’s Pygmy Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurillus hosei Sarawak.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
910 Selangor Pygmy Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurillus kinlochii Selangor (Malay Peninsula).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
911 Red and White Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista alborufus Taiwan, S and C China.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
912 Spotted Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista elegans Nepal, Sikkim (India), Sichuan and Yunnan (China), N and W Burma, Laos, Tonkin (Vietnam), Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java (Indonesia), Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
913 Japanese Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista leucogenys Japan, except Hokkaido.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
914 Hodgson's Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista magnificus Tibet (China), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim (India).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
915 Bhutan Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista nobilis C Nepal, Sikkim (India), Bhutan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
916 Red Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista petaurista E Afghanistan, Kashmir and Punjab east to Assam (India); Yunnan, Sichuan, Fukien (China); Burma; Thailand; Indochina; Malaysia; Sumatra, Java (Indonesia); Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
917 Indian Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista philippensis Sri Lanka; India, north to Bombay and Rajastan, S Bihar; Burma, Thailand; S China, including Hainan and Taiwan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
918 Chinese Giant Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petaurista xanthotis Mountains of W China (Sichuan, Yunnan, E Tibet, Gansu).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
919 Basilan Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys crinitus Basilan Island, Philippines.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
920 Travancore Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys fuscocapillus S India, Sri Lanka.  IUCN – Vulnerable as P. f. fuscocapillus; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
921 Whiskered Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys genibarbis Malaya to Sumatra, Java, and Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
922 Hagen's Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys hageni Borneo, Sumatra.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
923 Sipora Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys lugens Sipora and N Pagai Islands (Sumatra, Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
924 Mindanao Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys mindanensis Dinagat, Siargao, and Mindanao Isls (Philippines; Heaney and Rabor, 1982).  
925 Arrow Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys sagitta Java.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
926 Temminck's Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys setosus Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo [Indonesia].  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
927 Vordermann's Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Petinomys vordermanni S Burma, Thailand, Malaya, Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
928 Japanese Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Pteromys momonga Kyushu and Honshu (Japan).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
929 Siberian Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Pteromys volans Palearctic taiga, from N Finland east to Chukotka (Russia); south to E Baltic shore; S Ural Mtns, Altai Mtns (Russia), Mongolia; N China; Korea; Sakhalin Isl (Russia), and Hokkaido (Japan); perhaps mtns of W China.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
930 Smoky Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Pteromyscus pulverulentus S Thailand to Sumatra; Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
931 Complex-toothed Flying Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Trogopterus xanthipes Montane forests, from Yunnan to C and E China.  IUCN – Endangered.
932 Ear-spot Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus adamsi Lowlands and hills in Sabah and Sarawak, Borneo, below the altitudinal range of orestes.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
933 Kloss’s Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus albescens Sumatra. Restricted to N Sumatra.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
934 Kinabalu Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus baluensis Above 300 m elevation in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
935 Gray-bellied Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus caniceps Thailand, peninsular Burma, peninsular Malaysia, and adjacent islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
936 Pallas’s Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus erythraeus West of Irrawaddy River in India, Burma, and SE China. East of Irrawaddy River in Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Indochina, S China, and Taiwan. Introduced into Argentina (Aprila and Chicco, 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
937 Finlayson’s Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus finlaysonii SC Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam. Introduced into Italy (Bertolino et al., 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
938 Inornate Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus inornatus Laos, N Vietnam, S Yunnan (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
939 Mentawai Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus melanogaster Mentawai Isls (Indonesia), Siberut, Sipora, and N Pagai.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
940 Black-striped Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus nigrovittatus Vietnam, Malaysia, peninsular Thailand, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, adjacent small islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
941 Plantain Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus notatus From peninsular Malaysia and Thailand to Java, Bali, and Borneo; Lombok Isl; Salayer Isl (south of Sulawesi; Musser, 1987a considered this population an introduction, possibly from Java); widespread on smaller islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
942 Borneo Black-banded Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus orestes Sabah and Sarawak (Borneo), Malaysia, at middle elevations (Payne et al., 1985).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
943 Phayre's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus phayrei Upper Irrawaddy River and Sittang River eastward to Salween River, S Burma.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
944 Prevost's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus prevostii Peninsular Thailand to Sumatra, Borneo, and adjacent small islands; N Sulawesi. Musser (1987a) considered the population in Sulawesi as introduced.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
945 Irrawaddy Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus pygerythrus Nepal and NE India to Burma, N Vietnam, and Yunnan (China).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
946 Anderson's Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Callosciurus quinquestriatus NE Burma, Yunnan (China).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
947 Bornean Mountain Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Dremomys everetti Mountains of N and W Borneo (Kalimantan, Sarawak, Sabah), above 3,200 ft. (975 m).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
948 Red-throated Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Dremomys gularis Red River Valley from N Vietnam to SC Yunnan (China) (Zhang et al., 1997).  
949 Orange-bellied Himalayan Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Dremomys lokriah C Nepal east to Salween River; Xizang (China); N Burma; mountains in E India; Bhutan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
950 Perny's Long-nosed Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Dremomys pernyi NE India; N Burma; N Vietnam; Xizang; Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Anhui, Taiwan (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
951 Red-hipped Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Dremomys pyrrhomerus C and S China, extreme N Vietnam, Hainan Isl (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
952 Asian Red-cheeked Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Dremomys rufigenis NE India, N and C Burma; Anhui, Hunan, Guangxi and Yunnan (China), Laos, south through Vietnam, Thailand, peninsular Malaysia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
953 Philippine Pygmy Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Exilisciurus concinnus Mindanao faunal region (Heaney et al., 1987) including Mindanao, Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Samar, and Siargao Isls (Heaney, 1985).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
954 Least Pygmy Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Exilisciurus exilis Borneo and Banggi Isl.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
955 Tufted Pygmy Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Exilisciurus whiteheadi Mountains of Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), above 900 m, and adjacent parts of West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Medway, 1977).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
956 Layard's Palm Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funambulus layardi S and C Sri Lanka, and mountains of S India.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
957 Indian Palm Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funambulus palmarum C and S India, Sri Lanka.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
958 Northern Palm Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funambulus pennantii SE Iran through Pakistan to Nepal and N and C India. Perhaps adjacent Afghanistan. Introduced to Andaman Isls and vicinity of Perth in Western Australia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
959 Dusky Palm Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funambulus sublineatus SW India, C Sri Lanka.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
960 Jungle Palm Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funambulus tristriatus West coast of India, from below 20° N to southern tip.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
961 Sculptor Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Glyphotes simus Mountains of Borneo; Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), 1000 to 1700 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
962 Montane Long-nosed Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hyosciurus heinrichi Restricted to mountains of C Sulawesi (Musser and Dagosto, 1987:44).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
963 Lowland Long-nosed Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Hyosciurus ileile Mountains of Sulawesi.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
964 Four-striped Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Lariscus hosei Mountains of Sarawak and Sabah (Malaysia).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
965 Three-striped Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Lariscus insignis Peninsular Malaysia and Thailand, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, adjacent isls.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
966 Niobe Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Lariscus niobe Mountains of Sumatra, and Java (Idjen Mtns).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
967 Mentawai Three-striped Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Lariscus obscurus Siberut, Sipora, N and S Pagai Island (Sumatra, Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
968 Indochinese Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Menetes berdmorei S Vietnam, Cambodia, S Laos, Thailand, S Yunnan (China) to C Burma.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
969 Black-eared Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Nannosciurus melanotis Sumatra, Java, Borneo, adjacent small islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
970 Secretive Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Prosciurillus abstrusus Known only from the type locality in SE Sulawesi.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
971 Whitish Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Prosciurillus leucomus Sulawesi; and neighboring islands, Buton and E Kabaena.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
972 Celebes Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Prosciurillus murinus NE and C Sulawesi.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
973 Sanghir Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Prosciurillus rosenbergii Sanghir Island  
974 Weber's Dwarf Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Prosciurillus weberi C Sulawesi (Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
975 Shrew-faced Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Rhinosciurus laticaudatus Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and small adjacent islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
976 Sulawesi Giant Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Rubrisciurus rubriventer N, C, and SE Sulawesi.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
977 Brooke’s Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus brookei Mountains of Borneo, from 600 to 1500 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
978 Davao Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus davensis Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
979 Fraternal Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus fraterculus Sipora Isl, Siberut Isl, and S Pagai Isl (Sumatra, Indonesia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
980 Horse-tailed Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus hippurus S Vietnam, S to Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
981 Busuanga Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus hoogstraali Busuanga Isl (Philippines).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
982 Jentinck’s Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus jentinki Mountains of N Borneo.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
983 Northern Palawan Tree Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus juvencus N Palawan Isl.  IUCN – Endangered.
984 Low’s squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus lowii Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and adjacent small islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
985 Mindanao Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus mindanensis Mindanao and adjacent small islands (Philippines).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
986 Culion Tree Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus moellendorffi Calamian Isls other than Busuanga.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
987 Philippine Tree Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus philippinensis S and W Mindanao, and Basilan (Philippines).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
988 Palawan Montane Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus rabori Above 800 m in mountains on Palawan (Philippines).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
989 Samar Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus samarensis Samar and Leyte Isls (Philippines).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
990 Southern Palawan Tree Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus steerii Balabac and S Palawan Isls in lowlands (Philippines).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
991 Slender Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sundasciurus tenuis Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and adjacent small islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
992 Himalayan Striped Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamiops mcclellandii E Nepal through Assam and Mizoram (India); N and C Burma, and Yunnan (China), and south through Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia to the S Malay Peninsula.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
993 Maritime Striped Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamiops maritimus Hubei, Anhui and Zhejiang, south through Guangxi and Guangdong (China), to S Vietnam and Laos; Hainan and Taiwan (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
994 Cambodian Striped Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamiops rodolphii E Thailand, Cambodia, S Laos, S Vietnam.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
995 Swinhoe's Striped Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamiops swinhoei Extreme SW Gansu south through Tibet, Sichuan and Yunnan (China) to N Burma and N Vietnam; isolated population in Hebei (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
996 Barbary Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Atlantoxerus getulus Grand and Middle Atlas south to Agadir and N edge of Sahara (Morocco), NW Algeria.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
997 Long-clawed Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilopsis leptodactylus SE Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, W Tajikistan, NE Iran, NW Afghanistan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
998 Striped Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Xerus erythropus SE Morocco, S Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Côte d’Ivoire, S Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, SE Niger, NE Nigeria, Cameroon, NE Republic of Congo, SE Chad, NE Central African Republic, Sudan, Dem. Rep. Congo, NW Uganda, Rwanda, W Ethiopia, W Kenya, N Tanzania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
999 South African Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Xerus inauris S Angola, Namibia, Botswana, W Zimbabwe, South Africa.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1000 Damara Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Xerus princeps W Namibia, S Angola, restricted to the Kaokoland escarpment of Namibia and Angola as far north as 14°10'S 16°0'E.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1001 Unstriped Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Xerus rutilus SE Sudan, E and S Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, NE Uganda, NE Tanzania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1002 Western Palm Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Epixerus ebii Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana.  CITES – Appendix III (Ghana); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as E. ebii and as E. wilsoni.
1003 Thomas's Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus anerythrus SW Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, NE Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda; SW Dem. Rep. Congo and N Shaba Prov. (Dem. Rep. Congo).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1004 Lunda Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus bayonii NE Angola, SW Dem. Rep. Congo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1005 Carruther's Mountain Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus carruthersi Ruwenzori (S Uganda), Rwanda, Burundi.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1006 Congo Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus congicus Dem. Rep. Congo, Angola, Namibia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1007 Lady Burton's Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus isabella Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1008 Ribboned Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus lemniscatus S of Sanaga River (Cameroon), Central African Republic, Dem. Rep. Congo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1009 Red-cheeked Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus leucogenys Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Rio Muni, Bioko.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1010 Fire-footed Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus pyrropus Gambia, S Senegal, Guinea Bissau, W Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, S Côte d’Ivoire, SW Ghana, W Nigeria, W Cameroon, Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea), W Republic of Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Dem. Rep. Congo, NW Angola.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1011 Kintampo Rope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Funisciurus substriatus Côte d’Ivoire, S Ghana, Togo, Benin.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1012 Gambian Sun Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Heliosciurus gambianus Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Burundi, Tanzania, Dem. Rep. Congo, Angola, Zimbabwe, Zambia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1013 Mutable Sun Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Heliosciurus mutabilis Malawi; S and SW highlands, Tanzania; NW of the Zambezi River near Beira (Mozambique); Chirinda Forest, Melsetter Dist., Sabi/Lundi River confluence, Vumba, Umtali (SE Zimbabwe).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1014 Small Sun Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Heliosciurus punctatus E Liberia, S Côte d’Ivoire, S Ghana (E to Lake Volta).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1015 Red-legged Sun Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Heliosciurus rufobrachium Senegal, W Gambia, W Guinea Bissau, W Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, S Côte d’Ivoire, S Ghana, S Togo, Benin, S Nigeria, Cameroon, Bioko and Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea), SW Central African Republic, SE Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, SW and SE Kenya, E and NW Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, E Zimbabwe, Dem. Rep. Congo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1016 Ruwenzori Sun Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Heliosciurus ruwenzorii Ruwenzori Mtns in E Dem. Rep. Congo; Rwanda; Burundi; SW Uganda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1017 Zanj Sun Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Heliosciurus undulatus SE Kenya; NE Tanzania, including Mafia and Zanzibar Isls.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1018 African Pygmy Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Myosciurus pumilio SE Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1019 Alexander's Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus alexandri NE Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1020 Boehm's Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus boehmi S Sudan, N and E Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda, W Kenya, NW Tanzania, N Zambia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1021 Smith's Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus cepapi S Angola, Zambia, SE Dem. Rep. Congo, Malawi, SW Tanzania, Mozambique, N Namibia, N Botswana, Zimbabwe, NE South Africa.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1022 Cooper's Mountain Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus cooperi Cameroon.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1023 Striped Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus flavovittis S Kenya, Tanzania, N Mozambique.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1024 Black and Red Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus lucifer N Malawi, SW Tanzania, E Zambia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1025 Ochre Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus ochraceus S Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1026 Red Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus palliatus S Somalia, E Kenya, E Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1027 Green Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus poensis Sierra Leone, SE Guinea, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Benin, S Nigeria, Cameroon, Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), Republic of Congo, W Dem. Rep. Congo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1028 Swynnerton's Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus vexillarius C and E Tanzania.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1029 Vincent's Bush Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Paraxerus vincenti N Mozambique.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1030 Slender-tailed Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Protoxerus aubinnii Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1031 Forest Giant Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Protoxerus stangeri Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, W Ghana, Togo, S Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Rio Muni, Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon, E Republic of Congo, N Angola, S Central African Republic, S Sudan, Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, W Kenya, N Tanzania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1032 Harris’s Antelope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ammospermophilus harrisii Arizona to SW New Mexico (USA) and adjoining Sonora, Mexico.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1033 Espiritu Santo Island Antelope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ammospermophilus insularis Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1034 Texas Antelope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ammospermophilus interpres New Mexico and W Texas (USA) to Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Durango (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1035 White-tailed Antelope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ammospermophilus leucurus E California and SE Oregon to Colorado and New Mexico (USA), south to Baja California Sur (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1036 Nelson’s Antelope Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Ammospermophilus nelsoni San Joaquin Valley (S California, USA).  May now be restricted to southern half of its former range (Hafner, 1981). IUCN – Endangered.
1037 Gunnison's Prairie Dog RODENTIA Sciuridae Cynomys gunnisoni SE Utah, SW Colorado, NE Arizona, and NW New Mexico (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1038 White-tailed Prairie Dog RODENTIA Sciuridae Cynomys leucurus SC Montana, W and C Wyoming, NE Utah, and NW Colorado (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1039 Black-tailed Prairie Dog RODENTIA Sciuridae Cynomys ludovicianus Saskatchewan (Canada); Montana to E Nebraska, W Texas, New Mexico, and SE Arizona (USA); NE Sonora, and N Chihuahua (Mexico).  U.S. ESA – Candidate taxon; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1040 Mexican Prairie Dog RODENTIA Sciuridae Cynomys mexicanus Coahuila, and San Luis Potosi; perhaps Nuevo Leon, and Zacatecas (NC Mexico).  CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
1041 Utah Prairie Dog RODENTIA Sciuridae Cynomys parvidens SC Utah (USA).  U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent).
1042 Gray Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota baibacina Altai and Tien Shan Mtns, SW Siberia (Russia), SE Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Xinjiang (China). Introduced into Caucasus Mtns (Dagestan, Russia; Gromov et al., 1965:360).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1043 Bobak Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota bobak Steppes of E Europe, east through Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia to N and C Kazakhstan.  Regaining parts of former range (Bibikov, 1991). IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent).
1044 Alaska Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota broweri Brooks Range of N Alaska (USA) from near coast of Chukchi Sea to Alaska-Yukon border; perhaps also N Yukon (Canada).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1045 Hoary Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota caligata C Alaska (USA), Yukon and Northwest Territories (Canada) south to W and NE Washington, C Idaho, and W Montana (USA).  IUCN – Data Deficient as M. c. sheldoni and M. c. vigilis; otherwise – Lower Risk (lc).
1046 Black-capped Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota camtschatica E Siberia from Transbaikalia to Chukotka and Kamchatka (Russia), in several geographically isolated populations (Nikol'skii et al., 1991).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1047 Long-tailed Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota caudata W Tien Shan through the Pamirs (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan) to Hindu Kush (Afghanistan), Pakistan, Kashmir (India), and mountains of extreme W Xinjiang and Xizang (China).  CITES – Appendix III (India); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1048 Yellow-bellied Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota flaviventris SC British Columbia and S Alberta (Canada) south to N New Mexico, S Utah, Nevada, and California (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1049 Himalayan Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota himalayana Montane regions of W China, Nepal, and N India to Ladak.  CITES – Appendix III (India); IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1050 Alpine Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota marmota Swiss, Italian, and French Alps; W Austria; S Germany; Carpathian (Romania) and Tatra Mtns (Czech Republic, Poland); introduced into French Pyrenees, E Austria and N Serbia and Montenegro.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1051 Menzbier's Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota menzbieri W Tien Shan Mtns, in S Kazakhstan and NW Kirgizia.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1052 Woodchuck RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota monax Alaska (USA) through S Canada to S Labrador to NE and SC USA; south in Rocky Mtns, possibly to N Idaho.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1053 Olympic Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota olympus Olympic Mtns of W Washington (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1054 Tarbagan Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota sibirica SW Siberia, Tuva, Transbaikalia (Russia); N and W Mongolia; Heilungjiang and Inner Mongolia (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1055 Vancouver Island Marmot RODENTIA Sciuridae Marmota vancouverensis Mountains of Vancouver Isl (British Columbia, Canada).  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.
1056 Pčre David's Rock Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurotamias davidianus S Gansu to Hebei and Shandong to S Liaoning, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Henan, Hubei, Guizhou, Guangxi, Anhui and SW Sichuan (China) (Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1057 Forrest's Rock Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurotamias forresti Yunnan Province,(China). See Zhang et al. (1997).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1058 Tropical Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus adocetus E Jalisco, Michoacan, and N Guerrero (WC Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1059 Alashan Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus alashanicus SC Mongolia; Ala Shan and E Nan Shan (N China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1060 Ring-tailed Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus annulatus Nayarit to N Guerrero (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1061 Uinta Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus armatus SC Utah to S Montana, SE Idaho to W Wyoming (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1062 Baja California Rock Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus atricapillus Baja California (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1063 California Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus beecheyi W Washington (USA) to Baja California Norte (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1064 Belding's Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus beldingi E Oregon, SW Idaho, NE California, N Nevada, and NW Utah (USA).  
1065 Brandt’s Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus brevicauda Zaisan depression south and westward along the Tien Shan mountains to the vicinity of Almaty, on both sides of the Kazakh-Chinese border (see Ma et al., 1987).  
1066 Idaho Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus brunneus WC Idaho (USA), in three isolated areas; north of Payette River to Hitt and Cuddy Mtns; between Cuddy and Seven Devils Mtns, and east of West Mtns.  "...limited ranges and small breeding populations...vulnerable..." (Yensen, 1991:597). U.S. ESA – Candidate taxon as S. b. endemicus, Threatened as S. b. brunneus; IUCN - Critically Endangered as S. b. brunneus, Vulnerable as S. b. endemicus; otherwise Endangered as S. brunneus.
1067 Merriam's Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus canus USA: E Oregon, except NE and SE corners; extreme NW Nevada; W side of Snake River in WC Idaho.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1068 European Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus citellus SE Germany, Czech Republic, SW Poland through SE Europe to European Turkey, Moldovia and W Ukraine.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1069 Columbian Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus columbianus SE British Columbia and W Alberta (Canada) to NE Oregon, C Idaho, and C Montana (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1070 Daurian Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus dauricus Transbaikalia (Russia), Mongolia, N China.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1071 Wyoming Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus elegans NE Nevada, SE Oregon, S Idaho, and SW Montana to C Colorado and W Nebraska (USA).  IUCN – Data Deficient as S. e. nevadensis; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1072 Red-cheeked Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus erythrogenys E Kazakhstan, SW Siberia (Russia). Formerly included an isolated population (pallidicauda) in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia (China), which is here given full species status along with brevicauda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1073 Franklin's Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus franklinii N Great Plains; Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba (Canada), south to Kansas, Illinois, and Indiana (USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1074 Yellow Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus fulvus Kazakhstan, from the Caspian Sea and the Volga River to Lake Balkash; south through Uzbekistan, W Tajikistan and Turkmenistan to NE Iran, and N Afghanistan; W Xinjiang (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1075 Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus lateralis Montane W North America, from C British Columbia to S New Mexico in the Rocky Mtns, and the Columbia River south to S California and Nevada.  IUCN – Data Deficient as S. l. wortmani; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1076 Sierra Madre Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus madrensis SW Chihuahua (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1077 Russet Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus major Steppe between Volga and Irtysh rivers (Russia; N Kazakhstan). Formerly, steppe between Don and Volga rivers (Russia; Gromov et al., 1965:291). Reported from Xinjiang (Ma et al., 1987); but probably a misidentified brevicauda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1078 Mexican Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus mexicanus S New Mexico and W Texas (USA) to Jalisco and S Puebla (C Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1079 Mohave Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus mohavensis NW Mohave Desert and Owens Valley (S California, USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1080 Piute Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus mollis Two disjunct populations: in Washington, N of Yakima, and W of Columbia, rivers; and SE corner of Oregon, Snake River valley (Idaho) southward through Nevada (except extreme S), extreme EC California, and W Utah.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1081 Caucasian Mountain Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus musicus N Caucasus Mtns (Georgia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1082 Pallid Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus pallidicauda This monotypic species is endemic to Mongolia and the adjacent Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Inner Mongolia).  
1083 Arctic Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus parryii NW Canada; Alaska (USA); NE Yakutia, Anadyrsk, Krai, and Chukotka (Russia).  
1084 Perote Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus perotensis Veracruz and Puebla (EC Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1085 Little Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus pygmaeus SW Ukraine; S Ural Mtns to Crimea (Russia); Kazakhstan; NW Uzbekistan; Dagestan (Georgia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1086 Tien Shan Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus ralli Mountains and valleys surrounding the eastern end of the Issyk-Kul’ valley, from the Terskii-Alatau in the southeast to the Ketmen’ Alatau in the northeast. Its range is separated from that of S. relictus, which occupies the western Tien Shan.  
1087 Relict Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus relictus Tien Shan Mtns in Kyrgyzstan and SE Kazakhstan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1088 Richardson's Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus richardsonii N Great Plains in S Alberta, S Saskatchewan, S Manitoba (Canada), Montana (see Swenson, 1981), North Dakota, NE South Dakota, W Minnesota, and NW Iowa (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1089 Cascade Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus saturatus Cascade Mtns of W Washington (USA) and SW British Columbia (Canada).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1090 Spotted Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus spilosoma C Mexico to S Texas, SW South Dakota, and NW Arizona (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1091 Speckled Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus suslicus Steppes of E and S Europe, including Poland, E Romania, Ukraine north to Oka River and east to the Volga River (Russia).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1092 Round-tailed Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus tereticaudus Deserts of SE California, S Nevada, W Arizona (USA), NE Baja California and Sonora (Mexico).  U.S. ESA – Candidate taxon as S. t. chlorus; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. t. chlorus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1093 Townsend's Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus townsendii SE Washington (USA), S of Yakima River and W and N of Columbia River.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1094 Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Great Plains, from C Texas to E Utah, Ohio (USA) and SC Canada.  IUCN – Data Deficient as S. t. alleni, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1095 Long-tailed Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus undulatus E Kazakhstan; S Siberia, Transbaikalia (Russia); N Mongolia; Heilungjiang and Xinjiang (China).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1096 Rock Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus variegatus S Nevada to SW Texas and Utah (USA) to Puebla (C Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1097 Washington Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus washingtoni SE Washington, NE Oregon (USA).  U.S. ESA – Candidate taxon; IUCN – Vulnerable.
1098 Asia Minor Ground Squirrel RODENTIA Sciuridae Spermophilus xanthoprymnus Transcaucasia (Armenia, possibly Azerbaijan), Turkey, Syria, and Israel.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1099 Alpine Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias alpinus Alpine zone in Sierra Nevada, from Tuolumne to Tulare Counties (EC California, USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1100 Yellow-pine Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias amoenus C British Columbia (Canada) south to C California east to C Montana and W Wyoming (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1101 Buller's Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias bulleri Sierra Madre, in S Durango, W Zacatecas, and N Jalisco (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1102 Gray-footed Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias canipes Mountains of SE New Mexico and W Texas (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1103 Gray-collared Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias cinereicollis Mountains of C and E Arizona and C and SW New Mexico (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1104 Cliff Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias dorsalis E Nevada, S Idaho, Utah, SW Wyoming, and NW Colorado south through Arizona and W New Mexico (USA) to NW Durango, W Coahuila, and coastal Sonora (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1105 Durango Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias durangae SW Chihuahua to WC Durango; SE Coahuila (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1106 Merriam's Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias merriami San Francisco Bay southward in the Coast Range, and south of Columbia (California, USA) in the Sierra Nevada, to extreme N Baja California (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1107 Least Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias minimus C Yukon (Canada) south through Sierra Nevada and S New Mexico, east to Michigan (USA) and W Quebec (Canada).  IUCN – Critically Endangered as T. m. atristriatus, Vulnerable as T. m. selkirki, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1108 California Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias obscurus S California (San Bernardino Co., USA) to C Baja California (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1109 Yellow-cheeked Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias ochrogenys Coast of N California from Van Duzen River south to S Sonoma Co. (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1110 Palmer's Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias palmeri Charleston Mtns (S Nevada, USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1111 Panamint Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias panamintinus Mountains of SE California and SW Nevada (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1112 Long-eared Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias quadrimaculatus Sierra Nevada of EC California (Plumas to Mariposa cos.); C and adjacent WC Nevada (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1113 Colorado Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias quadrivittatus Mountains of Colorado and E Utah south to NE Arizona and S New Mexico (USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable as T. q. australis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1114 Red-tailed Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias ruficaudus NE Washington to W Montana (USA), and SE British Columbia (Canada).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1115 Hopi Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias rufus E and S Utah, extreme W Colorado, and NE Arizona, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1116 Shadow Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias senex Sierra Nevada of EC California and WC Nevada to N coast of California, and NC Oregon (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1117 Siberian Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias sibiricus N European and Siberian Russia to Sakhalin; S Kurile Isls (Russia); extreme E Kazakhstan to N Mongolia, China, Korea, and Hokkaido (Japan). Introduced into Austria, France, Germany, Holland and Italy (Niethammer and Krapp, 1978).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1118 Siskiyou Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias siskiyou Siskiyou Mtns and coast of N California to C Oregon (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1119 Sonoma Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias sonomae NW California, from San Francisco Bay north to Siskiyou Co. (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1120 Lodgepole Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias speciosus USA: Sierra Nevada from Mt. Lassen to San Bernardino Mtns (California); W Nevada.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1121 Eastern Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias striatus S Manitoba and Nova Scotia (Canada) to Louisiana, Alabama, and Georgia, east to Atlantic Coast (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1122 Townsend's Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias townsendii SW British Columbia (Canada), W Washington and Oregon to the Rogue River (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1123 Uinta Chipmunk RODENTIA Sciuridae Tamias umbrinus E California and N Arizona to N Colorado, SE and NW Wyoming, and extreme SW Montana (USA).  IUCN – Critically Endangered as T. u. nevadensis, Data Deficient as T. u. sedulus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1124 Angolan African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus angolensis Angola (Hill and Carter, 1941) and NW Zambia (Ansell, 1978).  
1125 Christy’s African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus christyi N Dem. Rep. Congo (Hatt, 1940a; Holden, 1996b; Schlitter et al., 1985), S Cameroon (Holden 1996b; Robbins and Schlitter, 1981).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1126 Thick-tailed African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus crassicaudatus West Africa: Liberia (Kuhn, 1965), Côte d’Ivoire (in Mt Nimba reserve; see Heim de Balsac and Lamotte, 1958), Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon (Robbins and Schlitter, 1981; Schlitter et al., 1985), Gabon, and perhaps Bioko (Eisentraut, 1973). See Rosevear (1969) and Grubb et al. (1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1127 Johnston’s African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus johnstoni S Malawi (Happold and Happold, 1997a [as G. lorraineus]; Thomas, 1898); limits unknown.  
1128 Kellen’s African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus kelleni Savannahs of SubSaharan Africa, excluding Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa, but including: Senegal (Hubert et al., 1973, as G. murinus), The Gambia, Sierra Leone, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, ? Burkina Faso (Gautun et al., 1985, as G. murinus), Nigeria, Mali, Niger (Dobigny et al., 2002b), Sudan, N Dem. Rep. Congo (Verschuren, 1987–Parc National de la Garamba, as G. lorraineus), N Uganda (Heller, 1911, as G. personatus; Hollister, 1919, as G. personatus), Kenya (Hollister, 1919), Ethiopia (Yalden et al., 1996), Somalia, Tanzania (Stanley et al., 2002; Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988), Mozambique, Angola (Hayman, 1963b; Hill and Carter, 1941), Zambia (Ansell, 1978, as G. johnstoni) and Zimbabwe. In W Africa see Grubb et al. (1998) and Rosevear (1969).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as G. kelleni, G. olga, and G. parvus.
1129 Lorraine’s African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus lorraineus W and C Africa: Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia (Kuhn, 1965), Côte d’Ivoire (Aellen, 1965; Mt Nimba Reserve see Heim de Balsac and Lamotte, 1958), Ghana (Decher and Bahian, 1999), Nigeria (Happold, 1987), Cameroon (Eisentraut, 1973; Robbins and Schlitter, 1981; Schlitter et al., 1985), Central African Republic, Bioko (Eisentraut, 1973), Gabon, Republic of Congo (Dowsett and Granjon, 1991), N Angola (Hayman, 1963b), Dem. Rep. Congo (Hatt, 1940a; Petter, 1967a; Verheyen and Verschuren, 1966), and N Zambia (Ansell, 1978). See Grubb et al. (1998) and Rosevear (1969) for W Africa reviews.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1130 Large Savanna African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus microtis SubSaharan Africa excluding West Africa: Chad, Sudan (Setzer, 1956), Ethiopia (Corbet and Yalden, 1972; Yalden et al., 1996), Uganda (Delany, 1975), Rwanda (Geider and Kock, 1991; Misonne, 1965b; Monfort, 1992; Verschuren, 1987–Parc National de l’Akagera, as G. murinus), Kenya, Tanzania (Hatt, 1940b; Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951), Mozambique (Smithers and Lobăo Tello, 1976), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988 ), S Dem. Rep. Congo (Verschuren, 1987–Parc National de l’Upemba, as G. murinus), Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Botswana (Smithers, 1971), Namibia, Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979) and South Africa (Lynch, 1983, 1989, 1994; Rautenbach, 1982; Roberts, 1951; Taylor, 1998; Taylor et al., 1994a, as G. cf. murinus) (for Southern Africa see de Graaff, 1981; Smithers, 1983). In some of these regional works, G. microtis is included in G. murinus; thus the mapped localities and natural history data are a composite for both species.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1131 Monard’s African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus monardi NE Angola (Hayman, 1963b), NW Zambia (Ansell, 1978), and S Dem. Rep. Congo; limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1132 Forest African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus murinus C, E and Southern Africa: E Dem. Rep. Congo (Rahm and Christiaensen, 1963; Verschuren, 1987–Parc National des Virunga), Uganda (Clausnitzer and Kityo, 2001; Delany, 1975), Rwanda (Monfort, 1992), Burundi, Ethiopia (Corbet and Yalden, 1972; Yalden et al., 1996), Kenya (Hollister, 1919), Tanzania (Grimshaw et al., 1995; Stanley et al., 1998, 2000; Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988), Mozambique (Smithers and Lobăo Tello, 1976), Zambia (Ansell, 1974, as Graphiurus sp.; 1978), Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), South Africa (Kryštufek et al., 2004a; Lynch 1989; Rautenbach, 1982; Roberts, 1951; Taylor, 1998) (for Southern Africa see de Graaff, 1981; Smithers, 1983). In some of these regional works, G. microtis is included in G. murinus; thus the mapped localities and natural history data are a composite for both species.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1133 Nagtglas’ African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus nagtglasii West Africa: Sierra Leone, Liberia (Coe, 1975; Kuhn, 1965), SE Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire (Aellen, 1965; Heim de Balsac and Lamotte, 1958), Ghana (Jeffrey, 1973), Togo, Nigeria (Happold, 1987), Cameroon (Robbins and Schlitter, 1981; Schlitter et al., 1985), Central African Republic, and Gabon. For West Africa reviews see Rosevear (1969) and Grubb et al. (1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as G. hueti.
1134 Spectacled African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus ocularis South Africa, Eastern, Northern and Western Cape Provinces (Channing, 1984; de Graaff, 1991; Roberts, 1951; Smithers, 1983).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1135 Flat-headed African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus platyops Eastern and E Southern Africa: Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988), E Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), Botswana (Smithers, 1971), Mozambique (Smithers and Lobăo Tello, 1976) and South Africa (de Graaff, 1981; Rautenbach, 1982; Roberts, 1951; Smithers, 1983).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1136 Rupicolous African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus rupicola Angola (M. E. Holden, unpubl.), Namibia (Thomas and Hinton, 1925) and NW South Africa (Shortridge and Carter, 1938), in a narrow strip from Mt Soque, Angola, south to Port Nolloth and Eenriet in Little Namaqualand, South Africa (see also Roberts, 1951).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1137 Short-eared African Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Graphiurus surdus WC and C Africa: Southern Cameroon south to Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, and NE and SC Dem. Rep. Congo (Holden, 1996b).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1138 Sichuan Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Chaetocauda sichuanensis Known only from the type locality, a subalpine deciduous and coniferous forest in the Sichuan highlands; limits unknown.  IUCN – Endangered as Dryomys sichuanensis.
1139 Woolly Forest Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Dryomys laniger S Turkey, Toros Daglari (Taurus Mtns) and E Anatolia (Kivanç et al., 1997a; Krystufek and Vohralík, 2001; Obuch, 2001; Spitzenberger, 1976).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1140 Niethammer’s Forest Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Dryomys niethammeri Pakistan, NE Baluchistan; limits unknown.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1141 Forest Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Dryomys nitedula Europe, the Middle East and C Asia: SE Germany (Faltin, 1988), Switzerland (Catzeflis, 1995b), Austria (Niethammer, 1960; Spitzenberger, 1983; Spitzenberger et al., 1995), Czech Republic and Slovakia (Andĕra, 1987, 1995; Kratochvíl, 1967; Obuch, 1998), Poland (Daoud, 1989; Jurczyszyn and Wolk, 1998; Kosior, 1996; Nowakowski, 2000; Nowakowski and Boratynski, 2001; Pucek, 1983b); Ukraine (Bezrodny, 1991) and Belorus (Serńanin, 1961) north to Lithuania (Balciauskas, 1996; Juskaitis, 1995a) and Latvia (Pil~ts, 1995), Russia east to Kazan region and upper Volga River, south to lower Dnepr River, mouth of Volga River, and Caucasus Mtns (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Licha…ev, 1972; Ognev, 1947; Vereshchagin, 1959; also Kuznetsov, 1965; Pavlinov and Rossolimo, 1987), Italy (Amori et al., 1995, 1999; Filippucci, 1986; Paolucci et al., 1987), Hungary (Bakó et al., 1998; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 1994), Slovenia (Kryštufek, 1991; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 1994), Croatia (Tvrtkoviƒ et al., 1995), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro (Gazaryan, 1985; Krystufek, 1985a; Kryštufek and Vohralík; 1994; Petrov, 1992), Romania (Istrate, 1998; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 1994), Moldavia (Lozan, 1970), Albania (Prigioni, 1996), Macedonia (Petrov, 1992), Bulgaria (Mitev et al., 1994; Peshev, 1996; Peshev and Mitev, 1979; Vohralík , 1985), Greece (Ondrias, 1966; Sofianidou and Vohralík, 1991; Vohralík and Sofianidou, 1987, 1992a), Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Mursalo—lu, 1973b; Obuch, 2001; Pamukoglu and Albayrak, 1996), Arabia (Harrison and Bates, 1991), W and E Syria (Obuch, 2001; von Lehmann, 1965), N Israel (Atallah, 1978; Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; Nevo and Amir, 1961a, 1964; Qumsiyeh, 1996), N Iraq (Jawdat, 1977), Iran (Lay, 1967; Obuch, 2001), Afghanistan (Hassinger, 1973), N Pakistan (Roberts, 1977, 1997); Tajikistan (Allobergenov, 1986; Davydov, 1984), Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and C Kazakhstan north to the S Altai Gobi (see Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Kuznetsov, 1965; Ognev, 1947; Pavlinov and Rossolimo, 1987), the Tarbagaty Mtns east to the eastern limit of the Tien Shan Mtns in Xinjiang, China (Ma et al., 1981, 1987; Wang, 2003; Wang and Yang, 1983); perhaps Lebanon (Lewis et al., 1967). In Europe see also Kryštufek (1999b), Kryštufek and Vohralík (1994) and Storch (1978a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1142 Large-eared Garden Dormouse (see comments) RODENTIA Gliridae Eliomys melanurus E North Africa, the Middle East and S Turkey: Libya east from Barqah (Cyrenaica) (Ranck, 1968); Egypt (Osborn and Helmy, 1980), the Sinai peninsula (Haim and Tchernov, 1974; Kahmann, 1981; Osborn and Helmy, 1980; Wassif and Hoogstraal, 1954), Saudi Arabia (Harrison and Bates, 1991; Kahmann, 1981; Nader et al., 1981; Vesey-Fitzgerald, 1953), Israel (Bodenheimer, 1958; Ilani and Shalmon, 1983; Kahmann, 1981; Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; Obuch, 2001; Qumsiyeh, 1996), Jordan (Atallah, 1978; Bodenheimer, 1958; Kahmann, 1981; Qumsiyeh, 1996; Tristram, 1877), Lebanon (G. M. Allen, 1915; Lewis et al., 1967; Qumsiyeh, 1996), Syria (Kahmann, 1981; Obuch, 2001; Qumsiyeh, 1996), Iraq (Kahmann, 1981; Nadachowski et al., 1978) and S Turkey (Misonne, 1957). In North Africa see Kahmann and Thoms (1981) and Niethammer (1959, 1987c).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1143 Maghreb Garden Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Eliomys munbyanus W North Africa: Western Sahara (Kahmann and Thoms, 1981); Morocco (Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986; Moreno and Delibes, 1981); Algeria (Khidas, 1993; Kowalski and Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991); Tunisia (Kahmann and Thoms, 1987); east to Tar~bulus (Tripolitania) and Fazzan regions of E Libya (Ranck, 1968). See also Kahmann and Thoms (1981), Kock (1985) and Niethammer (1959).  denticulatus Ranck, 1968; lerotina (Lataste, 1885); occidentalis Thomas, 1903; tunetae Thomas, 1903.
1144 Garden Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Eliomys quercinus Primarily Europe, also Russia: Portugal (Santos-Reis and Mathias, 1996), Spain (Abad, 1987; Castién and Gosálbez, 1992, Moreno, 1989; Torre et al., 1996), Balearic Isls (Alcover, 1986; Alcover and Gosalbez, 1988; Kahmann and Alcover, 1974; Kahmann and Thoms, 1973a), Andorra (Gosalbez-Noguera et al., 1989), France (Geissert and Merkel, 1994), Corsica (Orsini and Cheylan, 1988), Belgium (Libois, 1996; Luyts, 1986), Germany (Bitz, 1991; Faltin, 1988; Feustel, 1984; Gorner and Henkel, 1988; Mockel, 1986; Rehage, 1984; Schoppe, 1986), Netherlands (Foppen and Bergers, 1992; Foppen et al., 1989; Thissen and Hollander, 1996), Czech Republic and Slovakia (Andĕra, 1986, 1995; Andĕra and Cerveny, 1994; Hçrka, 1990; Kratochvíl, 1967; Obuch, 1998; Smaha, 1996), Poland (Daoud, 1989; Jurczyszyn and Wolk, 1998; Pucek, 1983a), Belarus, Lithuania (Balciauskas, 1996; Juskaitis, 1995a), Latvia (Pil~ts, 1995), Estonia including Suur Tutarsaar Isl (Ernits, 1991a; b; Masing and Timm, 1988), Finland, Ukraine (Bezrodny, 1991; Zagorodnyuk, 1998), European Russia to S Urals (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Kuznetsov, 1965; Licha…ev, 1972; Ognev, 1947), Switzerland (Catzeflis, 1995a; Maurizio, 1994), Austria (Spitzenberger, 1983, 1996; Spitzenberger et al., 1995), Italy, including Sardegna, Eolian archipelago and Sicilia (Amori et al., 1995, 1999, 2002a; Cagnin and Aloise, 1995; Cristaldi and Amori, 1988; Locatelli and Paolucci, 1996a; Sarŕ and Casamento, 1995a; Scaravelli et al., 1995), Slovenia (Kryštufek, 2003), Croatia (Petrov, 1992; Tvrtkoviƒ et al., 1995; Vujoševiƒ et al., 1993), Adriatic Isls (Petrov, 1992; Tvrtkoviƒ et al., 1995; Vujoševiƒ et al., 1993), Bosnia and Herzegovina (Petrov, 1992; Tvrtkoviƒ et al., 1995), possibly Albania (Prigioni, 1996), possibly Bulgaria, and perhaps Romania (Istrate, 1998). See also Filippucci (1999), Kryštufek and Vohralík (1994) and Storch (1978a).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1145 Hazel Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Muscardinus avellanarius Europe and N Turkey: Cumbria and S England (Bright and Morris, 1992; Bright et al., 1996; Coult, 2001), France (Jourde, 2001; Papillon et al., 2000), Switzerland (Catzeflis, 1995d; Maurizio, 1994), Italy, including Sicilia (Amori et al., 1995, 1999; Sarŕ and Casamento, 1995a; Sarŕ et al., 2002), Austria (Spitzenberger, 1983; Spitzenberger et al., 1995), Germany (Bitz, 1991; Faltin, 1988; Gorner and Henkel, 1988; Harsch, 1993; Mockel, 1988; Rehage and Steinborn, 1984; Schoppe, 1986; Schulze, 1986, 1987), Belgium (Christiaens, 1995; Libois, 1996), Netherlands (van Laar, 1984, 1992; Thissen and Hollander, 1996), Denmark (Jensen, 1980), S and C Sweden (Berg, 1996, 1997), Poland (Daoud, 1989; Jurczyszyn and Wolk, 1998; Kaluza, 1987; Pucek, 1983d; Wilk, 1987), Ukraine (Bezrodny, 1991), Belorus, Lithuania (Juškaitis, 1995a), Latvia (Pil~ts, 1995), and Estonia (Ernits, 1991b) east to Russia (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Kuznetsov, 1965; Licha…ev, 1972; Ognev, 1947); Czech Republic and Slovakia (AndŤra, 1987, 1995; Andera and Cerveny, 1994; Danko, 1994; Hçrka,,1990; Obuch, 1998; Smaha, 1996; Stanko and Mosansky, 2000), Hungary (Bakó et al., 1998), Slovenia (Kryštufek, 1991), Croatia (Tvrtkoviƒ et al., 1995), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro (Petrov, 1992), Romania (Istrate, 1998), Albania (Prigioni, 1996), Macedonia, Bulgaria (Belcheva et al., 1989; Peshev, 1996), Greece (Ondrias, 1966), Corfu, N Turkey (Do—ramaci and KefelĄo—lu, 1992; Kivanc, 1983; Obuch, 2002). In Europe see also Morris (1999) and Storch (1978a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1146 Masked Mouse-tailed Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Myomimus personatus Bulgaria (Peshev et al., 1964); W Turkey (Mursalo—lu, 1973b); Koppet Dag Mtns, NE Iran (Obuch, 2001); Koppet Dag and Malyy Balkhan Mtns, Turkmenistan (Csorba, 1993; Kurbanov et al., 1990; Kuznetsov, 1965; Marinina et al., 1987; Ognev, 1947; Shcherbina et al., 1988); Iskander, Uzbekistan (Zykov, 1987); limits unknown.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1147 Roach’s Mouse-tailed Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Myomimus roachi Extant in SE Bulgaria (Filippucci and Peshev, 1999; Peshev, 1996), Turkish Thrace (Filippucci and Peshev, 1999; Kurtonur and Özkan, 1991), and W Turkey (Mursalo™lu, 1973a); limits unknown. Early to late Pleistocene fossils are known from Israel (Tchernov, 1992, 1994), Greece (Macedonia, Athens, Chios Isl and Kalimnos Isl) (Kuss and Storch, 1978; Storch, 1975, 1978b), and from S Anatolia, Turkey (Corbet and Morris, 1967; Storch, 1988).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1148 Setzer’s Mouse-tailed Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Myomimus setzeri From 1500-2800 m in E Turkey (Obuch, 1994, 2001), and Azarbaijan-e Gharbi and Kordestan Prov., NW Iran (Obuch, 1994, 2001; Rossolimo, 1976a); limits unknown.  IUCN – Endangered.
1149 Desert Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Selevinia betpakdalaensis S (=SE) and E Kazakhstan, deserts east, north and west of Lake Balkhash (Burdelov and Rossinskaya, 1959; Ilchenko and Volodin, 1992; Ismagilov, 1961; Kuznetsov, 1965).  IUCN – Endangered.
1150 Japanese Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Glirulus japonicus Japan, three main islands of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu, and small island of Dogo in the Oki group north of E Honshu (Iguchi et al., 1996; Kaneko, 1994).  IUCN – Endangered.
1151 Fat Dormouse RODENTIA Gliridae Glis glis Europe, N Turkey, the Caucasus, N Iran and SW Turkmenistan: N Spain (Castien and Gosalbez, 1992), France (Gautherin, 1988; Geissert and Merkel, 1994), Switzerland (Catzeflis, 1995c; Maurizio, 1994), Belgium (Christiaens, 1995; Libois, 1996), Netherlands, Germany (Bitz, 1991; Faltin, 1988; Feustel, 1984; Gorner and Henkel, 1988; Grunwald, 1992; Harsch, 1993; Labes et al., 1987; Nachtigall, 1996; Pankow, 1989; Rehage and Preywisch, 1984; Schoppe, 1986; Schulze, 1986; von Vietinghoff-Riesch, 1960), Poland (Bielecka, 1986; Daoud, 1989; Indyk and Pawlowska-Indyk, 1994; Jurczyszyn and Wolk, 1998; Jurczyszyn et al., 2001; Kazmierczak and Kaliczewski, 1989; Nowakowski and Terlecki, 1991; Profus, 2000; Pucek, 1983c; Wuczynski and Garbowski, 2000); Ukraine (Bezrodny, 1991) north to Belorus, Lithuania (Balciauskas, 1996; Juskaitis, 1995a) and Latvia (Pil~ts, 1995), east to Volga River, south to Saratov and Voronezh (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995); Caucasus Mtns (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995) south to N Iran (Lay, 1967; Obuch, 2001) and SW Turkmenistan (see Bezrodny, 1991; Kuznetsov, 1965; Licha…ev, 1972; Ognev, 1947; Ruprecht and Szwagrzak, 1986; Vereshchagin, 1959); the Mediterranean (except S and C Iberia, Balearic Isls), Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Elba, Italy (Amori et al., 1995, 1999), including Sicilia (Sarŕ and Casamento, 1995a), Eolia (Cristaldi and Amori, 1988) and N Adriatic Isls (Petrov, 1992; Tvrtkoviƒ et al., 1995), Austria (Spitzenberger, 1983; Spitzenberger et al., 1995), Czech Republic and Slovakia (AndŤra, 1986, 1995; AndŤra and Cerveny ,1994; Danko, 1994; Hçrka,,1990; Obuch, 1998; Smaha, 1996; Stanko and Mosansky, 2000), Hungary (Bakó et al., 1998; Becsy, 1982), Slovenia (Kryštufek, 1991; Kryštufek and Haberl, 2001; Polak, 1997); Croatia (Tvrtkoviƒ et al., 1995), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro (Petrov, 1992), Romania (Istrate, 1998; Vasiliu, 1961), Albania (Prigioni, 1996), Macedonia (Petrov, 1992), Bulgaria (Peshev, 1996; Peshev et al., 1990b), Greece (Ondrias, 1966; in Andros Isl see Dimaki, 1999; in Macedonia see Vohralík and Sofianidou, 1987; in Thrace see Vohralík and Sofianidou, 1992a), Crete, Corfu, Cephalonia, Turkish Thrace (Kurtonur, 1992), N Turkey (Do—ramaci and Tez, 1991; Kock, 1990; Obuch, 2001). In Europe see also Kryštufek (1999a) and Storch (1978a). Introduced to England (Morris, 1997a, b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1152 American Beaver RODENTIA Castoridae Castor canadensis Alaska and Canada south of the Arctic Circle (including Vancouver and Newfoundland), most of the continental United States (absent from parts of SW USA and from most of Florida), extending into N Mexico. See Hall (1981:604). Introduced to Tierra del Fuego (South America) and Eurasia, including Finland, NW Russia, Poland, Germany, and Austria.  IUCN – Data Deficient as C. c. phaeus (from Admiralty Island in Alaska’s Alexander Archipelago); Not Evaluated as C. c. frondator and C. c. mexicanus; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1153 Eurasian Beaver RODENTIA Castoridae Castor fiber Throughout N Eurasia, including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia (populations throughout), Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine; formerly extinct but reintroduced in many of these countries. See Nolet and Rosell (1998) and Véron (1992a).  U. S. ESA – Endangered as C. fiber birulai; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. f. tuvinicus, Vulnerable as C. f. birulai and C. f. pohlei; otherwise Near Threatened.
1154 Agile Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys agilis SW and SC California (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1155 California Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys californicus SC Oregon, NW Nevada (Stangl et al., 1999), and N California to north of San Francisco Bay (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1156 Gulf Coast Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys compactus Mainland, Padre and Mustang Isls of S Texas (USA) and barrier islands of N Tamaulipas (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1157 Desert Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys deserti Deserts of E California, to S and W Nevada, SW Utah, W and SC Arizona (USA), NW Sonora and NE Baja California (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1158 Texas Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys elator SW Oklahoma and NC Texas (USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable; Texas Parks and Wildlife Department – Threatened.
1159 San Quintin Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys gravipes NW Baja California (Mexico).  IUCN – Endangered. Mexico – Endangered.
1160 Heermann’s Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys heermanni Inner coastal ranges and western slopes of Sierra Nevada in C California (USA).  U.S. ESA and California Dept. of Fish and Game – Endangered as D. h. morroensis; U.S. ESA – Presumed Extinct as D. h. berkleyensis [sic]; IUCN – Critically Endangered as D. h. morroensis, Vulnerable as D. h. berkeleyensis, Lower Risk (nt) as D. h. dixoni, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1161 Giant Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys ingens Western edge of Joaquin Valley, adjacent Carrizo and Elkhorn plains and upper Cuyama Valley of WC California (USA).  U.S. ESA Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered; and California Dept. of Fish and Game – Endangered. Extirpated over much of its original range.
1162 Merriam’s Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys merriami NW Nevada and NE California to Texas (USA), south to Baja California Sur, N Sinaloa, and Mexican Plateau to San Luis Potosi (Mexico).  U.S. ESA – Endangered as D. m. parvus. IUCN – Critically Endangered as D. margaritae and D. insularis; Data Deficient as D. m. collinus and D. m. parvus; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1163 Chisel-toothed Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys microps SE Oregon and SW Idaho, south through NW and SE California, Nevada, and W Utah, to NW Arizona (USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable as D. m. leucotis, Data Deficient as D. m. alfredi, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1164 Nelson’s Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys nelsoni Mexican Plateau from N Coahuila and S Chihuahua to N San Luis Potosi and S Nuevo Leon (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1165 San Joaquin Valley Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys nitratoides S San Joaquin Valley, WC California (USA).  U.S. ESA – Endangered as D. n. nitratoides and D. n. exilis. IUCN – Critically Endangered as D. n. exilis and D. n. nitratoides, Lower Risk (nt) as D. nitratoides and as D. n. brevinasus. California Dept. of Fish and Game - Endangered as D. n. exilis; D. n. nitratoides is of Special Concern; and D. n. brevinasus is California Fully Protected.
1166 Ord’s Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys ordii SW Saskatchewan and SE Alberta (Canada) and SE Washington south through Great Plains and intermontane basins of W USA, to Mexican Plateau as far south as Hidalgo (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1167 Panamint Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys panamintinus Deserts of E California and W Nevada (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1168 Phillips’s Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys phillipsii C Durango south to N Oaxaca (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1169 Dulzura Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys simulans Coastal southern California (USA) south to southern Baja California Sur (Mexico).  
1170 Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys spectabilis SC Arizona, New Mexico, W Texas (USA) south to N Sonora, Chihuahua and San Luis Potosi (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1171 Stephens’s Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys stephensi Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Cos. of S California (USA).  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent); California Dept. of Fish and Game – Threatened.
1172 Narrow-faced Kangaroo Rat RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys venustus Outer coast ranges from S San Francisco Bay to Estero Bay and Gabilan Range of San Benito and Monterey counties, WC California (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1173 Dark Kangaroo Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Microdipodops megacephalus SE Oregon, S Idaho, NE and EC California, N and C Nevada, and WC Utah (USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable as M. m. atrirelictus, Data Deficient as M. m. nexus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1174 Pale Kangaroo Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Microdipodops pallidus EC California, W and SC Nevada (USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable as M. p. restrictus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1175 Caribbean Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys anomalus N Colombia, including Magdalena Valley, east to N Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago, and Margarita Isl. It does not enter Panama (contra Rogers, 1990; Méndez, 1993; Williams et al., 1993; Nowak, 1999; see Anderson, 1999 [2000]).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1176 Southern Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys australis E Panama south to SW Colombia and NW Ecuador, both slopes of the Cordillera Occidental and Cordillera Central and western slope of the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia. Disjunct population present in Cordillera de Mérida in Venezuela (Anderson and Soriano, 1999; Anderson, 1999 [2000]).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1177 Desmarest’s Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys desmarestianus SE Tobasco (Mexico) south to NW Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as H. desmarestianus; Lower Risk (nt) as H. goldmani.
1178 Gaumer’s Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys gaumeri Endemic to Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico), N Belize, and N Guatemala.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1179 Nelson’s Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys nelsoni Known only from S Chiapas (Mexico) and W Guatemala.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1180 Paraguaná Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys oasicus Known only from Cerro Santa Ana and the Fila de Monte Cano on the Penínsulsa de Paraguaná, Estado Falcón, Venezuela.  
1181 Mountain Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys oresterus Talamanca Range of Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1182 Ecuadoran Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Heteromys teleus Pacific lowlands of Ecuador.  
1183 Panamanian Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Liomys adspersus C Panama, principally Pacific versant.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1184 Mexican Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Liomys irroratus S Texas (USA), and SC Chihuahua to Oaxaca (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1185 Painted Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Liomys pictus West coast of Mexico from Sonora to Chiapas, and east coast in Veracruz south to extreme NW Guatemala.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1186 Salvin’s Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Liomys salvini E Oaxaca (Mexico) south to C Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1187 Jaliscan Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Liomys spectabilis SE Jalisco (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1188 Little Desert Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus arenarius Baja California Peninsula (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1189 Narrow-skulled Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus artus S Sonora, SW Chihuahua, W Durango, Sinaloa, and N Nayarit (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1190 Bailey’s Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus baileyi S Arizona, SW New Mexico (USA), south to N Sinaloa (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1191 California Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus californicus C California (USA) to N Baja California (Mexico).  IUCN – Data Deficient as C. c. femoralis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc);.
1192 Dalquest’s Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus dalquesti Cape Region of Baja California Sur (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as included in C. arenarius.
1193 Chihuahuan Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus eremicus Chihuahuan Desert from S New Mexico and Trans-Pecos Texas (USA) through Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Zacatecas, Nuevo Leon, and San Luis Potosi (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as included in C. penicillatus.
1194 San Diego Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus fallax SW California (USA) to W Baja California (Mexico).  IUCN – Data Deficient as C. h. fallax and C. h. pallidus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1195 Long-tailed Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus formosus W Utah, Nevada, E California, and NW Arizona (USA), and E coast of Baja California to Bahía Concepcion (Baja California Sur, Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1196 Goldman’s Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus goldmani NE to S Sonora, SW Chihuahua, and N Sinaloa (Mexico); see Straney and Patton (1980).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1197 Hispid Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus hispidus Great Plains from S North Dakota to SE Arizona and W Louisiana (USA), south to Tamaulipas and Hidalgo (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1198 Rock Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus intermedius SC Utah and Arizona to W Texas (USA), south to C Sonora and C Chihuahua (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1199 Lined Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus lineatus San Luis Potosi and SE Zacatecas (Mexico).  
1200 Nelson’s Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus nelsoni Chihuahuan desert plateau from SE New Mexico and W Texas (USA) to Jalisco and San Luis Potosi (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1201 Desert Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus penicillatus SE California and S Nevada to S Arizona and SW New Mexico (USA) to NE Baja California and Sonora (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1202 Sinaloan Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus pernix Coastal lowlands from S Sonora to N Nayarit (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1203 Baja California Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus rudinoris SE California (USA) south to Cape Region of Baja California Sur (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as included in C. baileyi.
1204 Spiny Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Chaetodipus spinatus S Nevada, SE California (USA) south to Cape Region of Baja California Peninsula (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1205 White-eared Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus alticolus SC California (USA).  IUCN – Critically Endangered as P. a. alticola [sic]; Lower Risk (nt) as P. a. inexpectatus.
1206 Arizona Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus amplus W and C Arizona (USA) to NW Sonora (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1207 Olive-backed Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus fasciatus Great Plains from SE Alberta, Saskatchewan, and SW Manitoba (Canada) to NE Utah, S Colorado, and E South Dakota (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1208 Plains Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus flavescens Great Plains and intermountain basins from Minnesota and N Utah (USA) to N Chihuahua (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1209 Silky Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus flavus SW Great Plains and intermountain plateaus from South Dakota, E Wyoming, and SE Utah (USA) south to Sonora and Puebla (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as P. f. goodpasteri; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1210 San Joaquin Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus inornatus Sacramento, San Joaquin and Salinas valleys and adjacent foothills, and western Mojave Desert, of California (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as P. i. neglectus and P. i. psammophilus; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1211 Little Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus longimembris SE Oregon and W Utah (USA) south to N Sonora and Baja California and Baja California Sur (Mexico) (see Alvarez-Castańeda et al., 2001).  U.S. ESA – Endangered as P. l. pacificus. IUCN – Critically Endangered as P. l. pacificus, Vulnerable as P. l. brevinasus, Data Deficient as P. l. bangsi and P. l. internationalis; otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1212 Merriam’s Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus merriami SE New Mexico east to S Texas (USA), east from N Chihuahua to Tamaulipas (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1213 Great Basin Pocket Mouse RODENTIA Heteromyidae Perognathus parvus Great Basin from S British Columbia (Canada), south to E California and east to SE Wyoming and NW Arizona (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as P. parvus and P. xanthanotus.
1214 Yellow-faced Pocket Gopher RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys castanops SE Colorado and SW Kansas (USA) to E Durango and S Coahuila (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Pappogeomys castanops.
1215 Goldman’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys goldmani E Zacatecas, S Nuevo Leon, and San Luis Potosí (Mexico).  
1216 Smoky Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys fumosus Plain of E Colima (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Pappogeomys fumosus.
1217 Llano Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys gymnurus S and C Jalisco and NE Michoacan (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Pappogeomys gymnurus.
1218 Merriam’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys merriami WC Veracruz to Distrito Federal, Morelos, and surrounding areas, including SE Central Plateau and S Sierra Madre Oriental (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Pappogeomys merriami.
1219 Querétaro Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys neglectus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered as Pappogeomys neglectus.
1220 Naked-nosed Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys tylorhinus Distrito Federal and Hidalgo to C Jalisco (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Pappogeomys tylorhinus.
1221 Zinser’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Cratogeomys zinseri NE Jalisco (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Pappogeomys zinseri.
1222 Attwater’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys attwateri SC coast of Texas (USA).  
1223 Desert Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys arenarius Extreme W Texas, SW and SC New Mexico (USA); N Chihuahua (Mexico).  IUCN – Lowered Risk (nt).
1224 Baird’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys breviceps W Louisiana, E Texas, E Oklahoma, and SW Arkansas (USA).  
1225 Plains Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys bursarius SC Manitoba (Canada) to NW Indiana, SC Texas, and NE New Mexico (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1226 Knox Jones’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys knoxjonesi W Texas and SE New Mexico (USA).  
1227 Texas Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys personatus S Texas, south of San Antonio and Del Rio, including Padre and Mustang Isls (USA); barrier beaches of extreme NE Tamaulipas (Mexico).  IUCN – Vulnerable as G. p. maritimus and G. p. streckeri, Lower Risk (nt) as G. p. fuscus and as G. personatus.
1228 Southeastern Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys pinetis C Florida to S Georgia and S Alabama (USA).  IUCN – Extinct as G. p. goffi; Vulnerable as G. p. cumberlandius and G. p. frontanelus; Lower Risk (nt) as G. p. colonus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1229 Central Texas Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys texensis SC Texas (USA).  IUCN – Lowered Risk (nt) as G. texensis and as G. t. bakeri.
1230 Tropical Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Geomys tropicalis Vicinity of Altamira and Tampico in SE Tamaulipas (Mexico).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1231 Chiriqui Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys cavator NW Panama to C Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1232 Cherrie’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys cherriei NC Costa Rica (see Hafner and Hafner, 1987; Hafner, 1991).  IUCN – Lowered Risk (nt).
1233 Oaxacan Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys cuniculus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1234 Darien Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys dariensis E Panama.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1235 Giant Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys grandis Honduras to Jalisco (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1236 Variable Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys heterodus C Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lowered Risk (nt).
1237 Hispid Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys hispidus Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, Guatemala, and NW Honduras, to S Tamaulipas (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1238 Big Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys lanius Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1239 Nicaraguan Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys matagalpae NC Nicaragua to SC Honduras.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1240 Thaeler’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys thaeleri Serranía de Baudó (extreme NW Colombia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1241 Underwood’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Orthogeomys underwoodi Central Pacific coast of Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1242 Alcorn’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Pappogeomys alcorni S Jalisco (Mexico), in Sierra del Tigre.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1243 Buller’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Pappogeomys bulleri Nayarit, Jalisco, and Colima (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1244 Botta’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys bottae SW and W USA, north to Oregon, east to Colorado, and south to the Cape region of Baja California, Sinaloa and Nuevo Leon (Mexico).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1245 Camas Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys bulbivorus Willamette Valley (NW Oregon, USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1246 Wyoming Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys clusius Carbon and Sweetwater Cos., SC Wyoming (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1247 Idaho Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys idahoensis EC Idaho, adjacent Montana and W Wyoming, and N Utah (USA).  IUCN – Lowered Risk (nt) as T. idahoensis and as T. i. confinus.
1248 Western Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys mazama NW Washington through C Oregon to N California (USA).  U.S. ESA and Washington Department of Fish and Game – Candidate; IUCN – Extinct as T. m. tacomensis; Critically Endangered as T. m. louiei; Vulnerable as T. m. couchi, T. m. glacialis, T. m. pugetensis, T. m. tumuli, and T. m. yelmensis; Lower Risk (nt) as T. mazama and as T. m. helleri and T. m. melanops.
1249 Mountain Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys monticola Sierra Nevada Mtns of C and N California and extreme WC Nevada (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1250 Northern Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys talpoides S British Columbia to C Alberta and SW Manitoba (Canada), south to C South Dakota and N New Mexico, N Arizona, N Nevada, and NE California (USA).  IUCN – Vulnerable as T. t. douglasii, Lower Risk (nt) as T. t. limosus and T. t. segregatus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1251 Townsend’s Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys townsendii Snake River Valley of Idaho south and west to SE Oregon, NE California, and N Nevada (USA).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1252 Southern Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Thomomys umbrinus SC Arizona and SW New Mexico (USA) south to Puebla and Veracruz (Mexico).  IUCN – Lowered Risk (nt) as T. u. emotus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1253 Michoacan Pocket Gopher. RODENTIA Geomyidae Zygogeomys trichopus Known only from small areas in the general vicinity of Lago Pátzcuaro, NC Michoacan (Mexico).  IUCN – Endangered. Local temporal extirpation documented by Hafner and Barkley (1984).
1254 Balikun Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga balikunica Mongolia, from Altai Sumon east to Bordzon-Gobi (Sokolov et al., 1981a), and NE Xinjiang, China (Ma et al., 1987).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1255 Gobi Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga bullata Deserts of S and W Mongolia (Bannikov, 1954; Sokolov et al., 1981a; adjacent Chinese provinces of Nei Mongolia, E Xinjiang, Ningxia (Ma et al., 1987), Gansu (Chen and Wang, 1985; Zheng and Zhang, 1990) and N Shaanxi (Wang, 1990).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1256 Small Five-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga elater SW Pakistan (Roberts, 1977, 1997); Afghanistan (Hassinger, 1973); Iran (Lay, 1967); E Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001); Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, N Caucasus, north along W Caspian Sea to Lower Volga south to Turkmenistan, east through Kazakhstan (see Kuznetsov, 1965; Sludskii, 1977; and Shenbrot, 1993) to NE Xinjiang, Nei Mongol, and N Gansu, China (Ma et al., 1987; Chinese range mapped in Zhang et al., 1997), and western Mongolia (Sokolov and Orlov, 1980), in desert and semi-desert zones. Overall range mapped in Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1257 Euphrates Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga euphratica Steppe and semi-desert from SE Turkey (Colak et al., 1994) south through Syria and Iraq to Jordan (Qumsiyeh, 1996), N Saudi Arabia and Kuwait (essentially as outlined by Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1951; see also Colak et al., 1994, and references therein; Hatt, 1959).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1258 Iranian Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga firouzi Known only from the type locality, a flat plain with a gravel substrate and sparse, mountain steppe vegetation (Womochel, 1978).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1259 Hotson’s Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga hotsoni N, C, and SE Iran, SW Pakistan (Brown, 1980; Roberts, 1977, 1997; specimens in USNM), and S Afghanistan (Hassinger, 1973) in gravelly or stony peneplains "where practically no other rodent exists" (Roberts, 1997:352).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1260 Great Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga major Steppes and deserts from Caucasus N to Moscow and Kiev E to Ob River (W Siberia), Kazakhstan, and N Uzbekistan (west of Aral Sea), and W Xinjiang, China (Wang, 2003); range figured by Kuznetsov (1965), Shenbrot et al. (1995), and Sludskii (1977).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1261 Severtzov’s Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga severtzovi Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, N Turkmenistan, and N and SW Tajikistan; range figured by Kuznetsov (1965), Shenbrot et al. (1995), and Sludskii (1977).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1262 Mongolian Five-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga sibirica From lower Ural River (Kazakhstan) and Caspian Sea east to Chitinskaya Oblast and south to N Turkmenistan (Kuznetsov, 1965; Shenbrot, 1993; Sludskii, 1977); Mongolia (Bannikov, 1954); China: Nei Mongol, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Nigxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, N Hebei, W Liaoning, W Julin, and W Heilongjiang (in China see Ho et al., 1986; Laing and Zhang, 1985; Liu et al., 1990; Ma et al., 1987; Mi et al., 1990; Qin, 1991; Shou, 1962; Zhang and Wang, 1963; Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997; and Zheng and Zhang, 1990); Shenbrot et al. (1995) provided overall distribution map; no valid record from Korea (see Corbet, 1978c:154).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1263 Four-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga tetradactyla Coastal gravel plains of Egypt and E Libya, from near Alexandria to the Gulf of Sirte (see Ranck, 1968, and Osborn and Helmy, 1980).  IUCN – Endangered.
1264 Vinogradov’s Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga vinogradovi S Kazakhstan, E Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan (see Shenbrot, 1993; Shenbrot et al., 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1265 Williams’s Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactaga williamsi Anatolian Artemisia steppe of Turkey except in SE, Caucasia, Afghanistan, and Iran (see Colak et al., 1994, and references therein; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; range mapped as euphratica by Shenbrot et al., 1995, and recorded from N Turkey as euphratica by Pamukoglu and Albayrak, 1996 ).  caprimulga Ellerman, 1948; laticeps Nehring, 1903; schmidti Satunin, 1907.
1266 Bobrinski’s Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Allactodipus bobrinskii W and N Turkmenistan and C and W Uzbekistan, in the Kyzylkum and Karakumy deserts; figured by Kuznetsov (1965), Shenbrot et al. (1995), and Sludskii (1977).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1267 Lesser Fat-tailed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Pygeretmus platyurus W, C, and E Kazakhstan, and NW Turkmenistan (G. Shenbrot, in litt., 2003; see map in Shenbrot et al., 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1268 Dwarf Fat-tailed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Pygeretmus pumilio From the Don River (Russia) through Kazakhstan to the Irtysh River (Kuznetsov, 1965; Sludskii, 1977), south to NE Iran (Lay, 1967); E to S Mongolia (Bannikov, 1954); China: W Nei Mongol (Ma et al., 1987), N Xinjiang (Chen and Wang, 1985; Ma et al., 1987), Gansu, and Ningxia (Wang, 2003; Chinese range mapped in Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1269 Greater Fat-tailed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Pygeretmus shitkovi E Kazakhstan, in region of Lake Balkhash (Corbet, 1978c; Kuznetsov, 1965; Shenbrot et al., 1995; Sludskii, 1977).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1270 Five-toed Pygmy Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Cardiocranius paradoxus China (N Xinjiang, C Nei Mongol, N Ningxia, and Gansu; see G. Shenbrot, in litt., 2003; Ma et al., 1987; Mi et al., 1990; Qin, 1991; Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997, and Zhou et al., 1985); Mongolia; S Tuviskaya Oblast, and E Kazakhstan (see Ilchenko and Volodin, 1992, and Sokolov and Shenbrot, 1988). Shenbrot et al. (1995) provide overall distribution map.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1271 Baluchistan Pygmy Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Salpingotulus michaelis Pakistan, SW Baluchistan (Roberts, 1977, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Salpingotus michaelis.
1272 Thick-tailed Pygmy Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Salpingotus crassicauda Steppes and deserts of NW China (Xinjiang, Nei Mongol, and Gansu; Chen and Wang, 1985; Ma et al., 1987; Wang, 2003; Zheng and Zhang, 1990; Chinese range mapped by Zhang et al., 1997), S and SW Mongolia, and adjacent E Kazakhstan in Lake Zaysan basin (see Naumov and Lobachev, 1975; Vorontsov and Shenbrot, 1984; Vorontsov et al., 1969a). General distribution mapped by Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1273 Heptner’s Pygmy Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Salpingotus heptneri Uzbekistan and S Kazakhstan, NW and N Kyzylkum desert (see Shenbrot et al., 1995; Vorontsov and Shenbrot, 1984).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1274 Kozlov’s Pygmy Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Salpingotus kozlovi Deserts of S and SE Mongolia; and China: Nei Mongol, Xinjiang, Gansu, N Shaanxi, and Ningxia (see Chen and Wang, 1985; Ma et al., 1987; Mi et al., 1990; Qian et al., 1965; Qin, 1991; Wang, 1990, 2003; and Zheng and Zhang, 1990; Chinese range mapped by Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1275 Pallid Pygmy Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Salpingotus pallidus Deserts of N Aral and S Balkhash regions (see Shenbrot et al., 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1276 Thomas’s Pygmy Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Salpingotus thomasi Known only from the type specimen, of which the country of origin, "Afghanistan", is questionable (see discussion in Hassinger, 1973, and Roberts, 1977, 1997). Listed as occurring in S Xizang, China by Wang (2003).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1277 Northern Three-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Dipus sagitta Desert, steppe and dry woodland from Don River (Russia), NW coast of Caspian Sea, and N Iran, through Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan to S Tuva, Russia; Mongolia (Bannikov, 1954); China ( Nei Mongol, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, N Shaanxi, N Shanxi, Liaoning, and Jilin; see Chen and Wang, 1985; Liu et al., 1990; Ma et al., 1987; Mi et al., 1990; Qian et al., 1965; Qin, 1991; Shou, 1962; Wang, 1990, 2003; Zhang and Wang, 1963; Zheng and Zhang, 1990; and Zhou et al., 1985; Zhang et al., 1997, provide map for Chinese range); see Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1278 Lichtenstein’s Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Eremodipus lichtensteini Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, from Caspian Sea to Aral Sea, and south of Lake Balkhash (see map in Shenbrot et al., 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1279 Blanford’s Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Jaculus blanfordi SE coast of Caspian Sea through Turkmenistan to the Kyzylkum Desert, C Uzbekistan (Kuznetsov, 1965; Shenbrot et al., 1995), E and S Iran (Lay, 1967), S and W Afghanistan (Hassinger, 1973), and SW Pakistan (Roberts, 1977, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1280 Lesser Egyptian Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Jaculus jaculus N Africa in Senegal (Bâ et al., 2000; Duplantier and Granjon, 1992), NE Nigeria (Happold, 1987) and Niger, from S Mauritania to Morocco (see range map in Aulagnier and Thévenot. 1986, and Bâ et al., 2001), E through Algeria (Kowalski and Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991), Tunisia (Vesmanis, 1984) and Libya (Ranck, 1968) to Sudan (Setzer, 1956), Ethiopia and Eritrea (Yalden et al., 1996), Egypt (Osborn and Helmy, 1980), and Somalia; throughout Arabia (Harrsion and Bates, 1991; Al-Jumaily, 1998, for Yemen), the Sinai and Israel (Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999) through Iraq (Hatt, 1959) to SW Iran (Lay, 1967). Granjon et al. (1992:272) stated that this species "has probably only recently reached Senegal from Mauritania where it was previously known to occur."  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1281 Greater Egyptian Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Jaculus orientalis Arid or semarid regions of N Africa and Israel, from Morocco (see the range map in Aulagnier and Thévenot, 1986) E through Algeria (Kowalski and Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991), Tunisia (Vesmanis, 1984), and Libya (Ranck, 1968) to Egypt (Osborn and Helmy, 1980), Sinai and S Israel (Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; "a narrow strip in northern Negev," G. Shenbrot, in litt., 2003).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1282 Comb-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Paradipus ctenodactylus Sand deserts of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and E Aral region of Kazakhstan; see Kuznetsov (1965), Sludskii (1977), and Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1283 Andrew’s Three-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Stylodipus andrewsi NW, S, and C Mongolia east of Barun Khurai (Baruun Huuray) Valley; and adjacent China: Nei Mongolia, N Hebei, N Shanxi, N Shaanxi, Gansu, and Ningxia (see Ma et al., 1987; Qin, 1991; Wang, 2003; and Zheng and Zhang, 1990).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1284 Mongolian Three-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Stylodipus sungorus SW Mongolia, possibly Xinjiang, China (see Sokolov and Shenbrot, 1987b:585).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1285 Thick-tailed Three-toed Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Stylodipus telum E Ukraine, N Caucasus, W Turkmenistan, W Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan (Kuznetsov, 1965; Shenbrot, 1991b); E to N Xinjiang, China (see Chen and Wang, 1985; Ma et al., 1987; Mi et al., 1990; Qian et al., 1965; Shou, 1962; Wang, 2003; and Zheng and Zhang, 1990; but see comment below; Chinese range mapped by Zhang et al., 1997). See Shenbrot et al. (1995) for overall distribution  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1286 Long-eared Jerboa RODENTIA Dipodidae Euchoreutes naso S Mongolia; China (Nei Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, and Ningxia; see Chen and Wang, 1985; Liu et al., 1990; Ma et al., 1987; Qian et al., 1965; Shou, 1962; Zhang and Wang, 1963; Wang, 2003; and Zheng and Zhang, 1990; Chinese range mapped by Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Endangered.
1287 Armenian Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista armenica Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1288 Northern Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista betulina Boreal and montane forests from Norway and Denmark, east to Lake Baikal region, north to the Artic Circle at the White Sea and Usa River, south to Austria, Carpathian and Sayan Mtns (Corbet, 1978c). See Gromov and Erbajeva (1995), Kuznetsov (1965), Sludskii (1977), and Shenbrot et al. (1995) for range in Russia. Corbet (1978c) included the Ussuri region of SE Siberia, but Sokolov et al. (1989) considered the Ussuri region records questionable, and Pavlinov (in litt., 1994) and Shenbrot et al. (1995) indicate that the species does not extend east of Lake Baikal.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1289 Caucasian Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista caucasica NE Turkey (E Black Sea Mtns; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001) and NW Caucasus (see Sokolov et al., 1987a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1290 Long-tailed Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista caudata Ussuri region of NE China (Heilongjiang, Jilin; Wang, 2003) and Primorski Kray, Sikhote-Alin range, N Korea, and Sakhalin Isl, Russia; see map in Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Endangered.
1291 Chinese Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista concolor China: Heilongjiang, Jilin, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Shaanxi, W Sichuan, and Yunnan (Ma et al., 1987; Wang, 1990, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997; and Zheng and Zhang, 1990); W Kashmir and N Pakistan (Corbet and Hill, 1992; Roberts, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1292 Kazbeg Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista kazbegica Greater Caucasus: southern flanks in N Ossetia region of Russia, and the Kazbegi District on the northern flanks in Georgia (Shenbrot et al. 1995; Sokolov and Baskevich, 1992; Sokolov et al., 1986b, 1987a).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1293 Klochor Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista kluchorica NW Caucasus; see Shenbrot et al. (1995) and Sokolov et al. (1987a).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1294 Altai Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista napaea E Kazakhstan and Russia, Altai Krai, NW Altai Mtns; see Kuznetsov (1965), Sludskii (1977) and Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1295 Gray Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista pseudonapaea E Kazakhstan, Taiga of S Altai Mtns; see Kuznetsov (1965), Sludskii (1977), and Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1296 Severtzov’s Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista severtzovi S Russia (S Voronezh Region and N Rostov Region; Koval’skaya et al., 2000) and E Ukraine (Zagorodnyk and Kondratenko, 2000). See Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1297 Strand’s Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista strandi N Caucasus, north to Kursk District of S Russia; see Shenbrot et al. (1995) and Sokolov et al. (1989).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1298 Southern Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista subtilis Steppes from SE Poland, Hungary, E Serbia, Romania and NE Bulgaria (see Mitchell-Jones, 1999, for European range) through S Russia, N Kazakhstan, and SW Siberia to the Altai Range, Lake Balkhash, Lake Baikal, and NW Xinjiang, China (Li and Wang, 1981; Ma et al., 1987; Wang, 2003; see distribution map for Chinese segment in Zhang et al., 1997). See Ilchenko and Volodin (1992), Kuznetsov (1965), Sludskii (1977) and Shenbrot et al. (1995) for range in Russia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1299 Tien Shan Birch Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Sicista tianshanica Tien Shan Mtns of Kazakhstan (see Sludskii, 1977); Tien Shan Mtns and E Tarbagatay Mtns of Xinjiang, China (see Ma et al., 1987; Wang, 2003); see overall distribution map in Shenbrot et al. (1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1300 Chinese Jumping Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Eozapus setchuanus China: Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Sichuan, and NW Yunnan; 3000-4000 m (Qin, 1991; Wang, 1990, 2003; Zhang and Wang, 1963; Zheng and Zhang, 1990; Zhang et al., 1997, provided distribution map).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1301 Woodland Jumping Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Napaeozapus insignis Canada: SE Manitoba, SW and E Ontario, S and E Quebec north to S Labrador. USA: E Minnesota, N and C Wisconsin, upper peninsular and N lower peninsular Michigan, E Ohio, Pennsylvania; north and east to NW New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, W Massachusetts (isolated population in Martha's Vinyard), Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine; south to West Virginia, W Virginia, E Kentucky, E Tennessee, W North Carolina, NW South Carolina, and NE Georgia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1302 Meadow Jumping Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Zapus hudsonius USA and Canada: S Alaska to S Coast Hudson Bay to Labrador, south to E North Carolina and NW South Carolina, southwest to NW Alabama, north to NE Mississippi and Tennessee, west to NE Oklahoma, northwest to SE Montana, northeast to SE Saskatchewan, northwest to C and S British Columbia. Isolated populations in S Wyoming, NC Colorado, N and C New Mexico, and EC Arizona.  U. S. ESA – Threatened as Z. h. preblei; IUCN – Endangered as Z. h. preblei, Vulnerable as Z. h. campestris, Lower Risk (nt) as Z. h luteus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1303 Western Jumping Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Zapus princeps Canada and USA: S Yukon southeast to NE South Dakota, west to C Montana, southeast to SE Wyoming, S to NC New Mexico; northwest to N and C Utah (isolated population in SE Utah), N and C Nevada, EC California north to SW, C and E Oregon, SE Washington northwest to S Yukon.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1304 Pacific Jumping Mouse RODENTIA Dipodidae Zapus trinotatus Canada and USA: SW British Columbia, W Washington, coastal and WC Oregon, along the N California coast south to the Marin Peninsula.  IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent) as Z. t. orarius, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
1305 Spiny Tree Mouse RODENTIA Platacanthomyidae Platacanthomys lasiurus Forests below 3000 ft (914 m) in SW Peninsular India to 14°north latitude (Kerala and Karnataka states; Agrawal, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1306 Soft-furred Tree Mouse RODENTIA Platacanthomyidae Typhlomys cinereus Montane forests in mountains of S China (S Shaanxi, SE Gansu, W Sichuan, SW Hubei, SW Yunnan, Guizhou, Chongqing, Guangxi, W Hunan, Fujian, Jiangxi, W Zhejiang, and S Anhui) and NW Vietnam (northwest of the Red River); see G. M. Allen (1940 and references cited therein), Osgood (1932), Liu et al. (1985), Wang et al. (1996), Wang (2003), Wu and Wang (1984), Zhang et al. (1997).  IUCN – Critically Endangered as T. chapensis (but see below), Lower Risk (lc) as T. cinereus.
1307 Chinese Zokor RODENTIA Spalacidae Eospalax fontanierii Forests, steppes, scrub, and farmland in NC China (N Qinghai, N Sichuan, NGansu, Ningxia, N Shaanxi, Henen, N Shanxi, Shandong, Beijing, Jilin, Hebei, and Nei Mongol; Qin, 1991; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Vulnerable as Myospalax fontanierii.
1308 Rothschild’s Zokor RODENTIA Spalacidae Eospalax rothschildi Forest, scrub, grassland and farmland in NC China (Henan, Shaanxi, N Gansu, N Sichuan, and Hubei; see Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Myospalax rothschildi.
1309 Smith’s Zokor RODENTIA Spalacidae Eospalax smithii Steppe and agricultural fields in NC China; recorded from provinces of N Gansu N Shaanxi, and Ningxia (Qin, 1991; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Myospalax smithii.
1310 Steppe Zokor RODENTIA Spalacidae Myospalax aspalax Steppes and farmland of Russia on banks of Onon and Ingoda Rivers in the Upper Amur basin, N Mongolia (Sokolov and Orlov, 1980), and NE China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Hebei, and N Shanxi; see Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1311 Altai Zokor RODENTIA Spalacidae Myospalax myospalax Altai Mtns and upper basin of Ob and Irtysh River drainages in S Russia, and E Kazakhstan (entire N region of Cisaltai plain and foothills as well as the W and C Altai; see Ognev, 1947).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1312 North China Zokor RODENTIA Spalacidae Myospalax psilurus Agricultural fields and grasslands from NE and C China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Henan, N Shaanxi, Ningxia, N Gansu, and Anhui; see Zhang et al., 1997) to SE Mongolia (Sokolov and Orlov, 1980), and adjacent parts of Russia in the Amur region.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as M. epsilanus, Lower Risk (lc) as M. psilurus.
1313 Lesser Bamboo Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Cannomys badius E Nepal, through NE India (West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland, and Mizoram; Agrawal, 2000), Bhutan, SE Bangladesh, Burma (Ellerman, 1961), S China (SW Yunnan; Zhang et al., 1997), NW Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994), Thailand (J. T. Marshall, Jr., 1977a; Robinson et al., 1995), and Cambodia; see Kock and Posamentier (1983) and Lekagul and McNeely (1977).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1314 Hoary Bamboo Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Rhizomys pruinosus S China (Yunnan, Ghizhou, Sichuan, Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong, and Fujian; Zhang et al., 1997), NE India (Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Manipur; Agrawal, 2000), E Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994), south to Perak on Malay Peninsula (Chasen, 1940; Medway, 1969); 1000 to 4000 m in mountains.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1315 Chinese Bamboo Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Rhizomys sinensis S China (Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, north to S Gansu and S Shaanxi, east and south through Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Anhui, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi; G. M. Allen, 1940; Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1951; Wang, 1990; Zhang et al., 1997; Zheng and Zhang, 1990), N Burma (Ellerman, 1961), and N Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1316 Indomalayan Bamboo Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Rhizomys sumatrensis Sumatra and Malay Peninsula (Chasen, 1940; Medway, 1969), Thailand (J. T. Marshall, Jr., 1977a), Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994), S China (SW Yunnan; Zhang et al., 1997), and Burma (Ellerman, 1961).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1317 Sandy Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax arenarius Small range in S Ukraine (see Vorontsov et al., 1977b, and Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1318 Mt Carmel Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax carmeli Recorded from Kabri, Zippori, Mt Carmel, and Afiq in N Israel south of ranges of S. galili and S. golani (see Nevo et al., 2001:19).  
1319 Middle East Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax ehrenbergi Middle East: SE Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001), N Iraq (Hatt, 1959), Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Jaffa, Israel. North Africa: Mediterranean coastal region from west of Nile Delta in N Egypt to N Libyan Cyrenaica (Lay and Nadler, 1972; Osborn and Helmy, 1980; Ranck, 1968).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Nannospalax ehrenbergi.
1320 Upper Galilee Mountains Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax galili Known from Ma’alot, Kerem Ben Zimra, and Qiryat Shemona in Upper Galilee Mtns near border with Lebanon (see Nevo et al., 2001:19).  
1321 Giant Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax giganteus Steppes north of the Caucuses and west of the Caspian Sea (Puzachenko, 1993). Distribution summarized by other researchers includes the Kazakhstan S. uralensis (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Topachevskii, 1969; Vorontsov et al., 1977b).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1322 Golan Heights Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax golani NE Israel, recorded from Mt Hermon, Quneitra, and El-Al on the Golan Heights (see Nevo et al., 2001:19).  
1323 Balkan Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax graecus Romania (Suceava, Craiova, Transylvania, and lower Danube Valley) and SW Ukraine, a European endemic (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999; Savič, 1982d; Topachevskii, 1969).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1324 Judean Mountains Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax judaei Recorded from Anza, Jerusalem, Lahav, Sede Boqer, Wadi Fara, Jiftlik, Dimona, and Ramat Hovav in Judean highlands of C Israel (see Nevo et al., 2001:19).  
1325 Lesser Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax leucodon From E and S Hungary through Balkan region (see Petrov, 1992), Greece (including Samothraki Isl off coast of SE Thracian Greece; Vohralík and Sofianidou, 1992a), Romania, and Bulgaria to NW Turkey (Thrace and possibly Marmara; see Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001), to SW Ukraine just east of Dnestr River in Odessa region (see Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999; Savič, 1982b; Vorontsov, 1977b).  IUCN – Vulnerable as Nannospalax leucodon.
1326 Greater Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax microphthalmus Steppes in Ukraine and S Russia between Dnieper and Volga Rivers, north to Orel-Kursk line, and south to Ciscaucasia (see Topachevskii, 1969; Vorontsov et al., 1977b; clearly mapped by Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1327 Nehring’s Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax nehringi Most of Turkey (except Thrace and SE region; also on isls of Gökçeada and Bozcaada; see Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001), Armenia, and Georgia (see Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Topachevskii, 1969; Vorontsov et al., 1977b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Nannospalax nehringi.
1328 Kazakhstan Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax uralensis Steppes in W Kazakhstan between the Ural and Emba Rivers (Puzachenko, 1993).  
1329 Podolsk Blind Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Spalax zemni SE Poland east into Ukraine between Dnestr and Dnepr Rivers and south to margin of Black Sea (see Savič, 1982c; Topachevskii, 1969; Vorontsov et al., 1977b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1330 Ankole African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes ankoliae SW Uganda (Hollister, 1919; Lunde and Sarmiento, 2002) NW Tanzania (Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951); limits unknown.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1331 Mianzini African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes annectens Known only from vicinity of type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1332 Aberdare Mountains African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes audax Kenya, Aberdare Range, 2775-3200 m (Hollister, 1919).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1333 Demon African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes daemon N Tanzania in foothills of Mt Kilimanjaro, the Arushu area, upper limits of forest at 4000 m on Mt Meru, and in the west at Banagi in Mara Prov near Lake Victoria; limits of distribution unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1334 Kenyan African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes ibeanus S Kenya, near Nairobi and western margin of the Athi Plains (Hollister, 1919); limits require resolution.  
1335 Ethiopian African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes macrocephalus Ethiopia; endemic to high southern plateau, 3000-4150 m (Rupp, 1980; Yalden and Largen, 1992; Yalden et al., 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1336 Navivasha African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes naivashae Kenya; recorded from plains S and SW of Lake Naivasha to near the Tanzanian border (Hollister, 1919); may also occur in N Tanzania.  IUCN – Endangered.
1337 King African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes rex Kenya, western slopes of Mt Kenya, 2600-3350 m (Hollister, 1919).  
1338 Rwanda African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes ruandae E Dem. Rep. Congo (Kivu), Rwanda, and Burundi.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1339 Rudd’s African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes ruddi SW Kenya between foothills of Mt Elgon and Port Florence on NE margin of Lake Victoria (Hollister, 1919), Ugandan and Kenyan slopes of Mt Elgon, SW Uganda (Lunde and Sarmiento, 2002), and NW Tanzania (N Kagera Prov.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1340 Embi African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes spalacinus Kenya, plains and lower slopes of Mt Kenya (Hollister, 1919).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1341 Northeast African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes splendens Ethiopia (500-3900 m; Rupp, 1980), Somalia, and NW Kenya; limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1342 Storey’s African Mole Rat RODENTIA Spalacidae Tachyoryctes storeyi Recorded only from the type locality.  
1343 Zagros Mountains Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus bailwardi Zagros Mtns of W Iran in the provinces of Kordistan, Ilam, W Esfahan, E Khuzistan, Luristan, Fars, and W Kerman (Vorontsov et al., 1979, and our study of specimens in AMNH, FMNH, and USNM); actual range has yet to be defined.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1344 Pakistan Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus baluchi W Pakistan west of the Indus River from N Balochistan (Kalat Dist.) in the south northward through Sibi, Quetta, Punjab, and Parachinar districts to Malakand Dist. in the northwest (Roberts, 1977; specimens in AMNH and USNM); and E and NC Afghanistan (specimens in FMNH).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1345 Goodwin’s Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus elburzensis Mountains of N and NE Iran (from southern foothills of Elburz Mtns in Semnan Prov. near Semnan and adjacent Sang-i-sar eastward through N Khorasan Prov. in NE Iran to the Mashhad region), SW and S Turkmenistan (from Little Balkhan Mtn east through the Kopet Dag Mtns to east of the Tedzhen River), and NW Afghanistan (Herat Prov.). (Range based on identification of AMNH, FMNH, and USNM specimens and those used in the multivariate analysis by Lebedev et al., 1998:723).  firiusaensis Meyer and Malikov, 2000; zykovi Meyer and Malikov, 2000.
1346 Noble Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus grandis N Iran; documented only from S foothills and ridges (8500 ft) of Mt Demavend, C Elburz Mtns (specimens in USNM), at the crest of the C Elburz Mtns (Doab, specimens in FMNH) and on the N slopes in Mazandaran Prov. at Abass-Abad (36ş44' N, 51ş08' E; specimens in USNM) ; limits unresolved.  
1347 Hotson’s Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus hotsoni Recorded from vicinity of type locality and Baluchistan Prov. of SE Iran (specimens in USNM); range extent unresolved.  IUCN – Endangered.
1348 Great Balkhan Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus mystax SW Turkmenistan: Ersarybaba (= Ersary Ridge) and Greater Balkan Mtns (Lebedev et al., 1998:723, collection localities 3 and 18).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1349 Syrian Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus tsolovi SW Syria; limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1350 Urar Calomyscus RODENTIA Calomyscidae Calomyscus urartensis Extreme S Transcaucasus (Azerbaijan), far NW Iran (NW Azarbaijan Prov., specimens in FMNH).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1351 Hinde’s Pouched Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Beamys hindei SE Kenya and E Tanzania (FitzGibbon et al., 1995:Fig. 1).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1352 Greater Pouched Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Beamys major Evergreen forest, 700-2000 m, in NE Zambia (Ansell, 1978) and Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988); possibly in Zambezia Dist., Mozambique (Smithers and Tello, 1976).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1353 Southern Giant Pouched Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Cricetomys ansorgei Kenya and E and S Uganda, southwards exclusive of Congo forest block, to W and S Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998:Map 21), S Zambia, E Zimbabwe, and NE South Africa (Limpopo Province and NE KwaZulu-Natal); including Zanzibar.  
1354 Forest Giant Pouched Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Cricetomys emini Lowland, closed-canopied forest—in West Africa, from W Gambia (Grubb et al., 1998), S Guinea (Barnett et al., 1996), and Sierra Leone to S Nigeria; in Central Africa, from S Cameroon to SW Uganda, through Gabon, Republic of Congo, and much of Dem. Rep. Congo, to Cabinda, Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1355 Northern Giant Pouched Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Cricetomys gambianus Subsaharan savanna belt (Sudan and Guinea) and forest edges, from Gambia and Senegal eastwards to NE Dem. Rep. Congo, S Sudan, and N Uganda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1356 Kivu Giant Pouched Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Cricetomys kivuensis Mountains of easternmost Dem. Rep. Congo (Kivu), S Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; limits unknown.  
1357 Southern African Pouched Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Saccostomus campestris Arid to mesic southern savannahs and grasslands: from SW Tanzania across to W Angola (see Crawford-Cabral, 1998: Map 20); south through most of Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia; to S Mozambique and S South Africa (Western and Eastern Cape provinces).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1358 East African Pouched Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Saccostomus mearnsi Extreme S Ethiopia and S Somalia, through E Uganda and Kenya, to NE Tanzania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1359 Delany’s Swamp Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Delanymys brooksi Sedge swamps in bamboo and montane forest in SW Uganda, Dem. Rep. Congo (Kivu), Rwanda (Volcanos and Nyungwe forest), and Burundi (Kibira National Park; Peterhans Kerbis, in litt., 1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1360 Montane African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus insignis Discontinuous in bamboo, heath, and alpine zones, ca. 3000-4700 m, of East Africa—Ethiopia (Yalden et al., 1976, 1996; AMNH 81105) through W Kenya (Hollister, 1919; AMNH, MCZ, and USNM series) and Mt Elgon on the Kenya-Uganda border (Clausnitzer, 2001; reported as mesomelas), to Mt Kilimanjaro (Shore and Garbett, 1991; Grimshaw et al., 1995; FMNH specimens); also Western Rift mountains from W Uganda (Rwenzoris, Kerbis Peterhans et al., 1998) south to W Rwanda and E Dem. Rep. Congo (Kivu region; large samples in AMNH, BMNH, and FMNH); distributional extent unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1361 Mt Kahuzi African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus kahuziensis Kivu region, E Dem. Rep. Congo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1362 Monard’s African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus leucostomus Recorded only from the type locality, EC Angola.  
1363 Lovat’s African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus lovati Ethiopian Plateau, 2500-3550 m (Rupp, 1980).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1364 Gray African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus melanotis From South Africa (de Graaff, 1997dd; Skinner and Smithers, 1990:306; Taylor, 1998) northward in the west through Botswana (Smithers, 1971) to C Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998; AMNH specimens from Chitau); northward in the east through Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), Mozambique (Smithers and Lobao Tello, 1976), Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988; Ansell, 1989), and Tanzania (Mt Kilimanjaro; Grimshaw et al., 1995; Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951) to Uganda (Delany, 1975); westward through Nigeria and Ghana (Grubb et al., 1998) to S Guinea (Rosevear, 1969); also from Ethiopia (AMNH 81119 and four other specimens as reported by Duckworth et al., 1993, and Yalden et al., 1976). Range limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1365 Brants’s African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus mesomelas Discontinuous range in Southern African Subregion—in South Africa across Western and Eastern Cape Provs., north through KwaZulu-Natal (Taylor, 1998), to Mpumalanga and Limpopo; Okavango swamps in N Botswana and Caprivi region of NE Namibia (Smithers, 1971); NW Zambia (Ansell, 1978, as D. m. major); and Gorongoza Mtn in C Mozambique (Smithers and Lobao Tello, 1976); may eventually be found in wet habitats of SE Angola and SW Zambia. Not recorded north of the Zambeze River in Mozambique or north of about 12ş latitude elsewhere.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1366 Banana African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus messorius Tropical lowlands and lower mountain slopes, from Ghana (Grubb et al., 1998) through Benin (USNM 422451), Nigeria (USNM 410307), and Cameroon (series in AMNH and MCZ), to N Dem. Rep. Congo (series in AMNH and USNM) and extreme S Sudan (Torit region; USNM 299833, 299834); southwards to NW (USNM 165270) and W Uganda (Ruwenzori Mtns; series in AMNH and MCZ), W Kenya near Lake Victoria (USNM series) and Mt Elgon (holotype of ruddi; MCZ specimens; Clausnitzer and Kityo, 2001); limits unresolved (Dieterlen, 1971).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1367 Chestnut African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus mystacalis Much of C and E Africa (G. M. Allen and Loveridge, 1942; Ansell, 1978, 1989; Ansell and Dowsett, 1988; Delany, 1975; Lawrence and Loveridge, 1953; Smithers, 1971; Smithers and Lobao Tello, 1976; Smithers and Wilson, 1979; Stanley et al., 1998b), including S Sudan (Setzer, 1956) and Ethiopia (Lavrenchenko, 2000; Yalden et al., 1996), as far south as Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1966b, 1998) and E South Africa (de Graaff, 1997ee; Skinner and Smithers, 1990:308; Taylor, 1998); range based also on specimens in AMNH, BMNH, FMNH, and MCZ.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1368 Kivu African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus nyasae Western Rift Mtns—Ruwenzoris in E Dem. Rep. Congo and W Uganda (Kerbis Peterhans et al., 1998; Osgood, 1936; AMNH and FMNH), south through the E Dem. Rep. Congo (Kivu region; AMNH, BMNH, and MCZ) to the Marungu Mtns in SE Dem. Rep. Congo (AMNH 55735), Mbizi Mtns in W Tanzania (FMNH), SW Tanzania (Rungwe and Ukinga; AMNH, FMNH, MCZ; listed by G. M. Allen and Loveridge, 1933, as kivu), Nyika Plateau in NE Zambia (Ansell, 1978; Ansell and Ansell, 1973) and N Malawi, and highlands in S Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988; Lawrence and Loveridge, 1953); also through the Eastern Arc Mtns, E Tanzania (Uzungwa Mtns, FMNH and MCZ; Uluguru highlands, holotype of hintoni; Ukaguru Mtns, FMNH; Nguru Mtns, FMNH; South Pare Mtns, Stanley et al., 1998a, as mesomelas).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as D. kivu.
1369 Nyika African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus nyikae Patchy range in S Subsaharan Africa (about 5ş to 24ş S latitude)—SC Dem. Rep. Congo (Kananga, AMNH series), N and C Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998; Hill and Carter, 1941; FMNH), N South Africa (Tzaneen Dist. of Limpopo; de Graaff, 1997bb), E Zimbabwe (de Graaff, 1997bb), Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Malawi (Ansell, 1989b; Ansell and Dowsett, 1988; Chitaukali et al., 2001), and Eastern Arc Mtns, NE Tanzania (Stanley et al., 1998b; Udzungwa Mtns, FMNH); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1370 Cameroon African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus oreas Mt Cameroon, Mts Kupe and Manenguba in the massif about 70 mi (113 km) NE Mt Cameroon (Eisentraut, 1963, 1968; Osgood, 1936; Rosevear, 1969), and possibly in mtns of extreme E Cameroon.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1371 Vernay’s African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendromus vernayi Known only from the type locality (Hill and Carter, 1941; Crawford-Cabral, 1986, 1998), EC Angola.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1372 Velvet African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Dendroprionomys rousseloti Republic of the Congo, recorded only from vicinity of Brazzaville.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1373 Large-eared African Desert Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Malacothrix typica Eastern portion of Southern African Subregion in semidesert regions (mean annual rainfall = 150-500 mm) where sandy plains, short grassy velds, and karroid shrubs on hard substrates predominate; ranges in C and E South Africa (Eastern, Western and Northern Cape Provs., Free State, Northwest Prov.), S Botswana (Smithers, 1971), most of Namibia, and extreme SW Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1374 Nikolaus’s African Climbing Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Megadendromus nikolausi Bale Mtns and Mt Chilalo in Ethiopia in ericaceous scrub moorland, 3000-3800 m.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1375 Dollman’s African Tree Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Prionomys batesi W (55 km NE Obala, AMNH 241344) and S Cameroon, and S Central African Republic; limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1376 Bocage’s African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys bocagei Moist savannas and woodlands from the Central Plateau of Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998; Hill and Carter, 1941) eastward through NE Angola to SC Dem. Rep. Congo at Luluabourg (= Kananga; type series of kasaicus in AMNH, see Hatt, 1934); eastern limits unresolved.  
1377 Northwestern African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys caurinus West Africa, Senegal (Duplantier and Granjon, 1992), through S Mali (Meinig, 2000) and Ghana (Grubb et al., 1998), to C Nigeria; range limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1378 Dainty African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys cuppedius West Africa, in Senegal (Duplantier and Granjon, 1992), NC Nigeria, and SC Niger; range unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1379 Jackson’s African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys jacksoni Spottily recorded from the type locality (Grubb et al., 1998), possibly Togo (Rosevear, 1969), and SW Nigeria (Anadu, 1979); limits indeterminate.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1380 Kreb’s African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys krebsii Patchy distribution in Southern African Subregion—C and SW Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998), NE Namibia (Caprivi Strip and vicinity; specimens in USNM), N Botswana (Smithers, 1971), W Zambia (Ansell, 1978 ), and South Africa (Western, Eastern and Northern Cape Provs., E Free State, Northwest Prov., and NW KwaZulu-Natal).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1381 Pousargues African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys opimus Moist savanna and forest margins from Cameroon, through S Central African Repbulic and N Dem. Rep. Congo (Faradje and Niangara per AMNH specimens), to extreme SW Sudan.  
1382 Tiny African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys parvus East and Southern Africa—S and EC Sudan (holotypes of aquilo and thomasi; USNM specimens), S Ethiopia, and Somalia; south through Kenya (Hollister, 1919; specimens in AMNH), Uganda (Delany, 1975; AMNH 119143), and Tanzania (Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951); to SW Angola (Coetzee, 1977a; Crawford-Cabral, 1998; AMNH 81949), NE Namibia, NW Botswana (Smithers, 1971), W Zambia (Ansell, 1978), and W Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1383 Common African Fat Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Steatomys pratensis Southern and East Africa—S Angola (Carter and Hill, 1941) and N Namibia; eastward through N Botswana (Smithers, 1971), Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), N South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, and N KwaZulu-Natal; de Graaff, 1997ff; Taylor, 1998), and Mozambique (Smithers and Lobao Tello, 1976); north through Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988; Chitaukali et al., 2001; Lawrence and Loveridge, 1953), and Tanzania (AMNH material) to EC Ethiopia (Demeter, 1982).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1384 African White-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Mystromys albicaudatus South Africa (relict population in Western Cape Prov., lowlands of Eastern Cape Prov., and highveld of Free State, Gauteng and Mpumalanga Provinces, and NW KwaZulu-Natal), Lesotho, and S Swaziland.  IUCN – Endangered.
1385 White-tailed Antsangy. RODENTIA Nesomyidae Brachytarsomys albicauda Rain forest at middle elevations, E Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1386 Hairy-tailed Antsangy RODENTIA Nesomyidae Brachytarsomys villosa So far recorded only from the western slopes of the Anjanaharibe-Sud Massif, N Madagascar.  
1387 Lesser Short-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Brachyuromys betsileoensis Central Highlands and its eastern fringes, ca. 900-2450 m, Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1388 Greater Short-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Brachyuromys ramirohitra Isolated records, ca. 900-1990 m, in highlands of N and C Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1389 Tsingy Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus antsingy So far known from only two localities in dry forest peculiar to karst topography (tsingy), W Madagascar.  
1390 Ellerman’s Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus ellermani Known only from two widely separated localities in NE Madagascar.  
1391 Grandidier’s Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus grandidieri Middle to upper montane forest, 1250-1875 m, in the Northern Highlands and northern portion of the Central Highlands, E Madagascar.  
1392 Major’s Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus majori Middle to upper montane forest, 1000-2000 m, E Madagascar, from Montagne d’Ambre in the north to the Anosyenne Mountains in the south.  IUCN – Endangered.
1393 Lesser Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus minor Humid forests of E Madagascar, near sea level to 1875 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1394 Western Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus myoxinus Dry deciduous forest and xerophilous habitats, W Madagascar, from the vicinity of Ankarafantsika to the island’s southernmost tip (Carleton et al., 2001:Fig. 3).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1395 White-tipped Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus penicillatus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1396 Petter’s Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus petteri Restricted region in foothills, 450-530 m, EC Madagascar.  
1397 Tanala Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus tanala Middle elevations in humid forest, 775-1625 m, from Northern Highlands to the S Anosyenne Mountains, E Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1398 Webb’s Tufted-tailed Rat RODENTIA Nesomyidae Eliurus webbi Lowland rainforest, sea level-1150 m, E Madagascar, from Montagne d’Ambre in the north to southernmost reaches of the Anosyenne and Vohimena Mountains, including littoral forests in the extreme southeast.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1399 Voalavoanala RODENTIA Nesomyidae Gymnuromys roberti E Madagascar humid forest, 500-1625 m, from the Northern Highlands, along the eastern flank of the central highlands, to the southern limits of the Anosyenne Mountains.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1400 Votsovotsa RODENTIA Nesomyidae Hypogeomys antimena Narrow coastal zone in deciduous dry forest with sandy soils, WC Madagascar.  IUCN – Endangered.
1401 Lesser Big-footed Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Macrotarsomys bastardi Dry deciduous forest and open savannah in NW, W, and S Madagascar, from the vicinity of Ankarafantsika to the island’s southernmost tip.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1402 Greater Big-footed Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Macrotarsomys ingens Known only from the type locality and its vicinity, NW Madagascar.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1403 Koopman’s Montane Voalavo RODENTIA Nesomyidae Monticolomys koopmani Spottily distributed in sclerophyllous montane forest, 1625-2000 m, of the Central and Southern Highlands, E Madagascar.  
1404 White-bellied Nesomys RODENTIA Nesomyidae Nesomys audeberti Low to middle elevation rain forest, sea level-1000 m, from vicinity of Antongil Bay to Vohimena Mtns, E Madagascar.  
1405 Western Nesomys RODENTIA Nesomyidae Nesomys lambertoni Documented only from the type locality, WC Madagascar, but certainly more widely distributed in the west.  
1406 Rufous Nesomys RODENTIA Nesomyidae Nesomys rufus Broadly distributed in montane forest, 900-2300 m, from the Northern Highlands to the southern Anosyenne Mtns, E Madagascar.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1407 Naked-tailed Voalavo RODENTIA Nesomyidae Voalavo gymnocaudus Upper montane and sclerophyllous forest of the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, 1250-1950 m, N Madagascar; may occur on other mountains in the Northern Highlands.  
1408 Barbour’s Pygmy Rock Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Petromyscus barbouri Known only from rocky areas in the Springbok and Kamiesberg regions and Loeriesfontein area in Little Namaqualand, W Northern Cape Prov., South Africa; limits unknown.  IUCN – Least Concern.
1409 Pygmy Rock Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Petromyscus collinus SW Angola (along the Inselberge belt between Namib and mopani areas; Crawford-Cabral, 1966b, 1998) and Kaokoveld region in N Namibia, south through Namibia, to W Limpopo of South Africa south of the Orange River in Goodhouse and Pella areas; also recorded from Western Cape Prov.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1410 Brukkaros Pygmy Rock Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Petromyscus monticularis S Namibia (vicinity of type locality and south of there between Aus region in the west and South African border near Rietfontein area in the east) and N South Africa (extreme Northern Cape Prov. on south bank of the Orange River at Augrabies Falls; USNM 452333).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1411 Shortridge’s Pygmy Rock Mouse RODENTIA Nesomyidae Petromyscus shortridgei W and S Angola and N Namibia (S to Erongo Mtns and Okahandja region); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1412 White-tailed Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola albicaudus Himalayan portions of Baltistan (Braldu Valley, Nahr Nulla) and Ladakh (Phyang Nulla), NW India (Rossolimo and Pavlinov, 1992; Rossolimo et al., 1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1413 Silver Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola argentatus Tien Shan mountains from Xinjiang in NW China (Ma et al., 1987); southwest through mountains of E Kazakhstan (Dzhungarskiy Alatau and other highlands) and Kyrgyzstan (Talasskiy Alatau and other local ranges); to Pamir Mtns of S Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, NW India (Agrawal, 2000, discussed under A. blanfordi), and the Hindu Kush of NW Pakistan and N Afghanistan; not present in Tibet or Himalayas.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1414 Gobi Altai Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola barakshin Low to middle altitudes in Tuva region (Kyzyl Valley), Russia; southward through Gobi and Mongol Altais, rocky outcrops over transAltai Gobi Desert and Barun Khurai Valley, to S Mongolia and adjacent China (Hou et al., 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1415 Lemming Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola lemminus NE Siberia from Chukotskiy (Chukotka) Peninsula to Kamchatka, westward through the Kolyma Plateau (Khrebei Kolymskiv) to N, C, and S Yakutskaya (the River Lena basin from the Laptev Sea Coast to the Olekma River).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1416 Large-eared Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola macrotis Altai of extreme NW Xinjiang and S Siberia, eastward through Tuvinskaya (Tuva region) and Sayan Mtns, to highlands in Lake Baikal region.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1417 Kashmir Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola montosa Jammu and Kashmir, ca. 2450-4000 m (Agrawal, 2000; Hinton, 1926a; Rossolimo and Pavlinov, 1992).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1418 Lake Baikal Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola olchonensis Endemic to Olkhon and Ogoi Isls, Lake Baikal.  
1419 Royle’s Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola roylei W Himalayas, 2600-3900 m, from Kulu Valley in Himachal Pradesh to N Kumaon in Uttar Pradesh, N India (Agrawal, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1420 Mongolian Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola semicanus S Tuva region, Russia, throughout most of N and C Mongolia to adjacent Nei Mongol, N China.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1421 Stoliczka’s Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola stoliczkanus N India (Jammu, Kashmir; Himachal Pradesh; Agrawal, 2000), Nepal and N Sikkim, northward through Xizang (Tibet) to Kunlun Shan in S Xinjiang and Qinghai, N China (Zhang et al., 1997); probably does not extend farther north than the Nan Shan and Qilian Shan (Rossilimo and Pavlinov, 1992; Rossilimo et al., 1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as A. stoliczkanus and A. stracheyi.
1422 Strelzow’s Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola strelzowi Altai of NW Mongolia, Siberia, and Xinjiang in NW China (Ma et al., 1987), west through Kazakhstan to Karaganda region.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1423 Tuva Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Alticola tuvinicus Discontinuous in the Altai of Russia and NW Mongolia, east through Tuva region and N part of Khubsugul Lake Valley, to SW shore of Lake Bailkal (Rossolimo et al., 1988; Rossolimo and Pavlinov, 1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1424 White-footed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Arborimus albipes Pacific coastal zone south of Columbia River, from W Oregon to extreme NW California, USA.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1425 Red Tree Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Arborimus longicaudus Coastal area and Western Cascade Mtns, W Oregon (Verts and Carraway, 1998:Fig. 11-106), USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1426 Sonoma Tree Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Arborimus pomo Coastal coniferous forests of NW California, south of Klamath Mtns as far as Sonoma Co., USA.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1427 Eurasian Water Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Arvicola amphibius Europe (excluding C and S Spain but including N Spain and N Portugal) east through Siberia to Lena River Basin (Yakutskaya); from Arctic Sea south to Lake Baikal and N Tien Shan Mtns of NW China (Xinjiang) through NW Iran, Iraq, N Israel, Caucasus, and Turkey (Harrison and Bates, 1991; Lay, 1967); also in Great Britain except Ireland (Corbet, 1978c).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as A. terrestris.
1428 Southwestern Water Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Arvicola sapidus Portugal, Spain, and France.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1429 Montane Water Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Arvicola scherman Mountains of N Spain, through C Europe (S Netherlands to SC France and eastwards to Slovakia), to C Romania (Panteleyev, 2000:Fig. 2).  
1430 Afghan Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Blanfordimys afghanus High steppes and semi-desert in S Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and C Afghanistan; isolated population in Great Balkhan Mtns on E coast of Caspian Sea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1431 Bucharian Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Blanfordimys bucharensis Mountains of SW Tajikistan, possibly N Afghanistan; limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1432 Eva’s Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Caryomys eva China, mountains of S Gansu and adjoining Shaanxi, Sichuan, and Hubei, 2400-3600 m; Zhang et al. (1997) included Ningxia and Qinghai provinces in the distribution.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Eothenomys eva.
1433 Inez’s Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Caryomys inez N Sichuan and SE Shaanxi through Shanxi provinces, China, possibly farther east.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Eothenomys inez.
1434 Gudaur Snow Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Chionomys gud Caucasus in Russia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan, and the E Black Sea Mtns of NE Turkey.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1435 European Snow Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Chionomys nivalis Mountains of S Europe (Pyrenees, the Alps, the Carpathians, Balkan mountains, Pindhos Range and Mt Olimbos), east to Turkey, W Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia), Lebanon, W Syria, Zagros and Elburz Mtns of W and N Iran, and Kopet Dag of S Turkmenistan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1436 Robert’s Snow Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Chionomys roberti Forests in W Caucasus (Georgia and Azerbaijan), and in E Black Sea Mtns, NE Turkey.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1437 Nearctic Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx groenlandicus N Greenland and Queen Elizabeth Isls, islands in the District of Franklin, and Southampton Isl; N North America above treeline, from NE District of Keewatin, Canada, to N Alaska, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as D. groenlandicus, D. kilangmiutak, and D. rubricatus.
1438 Ungava Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx hudsonius NE Labrador, N Quebec, and Belcher Isls in Hudson Bay, Canada.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1439 Nelson’s Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx nelsoni W Alaska and Alaska Peninsula, USA.  IUCN – Data Deficient as D. exsul, Lower Risk (lc) as D. nelsoni.
1440 Ogilvie Mountains Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx nunatakensis Known only from the Ogilvie Mtns, NC Yukon Territory, Canada.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1441 Richardson’s Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx richardsoni W coast of Hudson Bay west to vicinity of Great Slave Lake, District of MacKenzie, Canada; extent of westward distribution unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1442 Palearctic Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx torquatus Palearctic tundra from White Sea, W Russia, to Chukotski Peninsula, NE Siberia, and Kamchatka (Nikanorov, 2000); including Novaya Zemlya and New Siberian isls, Arctic Ocean (Corbet, 1978c; Jarrell and Fredga, 1993:Fig. 5).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1443 Unalaska Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx unalascensis Umnak and Unalaska isls of Aleutian Archipelago, Alaska, USA.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1444 Wrangel Island Collared Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Dicrostonyx vinogradovi Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1445 Balkan Snow Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Dinaromys bogdanovi Isolated pockets in karst mountains, sea level to 2200 m, of W Balkans—Dinaric Alps in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Kosovo; and the Šara-Pindus Mtns of Macedonia; probably occurs in Albania and Greece.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1446 Alai Mole Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Ellobius alaicus Recorded only from the Alai Mtns, S Kyrgyzstan.  IUCN – Endangered.
1447 Southern Mole Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Ellobius fuscocapillus E Iran, Afghanistan, W Pakistan, and S Turkmenistan in the Kopet Dag Mtns; outlying population in E Turkmenistan, 500 km northeast of the central range (Marochkina, 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1448 Transcaucasian Mole Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Ellobius lutescens S Caucasus south through E Turkey and NW Iran.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1449 Northern Mole Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Ellobius talpinus Steppes of S Ukraine and Crimea, east through Kazakhstan to N of Balkhash Lake, and in Turkmenistan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1450 Eastern Mole Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Ellobius tancrei E Turkmenistan (Yakimenko and Lyapunova, 1986; Marochkina, 1996) and Uzbekistan, east through E Kazakhstan, to Mongolia and adjacent China in NW Xinjiang, Nei Mongol, N Shaanxi, N Gansu, and Ningxia (Zhang et al., 1997, as E. talpinus).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1451 Yellow Steppe Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Eolagurus luteus Dry steppes, semideserts, and stable sand dunes in Zaysan Lake basin of E Kazakhstan, NW Xinjiang, and W Mongolia north of the Gobi Desert (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Gromov and Polyakov, 1997; Ma et al., 1987).  IUCN – Lower Risk (cd).
1452 Przewalski’s Steppe Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Eolagurus przewalskii Montane meadows and river banks, from S Xinjiang and N Xizang, W China, east through Quinghai and N Gansu to W and S Mongolia and Nei Mongol; limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1453 Kachin Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys cachinus Montane forest, 2300-3200 m, west of the Salween River Valley in NE Burma (Thomas, 1921g, the holotype; Anthony, 1941), and adjacent NW Yunnan (holotype of confinii Hinton, 1923); range may extend farther south to extreme W Yunnan and EC Burma.  
1454 Sichuan Red-Backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys chinensis Recorded only between 1500 and 3000 m "on both sides of the River Datu He near Omei Shan, Sichuan Province at 29-30° N" (Kaneko, 1996b:104, 105).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1455 Southwest China Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys custos Recorded only "from the extreme north-west of Yunnan, the Likiang Range, the loop of the Jinsha Jiang River, and from central Sichuan," 2500-4800 m (Kaneko, 1996b:108).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1456 Pčre David’s Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys melanogaster Mountains of SE China in S Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian (AMNH, MCZ, USNM), NE Jiangxi, N Guangodong, W Hubei (MCZ), Ghizhou (FMNH, USNM), Sichuan (AMNH, FMNH, MCZ, USNM), S Gansu, and W Yunnan (AMNH, FMNH, USNM) (as per specimens examined, G. M. Allen, 1940, and Zhang et al., 1997). Also in Taiwan (M.-J. Yu, 1996); NE India (Mishmi Hills in Arunachal Pradesh; Agrawal, 2000); N Burma (Ellerman, 1961, identified as cachinus; BMNH, FMNH); NE Burma and Chin Hills, EC Burma (Anthony, 1941; AMNH); N Thailand (summit Doi Inthanon, Chiengmai Prov.; Marshall, 1977a; MCZ, USNM); and extreme NW Vietnam west of the Red River (Osgood, 1932; Dang et al., 1994; FMNH, MCZ). Known altitudinal range 700-3000 m (Kaneko, 2002).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1457 Yunnan Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys miletus Mountains of SW Sichuan and W to C Yunnan east of the Salween River Valley. S China (as per specimens examined in AMNH, BMNH, FMNH, MCZ, and USNM); limits unresolved (in Ghizhou according to Zhang et al., 1997, but verification needed).  
1458 Black-eared Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys olitor NE Yunnan at the type locality and SW Yunnan between the Mekong and Salween River valleys, 1800-3350 m (Kaneko, 1996b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1459 Yulongxuen Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys proditor "Restricted to the border between Sichuan and Yunnan, at around 27-28°N and 100-102°E, and that it lives in meadows and in rocky areas" (Kaneko, 1996b:109); known altitudinal range 2500-4200 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1460 Ward’s Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Eothenomys wardi Extreme NW Yunnan in the Mekong and Salween valleys, 2400-4250 m (Corbet and Hill, 1992; Kaneko, 1996b).  
1461 Subalpine Kashmir Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Hyperacrius fertilis Subalpine scrub and meadows, 2450-3600 m, N India (Jammu and Kashmir) and N Pakistan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1462 Conifer Kashmir Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Hyperacrius wynnei Coniferous forests and associated grasslands, 1850-3050 m, in N India (Jammu and Kashmir) and Pakistan (Murree Hills in the lower Kahgan Valley E of Indus River, and west of the Indus in Swat).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1463 Steppe Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Lagurus lagurus Steppes, mountains, and northern deserts from Ukraine through Kazakhstan to W Altai steppes of S Russia, adjacent W Mongolia, and NW China (NW Xinjiang; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1464 Brandt’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Lasiopodomys brandtii Mongolia and adjacent Transbaikalia, Russia; Nei Mongol, Jilin, and Hebei provinces, NE China (Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1465 Smokey Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Lasiopodomys fuscus E Tibetan Plateau, western Qinghai Prov., C China; limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1466 Mandarin Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Lasiopodomys mandarinus NE and C China (Nei Mongol, Liaoning, Beijing, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Jiangsu, and Anhui; Zhang et al., 1997); N Mongolia; Transbaikal region and E and SE Siberia of Russia; Korea (Won and Smith, 1999); range limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1467 Sagebrush Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Lemmiscus curtatus Sagebrush steppe and desert from S Alberta and SE Saskatchewan, Canada, south to EC California and NW Colorado (Fitzgerald et al., 1994), including the Columbia Basin of interior Oregon (Verts and Carraway, 1998) and Washington, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1468 Amur Brown Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Lemmus amurensis Larch taiga of E Siberia; from the Arctic coast between the Lena and Kolyma Rivers southeastward onto the Kamchatka Peninsula, and southward through the Verkhoyansk and Cherskogo Mtns and the Omolon River to the upper Amur River basin and region east of Lake Baikal; also on islands in the New Siberian Arch. (Novosibirskiye Ostrova) (Chernyavskii et al., 1980, 1993; Federov, 1999a; Jarrell and Fredga, 1993:Fig. 2).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1469 Norway Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Lemmus lemmus Mountains of Scandinavia and tundra from W Norway and Sweden to Kola (Kolskiy) Peninsula at W margin of the White Sea (NW Russia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1470 Wrangel Island Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Lemmus portenkoi Endemic to Wrangel Isl.  
1471 Siberian Brown Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Lemmus sibiricus Palearctic tundra landscapes—from Arkhangel region on eastern border of White Sea, W Russia, eastward to W border of the Lena River.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1472 Nearctic Brown Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Lemmus trimucronatus N Chukotskiy region in far NE Siberia (coastal region east of Kolyma River, not inland); in North America, from W Alaska east to Baffin Isl and Hudson Bay, and south in the Rocky Mtns to C British Columbia, Canada; also Nunivak and St. George isls in the Bering Sea, Pribilof Isls, and Canadian Archipelago (Jarrell and Fredga, 1993:Fig. 2).  alascensis Merriam, 1900; harroldi Swarth, 1931; helvolus (Richardson, 1828); minusculus Osgood, 1904; nigripes (True, 1894); phaiocephalus Manning and Macpherson, 1958; subarticus Bee and Hall, 1956; yukonensis Merriam, 1900.
1473 Insular Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus abbreviatus Hall and St. Matthew Isls, Bering Sea (Alaska, USA).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1474 Field Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus agrestis Britain and nearby small islands (except Ireland); continental distribution extends from Scandinavia and Baltic region (Miljutin, 1997, 1998; Timm et al., 1998) east through Siberia to the Lena River; in the south from N and C Portugal, Pyrennes of N Spain (Brunet-Lecomte, 1991; Castiens and Gosalbez, 1992; Torre et al., 1996), France, Belgium, Netherlands (Lange, 1992), Germany (Dolch et al., 1994), Switzerland (Hausser, 1995), Austria, Czech Republic (Andĕra and Červený, 1994; Šmaha, 1996), Slovakia (Danko, 1994; Kminiak, 1996; Mošanský, 1994; Stanko, 1995; Stanko and Mošanský, 1994, 2000; Stanko et al., 2000), N Italy (Amori et al., 1999; Locatelli and Paolucci, 1996a), Poland, Hungary, Slovenia (Kryštufek, 1991), east through N Croatia and N Bosnia and Herzegovina (Petrov, 1992), N Serbia, Romania, Ukraine, and Kazhakstan to S Urals, Altai Mtns, NW China (NW Xinjiang; Zhang et al., 1997), and Lake Baikal region (Corbet, 1978c; Krapp and Niethammer, 1982; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1475 Anatolian Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus anatolicus Known only from the type locality and vicinity.  
1476 Common Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus arvalis NE Portugal and C and N Spain (Brunet-Lecomte, 1991; Castien and Gosalbez, 1992; Gonzalez-Esteban et al., 1995) through France, Belgium, Netherlands (Jonkers, 1992, mapped distributional changes between 1850 and 1988), Germany (Dolch et al., 1994), Switzerland (Hausser, 1995; Maurizio, 1994), N Italy (Amori et al., 1999; Bigini and Turini, 1995; Cantini, 1991, Paolucci et al., 1993), Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic (Andĕra and Červený, 1994; Šmaha, 1996), Slovakia (Danko, 1994; Kminiak, 1996; Mošanský, 1994; Stanko, 1995; Stanko and Mošanský, 1994, 2000; Stanko et al., 1994, 2000), Poland, the Baltic region (Miljutin, 1997, 1998; Timm et al., 1998), and Denmark (but not most of Fennoscandia), and eastward to C and S Urals in Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk, and Orenburg districts in Russia (Gileva et al., 1996); south through Slovenia (Kryštufek, 1991), Serbia and Montenegro (Petrov, 1991), Romania, N and W Bulgaria; east through Russia from Krym (Crimea) and E Ukraine through Siberia to the upper Yenesei River; south through NW Mongolia, NW China (NW Xinjiang; Zhang et al., 1997), the Altai Mtns and Kazhakstan (Kovalskaya, 1994), to the Caucasus, N and E Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Pamukoglu and Albayrak, 1996), NW Iran and east through the Elburz Mtns to N Khorassan Prov. of NE Iran (Lay, 1967; type series of khorkoutensis and holotype of hyrcania; see below). Also insular populations on the Orkney Isls (Channel Isls, but not the British Isles), and Yeu (France).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as M. arvalis and M. obscurus.
1477 Bavarian Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus bavaricus Germany, Bavarian Alps (N margin of E Alps at type locality and across the border in Tyrol region of Austria; Haring et al., 2000; Konig, 1982).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1478 Calabria Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus brachycercus Calabrian Peninsula of S Italy (Krapp, 1982c; Galleni et al., 1998).  
1479 Beach Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus breweri Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1480 Cabrera’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus cabrerae Fragmented range in Spain and Portugal; and; subfossils document past occurrence of M. cabrerae in French side of the Pyrenees, which is outside its modern range (Corbet, 1984; Fernández-Salvador, 1998, 2000; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999; Niethammer, 1982f).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1481 California Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus californicus Oak woodlands and grasslands of Pacific coast, from SW Oregon through California, USA, to N Baja California Norte, México.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as M. c. mohavensis and M. c. scirpensis, Data Deficient as M. c. stephensi, Lower Risk (nt) as M. c. vallicola, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1482 Gray-tailed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus canicaudus Willamette Valley, NW Oregon (Verts and Carraway, 1998:Fig. 11-111) and adjacent Washington, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1483 Rock Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus chrotorrhinus S Labrador south through S Quebec and Ontario, Canada, to NE Minnesota, N New York, and N New England states, USA; isolated segments in the C (S New York, NE Pennsylvania) and S Appalachian Mtns (W Maryland to E Tennessee and W North Carolina).  IUCN – Data Deficient as M. c. ravus, Lower Risk (nt) as M. c. carolinensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1484 Clarke’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus clarkei High mountains, ca. 3300-4300 m, of W and S Yunnan (G. M. Allen, 1940; Zhang et al., 1997), SE Xizang (Feng et al., 1986, as M. millicens), SE Tibet (China) and N Burma (Ellerman, 1961; also FMNH 40960-40963).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Volemys clarkei.
1485 Caucasus Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus daghestanicus N Caucasus Mtns (S Russia) and S Caucasus from Georgia south to S Armenia and Azerbaijan (Achverdjan et al., 1992) and in adjacent E Black Sea Mtns of NE Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001); possibly occurs in NW Iran.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as M. nasarovi, Lower Risk (lc) as M. doghestanicus.
1486 Doğramaci’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus dogramacii Recorded only from two places on the Anatolian Plateau, the type locality and near Konya in the south (Kefelioğlu and Kryštufek, 1999).  
1487 Mediterranean Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus duodecimcostatus S Portugal, Spain (except NW region; Brunet-Lecomte, 1991; Castiens and Gosalbez, 1992; Torre et al., 1996), and SE France.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1488 Evoron Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus evoronensis Known only from the type locality (Meyer et al., 1996).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1489 Balkan Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus felteni Endemic to the Balkan region: S Serbia, Macedonia (Zima et al., 1997a), Albania, and N Greece; Niethammer (1982h, 1987b); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1490 Reed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus fortis Lowlands of Transbaikalia and Amur region (Kovalskaya et al., 1988; Meyer et al., 1996), south through E and C China (Heilongjiang and Nei Mongol; south through Jilin, Liaoning, and Shandong to Ningxia, Shaanxi, Gansu, NE Sichuan, and C Guizhou; east through N Guangxi and Hunan to N Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and S Anhui; Zhang et al., 1997); also on Sakhalin Isl (Dobson, 1994; Voronov, 1992) and the Korean Peninsula (Won and Smith, 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1491 Pyreneean Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus gerbei SW France north to the Loire, and south through the Pyrenees Mtns of France and N Spain (Castien and Gosalbez, 1992; Krapp, 1982d; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1492 Narrow-headed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus gregalis Discontinuous distribution in four regions. Largest range is in forests or steppes from Volga River eastward through Kazakhstan, across the Pamirs, Tien Shan and Altai Mtns, NW China (NW Xinjiang), N Mongolia, and Transbaikalia to Amur area and NE China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Hebei, and Henan; Zhang et al., 1997); another area is to the north in the Lena River Basin; last two are farther north in the Siberian tundra, where one area stretches from the Kolyma River area west to Taymyr Peninsula, the other from mouth of the Ob River to the White Sea. Absent from the British Isles.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1493 Guatemalan Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus guatemalensis Highland meadows of C Chiapas, México, and C Guatemala.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1494 Guenther’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus guentheri Lowlands and foothills of SE Europe (Niethammer, 1982e) in S Serbia and Macedonia (Petrov, 1992), SE Bulagaria, Greece (Vohralík, 1992), and Turkish Thrace (also on isls of St. Thomas and Lesbos); extends across Anatolia, except E Black Sea Mtns (Kefelioğlu and Kryštufek, 1999; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001), into coastal region of Syria, Lebanon and C Israel near Jaffa (Qumsiyeh, 1996); NE Iraq and NW Iran (south to Alďgűrdarz in Lurestan Prov and eastward to Tehran Prov; specimens identified by Kryštufek and Kefelioğlu, 2002, as "nonsocialis" voles); also on Cyrenaican Plateau and adjacent coastal plain of N Libya (Ranck, 1968); Kryštufek (in litt., 2002) outlined the range in the Near East.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1495 Kazakhstan Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus ilaeus W Uzbekistan just south of the Aral Sea, eastward through S Kazakhstan nearly to border south of Lake Balkhash (Meyer et al., 1996:128) and into NW Xinjiang Prov., NW China (Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as M. kirgisorum.
1496 Iranian Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus irani Recorded only from the type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1497 Taiwan Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus kikuchii Highlands of Taiwan, usually above 3000 m (Lin et al., 1987; H.-T. Yu, 1993; M.-J. Yu, 1996).  IUCN – Vulnerable as Volemys kikuckii.
1498 East European Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus levis S Finland and Baltic region (Miljutin, 1997, 1998; Timm et al., 1998), eastwards through S Urals (Gileva et al., 1996) and Novosibirsk suburbs in W Siberia (Yakimenko and Kryukov, 1997) to SW margin of Lake Baikal, south through the Caucasus (Baskevich, 1996b) and probably NW Iran, and across the Ukraine in the north and Turkey in the south (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001) to E Slovakia (Mošanský, 1994), E and S Romania (Zima et al., 1981), Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia and S Serbia and Montenegro (Petrov, 1992), and E Albania; accidentally introduced to the Arctic Svalbard Archipelago (Fredga et al., 1990; Yoccoz et al., 1993; as epiroticus). Meyer et al. (1996) provide the best map.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Microtus rossiaemeridionalis.
1499 Liechtenstein’s Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus liechtensteini SE Alps in N Italy (east of Adige River valley in Trentino), S and C Austria, and Slovenia; south to the NW Dinaric Alps in Croatia; southern isolates in Pannonian Plain in Croatia, C Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Mt Tara in W Serbia (Brunet-Lecomte and Kryštufek, 1993; Haring et al., 2000).  
1500 Lacustrine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus limnophilus NC China (from N Sichuan, E Qinghai, Gansu, and Shaanxi northeast through Ningxia to C Nei Mongol and NW Xinjiang; Zhang et al., 1997, as M. oeconomus) to W Mongolia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1501 Long-tailed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus longicaudus Rocky Mountains and adjacent foothills, from E Alaska and N Yukon, south through British Columbia and SW Alberta, Canada, to E California and W Colorado; including Pacific coastal taiga to N California; disjunct southern pockets in S California, Arizona, and New Mexico, USA.  IUCN – Data Deficient as M. l. bernardinus, M. l. coronarius, and M. l. leucophaeus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1502 Lusitanian Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus lusitanicus Portugal, N and C Spain (Brunet-Lecomte, 1991; Castien and Gosalbez, 1992), and SW France.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1503 Major’s Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus majori NE Turkey (humid forest along southern shore of Black Sea east of type locality; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Macholán et al., 2001a), N Caucasus (Russia), S Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, and W Azerbaijan), and NW Iran.  
1504 Maximowicz’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus maximowiczii E shore of Lake Baikal to upper Amur region (Meyer et al., 1996), E Mongolia, and NE China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Jilin, Hebei, and N Shaanxi; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1505 Mexican Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus mexicanus Patchy occurrence in mountains from extreme S Utah and extreme S Colorado (Fitzgerald et al., 1994:9-102) to C Arizona and New Mexico (Frey and LaRue, 1993, for new records), USA; south in Sierra Madres through interior México to C Oaxaca.  U.S. ESA and IUCN—Endangered as M. m. hualpaiensis; IUCN – Vulnerable as M. mexicanus and M. mongollonensis hualpaiensis.
1506 Middendorf’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus middendorffii N Siberia, from the Polar Ural Mtns east through the Yenisey River basin past the N Lena River region to the N Kolyma River area, south in Urals to 62şN, and in the Lena Valley near Yakutsk (Meyer et al., 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as M. middendorfii and M. hyperboreus.
1507 Singing Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus miurus Alaska, USA, except the central portion and Alaska Peninsula; eastwards through much of Yukon Territory to westernmost Northwest Territories and extreme NW British Columbia, Canada.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1508 Mongolian Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus mongolicus Transbaikalia, Mongolia, and NE China (N Nei Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Jilin).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1509 Montane Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus montanus Cascade, Sierra Nevada, and Rocky Mountain ranges: SC British Columbia, Canada, south to EC California, S Utah, and NC New Mexico, USA; disjunct populations in S Nevada, EC Arizona, and WC New Mexico (Frey et al., 1995).  IUCN – Data Deficient as M. m. codiensis and M. m. zygomaticus, Vulnerable as M. m. fucosus and M. m. nevadensis, Lower Risk (nt) as M. m. arizonensis and M. m. rivularis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1510 Japanese Grass Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus montebelli Endemic to the Japanese islands of Honshu, Sado, and Kyushu; not currently found on Hokkaido, Shikoku or the Ryukyu Isl (Dobson, 1994; Kaneko, 1994) but may have occurred on Shikoku in the Pleistocene (Kawamura, 1988).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1511 Muya Valley Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus mujanensis Known only from vicinity of the type locality (Meyer et al., 1996).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1512 Alpine Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus multiplex Western and Central Alps in E France, Switzerland (Maurizio, 1994; Hausser, 1995), far W Austria, and N Italy, including N Italian Apennines (Amori et al., 1999; Cantini, 1991; Paolucci et al., 1994). The Adige River Valley (Trentino region) in the Alps of NE Italy is apparently the boundary between ranges of M. multiplex (to the west) and M. liechtensteini (eastward); see Brunet-Lecomte and Volobouev (1994), Haring et al. (2000), and Spitzenberger et al. (2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1513 Tarabundí Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus oaxacensis Eastern slopes, Sierra de Juárez, 1600-2500 m, NC Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1514 Prairie Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus ochrogaster Northern and Central Great Plains—EC Alberta to S Manitoba, Canada; south to N Texas Panhandle (Choate and Killebrew, 1991), SW Oklahoma (Smith, 1992), and Arkansas; eastwards to C Tennessee, westernmost West Virginia, and W Ohio, USA; relictual populations in C Colorado, N New Mexico, and coastal prairies (ludovicianus) of SW Louisiana and adjacent Texas, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1515 Root Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus oeconomus Holarctic in tundra, northern taiga, and grassy meadows. In Palearctic, from Fennoscandia across N European Russia and Siberia to Kamchatka Peninsula (Nikanorov, 2000) and borderlands of Bering Sea; south through through Baltic region (Miljutin, 1997, 1998; Timm et al., 1998) to NE Germany (Dolch, 1994), Poland (Salata-Pilacinska, 1990), Belarus, Ukraine, N Kazakhstan, transbaikal region (Reiter et al., 1995, documented occurrence on Svjatoj Nos peninsula and isthmus in Lake Baikal), N Mongolia, NE China (N Nei Mongol), and discontinuously in the Ussuri region bordering the Japanese Sea, including, Sakhalin and Kurile Isls; relict populations in Netherlands (Ligtvoet, 1992; Ligtvoet and Wijngaarden, 1994), S Norway and C Sweden, Finnish Baltic Coast, E Austria, SW Slovakia (Mošanský, 1994; Stanko and Mošanský, 2000), and W Hungary; absent from the British Isls but present on St. Lawrence Isl in Bering Sea. In Nearctic, from Alaska through Yukon Territory, eastwards to W Northwest Territories, and southwards to extreme NW British Columbia and Alexander Archipelago, Alaska (see records by MacDonald and Cook, 1996:579).  IUCN – Critically Endangered as M. o. arenicola, Vulnerable as M. o. mehelyi, Data Deficient as M. o. amakensis, M. o. elymocetes, M. o. innuitus, M. o. popofensis, M. o. punukensis, and M. o. sitkensis, otherwise Least Concern.
1516 Creeping Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus oregoni Moist coniferous forest seres of Pacific Northwest, from SW British Columbia, Canada, south to NW California, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1517 Paradox Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus paradoxus Kopet Dag Mtns, S Turkmenistan, and mountains of NE Iran in N Khorassan Prov. (near Dasht, Gowadoh, Dergematie, Kaur, and Gorgan; series in AMNH and USNM; Kryštufek and Kefelioğlu, 2002); may also occur in N Afghanistan, identified as M. guentheri (Hassinger, 1973), but the two cited specimens need to be reexamined.  
1518 Meadow Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus pennsylvanicus Meadowlands interspersed across boreal and mixed coniferous-deciduous biomes of North America: C Alaska to Labrador, including Newfoundland and Prince Edward Isl, Canada; south in Rocky Mountains to N New Mexico, in Great Plains to N Kansas (see Frey and Moore, 1990), and in Appalachians and along eastern seaboard to N Georgia and South Carolina, USA; outlier populations in W New Mexico and peninsular Florida, USA, and in N Chihuahua, México.  U.S. ESA—Endangered as M. p. dukecampbelli; IUCN – Vulnerable as M. p. dukecampbelli, Lower Risk (nt) as M. p. admiraltiae, M. p. kincaidi, M. p. provectus, and M. p. shattucki, not evaluated as M. p. chihuahuensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1519 Woodland Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus pinetorum Temperate deciduous forest zone of E USA—eastern shoreline from S Maine to NC Florida, west to C Wisconsin and E Texas; isolated population (auricularis) on the Edwards Plateau, C Texas, may be extinct (Goetze, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1520 Qazvin Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus qazvinensis Known only from the type locality, N Iran.  
1521 Jalapan Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus quasiater Eastern slopes of the Sierra Madre Oriental, 500-2150 m, SE San Luis Potosi to N Oaxaca, México (Ramírez-Pulido et al., 1991:Fig. 1).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1522 North American Water Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus richardsoni Wet subalpine and alpine meadows of Rocky Mountains, from S British Columbia and Alberta, Canada, to W Wyoming and C Utah, USA; and of Cascade Mountains, from SW British Columbia south through WC Oregon.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1523 Sakhalin Island Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus sachalinensis Endemic to Sakhalin Isl (Dobson, 1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1524 Savi’s Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus savii Italian peninsula (except NE and Calabrian Peninsulan in the south) and Sicily (Amori et al., 1999; Cerone and Aloise, 1994; Cresti et al., 1994; Paolucci et al., 1993), South Tessin in S Switzerland (Hausser, 1995), and marginally in SE France; thought to occur on Elba but that record is unconfirmed; sea level to 2000 m (Cheylan, 1991).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1525 Schelkovnikov’s Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus schelkovnikovi S Azerbaijan (Talysk Mtns) and NW Iran (Elburz Mtns), in mountains bounding southern margin of Caspian Sea.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1526 Schidlovsky’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus schidlovskii Transcaucasia, recorded from W Armenia and Georgia (Ahverdyan et al., 1991b); limits unresolved.  
1527 Social Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus socialis Palearctic steppe from Dneper River and Crimea east to Lake Balkhash and NW Xinjiang in China (Zhang et al., 1997), south through Caucasus and E half of Turkey (Kizilirmak River may be W boundary; Kefelioğlu and Kryštufek, 1999; Kryštufek and Kefelioğlu, 2002) to NW Syria, Lebanon (restricted to Mt Lebanon), N Iraq, and NW Iran (Kryštufek and Kefelioğlu, 2002, mapped range in the Near East).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1528 Common Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus subterraneus Atlantic coasts of N and C France through S Netherlands (Ligtvoet and Straetmans, 1992), across C Europe (SW Bohemia [Andĕra and Červený, 1994]; Switzerland [Maurizio, 1994; Hausser, 1995]; Slovakia [Danko, 1994; Kminiak, 1996; Mošanský, 1994; Stanko, 1995; Stanko and Mošanský, 1994, 2000; Stanko et al., 2000]; Czech Republic [Šmaha, 1996]; Italy [Amori et al., 1999; Locatelli and Paolucci, 1996a]) to Ukraine and the Don River (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995), south through Romania and Balkan region into N and SE Greece, and Turkey (mountains in N, W and S but not on Anatolian Plateau; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001) eastward to south of Trabzon (Macholán et al., 2001a); isolated populations in Russia (near St Petersburg; Zagorodnyuk, 1989) and Estonia (Miljutin, 1997, 1998; Timm et al., 1998). Absent from Mediterranean coast and islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1529 Tatra Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus tatricus W and E Carpathian Mtns, 800-2350 m; isolated populations in montane spruce forests and meadows of Tatra Mtns between Czech Republic, Slovakia (Mošanský, 1994) and S Poland, Pilsko Mtn, and Beslksid Ziwiecki Mtns; also W Ukraine and N Romania (Zagorodnyuk, 1988; Zagorodnyuk and Zima, 1992); possibly also in the S Carpathians, Romania (Zagorodnyuk and Zima, 1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1530 Thomas’s Pine Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus thomasi Endemic to SW Balkans, from the Neretva River in Herzegovina through Montenegro, Albania and mainland Greece to the Peloponessos (including Euboea Isl).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1531 Townsend’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus townsendii Wet meadows and marshes of Pacific Northwest, from extreme SW British Columbia, Canada, to NW California, USA, including Vancouver and neighboring islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (cd) as M. t. cowani, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).
1532 Middle East Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus transcaspicus Dry montane steppe habitats on isolated mountains from N slopes of Kopet-Dag Mtns in S Turkmenistan (Meyer et al., 1996), mountains in E Iran in the NE (Khorassan Prov, 5 km N Kashmar, USNM) and S (Kuh-e Laleh-Zar and Kuh-e Hazar Mtns south of Kerman; Roguin, 1988), and the Hindu Kush of N Afghanistan (Ellerman, 1948; Parvan Prov, Shibar Pass, FMNH).  IUCN – Endangered as M. kermanensis, Lower Risk (lc) as M. transcaspicus.
1533 Zempoaltépec Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus umbrosus Cerro Zempoaltépec, 1800-3000 m, NC Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1534 Taiga Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Microtus xanthognathus Western boreal taiga zone, from EC Alaska to W Northwest Territories, southeastwards to C Alberta and W coast of Hudson Bay, Canada.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1535 Anderson’s Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes andersoni Known only from C and N Honshu Isl (Kaneko, 1994).  IUCN – Vulnerable as Phaulomys andersoni.
1536 Western Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes californicus Coastal coniferous forest from the Columbia River south through W Oregon (Verts and Carraway, 1998:Fig. 11-97) to NW California, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Clethrionomys californicus.
1537 Tien Shan Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes centralis Known only from Tien Shan in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and adjacent NW Xinjiang, China (Zhang et al., 1997, as C. frater).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Clethrionomys centralis.
1538 Southern Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes gapperi Most of Canada from N British Columbia to Labrador, excluding Newfoundland; south in the Appalachians to N Georgia and NW South Carolina (Laerm et al., 1995), in the Great Plains to N Iowa, and in the Rockies to C New Mexico and EC Arizona, USA; extralimital isolates in NW and E Pennsylvania and S New Jersey.  IUCN – Data Deficient as M. g. solus (sic), Lower Risk (nt) as C. g. maurus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1539 Bank Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes glareolus W Palaearctic forests from France and Scandinavia to Lake Baikal, south to N Spain, N Italy (isolated montane populations farther south), the Balkans (but not most of Greece), W and N Turkey, N Kazakhstan and the Altai and Sayan Mtns; also occurs on Britain and SW Ireland.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1540 Imaizumi’s Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes imaizumii Recorded only from the S end of the Kii Peninsula.  
1541 Korean Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes regulus Korean Peninsula (Won and Smith, 1999, as Eothenomys).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Eothenomys regulus.
1542 Hokkaido Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes rex Hokkaido and small islets of Rishiri and Rebun off NW coast of Hokkaido (Kaneko et al., 1998:25, 28).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1543 Gray Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes rufocanus N Palearctic from Scandinavia through Siberia to Kamchatka (Nikanorov, 2000), Sakhalin, and Taraku (south of Shikotan Isl in the S Kuril Isls) in Russia, south to S Ural Mtns, the Altai Mtns, Transbaikal, N China (NW Xinjiang in the west, and Nei Mongol, Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang in the NE), N portion of Korean peninsula, N Japan (Hokkaido and the offshore islets of Rishiri, Daikoku, Teuri, and Yagishiri), and the S Kurile Isls of Kunashiri, Shikotan, Shibotsu and others.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1544 Northern Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes rutilus Holarctic—in Old World, from N Scandinavia east to Chukotski Peninsula, and south to N Kazakhstan, Transbaikalia, Mongolia, N China (NW Xinjiang in the west, Nei Mongol and Ningxia in northcentral, and Jilin and Heilongjiang in the northeast; Zhang et al., 1997), extreme N Korean Peninsula (Won and Smith, 1999), and Sakhalin and Hokkaido Isls (Dobson, 1994; Henttonen and Peiponen, 1982; Nikanorov, 2000); St. Lawrence Isl, Bering Sea; in New World, from Alaska east to Hudson Bay, and south to N Alaska Panhandle, N British Columbia, and NE Manitoba, Canada.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1545 Shanxi Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes shanseius NC China: C Nei Mongol, S Gansu, N Shanxi, N Shaanxi, Beijing, and Hebei provinces (Kaneko, 1992c; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Eothenomys shanseius.
1546 Smith’s Red-backed Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Myodes smithii Japanese islands of Dogo, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu (Kaneko, 1992b, 1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Phaulomys smithii.
1547 Wood Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Myopus schisticolor Coniferous taiga zone from Norway and Sweden through Siberia to Kolyma River and Kamchatka (Nikanorov, 2000), south to the Altai Mtns, N Mongolia and NE China (N Heilongjiang and N Nei Mongol; Zhang et al., 1997), and the Sikhote Alin Range (Corbet, 1978c); also a southern isolate in the Ural Mtns, near source of Ural River, about 450 km south of previously recorded limit at 58şN.  IUCN – Near Threatened.
1548 Forrest’s Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Neodon forresti Extreme NW Yunnan, China (Hinton, 1923), and northernmost Burma (Ellerman, 1961), 3350-3660 m.  
1549 Irene’s Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Neodon irene High mountains in the Chinese provinces of E Qinghai, S Gansu, W Sichuan, NE Xizang, and NW Yunnan (G. M. Allen, 1940; Feng et al., 1986; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Microtus irene.
1550 Juniper Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Neodon juldaschi W Tien Shan (Talasskiy Altai), south to Gissar and Turkestan ranges in E Tajikistan and SW Kyrgyzstan and east though the Pamir Mtns in E Tajikistan to NW Xizang (Tibet; Feng et al, 1986) and SW Xinjiang (Zhang et al., 1997); farther south in N Pakistan (Roberts, 1977) and NE Afghanistan (Hassinger, 1973; Niethammer, 1970).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Microtus juldaschi.
1551 Sikkim Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Neodon sikimensis Himalayas from W to E Nepal (based on FMNH series), through NE India (Sikkim and Darjeeling Dist.) to E Bhutan (Ellerman, 1947a, 1961); also SC and E Xizang (Tibet; Feng et al., 1986; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Microtus sikimensis.
1552 Round-tailed Muskrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neofiber alleni Most of peninsular Florida, extralimitally in extreme SE Georgia and Florida panhandle, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1553 Common Muskrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Ondatra zibethicus North America, north to the treeline, including Newfoundland; south to the Gulf of México, Rio Grande and lower Colorado River valleys. Introduced to Czech Republic in 1905 and now widespread in the Palearctic, including C and N Europe, most of Ukraine, Russia, and Siberia, adjacent parts of Mongolia and scattered throughout China, NE Korea, and Honshu Isl, Japan (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995, for Eurasian range; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999, for European range); also into southernmost Argentina (Galliari et al., 1996; Olrog and Lucero, 1981).  IUCN – Data Deficient as O. z. ripensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1554 Blyth’s Mountain Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Phaiomys leucurus Chinese provinces of S Xinjiang (Zhang et al., 1997), S Qinghai (Zheng and Wang, 1980) and Xizang (Feng et al., 1986) on the Tibetan Plateau (Hoffmann, 1996a), and high altitudes in the Himalayas west to NW India (Jammu, Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh, above 4500 m; Agrawal, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Microtus leucurus.
1555 Western Heather Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Phenacomys intermedius NW British Columbia and SW Alberta, Canada, south to N New Mexico, C Utah, and N California, USA; disjunct populations in EC California and W Nevada, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1556 Eastern Heather Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Phenacomys ungava S Yukon across much of Canada to E Labrador; southwards skirting the E Rocky Mountains to S Alberta, along the N Great Lakes and lower St. Lawrence River, SE Quebec.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1557 Duke of Bedford’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Proedromys bedfordi Recorded from S Gansu and N Sichuan (Wang et al., 1966; Zhang et al., 1997), China.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1558 Long-clawed Mole Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Prometheomys schaposchnikowi Alpine zone of Caucasus Mtns, Georgia, and extreme NE Turkey (E Black Sea Mtns; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1559 Northern Bog Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Synaptomys borealis Patchy occurrence in boreal habitats, from Alaska to N Washington, USA, eastwards across much of interior Canada to Labrador; disjunct range segment from Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec, to C New Hampshire, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1560 Southern Bog Lemming RODENTIA Cricetidae Synaptomys cooperi Midwestern and E USA through SE Canada, including Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Isl; as far south as W North Carolina and NE Arkansas; outlying populations in SW Kansas, W Nebraska, and the Dismal Swamp region of SE Virginia-NE North Carolina.  IUCN – Extinct as S. c. paludis and S. c. relictus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1561 Sichuan Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Volemys millicens Known only from the type locality and SE Xizang, Tibet (Feng et al., 1986).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1562 Marie’s Vole RODENTIA Cricetidae Volemys musseri Qionglai Shan, W Sichuan, 2318-3660 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1563 Mongolian Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Allocricetulus curtatus Mongolian steppes north of the Altai and in adjacent China in NW Xinjiang, N Gansu, N Ningxia (Qin, 1991), Anhui (Liu et al., 1985), and Nei Mongol; see Zhang et al. (1997, mapped as C. eversmanni).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1564 Eversmann’s Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Allocricetulus eversmanni Steppes of N Kazakhstan from Volga River to the upper Irtysh River at Zaysan Lake in E Kazakhstan; also N Xinjiang Prov., NW China (Wang, 2003).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1565 Gansu Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cansumys canus Known only from the type locality and possibly Henan Prov., NC and EC China; limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1566 Ladak Dwarf Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cricetulus alticola NE India in Jammu and Ladak (Agrawal, 2000), Nepal (Lim and Ross, 1992), and western part of Tibetan Plateau (Xizang) in China (Feng et al., 1986).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1567 Striped Dwarf Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cricetulus barabensis Steppes of S Siberia from Irtysh River to Ussuri region, south through Transbaikalia to Mongolia (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995), NE China (Zhang et al., 1997), and Korean Peninsula (Won and Smith, 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1568 Tibetan Dwarf Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cricetulus kamensis China, Tibetan Plateau (SE Xinjiang, Xizang, and adjacent parts of Qinghai and Gansu; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1569 Long-tailed Dwarf Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cricetulus longicaudatus Altai and Tuva regions of Russia and Kazakhstan (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995), NW China (Xinjiang), Mongolia, and adjacent Chinese regions in Nei Mongol, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Henan, N Shanxi, Ningxia, N Sichuan, and N Xizang (Tibet); see Feng et al. (1986), Qin (1991), Corbet and Hill (1992), Wang (2003), and Zhang et al. (1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1570 Gray Dwarf Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cricetulus migratorius SE Greece, NW Romania, SE Bulgaria, and S European Russia (Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999); eastwards through Kazakhstan to S Mongolia and N China (Xinjiang, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Gansu, and Qinghai; Qin, 1991; Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997); southwards through Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Osborn, 1965; Pamukoglu and Albayrak, 1996) and Transcaucasia to Israel (Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; Qumsiyeh, 1996), Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran (Lay, 1967), Afghanistan (Hassinger, 1973), Pakistan (Roberts, 1977), and N India (Jammu and Kashmir; Agrawal, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1571 Sokolov’s Dwarf Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cricetulus sokolovi W and S Mongolia, C Nei Mongol of N China.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1572 Common Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Cricetus cricetus Belgium across C Europe, W Siberia, and N Kazakhstan to the upper Yenesei and Altai region and NW China (NW Xinjiang; Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997); see Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999) for former European range.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1573 Golden Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Mesocricetus auratus Vicinity of type locality and SE Turkey.  IUCN – Endangered.
1574 Brandt’s Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Mesocricetus brandti Anatolian Turkey and Black Sea Mtns in N Turkey, east into the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan; Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995), and south to NW Iran (Lay, 1967), N Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and N Israel (Qumsiyeh, 1996, as auratus).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1575 Romanian Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Mesocricetus newtoni Restricted to right side of Danube River in SE Romania and N Bulgaria.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1576 Ciscaucasian Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Mesocricetus raddei Russia, steppes along N slopes of Caucasus from Dagestan to Don River and Sea of Azov.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1577 Campbell’s Desert Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Phodopus campbelli Transbaikalia in Russia, Mongolia, and adjacent China (W Xinjiang, N Hebei, and N Nei Mongol).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1578 Roborovski’s Desert Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Phodopus roborovskii Tuva (Russia) and E Kazakhstan; W and S Mongolia; adjacent regions of China from NW Xinjiang east through N Gansu, N Qinghai, Ningxia, N Shaanxi, N Shanxi, and Nei Mongolia to Liaoning and Jilin (Ma et al., 1987; Qin, 1991; Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1579 Striped Desert Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Phodopus sungorus E Kazakhstan and SW Siberia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1580 Greater Long-tailed Hamster RODENTIA Cricetidae Tscherskia triton Upper Ussuri, Russia; NE China from Heilongjiang and Nei Mongol southeast through Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, and Anhui (Liu et al., 1985) and west through Shanxi to Shaanxi (north and south of Qinling Mtns) (Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997); also Korean Peninsula (Won and Smith, 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1581 Maned Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Lophiomys imhausi E Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, NE Uganda, and W Tanzania (Kock and Künzel, 1999); sea level to 3300 m in Ethiopia (Yalden et al., 1976), in lowland forests in Djibouti (Pearch et al., 2001), but apparently restricted to mountain forest in Kenya and Uganda (Delany, 1975; Clausnitzer and Kityo, 2001; Hollister, 1919).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1582 Southern Pygmy Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Baiomys musculus SW Nayarit and C Veracruz, México, to NW Nicaragua, excluding Yucatán Peninsula and Caribbean tropical lowlands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1583 Northern Pygmy Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Baiomys taylori SE Arizona and SW New Mexico (see Stuart and Scott, 1992), SW Oklahoma (see Tumlison et al., 1993), and E Texas (see Roberts et al., 1997), USA, south to Michoacán, C Hidalgo, and C Veracruz, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1584 Chinanteco Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Habromys chinanteco The type locality and its vicinity on gulf-facing slopes, 2080-2650 m, of the Sierra de Juárez, NC Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1585 Delicate Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Habromys delicatulus Known only from the type locality.  
1586 Ixtlán Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Habromys ixtlani Upper elevations of Sierra de Juárez, 2350-3150 m, NC Oaxaca, México.  
1587 Zempoaltepec Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Habromys lepturus Humid montane forest on Sierra de Zempoaltépec, 2500-3000 m, NC Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1588 Crested-tailed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Habromys lophurus Highlands, 1950-3110 m, of Chiapas, México, C Guatemala, and NW El Salvador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1589 Jico Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Habromys simulatus Eastern middle slopes of Sierra Madre Oriental, 1830-2200 m, from S Hidalgo and C Veracruz to extreme NW Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Endangered.
1590 Allen’s Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Hodomys alleni S Sinaloa to Oaxaca; interior México along basins of Río Balsas to C Puebla and Río Tehuacán to N Oaxaca.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1591 Yellow Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Isthmomys flavidus Intermediate elevations in W Panamá (Chiriquí region) and on Azuero Peninsula (see Handley, 1966a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1592 Mt Pirri Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Isthmomys pirrensis Easternmost Panamá and Serranía del Darién, extreme NW Colombia (see Alberico et al., 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1593 Oaxacan Big-toothed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Megadontomys cryophilus Cloud and pine-oak forests in highlands of N Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1594 Nelson’s Big-toothed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Megadontomys nelsoni E slopes of Sierra Madre Oriental, from SE Hidalgo to C Veracruz, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1595 Thomas’ Big-toothed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Megadontomys thomasi High Sierra Madre del Sur of Guerrero, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1596 Goldman’s Diminutive Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Nelsonia goldmani Cordillera Transvolcanica, México, from Colima and S Jalisco eastwards through N Michoacán to N Estado de México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1597 Western Diminutive Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Nelsonia neotomodon Sierra Madre Occidental from S Durango to N Jalisco and Aguascalientes, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1598 White-throated Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma albigula SW Colorado and W New Mexico west of the Río Grande to SE California, USA, south to N Sinaloa and S Chihuahua west of the Río Conchos, México, including islands in the Sea of Cortez (see Edwards, et al. 2001:Fig. 4).  IUCN – Endangered as N. varia, Lower Risk (lc) as N. albigula.
1599 Tamaulipan Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma angustapalata SW Tamaulipas and adjacent San Luis Potosí, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1600 Anthony’s Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma anthonyi Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1601 Bryant’s Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma bryanti Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1602 Coronados Island Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma bunkeri Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1603 Nicaraguan Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma chrysomelas NW Nicaragua, Honduras.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1604 Bushy-tailed Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma cinerea SE Yukon and westernmost Northwest Territories, south through Alaskan Panhandle, British Columbia and W Alberta, Canada; in W USA, from Washington to W Dakotas as far south as EC California, S Nevada, N Arizona, and NW New Mexico.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1605 Arizona Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma devia W Arizona, USA, east and south of the Colorado River; NW Sonora, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1606 Eastern Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma floridana SC and SE USA (see Monty et al., 1995, for range enhancement in Illinois), from EC Colorado to C Texas, eastwards to the Atlantic seaboard, from S North Carolina to peninsular Florida; isolated population on Florida Keys (smalli).  U.S. ESA – Endangered as N. f. smalli; IUCN – Endangered N. f. smalli, Lower Risk (nt) as N. f. baileyi and N. f. haematoreia, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1607 Dusky-footed Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma fuscipes Coastal and Cascade mountains, W Oregon, southwards to Inner Coastal Range, WC California, and N Sierra Nevadas, EC California, USA.  U.S. ESA – Endangered as N. f. riparia; IUCN – Critically Endangered as N. f. riparia, Data Deficient as N. f. annectens, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1608 Goldman’s Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma goldmani Mexican Plateau, 1160-2320 m, from SE Chihuahua to S San Luis Potosí and N Querétaro, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1609 Desert Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma lepida SE Oregon to C Utah and WC Colorado, south through Nevada, NW Arizona, and S California, USA, to S Baja California Sur, México.  IUCN – Data Deficient as N. l. intermedia, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1610 White-toothed Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma leucodon SE Colorado, E New Mexico, and W Texas, USA, south in the Mexican Plateau to N Jalisco and N México.  
1611 Big-eared Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma macrotis Santa Lucia Range, WC California, and Sierra Nevada, EC California, southwards to N Baja California Norte, México; isolated population in SE California.  IUCN – Data Deficient as N. fuscipes luciana.
1612 Allegheny Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma magister Allegheny Mountains, E USA, along a southwesterly tract from extreme SE New York and NW New Jersey to N Alabama and NW Georgia; isolated pockets in S Indiana and S Ohio.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1613 San Martín Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma martinensis Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1614 Mexican Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma mexicana SE Utah and C Colorado, USA, southwards through W and interior México, to highlands of Guatemala, El Salvador, and W Honduras.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1615 Southern Plains Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma micropus SE Colorado and SW Kansas through W Texas and most of New Mexico, USA; south in México to N Chihuahua, E San Luis Potosí, and S Tamaulipas.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1616 Nelson’s Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma nelsoni Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1617 Bolańos Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma palatina EC Jalisco, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1618 Sonoran Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma phenax SW Sonora and NW Sinaloa, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1619 Stephen’s Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotoma stephensi Extreme SC Utah, N Arizona, and NW New Mexico, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1620 Volcano Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotomodon alstoni Endemic to the Cordillera Transvolcanica, México, from WC Michoacán eastwards to C Veracruz.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1621 Golden Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Ochrotomys nuttalli SE USA, from SE Missouri across to E West Virginia and S Virginia, south to E Texas, the Gulf coast, and C Florida.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1622 Chihuahuan Grasshopper Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Onychomys arenicola Chihuahuan Desert: SE Arizona, SC New Mexico, and W Texas, USA, south to Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosí, and W Tamaulipas, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1623 Northern Grasshopper Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Onychomys leucogaster S Alberta, S Saskatchewan, and SW Manitoba, Canada, south through much of Great Plains and Great Basin region of USA, to NC Sonora and N Tamaulipas, México.  IUCN – Data Deficient as O. l. durranti, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1624 Southern Grasshopper Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Onychomys torridus C California, S Nevada, and extreme SW Utah, USA, south to N Baja California Norte, Sonora, and N Sinaloa, México.  IUCN – Data Deficient as O. t. ramona and O. t. tularensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1625 Osgood’s Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Osgoodomys banderanus Coastal plain of S Nayarit to S Guerrero, interior of Michoacán and Guerrero along the basin of the Río Balsas, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1626 Texas Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus attwateri Edwards Plateau (see Goetze, 1998) and E Llano Estacado (see L. Choate, 1997) of C and N Texas, eastwards through SW and E Oklahoma, to SE Kansas, SW Missouri, and NW Arkansas, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1627 Aztec Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus aztecus Humid montane and cloud forests, 800-3140 m, from C Veracruz and C Guerrero, through Oaxaca and E Chiapas, México, to Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1628 Orizaba Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus beatae C Veracruz and C Guerrero to Oaxaca and Chiapas, México, southwards through highlands of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.  
1629 Brush Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus boylii Much of SW USA, from N California to westernmost Oklahoma, south to N Baja California Norte and Trans-Pecos Texas (see Bradley et al., 1999a), along the Sierra Madre Occidental and W Central Plateau to Queretaro and W Hidalgo, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1630 Perote Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus bullatus Known from only two localities in Veracruz, EC México.  IUCN – Endangered.
1631 California Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus californicus C and S California, USA, excluding San Joaquin Valley, to NW Baja California Norte, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1632 Monserrat Island Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus caniceps Known only from Monserrat Isl.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1633 Canyon Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus crinitus E Oregon and SW Idaho, south through Nevada and parts of Utah and W Colorado, USA, to EC Baja California Norte and NW Sonora, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1634 Dickey’s Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus dickeyi Known only from Tortuga Isl.  IUCN – Endangered.
1635 Southern Rock Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus difficilis W Chihuahua and SE Coahuila, south to C Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1636 Cactus Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus eremicus SE California, S Nevada, and SW Utah east to Trans-Pecos Texas, USA; south along mainland coast to C Sinaloa, and on the Mexican Plateau to N Zacatecas and S San Luis Potosí, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1637 Southern Baja Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus eva Most of Baja California Sur and Carmen Isl, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1638 Northern Baja Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus fraterculus SW California, USA, through Baja California Norte, to EC Baja California Sur, México.  
1639 Blackish Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus furvus Wet and cool forests along E flanks of Sierra Madre Oriental from extreme SE San Luis Potosí to NC Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1640 Cotton Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus gossypinus SE USA, from SE Oklahoma, extreme S Illinois (see Feldhammer et al., 1998) and SE Virginia, southwards, skirting the S Appalachians, to E Texas, the Gulf States, and peninsular Florida.  U.S. ESA – Endangered as P. g. allapaticola; IUCN – Extinct as P. g. restrictus, Vulnerable as P. g. allapaticola, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1641 Large Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus grandis S Alta Verapaz and NE Baja Verapaz, Guatemala; limits of distribution unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1642 Saxicoline Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus gratus SW New Mexico, USA, south from W Chihuahua and SE Coahuila, through interior México to C Oaxaca.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1643 La Guarda Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus guardia Isls of Ángel de la Guarda, Granito, and Mejía, N Gulf of California, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1644 Guatemalan Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus guatemalensis Intermediate to high elevations in mountains of S Chiapas, México, and SW Guatemala.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1645 Naked-eared Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus gymnotis Pacific coastal plain and adjacent foothills, near sea level-1675 m, from S Chiapas, México, to S Nicaragua, west of Lake Nicaragua (after Huckaby, 1980; Jones and Yates, 1983; Owen et al., 1990).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1646 Hooper’s Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus hooperi Grassland transition zone, 1000-2000 m, from C Coahuila to northernmost Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1647 Transvolcanic Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus hylocetes Endemic to the Cordillera Transvolcanica, 1980-3085 m, from WC Jalisco eastwards to Distrito Federal and N Morelos, México.  
1648 San Lorenzo Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus interparietalis North and South San Lorenzo Isls, and Salsipuedes Isl, N Gulf of California, México.  IUCN – Endangered.
1649 Northwestern Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus keeni S Alaska, W British Columbia, and W Washington, west of the Coastal and Cascade mountain ranges and including continental shelf islands and archipelagos.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as P. oreas and P. sitkensis.
1650 White-footed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus leucopus S Alberta and to S Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia, Canada; throughout much of C and E USA, excluding Florida; southwards to N Durango and along Caribbean coast to Isthmus of Tehuantepec and NW Yucatán Peninsula, México.  IUCN – Data Deficient as P. l. ammodytes, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1651 Nimble-footed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus levipes C Nuevo León and W Tamaulipas, in and along the Sierra Madre Oriental, to C Veracruz, Tlaxcala, Distrito Federal, and Morelos, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1652 Tres Marías Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus madrensis Tres Marías Isls, México.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1653 North American Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus maniculatus Panhandle of Alaska and across N Canada, south through most of continental USA, excluding the SE and E seaboard, to southernmost Baja California Sur and to NC Oaxaca, México; including many landbridge islands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as P. m. anacapae and P. m. clementis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1654 Mayan Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus mayensis Known only from the type locality and close vicinity, WC Guatemala.  IUCN – Endangered.
1655 Broad-faced Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus megalops Humid forests in mountains of C Guerrero, S and NC Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1656 Puebla Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus mekisturus SE Puebla, México.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1657 Black-wristed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus melanocarpus Humid montane forests of Sierras de Zempoaltépec, Juárez, and Mazteca, ca. 1500-2500 m, NC Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1658 Plateau Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus melanophrys S Durango and Coahuila, south through interior México to Chiapas.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1659 Black-eared Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus melanotis Cordillera Transvolcanica in C México (E Jalisco to C Veracruz), northwards along Sierra Madre Oriental to S Nuevo León and along Sierra Madre Occidental to W Chihuahua; isolated populations in SE Arizona, USA.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1660 Black-tailed Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus melanurus Pacific slopes of the Sierra Madre del Sur of Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1661 Merriam’s Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus merriami SC Arizona, USA, through W Sonora to C Sinaloa, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1662 Mexican Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus mexicanus In México, along the Atlantic coast from S San Luis Potosí to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and along the Pacific coast, from the Guerrero-Oaxaca border to C Chiapas; upper foothills and middle-elevation mountains in Guatemala, through El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua, to highlands in Costa Rica and W Panamá (Chiriquí region).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1663 Northern Rock Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus nasutus C Colorado and SE Utah, south through New Mexico and Trans-Pecos Texas, USA, to NW Coahuila, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1664 El Carrizo Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus ochraventer Moist forests of S Tamaulipas and adjacent San Luis Potosí, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1665 White-ankled Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus pectoralis SE New Mexico and C Texas, USA, south along the Mexican Plateau and Cordillera Oriental to N Jalisco and Hidalgo, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1666 Pemberton’s Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus pembertoni Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Extinct.
1667 Tawny Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus perfulvus Coastal lowlands of Jalisco and Colima, along Río Balsas to interior Michocán and northernmost Guerrero, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1668 Oldfield Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus polionotus SE USA, from SC Tennessee to W South Carolina, south through Alabama and Georgia, to panhandle and N peninsular Florida, USA.  U.S. ESA – Endangered as P. p. allophrys, P. p. ammobates, P. p. peninsularis, P. p. phasma, and P. p. trissyllepsis, Threatened and as P. p. niveiventris; IUCN – Extinct as P. p. decoloratus, Critically Endangered as P. p. trissyllepsis, Endangered as P. p. allophrys, P. p. ammobates, P. p. peninsularis, and P. p. phasma, Lower Risk (nt) as P. p. leucocephalus and P. p. niveiventris, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1669 Chihuahuan Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus polius WC Chihuahua, México.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1670 Coronados Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus pseudocrinitus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1671 Michoacán Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus sagax NC Michoacán, México; limits uncertain.  
1672 Santa Cruz Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus sejugis Santa Cruz and San Diego Isls, S Gulf of California, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1673 Sinaloan Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus simulus Coastal plain and lower river valleys, sea level-200 m, from WC Sinaloa through W Nayarit, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1674 Catalina Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus slevini Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1675 Gleaning Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus spicilegus Low to middle elevations, 15-1980 m, along the W flanks of the Sierra Madre Occidental, México, from SE Sonora and extreme SW Chihuahua to NE Colima and WC Michoacán.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1676 San Esteban Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus stephani Known only from Isla San Esteban.  IUCN – Endangered.
1677 Stirton’s Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus stirtoni Intermittently found in dry to semiarid lowlands of SE Guatemala, SE El Salvador, Honduras, and W Nicaragua.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1678 Pińon Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus truei USA, SW and C Oregon to W and SE Colorado, south to N Baja California Norte (México), Arizona, and New Mexico; isolated populations in N Texas (comanche) and S Baja California Sur (lagunae).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as P. t. comanche, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1679 Coalcomán Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus winkelmanni Isolated localities in the Sierra de Coalcomán, Michoacán, and in the Sierra Madre del Sur, Guerrero, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1680 Yucatán Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus yucatanicus N Yucatán Peninsula, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1681 Chiapan Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Peromyscus zarhynchus Middle to high elevation cloud forest, 1000-2900 m, in C and SE Chiapas, México.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1682 Florida Deermouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Podomys floridanus Allopatric segments in panhandle and peninsular Florida, USA.  IUCN – Vulnerable. Considered threatened by Florida agencies due to disappearance of scrub habitat (see Layne, 1990).
1683 Short-nosed Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys brevirostris Allopatric populations in highlands of NC Nicaragua (see Jones and Genoways, 1970) and C Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1684 Sonoran Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys burti WC Sonora to WC Sinaloa, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1685 Volcano Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys chrysopsis Cordillera Transvolcanica, SE Jalisco to WC Veracruz, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1686 Talamancan Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys creper Upper elevations, 1300-3350 m, in the Cordilleras Tilarán, Central, and Talamanca, Costa Rica, to Chiriquí region, W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1687 Darien Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys darienensis E Panamá, including Azuero Peninsula, and perhaps adjacent Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1688 Fulvous Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys fulvescens SC Arizona, NC, S and E Texas, to SW Missouri and W Mississippi, USA; south through much of México, to W Nicaragua; excluding Yucatán Peninsula and Caribbean coastal lowlands.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1689 Slender Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys gracilis Yucatán Peninsula and coastal Chiapas, México, south along Pacific watershed to WC Costa Rica (see Reid and Langtimm, 1993).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1690 Hairy Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys hirsutus SC Nayarit and NW Jalisco, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1691 Eastern Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys humulis SE USA, from E Oklahoma and E Texas eastwards to the Atlantic seaboard, from S Maryland to peninsular Florida.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1692 Western Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys megalotis SC British Columbia and SE Alberta, Canada; through much of W and NC USA; south to N Baja California Norte and through interior México to C Oaxaca.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1693 Mexican Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys mexicanus S Tamaulipas and WC Michoacán, México, south through Middle American highlands to W Panamá; Andes of W Colombia and N Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1694 Small-toothed Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys microdon Isolated pockets in highlands of N Michoacán and Distrito Federal, N Oaxaca, and C and S Chiapas (see Espinosa M. et al., 1999a), México, and WC Guatemala.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1695 Plains Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys montanus High Plains of C USA, from W South Dakota and E Wyoming to EC Texas and extreme SE Arizona; NE Sonora and Chihuahua to N Durango, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1696 Nicaraguan Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys paradoxus Isolated records from SW Nicaragua and WC Costa Rica.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1697 Salt-marsh Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys raviventris Salt marshes around San Francisco Bay, California, USA.  U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as R. r. raviventris, Lower Risk (cd) as R. r. halicoetes.
1698 Rodriguez’s Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys rodriguezi Patchily recorded in the Cordilleras Central and Talamancae, C Costa Rica (see McPherson, 1985; Timm et al., 1989).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1699 Cozumel Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys spectabilis Restricted to Cozumel Isl, México.  IUCN – Endangered.
1700 Sumichrast’s Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys sumichrasti Allopatric segments in Middle American highlands: SW Jalisco and S San Luis Potosí to C Guerrero and EC Oaxaca, México; C Chiapas, México, to NC Nicaragua; C Costa Rica to W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1701 Narrow-nosed Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys tenuirostris Mountains of Chiapas, México, and C Guatemala (see Arellano and Rogers, 1994:Fig. 3; Rogers et al., 1983).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1702 Zacatecan Harvest Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodontomys zacatecae W Chihuahua to WC Michoacán, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1703 Short-tailed Singing Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Scotinomys teguina Intermediate elevations of Middle America from E Oaxaca, México, to W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1704 Long-tailed Singing Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Scotinomys xerampelinus High elevations in Cordilleras Central and Talamancae of Costa Rica to Volcán Chiriquí region in W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1705 Magdalena Woodrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Xenomys nelsoni Tropical coastal lowlands, sea level-450 m, of Colima and SW Jalisco, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1706 Ruschi’s Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrawayaomys ruschii Known from scattered localities in Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais, Brazil, and Misiones Prov., Argentina (see Massoia et al., 1991).  IUCN – Endangered.
1707 Andean Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix andinus Altiplano, generally above 3500 m, from SC Perú, through extreme W Bolivia, to NW Argentina and C Chile (as far as 34şS; Muńoz Pedreros, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Chroeomys andinus.
1708 Hershkovitz’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix hershkovitzi Outer islands of the Chilean Archipelago.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon hershkovitzi.
1709 Gray Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix illuteus NW Argentina (Jujuy, Tucumán, and Catamarca; see Díaz, 2000; Mares et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon illuteus..
1710 Ornate Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix jelskii Altiplano, about 2200-5000 m, from C Perú (see Arana-Cardó and Ascorra, 1994) to W Bolivia and NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Chroeomys jelskii.
1711 Woolly Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix lanosus Southernmost Chile and Argentina, as far north as NW Santa Cruz Prov. (see Galliari and Pardińas, 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon lanosis.
1712 Long-haired Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix longipilis C to S Chile and Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon longipilis.
1713 Wellington Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix markhami Isla Wellington, S Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon markhami.
1714 Olive-colored Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix olivaceus N Chile, south through C Chile and bordering area of westernmost Argentina, to Patagonian region of S Chile and Argentina, including Tierra del Fuego.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon olivaceus, Akodon mansoensis, and Akodon xanthorhinus.
1715 Sanborn’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Abrothrix sanborni S Chile and possibly adjacent Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon sanborni.
1716 Mérida Aepeomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Aepeomys lugens Mérida Andes of Venezuela to Andean Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1717 Reig’s Aepeomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Aepeomys reigi Venezuelan Andes (Lara and Trujillo), 1600-3230 m, W Venezuela.  
1718 Yungas Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon aerosus Upper montane forests along E Andean slopes, 1200-2000 m, in Ecuador, Perú, and C Bolivia (Anderson, 1997; Patton and Smith, 1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1719 Cordillera Occidental Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon affinis Cordillera Occidental of W Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1720 White-bellied Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon albiventer SE Perú, through SW Bolivia, to N Argentina and extreme NE Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1721 Diminutive Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon aliquantulus Known only from the type locality.  
1722 Azara’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon azarae NE and EC Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and extreme S Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1723 Bogotá Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon bogotensis Andes of NW Venezuela, E and C Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1724 Bolivian Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon boliviensis Altiplano of SE Perú to SC Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1725 Budin’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon budini Mountains of NW Argentina and SC Bolivia (see Emmons, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1726 Cursorial Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon cursor Atlantic Forest formations in SE Brazil (Bahia to Paraná) and perhaps NE Argentina (Misiones Prov., see Pardińas et al., 2003a); limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1727 Dusky Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon dayi Lowland to intermediate elevations (up to 2450 m), S Pando to WC Santa Cruz, Bolivia (Anderson, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1728 Córdoba Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon dolores C Argentina (Catamarca, Córdoba, and Santiago del Estero).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1729 Smoky Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon fumeus E Andean slopes, about 1000-3500 m, of SE Perú, WC Bolivia (Anderson, 1997), and NW Argentina (Jujuy, see Díaz and Barquez, 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1730 Patagonian Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon iniscatus WC to EC Argentina (Buenos Aires Prov., see Pardińas and Galliari, 1999), as far south as Santa Cruz Prov.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1731 Junín Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon juninensis E and W Andean slopes, above 2700 m, of C Perú, south along W slopes to Dept. Ayacucho.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1732 Koford’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon kofordi Depts. Cusco and Puno, SE Perú, 2750 to 2900 m, and Cochabamba Dept., C Bolivia, 1833-3700 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1733 Ecuadorean Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon latebricola Cordillera Oriental, ca. 2400-3840, NC Ecuador (Pichincha and Tungurahua Provs.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1734 Catamarca Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon leucolimnaeus NW Argentina; limits unknown.  
1735 Lindbergh’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon lindberghi Cerrado habitat, C and SE Brazil.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1736 Altiplano Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon lutescens High altiplano of C Perú (Puno), through W Bolivia, to NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as A. puer.
1737 Hocicudo-like Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon mimus Upper E Andean slopes, about 2000-3700 m, from SE Perú (Puno Dept.; Patton and Smith, 1992) to WC Bolivia (Cochabamba Dept.; Anderson, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1738 Molina’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon molinae S Argentina (Mendoza to Buenos Aires Provs., south to Chubut).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1739 Soft-furred Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon mollis Pacific lowlands and adjoining montane regions of N Ecuador to WC Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1740 Montane Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon montensis E Paraguay (Gamarra de Fox and Martin, 1996), NE Argentina (Pardińas et al., 2003a), and SE Brazil (Rio de Janeiro to Rio Grande do Sul, including gallery forest settings in Minas Gerais and Goiás; Geise et al., 2001; Rieger et al., 1995).  
1741 Caparaó Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon mystax Known only from highland localities, 2000-2700 m, in Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, SE Brazil.  
1742 Neuquén Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon neocenus WC Argentina; limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1743 Monte Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon oenos Known only from the type locality and vicinity, 600-1200 m, WC Argentina.  
1744 Utcubamba Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon orophilus Upper E Andean slopes, C Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1745 Paraná Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon paranaensis NE Argentina (Misiones Prov.), SE Brazil (Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul).  
1746 Tarija Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon pervalens SC Bolivia, 900-2100 m (presumably into N Argentina).  
1747 Reig’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon reigi Gallery forests of E Uruguay and extreme S Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).  
1748 Săo Paulo Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon sanctipaulensis Serra do Mar, SE Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1749 Serra do Mar Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon serrensis SE Brazil; distributional limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1750 Cochabamba Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon siberiae Known only from the vicinity of the type locality, about 1800-3000 m, Cochabamba and W Santa Cruz Depts., C Bolivia (Anderson, 1997).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1751 White-throated Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon simulator E lower Andean slopes, 650-2400 m, from SC Bolivia (Tarija; Anderson, 1997) to NW Argentina (Jujuy to Catamarca; Mares et al., 1997; Ortiz et al., 2000a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1752 Spegazzini’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon spegazzinii E Andean slopes, 400 to 1000 m, NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1753 Puno Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon subfuscus E Andean upper slopes, about 2000-4500 m, from SC Perú (Puno) to WC Bolivia (Cochabamba) (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 717; Patton and Smith, 1992:Fig. 3).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1754 Slate-bellied Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon surdus E Andes of SE Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1755 Woodland Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon sylvanus NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1756 Toba Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon toba Chaco of W Paraguay, SE Bolivia, and contiguous N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1757 Cloud Forest Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon torques E Andean cloud forest, 2000-3500 m, SE Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1758 Variable Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Akodon varius E Andean slopes, 2000-3000 m, of W Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1759 Ucayali Water Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Amphinectomys savamis Known only by the holotype.  
1760 Olrog’s Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Andalgalomys olrogi Known only from the vicinity of the type locality.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1761 Pearson’s Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Andalgalomys pearsoni Chaco of W Paraguay and SE Bolivia (Santa Cruz Dept.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1762 Roig’s Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Andalgalomys roigi Semiarid thorn scrub from Catamarca Prov. south to San Luis Prov. (Mares et al., 1997), NC Argentina.  
1763 Andean Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Andinomys edax Altiplano of extreme S Perú (Puno) and N Chile (Pine et al., 1979; Spotorno, 1976), through WC Bolivia (Anderson, 1997), to NW Argentina (Jujuy to La Rioja; Díaz and Barquez, 1999; Mares et al., 1997; Ortiz et al., 2000a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1764 Ecuadoran Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Anotomys leander N Ecuador at high elevations.  IUCN – Endangered.
1765 Bolivian Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Auliscomys boliviensis Altiplano from S Perú (Arequipa Dept.) to extreme N Chile and WC Bolivia (3450-4770 m).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1766 Colorful Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Auliscomys pictus High Andes, ca. 3500-4800 m, from C Perú (Ancash Dept.) to NW Bolivia (La Paz Dept.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1767 Lofty Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Auliscomys sublimis Altiplano from S Perú (Ayacucho Dept.), through W Bolivia (3800-4740 m) and adjacent Chile, to NW Argentina (Jujuy and Salta; Díaz, 1999).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1768 Chacoan Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Bibimys chacoensis NE Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1769 Lagoa Santa Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Bibimys labiosus Minas Gerais, Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1770 Torres’ Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Bibimys torresi EC Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1771 Blarinine Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Blarinomys breviceps Atlantic Forest region of SE Brazil (Bahia to Săo Paulo; Silva et al., 2003) and NE Argentina (Misiones Prov.; Massoia, 1993).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1772 White-nosed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius albinasus Known only from the type locality.  
1773 Gray-bellied Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius griserufescens Humid montane forest and scrub, 1300-2700 m, E Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio de Janeiro, SE Brazil.  
1774 Guaraní Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius guarani Known only from the type locality.  
1775 Red-bellied Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius igniventris Known only from the type locality.  
1776 Ihering’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius iheringi NE Argentina (Misiones) and SE Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Oxymycterus iheringi.
1777 Misiones Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius misionensis Known only from the type locality.  
1778 Arroyo of Paradise Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius paradisus Known only from the type locality.  
1779 Soricine Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Brucepattersonius soricinus Known only from several localities in Săo Paulo, SE Brazil.  
1780 Bolivian Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys boliviae E Andean slopes, ca. 600-2700 m, in WC Bolivia and NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1781 Reclusive Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys callidus EC Argentina and E Paraguay.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1782 Big Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys callosus Dry and subhumid areas in E Bolivia, N Argentina, Paraguay, and contiguous WC Brazil; isolated records in SE and E Brazil (see Salazar-Bravo et al., 2002a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1783 Caatinga Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys expulsus Caatinga and Cerrado formations from Pernambuco southwestwardly through Goiás, C Brazil.  
1784 Hummelinck’s Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys hummelincki Llanos of NE Colombia (La Guajira), N and C Venezuela, and the continental-shelf islands Curaçao and Aruba.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1785 Little Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys laucha Dry biotopes in SC Bolivia (Chaco), N and EC Argentina, W Paraguay, WC and extreme S Brazil, and Uruguay (González et al., 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1786 Graceful Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys lepidus Altiplano of C Perú, through W Bolivia (2950-4820 m), to NE Chile and NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, and Tucúman; Díaz, 1999; Ortiz et al., 2000a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1787 Drylands Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys musculinus Arid habitats over wide elevations in WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997: Fig. 738), W Paraguay, and Argentina (Jujuy and Salta as far south as Chubut; Díaz, 2000; Mares et al., 1997; Ortiz et al., 2000a; Pearson, 1995); limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1788 Peruvian Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys sorellus Peruvian Andes, above 2000 m, from Libertad to Puno Depts.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1789 Delicate Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys tener Atlantic Forest region and habitats bordering the Cerrado, SE Brazil (S Goiás, Minas Gerais, Săo Paulo), and in NE Argentina (Misiones Prov., Massoia, 1988) and E Bolivia (Anderson, 1997); range limits need refinement.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1790 Tocantins Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys tocantinsi Cerrado habitat, states of Mato Grosso and Tocantins, C Brazil.  
1791 Córdoba Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Calomys venustus WC Argentina; limits uncertain.  
1792 Magellanic Long-clawed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Chelemys delfini Southernmost Chile.  
1793 Andean Long-clawed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Chelemys macronyx S Andes along Chile-Argentina boundary, about 34°S latitude south to Straits of Magellan. Distribution in C Chile augmented by Pine et al. (1979) and in Argentina by Pearson (1995) and Teta et al. (2002).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1794 Large Long-clawed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Chelemys megalonyx C Chile, coastal region from Coquimbo Prov. south to Cautín Prov.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1795 Las Cajas Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Chibchanomys orcesi Páramo, 3100-4000 m, of the Las Cajas Plateau, S Ecuador.  
1796 Chibchan Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Chibchanomys trichotis Andean highlands in far W Venezuela, Colombia, and C Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1797 Andean Chilomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Chilomys instans N Andes, from C Ecuador (Musser et al., 1998:106), through C and N Colombia, to W Venezuela (Handley, 1976; Linares, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1798 Achallo RODENTIA Cricetidae Chinchillula sahamae Altiplano region of S Perú, W Bolivia (above 4000 m), and N Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1799 Montane Delomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Delomys collinus Middle to upper elevations, 1000-2700 m, in disjunct mountain ranges (E Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro), SE Brazil.  
1800 Striped Delomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Delomys dorsalis Atlantic Forest region of SE Brazil (Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul) and NE Argentina (Misiones).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1801 Pallid Delomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Delomys sublineatus Atlantic Forest region of SE Brazil (Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1802 Kemp’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Deltamys kempi EC Argentina, Uruguay, and SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul—González and Massoia, 1995; also see D’Elía et al., 2003:Fig. 1).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon kempi.
1803 Monte Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Eligmodontia moreni Atlantic-facing Andean slopes at intermediate elevations, NW Argentina (Salta to Neuquén Prov.); limits poorly documented.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1804 Western Patagonian Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Eligmodontia morgani W Patagonian region of S Argentina (C Neuquén and SC Río Negro Provs. south to NW Santa Cruz; see Hillard et al., 1997:Fig. 2) and adjacent Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1805 Altiplano Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Eligmodontia puerulus Altiplano, usually above 3000 m, of extreme S Perú, through NE Chile and WC Bolivia, to NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1806 Eastern Patagonian Laucha RODENTIA Cricetidae Eligmodontia typus E Patagonian region of S Argentina, Buenos Aires and La Pampa Provs. southwards to Santa Cruz.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1807 Tierra del Fuego Euneomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Euneomys chinchilloides Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, neighboring islands, and southernmost Chile (Magallanes); limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1808 Burrowing Euneomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Euneomys fossor Known only from the type locality, which is questionable as Euneomys is otherwise unrecorded this far north in Argentina (see Mares et al., 1989b).  
1809 Large Euneomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Euneomys mordax WC Argentina (Mendoza and Neuquen Provs.) and adjacent region of Chile (Santiago, Bío-Bío, and Araucanía Provs.), apparently at higher elevations (1740-3000 m); range limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1810 Peterson’s Euneomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Euneomys petersoni WC Argentina (Neuquen Prov.) and C Chile (Santiago Prov.) southwards to extreme S Argentina and adjacent Chile, excluding Tierra del Fuego; limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1811 Garlepp’s Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Galenomys garleppi Altiplano, generally above 3000 m, of S Perú, N Chile, and adjacent Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1812 Valdivian Long-clawed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Geoxus valdivianus C and S Chile (see Saavedra and Simonetti, 2001, for northern range extension), including Mocha and Chiloe Isls, to Straits of Magellan, and S Argentina (Neuquén to Santa Cruz Provs.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1813 Central Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Graomys centralis C Argentina (La Rioja, Catamarca, and Córdoba Provs.); distributional limits uncertain.  
1814 Pale Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Graomys domorum E slopes of Andes in SC Bolivia (600-3700 m) and NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1815 Otro Cerro Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Graomys edithae Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1816 Common Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Graomys griseoflavus SC Bolivia, W Paraguay, and nearby Brazil, south through W Argentina to S Chubut Prov.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1817 Dusky-footed Handley’s Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Handleyomys fuscatus Cordillera Occidental, 1700-2580 m, W Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Aepomys fuscatus.
1818 White-footed Handley’s Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Handleyomys intectus Cordillera Central, 1500-2800 m, C Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Oryzomys intectus.
1819 Brazilian Marsh Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Holochilus brasiliensis SE Brazil, Uruguay, and EC Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1820 Chacoan Marsh Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Holochilus chacarius Paraguay and NE Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1821 Amazonian Marsh Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Holochilus sciureus Broad reaches of Orinoco and Amazon River basins: Venezuela (including an isolated locality in the Maracaibo Basin, NW of the Andes; see Linares, 1998:Fig. 169), Guianas, N and C Brazil, and Amazonian regions of Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1822 Silver-bellied Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Ichthyomys hydrobates Andes of W Venezuela, Colombia, and N Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1823 Pittier’s Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Ichthyomys pittieri Cordillera Central, N Venezuela (see Linares, 1998:Fig. 164).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1824 Stolzmann’s Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Ichthyomys stolzmanni E Ecuador and Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1825 Tweedy’s Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Ichthyomys tweedii W Ecuador and C Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1826 Large-footed Irenomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Irenomys tarsalis C and S Chile (see Saavedra and Simonetti, 2000, for northern range extension), including Chiloe and Guaitecas Isls, and adjacent Argentina (Neuquén to Chubut Provs.—see Pardińas et al., 2003b; Pearson, 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1827 Contreras’ Juliomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Juliomys pictipes NE Argentina and SE Brazil (Săo Paulo and Santa Catarina).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Wilfredomys pictipes.
1828 Cleft-headed Juliomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Juliomys rimofrons Known only from the type locality, SE Brazil.  
1829 Candango Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Juscelinomys candango C Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1830 Guaporé Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Juscelinomys guaporensis Known only from the type locality.  
1831 Huanchaca Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Juscelinomys huanchacae Known only from the type locality.  
1832 Fossorial Kunsia RODENTIA Cricetidae Kunsia fronto Isolated localities in NE Argentina, and EC Brazil; range poorly documented.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1833 Woolly Kunsia RODENTIA Cricetidae Kunsia tomentosus NE Bolivia (Beni and Santa Cruz Depts.—Anderson, 1993, 1997) and WC Brazil (Mato Grosso); Pleistocene cave samples in Minas Gerais, Brazil.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1834 White-tailed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Lenoxus apicalis Cloud forest of E Andean slopes, about 1500-2500 m, in SE Perú and WC Bolivia (La Paz Dept.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1835 Southern Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Loxodontomys micropus S Andes of Chile and Argentina, from about 38°S latitude to Straits of Magellan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Auliscomys micropus.
1836 Pikumche Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Loxodontomys pikumche C Chile; limits unknown.  
1837 Lund’s Amphibious Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Lundomys molitor SE Brazil and Uruguay.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Holochilus magnus.
1838 Desmarest’s Pilorie RODENTIA Cricetidae Megalomys desmarestii Known only from Martinique.  IUCN – Extinct.
1839 Santa Lucian Pilorie RODENTIA Cricetidae Megalomys luciae Known only from Santa Lucia.  IUCN – Extinct.
1840 Galapágos Giant Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Megaoryzomys curioi Known only from late Quaternary and subfossil cave deposits (precise age indeterminate) on Santa Cruz Isl.  Dead but not forgotten.
1841 Dusky Melanomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Melanomys caliginosus Central American lowlands from easternmost Honduras through Panamá; in South America, N and W Colombia, including the Chocó (see Cadena et al., 1998), to SW Ecuador and NW Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1842 Robust Melanomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Melanomys robustulus SE Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1843 Zuniga’s Melanomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Melanomys zunigae WC Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1844 Transitional Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Microakodontomys transitorius Known only from the type locality.  
1845 Páramo Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Microryzomys altissimus Subalpine and páramo formations, mostly 2500-4000 m, in the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, and Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1846 Montane Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Microryzomys minutus Lower montane to subalpine forest, mostly 2000-3500 m, from N Venezuela, through Colombia, Ecuador and Perú, to WC Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1847 Dubost’s Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys dubosti SE Surinam, French Guiana, and Amapá, Brazil.  
1848 Guianan Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys guianae Guianas, S Venezuela, and N Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1849 Minute Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys minutus So far known from the central and lower drainage of the Rio Juruá, W Brazil; range limits require amplification.  
1850 Musser’s Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys musseri So far known from the headwaters of the Rio Juruá, SE Perú and extreme W Brazil; range limits require amplification.  
1851 Paracou Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys paracou Guianan subregion of Amazonia—SE Venezuela, through Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana, to Amapá, Brazil, and southwards to Amazonas and Pará, Brazil.  
1852 Painted Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys pictus Known only from easternmost Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1853 Common Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys spinosus WC Brazil to Andean foothills and lowlands of SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Perú, and N and C Bolivia .  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1854 Narrow-footed Neacomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neacomys tenuipes W and NC Colombia, N Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1855 Pleasant Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys amoenus Altiplano grasslands, above 3200 m, of SE Perú and W Bolivia, as far south as Tarija Dept. (Anderson, 1993).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Bolomys amoenus.
1856 Argentine Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys benefactus Isolated populations in Córdoba, La Pampa, and Buenos Aires provinces, EC Argentina.  
1857 White-chinned Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys lactens E Andean highlands, about 2100-4000 m, of SC Bolivia (see Anderson and Olds, 1989) and NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, and Tucumán Provs.; see Ortiz et al., 2000a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Bolomys lactens.
1858 Hairy-tailed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys lasiurus C Brazil south of the Amazon River, extreme SE Perú (as per Pacheco et al., 1995), and perhaps NE Argentina (see Galliari et al., 1996); limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Bolomys lasiurus.
1859 Paraguayan Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys lenguarum Chacoan formations of E Bolivia, W Paraguay, and possibly N Argentina (see Galliari et al., 1996).  
1860 Dark-furred Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys obscurus Isolated populations along coastal areas in S Uruguay (obscurus) and Buenos Aires Prov., EC Argentina (scagliarum).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Bolomys obscurus.
1861 Ecuadoran Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys punctulatus Indeterminate area of E Ecuador and perhaps Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Bolomys punctulatus.
1862 Temchuk’s Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys temchuki NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Formosa, and Chaco Provs.; see Contreras, 1982).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Bolomys temchuki.
1863 Northern Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Necromys urichi Trinidad and Tobago, highlands of N and S Venezuela, E Colombia, N Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon urichi.
1864 Western Amazonian Nectomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nectomys apicalis Westernmost Brazil (Acre and Amazonas), and contiguous lowlands and Andean foothills of C and E Ecuador, E Perú, and WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 685; Patton et al., 2000:Fig. 78); distributional limits uncertain.  
1865 Magdalena Nectomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nectomys magdalenae Basins of the Magdalena and Cauca Rivers, N Colombia.  
1866 Trinidad Nectomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nectomys palmipes Isl of Trinidad and nearby region of NE Venezuela; limits of distribution unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1867 Amazonian Nectomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nectomys rattus Amazonia—E Colombia, NW and S Venezuela, Guianas, N and C Brazil, and perhaps lowlands of E Perú; distributional limits need specimen-based verification.  IUCN – Critically Endangered as N. parvipes.
1868 Atlantic Forest Nectomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nectomys squamipes SE Brazil (Pernambuco to Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones Prov.), and E Paraguay.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1869 Red-nosed Neotomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Neotomys ebriosus Altiplano grasslands and shrubby steppe, mostly 2500-4500 m, from C Perú (Junín), south through northernmost Chile and W Bolivia, to NW Argentina (see Anderson, 1997; Bárquez, 1983; Pardińas and Ortiz, 2001; Sanborn, 1947a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1870 Darwin’s Nesoryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nesoryzomys darwini Santa Cruz (= Indefatigable) Isl.  IUCN – Extinct. Probably extinct, last recorded in 1930 (see Dowler et al., 2000; Patton and Hafner, 1983).
1871 Fernandina Nesoryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nesoryzomys fernandinae Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1872 Santa Cruz Nesoryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nesoryzomys indefessus Santa Cruz, Baltra (= South Seymour), and Fernandina (= Narborough) Isls.  IUCN – Extinct as N. indefessus, Near Threatened as N. narboroughi. Nesorysomys i. indefessus is probably extinct, none documented since 1934 (see Patton and Hafner, 1983). Populations of N. i. narboroughi on Fernandina Isl, which lacks commensal Rattus and Mus, appear stable (see Dowler et al., 2000; Patton and Hafner, 1983).
1873 Santiago Nesoryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Nesoryzomys swarthi Known only from San Salvador (= Santiago, James) Isl.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1874 Montane Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Neusticomys monticolus Andes, ca. 1800-3750 m, of W Colombia and N Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1875 Musso’s Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Neusticomys mussoi Known only from the type locality, far W Venezuela.  IUCN – Endangered.
1876 Guianan Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Neusticomys oyapocki Known only from three localities in French Guiana (Voss et al., 2001) and one in Amapá, NE Brazil (Nunes, 2002).  IUCN – Endangered.
1877 Peruvian Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Neusticomys peruviensis Known only from two localities in lowland E Perú (see Pacheco and Vivar, 1996; Pacheco et al., 1993).  IUCN – Endangered.
1878 Venezuelan Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Neusticomys venezuelae E and S Venezuela, Guyana.  IUCN – Endangered.
1879 Vespucci’s Rodent RODENTIA Cricetidae Noronhomys vespuccii Known only from the type locality.  
1880 Edward’s Long-clawed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Notiomys edwardsii S Argentina, from S Río Negro Prov. to C Santa Cruz Prov. (see Pardińas and Galliari, 1998a:Fig. 5).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1881 Guianan Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys auyantepui SC Venezuela eastwards through the Guianas to Amapá, Brazil and southwards to Amazonas, Brazil, north of Amazon River.  
1882 White-bellied Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys bicolor E Panamá to W Colombia and Ecuador; Venezuela, Guianas, N and C Brazil; Amazonian drainage of Bolivia, Perú, Ecuador, and Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1883 Atlantic Forest Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys catherinae Atlantic Forest Region of SE Brazil, Bahia to Santa Catarina, and along riverine forest into Cerrado and Caatinga regions; limits poorly documented.  
1884 Cleber’s Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys cleberi Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1885 Unicolored Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys concolor S Venezuela south of the llanos (see Linares, 1998:Fig 142), NW Brazil, E Colombia, and NE Bolivia (as per Anderson, 1997); range limits poorly documented.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1886 Tawny Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys flavicans Coastal Range and Cordillera de Mérida of N and W Venezuela (see Linares, 1998:Map 140), west to Sierra de Santa Marta of NE Columbia, perhaps including the Cordillera Oriental.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1887 Marmore Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys mamorae N and C Bolivia, N Paraguay, and WC Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1888 Brazilian Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys paricola C Brazil south of the Amazon River; range limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1889 Dusky Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys phaeotis E slopes of Peruvian Andes; limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1890 Regal Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys rex Far E Venezuela (Bolívar; see Linares, 1998), Guianas, and NE Brazil north of the Amazon (Amapá and Amazonas).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1891 Robert’s Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys roberti S Venezuela, Guianas, and Amazonian region of W Brazil, E Perú, and extreme N Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1892 Reddish Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys rutilus Extreme E Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana to Amazonas, Brazil (see Voss et al., 2001:Fig. 60).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1893 Savannah Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys speciosus Savannahs of NE Colombia, C and N Venezuela, and Trinidad.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1894 Large Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys superans Lower Andean slopes of E Colombia, Ecuador, and Perú, including contiguous lowlands of W Amazonia (see Patton et al., 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1895 Long-furred Oecomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oecomys trinitatis Tropical rainforests from SW Costa Rica to C Brazil, including Guianas, Trinidad and Tobago; E Andean slopes of WC Colombia to SC Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1896 Andean Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys andinus W Perú and WC Bolivia; geographic and altitudinal limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1897 Sandy Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys arenalis Arid and semiarid coastal plain of Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1898 Brenda’s Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys brendae Tucumán, Salta, and Catamarca Provs., NW Argentina.  
1899 Chacoan Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys chacoensis Dryer habitats of SE Bolivia, W Paraguay, SW Brazil, and N Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1900 Large Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys delticola EC Argentina, Uruguay, and S Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1901 Tschudi’s Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys destructor E Andean slopes of S Colombia, through Ecuador, Perú, and WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 691), to NW Argentina (Tucumán Prov. as per OMNH 1062, 1106, 1140, 2205, 2239, 2734).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1902 Brazilian Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys eliurus C and SE Brazil; range limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1903 Flavescent Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys flavescens E Paraguay (Bonvicino and Weksler, 1998), SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul to Bahia), Uruguay, and N to SC Argentina; range limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1904 Fornes’ Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys fornesi NE Argentina, E Paraguay, and SC Brazil (Goiás to Paraíba; Bonvicino and Weksler, 1998).  
1905 Fulvous Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys fulvescens W and E versants of S México, through Central America, to Ecuador, N and C Venezuela, Guianas, and northernmost Brazil in South America.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1906 Grizzled Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys griseolus Táchira Andes of extreme W Venezuela and Cordillera Oriental of E Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1907 Long-tailed Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys longicaudatus N Chile and NW Argentina, southwards along Andes to approximately to 50°S latitude; extralimital in EC Argentina (Buenos Aires Prov.); range limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1908 Patagonian Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys magellanicus S Patagonian region of Chile and Argentina, including Tierra del Fuego.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1909 Small-eared Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys microtis Amazon Basin of Brazil and contiguous lowlands of Perú, Bolivia, and Paraguay.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1910 Black-footed Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys nigripes E Paraguay, N Argentina, and Atlantic Forest region, C and SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul to Paraíba, interior to Goías and Distrito Federal; also Ilha Grande; see Andrades-Miranda et al., 2001a, and Bonvicino and Weksler, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1911 Straw-colored Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys stramineus Cerrado (Goiás and Minas Gerais) and Caatinga (Paraíba and Pernambuco) formations of NE and C Brazil (see Bonvicino and Weksler, 1998:Fig. 7).  
1912 Sprightly Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys vegetus Lower montane and montane wet forests, 840-3000 m, in C Costa Rica and W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1913 St. Vincent Colilargo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oligoryzomys victus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Endangered.
1914 White-throated Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys albigularis Montane forests of N and W Venezuela, easternmost Panamá, Andes of Colombia and Ecuador, to N Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1915 Alfaro’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys alfaroi Lowland to lower montane forests from S Tamaulipas and Oaxaca, México, through Middle America, to W Colombia and Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1916 Angouya Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys angouya SE Brazil, NE Argentina, and E Paraguay.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as O. buccinatus and O. ratticeps.
1917 Golden-bellied Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys auriventer E Ecuador and N Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1918 Ecuadoran Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys balneator E and S Ecuador, N Perú; range extent uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1919 Long-whiskered Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys bolivaris Lowland evergreen to lower montane cloud forest from E Honduras, through E Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panamá, to W Colombia and WC Ecuador (see Musser et al., 1998:Fig. 50); about sea level to 1800 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1920 Costa Central Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys caracolus Costa Central cordilleras, NC Venezuela (Aragua, Miranda, Distrito Federal).  
1921 Chapman’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys chapmani Cloud forest elevations of Sierra Madre Oriental (Tamaulipas to Veracruz), Sistema Montańosa (N Oaxaca), and Sierra Madre del Sur (S Oaxaca and Guerrero), México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1922 Coues’ Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys couesi Extreme S Texas, USA; México, excluding NC plateau region, south through most of Central America (see Platt et al., 2000, for Belize records), to NW Colombia (see Hershkovitz, 1987); including Jamaica, Isla Cozumel, and allopatric populations in S Baja California Sur (peninsulae) and WC Sonora (lambi).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1923 Curaçao Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys curasoae Known only from Curaçao Isl.  Extinct; found in old owl-pellet deposits together with Rattus rattus, indicating that extinction transpired some time after initial European contact in 1499 (McFarlane and Debrot, 2001).
1924 Talamancan Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys devius Highlands of Costa Rica and westernmost Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1925 Nicaraguan Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys dimidiatus SE Nicaragua.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1926 Emmons’ Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys emmonsae EC Brazil, south of the Rio Amazonas between the lower reaches of the Xingu and Tocantins Rivers.  
1927 Galapagos Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys galapagoensis San Cristobal (= Chatham) and Sante Fe (= Barrington) Isls.  IUCN – Extinct as O. g. galapagoensis, Vulnerable as G. g. bauri.
1928 Gorgas’ Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys gorgasi Lowlands of NW Colombia and NW Venezuela as so far known.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1929 Hammond’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys hammondi NW Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1930 Keays’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys keaysi Montane rainforest of E Peruvian Andes.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1931 Buffy-sided Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys lamia Limited to Cerrado in Minas Gerais and Goiás states, C Brazil (see Bonvicino et al., 1998a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Considered vulnerable by Bonvicino et al. (1998a).
1932 Atlantic Forest Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys laticeps Atlantic Forest region of SE Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as O. oniscus.
1933 Tarija Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys legatus E Andean slopes of SC Bolivia and NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1934 Nimble-footed Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys levipes Cloud forest of SE Perú to WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 696).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1935 MacConnell’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys macconnelli Tropical evergreen rain forest, sea level to 1524 m, of SC Colombia, E Ecuador and Perú, eastwards to S Venezuela, Guianas, and N Brazil (see Musser et al., 1998:Fig. 78).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1936 Maracaju Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys maracajuensis Definitely known only from the type locality, S Brazil, but probably occurs in E Paraguay; limits unknown.  
1937 Marinho’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys marinhus Known only from the type locality in the Cerrado, SC Brazil.  
1938 Azara’s Broad-headed Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys megacephalus Lowland tropical rainforests of E Amazonia—E and S Venezuela, Guianas, N and C Brazil, E Paraguay; including Trinidad; western limits indeterminate.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1939 Black-eared Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys melanotis Low to intermediate elevations of W México, from S Sinaloa to SW Oaxaca.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1940 Mérida Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys meridensis Sierra de Mérida, W Venezuela.  
1941 Nelson’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys nelsoni Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Extinct; known only by the 4 specimens of the type series and presumed to be extinct (see Wilson, 1991).
1942 Elegant Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys nitidus Lowland rain forest and Andean foothills, 50-1985 m, of E Perú, E Bolivia, and WC Brazil (Acre and Mato Grosso) (See Musser et al., 1998:Fig. 79; Patton et al., 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1943 Marsh Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys palustris SE USA—SE Kansas, S Illinois, and S New Jersey, south, avoiding the Appalachian Mtns, to E and coastal Texas, along the Gulf coast, and into peninsular Florida and lower Florida Keys.  U.S. ESA—Endangered in the lower Florida Keys (west of the Seven Mile Bridge) as O. p. natator; IUCN – Data Deficient as O. p. natator, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
1944 Western Amazonian Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys perenensis E Andean foothills and western margins of the Amazon Basin, including C and SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Perú, E Bolivia, and WC Brazil (see Patton et al., 2000:Fig. 96); eastern limits indeterminate.  
1945 Marańon Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys polius NC Perú (Amazonas, Cajamarca, Piura).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1946 Highland Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys rhabdops Highlands of S Chiapas, México, and C Guatemala.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1947 Long-nosed Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys rostratus Deciduous and evergreen tropical forests from C Tamaulipas to Oaxaca and Yucatán Peninsula, México, through Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras (see Lee and Bradley, 1992), to S Nicaragua (see Jones and Engstrom, 1986).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1948 Russet Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys russatus E Paraguay, SE Brazil (Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), and NE Argentina (as per Massoia, 1975; Musser et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as O. intermedius and O. kelloggi.
1949 Cloud Forest Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys saturatior Cloud forest elevations from S Oaxaca and Chiapas, México, through Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, to NC Nicaragua.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1950 Lindbergh’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys scotti Cerrado of Matto Grosso do Sul to Goiás and W Minas Gerais, C Brazil (Langguth and Bonvicino, 2002:Fig. 1).  
1951 Seuánez’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys seuanezi Atlantic Forest, SE Brazil.  
1952 Flavescent Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys subflavus Lowland forests of E Brazil (Ceará and Río Grande do Norte southwestwardly to Săo Paulo), E Bolivia (less than 500 m, per Anderson, 1997), and extreme SE Peru (as buccinatus, per Pacheco et al., 1995); limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1953 Transandean Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys talamancae Forested lowlands, sea level to 1525 m, from NW Costa Rica, through Panamá, to W and NC Colombia, W Ecuador, and N Venezuela (see Musser et al., 1998:Fig. 66).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1954 Tate’s Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys tatei Known from only three localities along E Andean foothills, 1128-1524 m, of C Ecuador.  
1955 Yellowish Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys xanthaeolus WC Ecuador to W Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1956 Amazonian Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Oryzomys yunganus Evergreen rain forest of Amazonia, sea level-2000 m, from Guianas and S Venezuela (Ochoa et al., 1988) to C Brazil, including lowlands and Andean foothills of C Colombia, E Ecuador, E Perú, and N Bolivia (see Musser et al., 1998:Fig. 14).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1957 Akodont-like Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus akodontius NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1958 Amazonian Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus amazonicus Lower Amazon Basin, south of the Rio Amazonas between the Rios Tocantins and Madeira, C Brazil, as least as far south as NW Mato Grosso (per additional localities reported by Musser et al., 1998:239).  
1959 Angular Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus angularis Extreme E Brazil (Alagoas, Ceará, Pernambuco).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1960 Mt Caparaó Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus caparoae Humid montane forest and secondary vegetation, 1800-2700 m, E Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio de Janeiro, SE Brazil (see Bonvicino et al., 1998b).  
1961 Atlantic Forest Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus dasytrichus Atlantic Forest region of SE Brazil (Bahia to Săo Paulo; see Hoffmann et al., 2002, Pereira et al., 2001).  
1962 Paraguayan Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus delator E Paraguay, SC Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1963 Small Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus hiska E Andean slopes in SE Peru and NW Bolivia (La Paz and Cochabamba Depts.), 610-3500.  IUCN – Vulnerable
1964 Hispid Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus hispidus SE Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1965 Quechuan Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus hucucha Known only from the type locality and vicinity, about 2600-3000 m, C Bolivia.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
1966 Inca Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus inca SC Perú to N Bolivia, as far south as Cochabamba and W Santa Cruz Depts. (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 727).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1967 Cook’s Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus josei SW Uruguay, south of the Río Negro.  
1968 Long-nosed Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus nasutus Uruguay and adjacent SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul to Săo Paulo).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1969 Yungas Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus paramensis Middle to upper E Andean slopes, ca. 1000-4000 m, in SE Perú, WC Bolivia, and NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1970 Quaestor Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus quaestor NE Argentina (Misiones), SE Brazil (N Rio Grande do Sul to Rio de Janeiro), and perhaps extreme E Paraguay.  
1971 Robert’s Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus roberti Vicinity of type locality; range limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1972 Rufous Hocicudo RODENTIA Cricetidae Oxymycterus rufus EC Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1973 Gerbilline Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Paralomys gerbillus Sechura Desert, NW Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Phyllotis gerbillus.
1974 Pearson’s Long-clawed Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Pearsonomys annectens Known only from the type locality and vicinity but may inhabit other areas of the Valdivian temperate rainforest zone, WC Chile.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
1975 Rusty Phaenomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Phaenomys ferrugineus Known only from a restricted area in the Serra do Mar, Rio de Janeiro and Săo Paulo states, S Brazil.  IUCN – Endangered.
1976 Peruvian Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis amicus Coast and lower Pacific slopes of W Perú, Depts. Piura (see Lavrentchenko and Dmitriev, 1994) to Ayacucho.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1977 Andean Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis andium E and W Andean slopes from C Ecuador (Tungurahua) to C Perú (Lima).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1978 Bonaerense Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis bonariensis EC Argentina; limits uncertain.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1979 Capricorn Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis caprinus Upper slopes of E Andes, about 2100-3750 m, from SC Bolivia to northernmost Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1980 Darwin’s Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis darwini Coastal WC Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1981 Ancash Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis definitus Andes of Ancash, Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1982 Ecuadoran Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis haggardi Andes of C Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1983 Lima Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis limatus Western coast and contiguous Pacific slopes of the Andes, sea level- 4000 m, from WC Perú to N Chile (see Steppan, 1998:Fig. 5).  
1984 Majestic Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis magister Upper Pacific slopes of Andes from C Perú (see Arana-Cardó and Ascorra, 1994) to N Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1985 Osgood’s Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis osgoodi Altiplano of NE Chile.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1986 Bunchgrass Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis osilae Upper Andean slopes on Atlantic drainage, from SC Perú (Cuzco), through W Bolivia (1700-4900 m), to N Argentina (Catamarca).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1987 Wolffsohn’s Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis wolffsohni Upper E Andean slopes in WC Bolivia, 1300-3875 m (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 750).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1988 Yellow-rumped Pericote RODENTIA Cricetidae Phyllotis xanthopygus WC Perú, in and along the Andes to Santa Cruz Prov., S Argentina, and adjacent Magallanes Prov., S Chile; latitudinal (15-51şS) and altitudinal ranges (sea level-5600 m) exceptional as currently defined (see Kramer et al., 1999:Fig. 3, for extent of geographic races).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1989 Roraima Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Podoxymys roraimae Guyana and adjacent portions of Venezuela and Brazil (as per Fonseca et al., 1996). Probably occurs on other neighboring tepuis within Venezuela (Linares, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1990 False Oryzomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Pseudoryzomys simplex EC Bolivia, NE Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Sante Fe; Pardińas et al., in litt.), and W Paraguay, to E Brazil (Pernambuco).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1991 Eastern Puna Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Punomys kofordi Cordillera Oriental, above 4500 m, S Perú.  
1992 Western Puna Mouse RODENTIA Cricetidae Punomys lemminus Cordillera Occidental, above 4400 m, S Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1993 Hairy-soled Conyrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodon auritus Isolated records in the Pampean region, N and C Argentina; more or less continuously distributed over the Patagonian region, sea level-3000 m, from C Argentina and adjacent Chile through Tierra del Fuego (see Ortiz et al., 2000; Pardińas and Galliari, 2001:Fig. 3).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1994 Naked-soled Conyrat RODENTIA Cricetidae Reithrodon typicus EC Argentina (Entre Ríos and Corrientes), Uruguay, and extreme S Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).  
1995 Long-tongued Rhagomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhagomys longilingua Dense forest of E Andean slopes, 450-2100 m, SE Perú (Cusco and Madre de Dios Depts.).  
1996 Rufescent Rhagomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhagomys rufescens Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
1997 Mexican Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Rheomys mexicanus Oaxaca, México.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
1998 Goldman’s Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Rheomys raptor Isolated segments in highlands of C Costa Rica and W Panamá (hartmanni), and in E Panamá (raptor).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
1999 Thomas’ Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Rheomys thomasi Highlands of S México (Chiapas), Guatemala, and El Salvador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2000 Underwood’s Ichthyomyine RODENTIA Cricetidae Rheomys underwoodi Highlands of C Costa Rica and W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2001 Southern Andean Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys austrinus Lower E Andean slopes and foothills, about 350-1750 m, from La Paz Dept., WC Bolivia, south to Jujuy Prov., NW Argentina.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2002 Colombian Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys caucensis Middle to high elevations, 2200-3500 m, W Andes of Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2003 Coues’ Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys couesi Moist lowland forest that follows an arc from Trinidad, through N and WC Venezuela, to C Colombia (Meta).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2004 Eastern Amazon Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys emiliae E Amazonia, principally in Pará and Mato Grosso east of the Rio Xingu and as far south as Serra do Roncador, C Brazil.  
2005 Tawny-bellied Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys fulviventer Isolated populations in the Andes of SW and C Colombia, and W and NE Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2006 Gardner’s Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys gardneri Westernmost Brazil (Acre) and lowlands of SE Perú, perhaps including the valley of the Río Ucayali.  
2007 Broad-footed Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys latimanus Mid-elevation Andean forests, about 450-2200 m, of C and W Colombia, C Ecuador, and extreme N Perú; allopatric populations in easternmost Panamá.  IUCN – Vulnerable as R. scandens, Lower Risk (lc) as R. latimanus.
2008 White-footed Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys leucodactylus Guianas, S Venezuela, N and C Brazil, Ecuador, Perú, and WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1993); extralimital in W Ecuador and NW Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2009 Tepui Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys macconnelli Highlands of S Venezuela (Bolívar and Amazonas) and neighboring parts of N Brazil and W Guyana.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2010 Long-tailed Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys macrurus Gallery and semideciduous forests of the cerrado-caatinga biomes (Ceará southwestwards to E Mato Grosso and Minas Gerais), C Brazil.  
2011 Atlantic Forest Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys mastacalis Atlantic Forest region, SE Brazil (Pernambuco to Săo Paulo).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2012 Peruvian Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys modicus Middle elevations, 700-1800 m, of E Andean slopes, C Perú  
2013 Guianan Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys nitela Amazonian lowlands in S Venezuela, Guianas, and NC Brazil. The reports of the species in Bolivia (Anderson, 1997) and Colombia (Tribe, 1996) cannot be confirmed, and the species appears to be confined to Amazonia east of the Rios Negro-Madeira as so far documented (see Voss et al., 2001).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2014 Buff-bellied Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys ochrogaster Known only from the type locality and vicinity, SE Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2015 Venezuelan Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys venezuelae Mountains of N and W Venezuela, including Trinidad and Tobago, and E Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2016 Mérida Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys venustus Isolated populations in mountains of W and N Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2017 Wetzel’s Rhipidomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Rhipidomys wetzeli Highlands in S Venezuela (Bolívar and Amazonas) and N Brazil (as per Fonseca et al., 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2018 Delicate Salinomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Salinomys delicatus Scrublands associated with salt flats, 380-412 m, WC Argentina (San Juan and San Luis).  
2019 Argentine Swamp Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Scapteromys aquaticus EC Argentina and E Paraguay.  
2020 Uruguay Swamp Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Scapteromys tumidus Southernmost Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2021 Short-nosed Scolomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Scolomys melanops E Ecuador and NE Perú (Gómez-Laverde et al., 2004:Fig.1; Hice, 2001).  IUCN – Endangered.
2022 Long-nosed Scolomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Scolomys ucayalensis S Colombia, NE Peru, and westernmost Brazil (Acre and Amazonas) (Gómez-Laverde et al., 2004:Fig. 1).  IUCN – Endangered.
2023 Allen’s Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon alleni W México, from S Sinaloa to S Oaxaca.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2024 Alston’s Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon alstoni Intermittently distributed in savannas over NE Colombia, N and E Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, and N Brazil (regional aspects of range amplified by Husson, 1978; Linares, 1998; and Voss, 1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2025 Arizona Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon arizonae Extreme SE California, SC Arizona, and extreme SW New Mexico, USA; south along coastal plain and adjoining foothills, sea level-1900 m, in W México to S Nayarit.  IUCN – Extinct as S. a. arizonae, Lower Risk (nt) as S. a. plenus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
2026 Tawny-bellied Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon fulviventer SE Arizona, WC New Mexico, and SW Texas (see Stangl, 1992), USA, south through interior México to Guanajuato and NW Michoacán.  IUCN – Extinct as S. f. goldmani, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
2027 Southern Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon hirsutus Nicaragua to C Panamá, Central America; in South America to N Colombia and N Venezuela (see Linares, 1998:Fig. 171); northern limits uncertain.  
2028 Hispid Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon hispidus SE USA, from S Nebraska to C Virginia and south to SE Arizona and peninsular Florida; NW Chihuahua to N Tamaulipas, south through interior México at least to C Zacatecas and W San Luis Potosí (southern limits with respect to S. mascotensis and S. toltecus need reverification).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. h. eremicus and S. h. insulicola, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
2029 Ecuadorian Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon inopinatus Known only from high Andes in Azuay and Chimborazo provinces, Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2030 White-eared Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon leucotis Interior México, from SW Chihuahua and S Nuevo Leon to C Oaxaca.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2031 West Mexican Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon mascotensis W México, from S Nayarit and SW Zacatecas southwards to extreme SW Chiapas; along interior arid basins as far east as W Hidalgo, W Puebla, and NW Oaxaca (see Carleton et al., 1999:Fig. 16).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2032 Yellow-nosed Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon ochrognathus SE Arizona, extreme SW New Mexico, and Transpecos, Texas, USA, south to C Durango, México; northern outlier population may persist in Guadalupe Mtns, Transpecos, Texas (see Stangl and Dalquest, 1991).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2033 Peruvian Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon peruanus Pacific coastal plain and contiguous Andean foothills of W Ecuador and NW Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2034 Miahuatlán Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon planifrons As so far known, limited to Sierra de Miahuatlán, S Oaxaca, México.  
2035 Toltec Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon toltecus Foothills and lowlands of E México, across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, into the Yucatán Peninsula and N Guatemala; range limits require vouchered documentation.  
2036 Montane Cotton Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodon zanjonensis Highlands of Chiapas, México, and Guatemala.  
2037 Short-tailed Sigmodontomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodontomys alfari Lowland forest from E Honduras to Panamá; C and W Colombia to NW Venezuela and NW Ecuador (see Musser et al., 1998:Fig. 51).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2038 Long-tailed Sigmodontomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Sigmodontomys aphrastus Known only from the type locality, Chiriqui Prov. in W Panamá, and Pichincha Prov. in NC Ecuador (Voss, 1988:423).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2039 Primordial Tapecua RODENTIA Cricetidae Tapecomys primus So far known only from the type locality, SE Bolivia.  
2040 Cerrado Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Thalpomys cerradensis Cerrado of C Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2041 Hairy-eared Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Thalpomys lasiotis Cerrado of C Brazil.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2042 Ebony Akodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Thaptomys nigrita SE Brazil (Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, and NE Argentina (Misiones).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Akodon nigrita.
2043 Apeco Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys apeco Known only from the type locality and vicinity, in upper montane forest, 3250-3380 m, NC Perú.  
2044 Golden Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys aureus Andean forests, about 2400-4000 m, from far W Venezuela (see Linares, 1998:Fig. 152) and E Colombia, through Ecuador and Peru, to WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 702); vouchered documentation of range needed.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2045 Short-faced Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys baeops W Andes of Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2046 Silky Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys bombycinus Cordillera Occidental of Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2047 White-tipped Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys caudivarius Andes of C and S Ecuador (Bolivar and El Oro Provs. as per Luna and Pacheco, 2002).  
2048 Ashy-bellied Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys cinereiventer Upper Andean elevations in Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2049 Olive-gray Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys cinereus N Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2050 Cinnamon-colored Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys cinnameus Cordillera Oriental, ca. 2400-3800 m, NC Ecuador (Tungurahua and Napo Provs.).  
2051 Daphne’s Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys daphne E Andean slopes from S Perú to WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997:Fig. 703).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2052 Peruvian Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys eleusis NC Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2053 Wandering Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys erro Cordillera Oriental, 2400-3600 m, NC Ecuador.  
2054 Gracile Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys gracilis Andes of SE Perú, about 2750-4300 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2055 Hudson’s Thomaomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys hudsoni Known only from the type locality, S Ecuador.  
2056 Woodland Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys hylophilus Cordillera Oriental, E Colombia, and Cordillera de Mérida, W Venezuela (see Linares, 1998:Fig. 150).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2057 Black-eared Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys incanus Andes of C Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2058 Long-tailed Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys ischyrus N to C Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2059 Kalinowski’s Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys kalinowskii Andes of C Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2060 Ladew’s Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys ladewi Known only from a restricted region in La Paz Dept., Andes of NW Bolivia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2061 Soft-furred Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys laniger Andes of C Colombia and adjacent W Venezuela (see Linares, 1998:Fig. 149).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2062 Large-eared Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys macrotis Known only from the Pampa del Cuy Valley, in upper montane elfin forest, 3250-3380 m, NC Perú.  
2063 Unicolored Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys monochromos Extreme NE Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2064 White-footed Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys niveipes Depts. Boyacá and Cundinamarca, above 2900 m, C Colombia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2065 Dusky-footed Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys notatus SE Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2066 Ashaninka Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys onkiro Known only from elfin forest at the type locality, S Peru.  
2067 Montane Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys oreas SC Perú (Pacheco et al., 1993) and WC Bolivia (La Paz; Anderson, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2068 Páramo Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys paramorum Páramo and páramo-forest ecotone of high Andes, Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2069 Popayán Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys popayanus Andes of W and C Colombia.  
2070 Cajamarca Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys praetor NW Perú; limits uncertain.  
2071 Reddish-backed Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys pyrrhonotus Andes of S Ecuador and NW Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2072 Rhoads’s Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys rhoadsi Andes of NC Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2073 Rosalinda’s Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys rosalinda NC Perú.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2074 Sylvan Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys silvestris Andes of NC Ecuador (Pichincha Prov.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2075 Taczanowski’s Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys taczanowskii Isolated localities in NW Perú and WC Bolivia (see Anderson, 1993).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2076 Ucucha Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys ucucha Crest of Cordillera Oriental, 3350-3700 m, NC Ecuador (Napo and Pichincha Provs.).  
2077 Mérida Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys vestitus Mérida Andes, ca. 1600-2400 m, W Venezuela (see Linares, 1998:Fig. 151).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2078 Pichincha Thomasomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Thomasomys vulcani Ecuadoran Andes, range uncertain.  
2079 Red-nosed Wiedomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Wiedomys pyrrhorhinos SE Brazil, from Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2080 Rufous-nosed Wilfredomys RODENTIA Cricetidae Wilfredomys oenax SE Brazil to N and C Uruguay.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2081 Short-tailed Zygodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Zygodontomys brevicauda Savannas from SE Costa Rica through Panamá, Colombia, Venezuela, and the Guianas, to Brazil north of the Amazon River; including Trinidad and Tobago and smaller continental-shelf islands adjacent Panamá and Venezuela.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2082 Brown Zygodont RODENTIA Cricetidae Zygodontomys brunneus Intermontane valleys of N Colombia, 350-1300 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2083 Sumichrast’s Vesper Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Nyctomys sumichrasti Lowland and lower montane forests from S Jalisco and S Veracruz, Mexico, south to C Panama, excluding the Yucatán Peninsula.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2084 Yucatán Vesper Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Otonyctomys hatti Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico, south to N Belize and NE Guatemala (Peten Dept.).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2085 Big-eared Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Ototylomys phyllotis C Costa Rica north to Yucatán Peninsula, S Tabasco, and N Chiapas, Mexico; isolated record from NC Guerrero, Mexico.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2086 Chiapan Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Tylomys bullaris Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2087 Fulvous-bellied Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Tylomys fulviventer Easternmost Panama.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2088 Mira Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Tylomys mirae W Colombia and NW Ecuador.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2089 Peter’s Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Tylomys nudicaudus C Guerrero and C Veracruz, Mexico, south to S Nicaragua, excluding Yucatan Peninsula.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2090 Panamá Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Tylomys panamensis Easternmost Panamá (see Goldman, 1920).  IUCN – Vulnerable
2091 Tumbalá Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Tylomys tumbalensis Known from isolated localites in Chiapas, S México (see Espinoza M. et al., 1999a, b).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2092 Watson’s Climbing Rat RODENTIA Cricetidae Tylomys watsoni Costa Rica and W Panamá.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2093 Western Saharan Spiny mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys airensis Recorded from S Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Chad (Bâ et al., 2001; Barome et al., 1998, 2000; Dobigny et al., 2001a, b, 2002b, 2003; Le Berre, 1990; Tranier et al., 1999).  
2094 Northeast African Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys cahirinus NE Africa: Libya, Egypt (Osborn and Helmy, 1980), Sinai Peninsula (Saleh and Basuony, 1998), N Sudan, Ethiopia (identified by chromosomal traits; Sokolov et al., 1992, 1993), and Djibouti (Pearch et al., 2001); see Bates (1994); W and S distributional limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2095 Chudeau’s Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys chudeaui Western Sahara: Recorded from C Morocco (mapped by Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986, as cahirinus) and W Mauritania (Benazzou, 1983; Le Berre, 1990); geographic limits unresolved.  
2096 Turkish Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys cilicicus Known only from the type locality (Bates, 1994).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2097 Gray Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys cineraceus C and S Sudan, N Uganda, C and S Ethiopia (specimens in USNM), and Djibouti (Pearch et al., 2001); distributional limits unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2098 Eastern Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys dimidiatus Sinai Peninsula of Egypt (Saleh and Basuony, 1998, as cahirinus), Jordan, Israel (Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999, as cahirinus), Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen (Al-Jumaily, 1998, as cahirinus), Oman, United Arab Emirates (Stuart and Stuart, 1995, as cahirinus), S Iraq, S Iran, and S Pakistan. The range (see Bates, 1994) is basically east of the distribution of the morphologically similar North African A. cahirinus.  carmeliensisHaas, 1952; flavidus Thomas, 1917; hispidus (Brandts, 1827); homericus Thomas, 1923; megalotis (Lichtenstein, 1829); whitei Harrison, 1980.
2099 Fiery Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys ignitus Usambara Mtns in NE Tanzania (specimens in FMNH), and Kenya (F. Petter, 1983, reports the species from Somalia but gives no exact locality). See Bates (1994); range limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2100 Johan’s Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys johannis Burkina Faso, S Niger, Nigeria, N Benin, and N Cameroon; limits of geographic range unresolved.  
2101 Kemp’s Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys kempi S Ethiopia, S Somalia, Kenya and NE Tanzania (samples in FMNH and USNM); also see Bates (1994); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2102 Louise’s Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys louisae Somalia and Djibouti; see Bates (1994); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2103 Crete Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys minous Endemic to Crete (Greece); see Bates (1994).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
2104 Mullah Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys mullah Ethiopia and Somalia; see Bates (1994); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2105 Cyprus Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys nesiotes Cyprus; see in Bates (1994).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
2106 Percival’s Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys percivali S Sudan (east of White Nile), E Uganda, SW Ethiopia, and Kenya; see Bates (1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2107 Golden Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys russatus Egypt east of the Nile (Osborn and Helmy, 1980), S and E Sinai (Haim and Tchernov, 1974; Nevo, 1989; Saleh and Basuony, 1998), Jordan, Israel (Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999), Saudi Arabia, N Yemen (Al-Jumaily, 1998), and Oman (Harrison and Bates, 1991); see Bates (1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2108 Seurat’s Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys seurati Recorded only from mountains of S Algeria, in Hoggar, Mouydir and Tassili n’Ajjers (Bates, 1994; Kowalski and Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991).  
2109 Southern African Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys spinosissimus NE Tanzania (Amani; series in USNM) and EC Tanzania (Kilosa and Morogoro regions; specimens in FMNH and MNHN), SE Dem. Rep. Congo, Zambia, Malawi (Chitaukali et al., 2001, on Nyika Plateau; Denys et al., 1999), Zimbabwe, E Botswana, C Mozambique, and N and NW South Africa; see Bates (1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2110 Cape Spiny Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys subspinosus South Africa; restricted to Western Cape Province (Bates, 1994; Dippenaar and Rautenbach, 1986; Skinner and Smithers, 1990).  IUCN – Least Concern.
2111 Wilson’s Spiny mouse RODENTIA Muridae Acomys wilsoni S Sudan, S Ethiopia, S Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, and south to EC Tanzania (Kondoa; specimens in AMNH); see Bates (1994); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2112 Congo Forest Rat RODENTIA Muridae Deomys ferrugineus Uganda, Rwanda, Dem. Rep. Congo, SW Central African Republic, S Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (including Bioko).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2113 Dark-colored Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys aquilus Lowland and montane habitats from NE Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998) throughout the Dem. Rep. Congo, Rwanda (Corti et al., 2000; Monfort, 1992) and Burundi (Maddalena et al., 1989) to Uganda (Delaney, 1975), Kenya (Hollister, 1919; except montane habitats on Aberdare Range and Mt Kenya; see account of L. zena), and south through Tanzania (Swinnerton and Hayman, 1951; except Mt Meru; see account of L. verhageni) to Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988), N Zambia (Ansell, 1978), and NE Mozambique (Smithers and Lobăo Tello, 1976); recorded as either L. aquilus or L. flavopunctatus in faunal accounts.  IUCN – Data Deficient as L. cinereus.
2114 Angolan Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys angolensis Lowland tropical evergreen rain forest and mountain forest (disturbed and highly disturbed secondary and primary formations) along rim of C rainforest block in SW Dem. Rep. Congo (500 m), and W highlands of Angola (1000-2600 m); see W. Verheyen et al. (2000).  
2115 Ansorge’s Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys ansorgei West Africa from lower reaches of the Congo River in E Dem. Rep. Congo (Boma, Kinshasa) and possibly S Cameroon, and in E Africa from Uganda through W Kenya to N Tanzania.  
2116 Short-tailed Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys brevicaudus Endemic to SC Ethiopian highlands on east side of Ethiopian Rift Valley between 2400 and 3750 m; recorded from the Chilalo and Gedeb Mtns by Osgood (1936) and from the Bale Mtns by Lavrenchenko et al. (1998b).  
2117 Thomas’s Ethiopian Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys brunneus Endemic to S Ethiopia on highlands west of the Rift Valley, from the Simien Mtns in the north to Manno-Jimma in the south (see specimens examined in W. Verheyen et al., 2002).  
2118 Ethiopian Forest Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys chrysopus Endemic to Ethiopia in montane forests of the E and W plateaus (separated by the Ethiopian Rift Valley); probably occurs in most forests of the SW mountains (Lavrenchenko et al., 1998b).  
2119 Mount Oku Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys dieterleni Recorded by five specimens collected in 1967 from the type locality, an isolated patch of forest on Mt. Oku (W. Verheyen et al., 1997).  
2120 Dudu’s Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys dudui Dem. Rep. Congo, lowland tropical evergreen rainforest on right side of Congo River from Kisangani area east to W foothills of the Western Rift Mtns, from the Garamba-Blukwa-Djugu region in NE Dem. Rep. Congo to Irangi in the south (details and localities provided by W. Verheyen et al., 2002).  
2121 Mount Lefo Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys eisentrauti An isolated patch of montane forest on Mt Lefo and so far recorded only from the type locality.  
2122 Ethiopian Buff-spotted Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys flavopunctatus Endemic to Ethiopian plateau west of the Rift Valley (Osgood, 1936; W. Verheyen et al., 2002).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2123 Hutterer’s Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys huttereri N Dem. Rep. Congo; equatorial lowland tropical rain forest between 300 and 450 m on left side of Congo River between Lualaba and Lomami Rivers, and west of the Lomami River to Ndele.  
2124 Buff-bellied Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys luteogaster NE and E Dem. Rep. Congo (Medje, Irangi, Bafwasende, and Tungula; Dieterlen, 1987); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2125 Western Rift Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys medicaudatus Montane forests of Kivu highlands in E Dem. Rep. Congo and Rwanda above 2000 m (Dieterlen, 1987); a montane Western Rift endemic.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2126 Black-clawed Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys melanonyx S and C Ethiopia, west of the Ethiopian Rift Valley (Dieterlen, 1987), and in the Bale Mtns, east of the Rift Valley, 3100-4050 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2127 Fire-bellied Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys nudicaudus Lowland tropical evergreen rainforest, usually below 700 m, from S Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (including Bioko), Gabon, Republic of Congo, SW Central African Republic, and N Dem. Rep. Congo (Orientale), between the Ubangui River in the west and the Aruwimi River in the east; Basoko, 01E13' N, 23E35' E, near the confluence of the Aruwimi River with the Congo, is the easternmost record. Despite intensive survey, L. nudicaudus is not found on the right side of the Congo River between mouth of the Aruwimi River and Kisangani to the southeast); elsewhere it occurs only on right side of Congo River. Distribution concordant with the West-Central and Cameroon zoogeographic faunal regions (W. Verheyen et al., 1996a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2128 Rahm’s Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys rahmi Montane forest in E Dem. Rep. Congo (Kivu) and Rwanda above 1800 m; limits unknown, probably a montane Western Rift endemic.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2129 Mount Cameroon Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys roseveari Endemic to Mt Cameroon, 1000-3100 m.  
2130 Rusty-bellied Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys sikapusi From Sierra Leone through Ghana and S Nigeria to Republic of Congo, Gabon, Cameroon, and Central African Republic; eastern limits unresolved (see W. Verheyen et al., 1997, 2000, for range east of Ghana).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2131 Verhagen’s Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys verhageni Endemic to Mt Meru, 2600-3050 m (see W. Verheyen et al., 2002).  
2132 Woosnam’s Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys woosnami E Dem. Rep. Congo, W Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; a montane Western Rift endemic.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2133 Zena’s Brush-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Lophuromys zena Recorded only from montane habitats in the Aberdare Range and on Mt Kenya in S Kenya (W. Verheyen et al., 2002).  
2134 Rudd’s Bristle-furred Rat RODENTIA Muridae Uranomys ruddi Savannas in Senegal (Duplantier and Granjon, 1992), Guinea (Ziegler et al., 2002), Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, Ghana (Decher and Bahian, 1999; Ryan and Attuquayefio, 2000), Togo, N Nigeria, N Cameroon, NE Dem. Rep. Congo, SW Ethiopia (Lavrenchenko, 1993; Yalden et al., 1996), Uganda (Delany, 1975; Hollister, 1919), Kenya, Tanzania (W. Verheyen, pers. comm.), C Mozambique Smithers and Lobăo Tello, 1976), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988), and SE Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979); see G. M. Allen (1939), Lavrenchenko (1993), Misonne (1974), and Rosevear (1969); limits unknown.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2135 Ammodile RODENTIA Muridae Ammodillus imbellis Somalia (Roche and Petter, 1968) and E Ethiopia (Yalden et al., 1976).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
2136 Przewalski’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Brachiones przewalskii China, deserts from N Xinjiang through N Gansu to W Nei Mongol north of the Tien Shan (see Wang, 2003, and Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2137 Pouched Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Desmodilliscus braueri Recorded from Sahelian savanna in N and C Sudan, N Cameroon, S Niger, N Nigeria, C Mali, N Burkina Faso (Gautun et al., 1985), Senegal (Ba et al., 2000; Duplantier and Granjon, 1992), and W Mauritania (overall distributions reviewed by Hutterer and Dieterlen [1986] and Dobigny et al. [2002b]).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2138 Cape Short-tailed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Desmodillus auricularis South Africa (Northern Cape and Western Cape Provs., SW Free State, and Gauteng), S Botswana, Namibia, and SW Angola (see Perrin, 1997a; Skinner and Smithers, 1990; Crawford-Cabral, 1998, reviewed and mapped the Angolan records).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2139 Botta’s Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus bottai Recorded only from Sudan and Kenya.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus bottai.
2140 North African Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus campestris N Africa, from Morocco to Egypt and Sudan.  IUCN – Critically Endangered as Gerbillus quadrimaculatus, Lower Risk (lc) as G. campestris.
2141 Wagner’s Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus dasyurus Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, Sinai, E desert of Egypt (see Harrison and Bates, 1991); also recorded from Turkey (Yi—it et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus dasyurus.
2142 Harwood’s Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus harwoodi Kenya and Tanzania (see F. Petter, 1975b, and Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus harwoodi.
2143 James’s Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus jamesi Tunisia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus jamesi.
2144 Lowe’s Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus lowei Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered as Gerbillus lowei.
2145 Mackilligin’s Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus mackilligini E desert of S Egypt (see Osborn and Helmy, 1980) and probably adjacent Sudan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus mackillingini.
2146 Maghreb Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus maghrebi Recorded only from the Fes region (between the coast and tip of Middle Atlas Mtns) in N Morocco where it is abundant (Aulagnier et al., 1993).  IUCN – Vulnerable as Gerbillus maghrebi.
2147 Rupicolous Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus rupicola Recorded only from the type locality.  
2148 Simon’s Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus simoni Along the coast of Egypt (west of Nile Delta) and NE Libya, coastal and inland in NW Libya and Tunisia, and high plateau region of the Atlas in Algeria and E Morocco (see Cockrum et al., 1976).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus simoni.
2149 Somalian Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus somalicus Somalia (Lay, 1983) and Djibouti (Pearch et al., 2001).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus somalicus.
2150 Khartoum Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus stigmonyx Sudan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Gerbillus stigmonyx.
2151 Kerkennah Islands Dipodil RODENTIA Muridae Dipodillus zakariai Recorded only from the Kerkennah Isls, off the Tunisian coast opposite the coastal city of Sfax.  
2152 Cape Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus afra Endemic to the Cape Macchia zone, Western Cape Province, South Africa (see Meester et al., 1986; Perrin, 1997g; Skinner and Smithers, 1990); recorded from fynbos and succulent Karoo biomes (Mugo et al., 1995).  IUCN – Least Concern as Tatera afra.
2153 Boehm’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus boehmi E Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998, discussed the possible Angolan record), S Dem. Rep. Congo (Hatt, 1940a), N Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988), Tanzania (Swynerton and Hayman, 1951), Kenya (Hollister, 1919), and Uganda (Delany, 1975).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera boehmi.
2154 Highveld Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus brantsii Subtropical and wooded grasslands of South Africa (most of country except southern region; see Perrin, 1997h; Skinner and Smithers, 1990; and Taylor, 1998), W Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), Botswana (Smithers, 1971), C and E Namibia (Skinner and Smithers, 1990), S Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998), and SW Zambia (Ansell, 1978).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera brantsii.
2155 Guinean Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus guineae From Gambia and Senegal (Duplantier and Granjon, 1992), through Guinea (Ziegler et al., 2002), Sierra Leone, and S Mali (Meinig, 2000) to Burkina Faso and Ghana.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera guineae.
2156 Gorongoza Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus inclusus E Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), C Mozambique (north of Zambezi River; Smithers and Lobao Tello, 1976) to NE Tanzania (Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951, as T. leucogaster cosensi).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera inclusa.
2157 Northern Savanna Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus kempi Throughout Subsaharan northern savannas from Senegal (Duplantier and Granyon, 1992, as gambiana) and Guinea (Mt Nimba) through Burkina Faso, S Mali (Meinig, 2000), Nigeria, S Niger, N Cameroon, S Chad, Central African Republic, S Sudan, S Ethiopia, Uganda, and NE Dem. Rep. Congo to SW Kenya (west of Eastern Rift Valley); see Bates (1988).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera kempi.
2158 Bushveld Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus leucogaster N and W South Africa (see Perrin, 1997f; Skinner and Smithers, 1990; Taylor,F 1998), Mozambique (including islands in the Bazaruto Arch. off the coast of S Mozambique; Downs and Wirminghaus [1997], Smithers and Lobao Tello, 1976), Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), Botswana, Namibia (Griffin, 1990), Malawi (Denys et al., 1999), Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998), SW Tanzania (Davis, 1975a), and S Dem. Rep. Congo (Davis, 1975a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera leucogaster.
2159 Black-tailed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus nigricaudus Ethiopia (Duckworth et al., 1993), Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania. Apparently does not occur west of the Eastern Rift Valley (see Bates, 1988).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera nigricaudata.
2160 Phillips’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus phillipsi Somalia and the Rift Valley in Ethiopia and Kenya (see Bates, 1988), westward to Senegal and Mali (see Pavlinov, 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera phillipsi.
2161 Fringe-tailed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus robustus Burkina Faso, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania (see Bates, 1985, 1988).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera robusta.
2162 Southern Savanna Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbilliscus validus Southern savanna from Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998) through S Dem. Rep. Congo, Zambia, and SW Tanzania to S Kenya (between the Rift Valley and coast).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Tatera valida.
2163 Paeba Hairy-footed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillurus paeba South Africa (western half and Limpopo; see Perrin, 1997c, Skinner and Smithers, 1990), W Mozambique, W Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia (Griffin, 1990), and SW Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2164 Setzer’s Hairy-footed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillurus setzeri Namib Desert, from the Namib-Naukluft Natl. Park north through Namibia to extreme SW Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998; Meester et al., 1986; Skinner and Smithers, 1990).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2165 Dune Hairy-footed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillurus tytonis Namibia (Sossusvlei, Sandwich Harbour and Bobabeb, Namib Desert, and Farm Canaan near diamond region of Namibia).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2166 Brush-tailed Hairy-footed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillurus vallinus From South Africa (Northern Cape Province) northwest through Namibia towards Brukaros-Karas Mtns and C Namib Desert.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2167 Berbera Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus acticola Somalia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2168 Agag Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus agag Mali, N Nigeria, and Niger to Chad, Sudan and Kenya.  IUCN – Critically Endangered as G. cosensis and G. dalloni, Lower Risk (lc) as G. agag.
2169 Pleasant Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus amoenus Recorded only from Egypt and Libya.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2170 Anderson’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus andersoni SW Jordan and Israel (Qumsiyeh, 1996; Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999), Egypt (Sinai Peninsula and Nile Delta south to El Faiyum as mapped for G. a. andersoni by Osborn and Helmy, 1980:120), Libya and Tunisia (Cockrum et al., 1976b; Lay, 1983).  IUCN – Vulnerable as G. allenbyi and G. bonhotei, Lower Risk (lc) as G. andersoni.
2171 Swarthy Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus aquilus SE Iran, W Pakistan, S Afghanistan (see Lay and Nadler, 1975).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2172 Brockman’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus brockmani Somalia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2173 Burton’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus burtoni Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2174 Cheesman’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus cheesmani SW Iran, C and S Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Oman, North Yemen, South Yemen, and Kuwait (see Al-Jumaily, 1998; Harrison and Bates, 1991; Lay and Nadler, 1975), and S Jordan (Qumsiyeh, 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2175 Dongola Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus dongolanus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2176 Dunn’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus dunni Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti (Pearch et al., 2001).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2177 Black-tufted Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus famulus Endemic to South Yemen and North Yemen (see Harrison and Bates, 1991:272).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2178 Flower’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus floweri Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2179 Algerian Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus garamantis Algeria.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2180 Lesser Egyptian Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus gerbillus From SW Jordan and S Israel through Egypt, N Sudan (Yalden et al., 1996) and Djibouti to Morocco and SW Mauritania; also N and S Mali, N Niger, and N Chad (see Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986; Corbet, 1978c; Dobigny et al., 2002b; Granjon et al., 2002b; Harrison and Bates, 1991:283; Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; Osborn and Helmy, 1980:131; Pearch et al., 2001; Qumsiyeh, 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2181 Indian Hairy-footed Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus gleadowi NW India (Rajasthan and Gujarat; see Agrawal, 2000), sand dunes along Indus Valley of Pakistan (see Lay and Nadler, 1975).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2182 Grobben’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus grobbeni Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2183 Pygmy Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus henleyi From C Morocco (south of Atlas Mtns) and Algeria through N Africa to Sinai Peninsula, NE Sudan, and Djibouti (Perch et al., 2001); then through Israel and Jordan (Qumsiyeh, 1996; Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999), with scattered records in W Saudi Arabia, N Yemen, and Oman (Harrison and Bates); also recorded from Burkina Faso (Maddalena et al., 1988; Volobouev et al., 1995a), Niger (Dobigny et al., 2002b), and N Senegal (Bâ et al., 2000; Duplantier and Granjon et al., 1992; Duplantier et al. 1991a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2184 Moroccan Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus hesperinus Coastal Morocco north of High Atlas Mtns (see Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2185 Hoogstraal’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus hoogstraali Recorded only from Morocco in the Souss Plain (between High Atlas and Anti Atlas Mtns) and the type locality (Aulagnier, in litt.; see map in Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2186 Lataste’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus latastei Tunisia and Libya (Lay, 1983, suspected the species occurs in Algeria but Kowalski and Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991, did not record it from there).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2187 Mauritanian Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus mauritaniae Known only by the holotype, which is apparently lost, from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2188 Mesopotamian Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus mesopotamiae Iraq and SW Iran in valleys of the Tigris, Euphrates, and Karun Rivers (see Lay and Nadler, 1975).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2189 Darfur Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus muriculus Sudan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2190 Sudan Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus nancillus Sandy Sudanian and Sahelian savannas in Sudan (near El Fasher), Egypt (Wadi Umm-Ashera, Nasser Lake Shore), Chad, Niger, and Mali.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2191 Baluchistan Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus nanus An extensive range from the Baluchistan region of NW India (Rajasthan and Gujarat; see Agrawal, 2000), Pakistan, S Afghanistan, and Iran through the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, and North Africa to Morocco (SE side of Atlas Mtns; see Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986) and Mauritania (Granjon et al., 1997a, 2002b), and south in the Sahara to at least Niger (Dobigny et al., 2002b), NE Mali (Dobigny et al., 2001a, b); see excellent map in Lay and Nadler (1975) portraying range east of the Euphrates River.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2192 Nigerian Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus nigeriae Recorded from Niger, N Nigeria, Burkina Faso, and SW Mauritania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2193 Occidental Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus occiduus Coastal Morocco from south of Anti Atlas to Tarfaya (Aulagnier, in litt.; also see Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2194 Pale Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus perpallidus N Egypt, west of the Nile River.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2195 Large Aden Gerbil. RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus poecilops Yemen and SW Saudi Arabia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2196 Principal Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus principulus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2197 Rhoads’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus pulvinatus Endemic to NE Africa in Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti.  IUCN – Critically Endangered as G. bilensis, Lower Risk (lc) as G. pulvinatus.
2198 Least Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus pusillus Tanzania (Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951), Kenya, Ethiopia, and S Sudan (Dieterlen and Nikolaus, 1985).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as G. diminutus, G. percivali, G. ruberrimus, and G. pusillus.
2199 Greater Egyptian Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus pyramidum Documented from Egypt, Nile delta and valley south to Sudan (N Sudan, oases of Western Desert and SE Eastern Desert, and Khartoum region in EC Sudan (see Osborn and Helmy, 1980:97); specimens with same karyotype have been collected from the Mauritanian coast, N Mali, and W Niger, so actual range may extend from coastal Mauritania to Egypt and Sudan (Dobigny et al., 2001a, b, 2002b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2200 Rosalinda Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus rosalinda Sudan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2201 Sand Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus syrticus Known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2202 Tarabul’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus tarabuli Ranges from N Senegal and S Mauritania (Bâ et al., 2001; Dobigny et al., 2002b; Duplantier et al., 1991a; Duplantier and Granjon, 1992; Granjon et al., 1992, as cf pyramidum; Granjon et al., 2002b) westward to the Cyrenaican Plateau of Libya (Ranck, 1968) and the Tibesti Mtns of Chad (Setzer and Ranck, 1971; Granjon et al., 1999:305).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as G. riggenbachi, Lower Risk (lc) as G. tarabuli.
2203 Vivacious Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus vivax Libya.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2204 Waters’s Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Gerbillus watersi Endemic to NE Africa in Sudan, Somalia, and Djibouti.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as G. juliani and G. watersi.
2205 Arabian Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones arimalius "Northern sands of the Rub al Khali in Saudi Arabia and Oman" (Harrison and Bates, 1991:297).  IUCN – Endangered.
2206 Cheng’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones chengi Recorded from several localities in a small area of N Xinjiang (see Wang, 2003, and Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2207 Sundevall’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones crassus Across North Africa from Morocco through Niger, Sudan, and Egypt to Israel, Jordan, Syria, SE Anatolia (Turkey), Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2208 Dahl’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones dahli Local sandy habitats in Armenia.  IUCN – Endangered.
2209 Moroccan Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones grandis Mediterranean littoral from Morocco through N Algeria to Tunisia (see Pavlinov, 2000).  
2210 Indian Desert Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones hurrianae Primarily in Thar Desert in SE Iran, Pakistan, and NW India (Haryana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat; see Agrawal, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2211 Libyan Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones libycus North Africa from Western Sahara (Rio de Oro) and Morocco to Egypt, through Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Iran, Afghanistan, and east through Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and S Kazakhstan to W China (Xinjiang). A record from SE Anatolia has not been confirmed (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2212 Midday Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones meridianus From Lower Don River and north of the Caucasus to Mongolia and N China (provinces of Nei Mongol, Hebei, Henen, Shanxi, N Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Gansu, NE Qinghai, and Ningxia; see Ma et al. [1987], Wang [2003], and Zhang et al. [1997]), south to E Turkey, E Iran and N Afghanistan. The isolated segment in Armenia mentioned by Corbet (1978c) refers to M. dahli (see that account).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2213 Persian Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones persicus Iran, adjacent regions of Transcaucasia, Turkey (E Anatolia), Iraq, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan (west of Indus River).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2214 King Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones rex Yemen highlands in SW Arabian Peninsula, from Mecca in Saudi Arabia to near Aden in Yemen (see Al-Jumaily [1998] and Harrison and Bates [1991:289]).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2215 Buxton’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones sacramenti A small range in Israel (on coastal plain south of the Yarqon River and in the N Negev) and NE Sinai Peninsula of Egypt (Harrison and Bates, 1991; Osborn and Helmy, 1980).  IUCN – Endangered.
2216 Shaw’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones shawi Mediterranean littoral from E Morocco through N Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt to N Sinai, never found more than about 150 mi (240 km) inland (Lay and Nadler, 1969, and references therein; Pavlinov, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2217 Tamarisk Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones tamariscinus N Caucasus and Kazakhstan to the Altai Mtns, and through N Xinjiang and Nei Mongol of China (Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2218 Tristram’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones tristrami From Israel, Lebanon, and W Jordan to Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Yi—it et al., 1998a), Syria, N Iraq, NW Iran, and Transcaucasia (see Harrison and Bates, 1991:294).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2219 Mongolian Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones unguiculatus Mongolia, and adjacent regions of Siberia (Transbaikalia) and of China from E Gansu, N Ningxia, N Shaanxi, N Shanxi, and Hebei, through C and N Nei Mongol and Liaoning (see Gromov and Erbajeva [1995], Wang [2003], and Zhang et al. [1997]).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2220 Vinogradov’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones vinogradovi E Anatolian Turkey, N Syria, N Iran, and Armenia and Azerbaijan (see Harrison and Bates, 1991).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2221 Zarudny’s Jird RODENTIA Muridae Meriones zarudnyi NE Iran, N Afghanistan, and S Turkmenistan.  IUCN – Endangered.
2222 Somali Pygmy Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Microdillus peeli Recorded only from Somalia (see Roche and F. Petter, 1968).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2223 Fat-tailed Jird RODENTIA Muridae Pachyuromys duprasi N Sahara desert from Western Sahara and Morocco to N Egypt.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2224 Fat Sand Rat RODENTIA Muridae Psammomys obesus In North Africa from Morocco (Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986) and Algeria (Kowalski and Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991), through Tunisia and coastal region of Egypt (Osborn and Helmy, 1980), into Syria, Jordan, Israel, and parts of Arabian Peninsula (Harrison and Bates, 1991); also on coast of Sudan (Corbet, 1978c).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2225 Lesser Sand Rat RODENTIA Muridae Psammomys vexillaris Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2226 Great Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Rhombomys opimus From S Mongolia and N China (Xinjiang, Gansu, Nei Mongolia) to Kazakhstan, Iran, Afghanistan, and SW Pakistan (Corbet, 1987c, Ma et al., 1987; Wang, 2003; Zhou et al., 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2227 Bushy-tailed Jird RODENTIA Muridae Sekeetamys calurus Restricted to rocky and cliff habitat from E Egypt (east side of the Nile) through Sinai, SE Israel and SW Jordan into C Saudi Arabia (Harrison and Bates, 1991; Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; Osborn and Helmy, 1980; Qumsiyeh, 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2228 Indian Gerbil RODENTIA Muridae Tatera indica An extensive range from SE Anatolia in Turkey (Yi—it et al., 2001), Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait through Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan into most of Indian Peninsula north to the Terai region of S Nepal; also Sri Lanka (see Bates, 1988).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2229 Robbins’s Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus arenarius N Sahelian savanna and subdesert from Mauritania through Mali to Niger (see Robbins, 1974); eastern limits unknown although Sicard et al. (1988) believed the species to be confined to the left bank of the Niger River.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2230 Congo Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus congicus Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Dem. Rep. Congo, Sudan, Uganda.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2231 Emin’s Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus emini Sudan, SW Ethiopia (Yalden et al., 1996), Uganda, NW Kenya, NE Dem. Rep. Congo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2232 Gracile Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus gracilis N Nigeria, Niger, S Mali, and Burkina Faso to Gambia and Senegal (see Dobigny et al., 2002b; Duplantier and Granjon, 1992; Grubb et al., 1998; Meinig, 2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2233 Harrington’s Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus harringtoni Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, E Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2234 Lake Chad Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus lacustris NE Nigeria and Cameroon.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2235 Petter’s Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus petteri Sahelian savanna of E Burkina Faso and W Niger west of Niger River.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2236 Senegal Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus pygargus Gambia, Senegal, S Mauritania, W and S Mali (Meinig, 2000), and S Niger (Dobigny et al., 2002b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2237 Tranieri’s Tateril RODENTIA Muridae Taterillus tranieri Recorded from Sahelian savanna of W Mali and SE Mauritania (see Dobigny et al., 2003, for locality coordinates and habitat).  
2238 Büttner’s African Forest Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Leimacomys büttneri Recorded only from the type locality; may also occur in adjacent high forest of Ghana (Grubb et al., 1998).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
2239 Luzon Broad-toothed Rat RODENTIA Muridae Abditomys latidens Greater Luzon Faunal Region; endemic to C and N Luzon where it is know only by a specimen from Laguna Province and another from Mountain Province (Heaney et al., 1998; Musser, 1982a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2240 Papuan Abeomelomys RODENTIA Muridae Abeomelomys sevia Papua New Guinea; disjunct montane populations in Central Cordillera of Papua New Guinea from Star Mtns (Telefomin area) in the west to Wau region of Morobe Province in the east, and isolated population in the Cromwell Range on Huon Peninsula; 1400-3100 m (Flannery, 1995a; Menzies, 1990).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Pogonomelomys sevia.
2241 Bocage’s Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys bocagei Recorded only from NW Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998) where it occurs in savannas interspersed with forest; geographic boundaries unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2242 Red Veld Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys chrysophilus From SE Kenya south through Tanzania, Malawi (Denys et al., 1999), Zambia, S Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998), N Namibia, N and E Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique, and NE South Africa in a narrow band bordering Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Mozambique, generally the course of the Limpopo River; range abstracted from Linzey et al. (2003).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2243 Hinde’s Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys hindei N Cameroon, S Chad, Central African Republic, N and NE Dem. Rep. Congo, S Sudan, SW Ethiopia (Bekele and Schlitter, 1989;Yalden et al., 1996), Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania (no farther south than Muanza); southern limits unresolved. Range abstracted mostly from Davis (1975b) and Denys and Tranier (1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2244 Tete Veld Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys ineptus Documented from NE South Africa (Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North West, Limpopo, Northern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal Provs.; from about 25E30' S in the north southward to the Durban region) and S Mozambique; distribution in this region unresolved (Linzey et al., 2003).  
2245 Kaiser’s Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys kaiseri SW Uganda, S Kenya, Rwanda, S and E Dem. Rep. Congo, W and SW Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, and NC Angola; range mostly derived from Davis (1975b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2246 Nyika Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys nyikae Known only from NE Zambia (1978), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988; Ansell, 1989b), NE Angola (Crawford-Cabral, 1998), and S Dem. Rep. Congo (Hatt, 1934b); see Davis (1975b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2247 Seilinda Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys silindensis E Zimbabwe (Chimimba et al., 1999:508; Skinner and Smithers, 1990:277).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2248 West African Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys stannarius N Nigeria to W Cameroon.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2249 Thomas’s Aethomys RODENTIA Muridae Aethomys thomasi Endemic to Central Plateau of Angola; see Crawford-Cabral, 1999:190).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2250 Uneven-toothed Rat RODENTIA Muridae Anisomys imitator Forested mountain backbone of mainland New Guinea from the Weyland Range in the west to the eastern margin of the Owen Stanley Range in the east; also in the Huon Peninsula; sea level to 3500 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2251 Mindoro Forest Anonymomys RODENTIA Muridae Anonymomys mindorensis Greater Mindoro Faunal Region: endemic to Mindoro and recorded only from primary mountain forest on Mount Halcon although probably occurs throughout the island where montane forest formations persist.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
2252 Striped Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus agrarius Palearctic and Oriental regions in two disjunct segments. One from C Europe (from S Finland, Baltic region, through Poland and C Germany to NE Italy and through the Balkan countries to Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, and Turkish Thrace; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999; Petrov, 1992; Vohralík, 1992; Vohralík and Sofianidou, 1992b) east to the Caucasus, parts of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, and west of Lake Baikal region and adjacent Mongolia and NW China (Xinjiang). The other portion from the Amur River region in far E Russia extending through Korea (including some offshore islands) and westward through China from northern reaches of Nei Mongol and Heilongjiang in the northeast to W Yunnan (Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997); also in the small Senkaku Isl group of Japan (Kaneko, 1994) and on Taiwan (M.-J. Yu, 1996). Expansion of geographic range due to anthropogenic pressures reported by Karaseva et al. (1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2253 Alpine Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus alpicola Endemic to NW parts of the Alps: S Germany, Austria (Bauer and Spitzenberger, 1996; Spitzenberger and Englisch, 1996), Liechtenstein, Switzerland (Hausser, 1995; Margry, 1996; Maurizio, 1994), N Italy (Amori et al., 1999), and SE France; altitudinal range 550-2000 m (Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999).  IUCN – Data Deficient.
2254 Small Japanese Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus argenteus Endemic to Japan (Dobson, 1994); the four main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu) along with some smaller ones (Abe and Ishii, 1987; Corbet, 1978c:136; Kaneko, 1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2255 Chevrier’s Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus chevrieri WC China; from Shaanxi and S Gansu through W Hubei, Sichuan, and Guizhou to W Yunnan (Corbet and Hill, 1992; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2256 South China Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus draco China (Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Anhui, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan in the east through Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ninxia, Gansu and Guangxi to Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan, and SE Xizang in the west), N and EC Burma (Kachin and Chin states, respectively), and NE India (Arunachal Pradesh; USNM 564492, 564493); see Musser et al., (1996), Agrawal (2000), Corbet and Hill (1992), Feng et al. (1986) and Zhang et al. (1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2257 Western Broad-toothed Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus epimelas W and S Balkans in W Croatia, W Bosnia and Herzegovina, S Serbia and Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, W Bulgaria and Greece (the European portion of mystacinus mapped by Mitchell-Jones et al. [1999]; also see Peshev [1996], Petrov [1992], Prigioni [1996], and Vohralík [1992], all reported as mystacinus), and Adriatic islands of Kor…ula and Mljet (Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999).  
2258 Yellow-necked Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus flavicollis S England and Wales; on the continent from N Spain through most of Europe to 64E N in S Finland and S Sweden, and south to S Italy, Balkan region, and Greece (Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999; Van der Straeten, 1977a); east through Belarus and Ukraine to Urals; throughout Turkey (Filippucci et al., 1996; Frynta et al., 2001; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Macholán et al., 2001b; Pamukoglu and Albayrak, 1996; specimens in USNM) and east to W Armenia (Frynta et al., 2001; Macholán et al., 2001), Zagros Mtns of W Iran (Kryštufek, 2002a; Macholán et al, 2001; USNM material), and south to Syria, Lebanon, and C and N Israel (Filippucci, 1992; Filippucci et al., 2002; Qumsiyeh, 1996:289). The species also occurs on some NE Aegean Isls off W coast of Turkey (Özkan and Kryštufek, 1999) and S Greece (Vohralík et al., 1996), Adriatic islands (Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999), and Corfu in the Mediterranean (Cheylan, 1991); Corbet (1978c:134) and Mezhzherin (1997a:35) mapped overall range. Absent from most of Iberian Peninsula and W France, Iceland, Ireland, Balearic Isls, and islands of Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, and Cyprus; also does not occur in most of the Caucasus (except WArmenia) where it is apparently replaced by the closely related A. ponticus.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as A. flavicollis and A. arianus.
2259 Nepalese Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus gurkha Endemic to coniferous forest in C Nepal between 2200 and 3600 m (Martens and Niethammer, 1972).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2260 Hyrcanian Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus hyrcanicus E Caucasus, where it is found in the low mountain broadleaf forests of the Talysh region of SE Azerbaijan (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Vorontsov et al., 1992:124). Then ranges eastward in the Hyrcanian forests (deciduous formations in which Quercus, Fagus, and Carpinus predominate) along southern border of the Caspian Sea in N Iran (on coast and northern slopes of Elburez Mtns) from Astara on the west coast (USNM 354778); through Sama (FMNH 97462, 97464), Sari (USNM 369857) and Amol (USNM 369858) on southern border; to Dar Kaleh (AMNH series) on SE coast; then extends east of Caspian Sea on northern slopes of Elburez Mtns in Khorassan Province of NE Iran through the Gorgan (large FMNH and USNM samples), Gouladah (AMNH material), Shah Pasand (USNM), and Bojnurd (USNM) regions to vicinity of Dasht (series in AMNH), which is easternmost record of species (at 37E19' N/56E01' E); possibly also occurs in SW Turkmenistan on eastern border of Caspian Sea. Altitudinal range, sea level to 1830 m.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
2261 Large-eared Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus latronum S China (E Xizang, Yunnan, Sichuan, and Qinghai) and N Burma (Ellerman, 1961; Feng et al., 1986; Musser et al., 1996; Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2262 Eastern Broad-toothed Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus mystacinus On some Aegean islands (Rhodes, Crete, Corfu, and other inshore islands; Cheylan, 1991; Özkan and Kryštufek et al., 1999; Storch, 1977); eastward through Turkey (Felten et al., 1973; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Pamukoglu and Albayrak, 1996) to S Georgia in Caucasus (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995); south and east to N and C Israel, Lebanon, NW Jordan (Benda and Sádlová, 1999; Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; Qumsiyeh, 1996; Tchernov, 1979, who discussed extant and Pleistocene samples), Syria (Shehab et al., 1999), and N Iraq; see non-European distribution in Corbet (1978c), Niethammer (1978a), Mitchell-Jones (1999), and review of distribution in the Near East by Harrison and Bates (1991).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2263 Himalayan Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus pallipes Pamirs and adjacent mountainous extensions in S Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan (Mezhzherin, 1997a); south through the Hindu Kush and auxiliary high ranges of N Afghanistan from Herat Province in the west (FMNH specimens) to Kabul region (FMNH) and provinces of Badakhshan (FMNH) and Konar (FMNH 103601) in the east; Pamirs and Himalayas in N Pakistan in districts of Chitral (material in AMNH), Swat (USNM series), Dir (USNM), Hazara (large USNM samples, including USNM 411143 and 411144, which are topotypes of pentax), Gilgit (USNM specimens), and Baltistan (USNM); Jammu-Kashmir region of NW India (USNM and AMNH material); eastward through Himalayas to C Nepal (specimens in FMNH) and possibly SW Xizang (Tibet). Altitudinal range, 1465-3965 m, with most records from above 2440 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Apodemus wardi.
2264 Korean Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus peninsulae A northern segment in S Siberia from Altai Mtns in the west to Ussuri region in the east (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995; Reiter et al., 1995, who documented occurrence on Svjatoj Nos peninsula and isthmus in Lake Baikal), and the Russian island of Sakhalin (Abe et al., 1996) and Japanese island of Hokkaido (Dobson, 1994; Kaneko, 1994); an eastern arm ranging south through E Mongolia and NE China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, and E Nei Mongol), and the Korean Peninsula (Won and Smith, 1999); then extending westward through N China (Shanxi, Shaanxi, SE Gansu to SE Qinghai), and south through SW Sichuan to NW Yunnan and E Xizang (Tibet). We are unaware of any records south of NW Yunnan and west of about 92° E longitude. Musser and Carleton (1993) incorrectly included the Chinese province of Xinjiang within the range, but only A. agrarius and A. uralensis (recorded as A. sylvaticus tsherga) are known from that region (Ma et al., 1987). The distribution outlined here is based upon our study of museum specimens (Musser et al., 1996) and the references cited above, and is similar to the distribution described by Wang (2003) and Zhang et al. (1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2265 Caucasus Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus ponticus Endemic to the Caucasus, from shore of Azov Sea through the Caucasus (S Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan); see Mezhzherin (1991, 1997a), Orlov et al. (1996a, b), and Vorontsov et al. (1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2266 Kashmir Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus rusiges Himalayas in Northern Area of NE Pakistan east of Indus River Valley (Baltistan and Hazara districts; large series in USNM) and Kashmir and Jammu region of NW India (large samples in USNM, including cotypes of griseus); altitudinal range, 1980-3350 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2267 Taiwan Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus semotus Endemic to montane habitats on Taiwan (H.-T. Yu, 1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2268 Large Japanese Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus speciosus Endemic to Japan (Dobson, 1994); found on the four larger islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu) and some smaller islands, but south only to Yakushima (Corbet, 1978c; Abe and Ishii, 1987; Kaneko, 1994; Tsuchiya, 1974).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2269 Long-tailed Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus sylvaticus European and N African: Europe north to Scandinavia; south to NW Turkey (Thrace and NW Anatolia; Filippucci et al., 1996; Pamukoglu and Albayrak, 1996; specimens in USNM); and east to C Belarus, E Ukraine, and closely adjacent W Russia, which is the easternmost limit of the species (Zagorodnyuk, 1993); see maps in Zagorodnyuk et al. (1997:39), Mezhzherin (1997a:33), Niethammer (1978c:341), and Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999:275). Range in N Africa extends from Atlas Mtns in Morocco east across Algiers to Tunisia (Aulagnier, 1991; Aulagnier and Thevenot, 1986; Kock and Felton, 1980). Also found on Iceland; Britain, Ireland, and numerous nearby islands; Aegean islands (Kryštufek, 2002a; Özkan and Kryštufek, 1999); some islands in the Tuscan Arch. (De Marinis et al., 1996); Sardinia, Corsica (Masseti, 1993), and other Mediterranean islands (Alcover and Gosalbez, 1988; Amori, 1993; Amori and Masseti, 1996; Cheylan, 1991).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2270 Herb Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus uralensis C Europe (E Germany S Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, NE Austria, N Hungary, south to E Croatia, N Serbia and Montenegro, Bulgaria and N Romania); Baltic region (NW Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia); east through W Russia and Ukraine to E Kazakhstan (Djarkent, USNM specimens including 155471, the holotype of microtis), Siberian Altai in S Russia (USNM), NW China (Xinjiang; Ma et al., 1987, as tscherga; USNM 259545 from Aksu), and the Altai of Mongolia; south in the Caucusus and throughout N Turkey (see Filippucci et al., 1996; Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Mezhzherin, 1997a:36; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999; Frynta et al., 2001; Steiner, 1978, under A. microps; Zhang et al., 1997, as A. sylvaticus); E and S boundary of range in C Asia unresolved.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2271 Steppe Field Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Apodemus witherbyi Plains, mountain and plateau steppes, and highland semideserts (not found in desert depressions) from E of the Dnepr River in the S Ukraine, Crimea, N Caucasus, S Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan), Anatolian Turkish steppe and Bozcaada Isl (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; specimens in USNM); south to N Israel and NW Jordan (Benda and Sádlová, 1999); through most of C and N Iran in provinces of Azarbayjan (FMNH and USNM material), Kordestan (FMNH and USNM), Ilam (series in FMNH), Lorestan (large samples in AMNH, FMNH, and USNM), Isfahan (FMNH material), Fars (FMNH), Semnan (FMNH 97469), Tehran (FMNH 341459), C and E Mazandaran (FMNH and USNM), N and E Khorasan (AMNH, FMNH, and USNM material); Kopet-Dag Mtns of SW Turkmenistan; and eastward in WC Pakistan, (about 90 km NE Quetta, USNM specimens); probably also occurs in Afghanistan, NE Iraq, and Lebanon and adjacent SW Syria. Distribution, which is southeast of range of A. sylvaticus, derived from specimens in AMNH, FMNH, and USNM and published reports (Filippucci et al., 1989; Mezhzherin, 1997a:33; Mezhzherin and Zagorodnyuk, 1989; Zagorodnyuk et al., 1997:39).  IUCN – Endangered as A. hermonensis, Lower Risk (lc) as A. fulvipectus.
2272 Luzon Cordillera Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys abrae Greater Luzon Faunal Region. Endemic to Central Cordillera of N Luzon (Benguet, Ilocos Norte, and Mountain provinces), 1060-2500 m (Musser, 1982b; Heaney et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2273 Northern Luzon Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys datae Greater Luzon Faunal Region. Most records come from highlands in N Luzon where it inhabits primary montane forest in the Sierra Madre and Central Cordillera, 760-2500 m (Heaney et al., 1998; Musser, 1982b), but the species has also been taken near sea level on W coast of Ilocos Norte Province (AMNH 252474, 252475).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2274 Large Mindoro Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys gracilirostris Greater Mindoro Faunal Region. A Mindoro endemic recorded only from montane forest on northern flank of Mt Halcon between 1250 and 1950 m, but may occur throughout the Mindoran highlands still covered by mountain forest (Ruedas, 1995).  IUCN – Vulnerable.
2275 Mindanao Mossy Forest Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys hylocetes Greater Mindanao Faunal Region. Endemic to Mindanao in primary montane forest between 1900 and 2800 m; probably widespread on high peaks of the island (Heaney et al., 1998.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2276 Mindanao Montane Forest Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys insignis Endemic to the Greater Mindanao Faunal Region from islands of Dinagat and Mindanao in primary and secondary forests, 900-2800 m (Heaney et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2277 Mindanao Lowland Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys littoralis Endemic to the Greater Mindanao Faunal Region on islands of Biliran, Bohol, Leyte, and Mindanao (Musser and Heaney, 1992; Rickart et al., 1993; Heaney et al., 1998). Formerly recorded from Negros (Musser, 1982b), but that sample represents an undescribed species (Heaney et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2278 Small Luzon Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys microdon Endemic to the Greater Luzon Faunal Region and widespread on Luzon in secondary lowland forest and primary montane forest (Heaney et al., 1991; Heaney et al., 1998; Heaney et al., 1999; Musser and Heaney, 1992). Formerly thought to also occur on Leyte and Dinagat (Musser, 1982b), but those samples have been referred to A. littoralis.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2279 Least Philippine Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys musculus Philippines: Dinagat, S and N Luzon, and Mindoro (Heaney et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2280 Long-nosed Luzon Apomys RODENTIA Muridae Apomys sacobianus Greater Luzon Faunal Region. Endemic to Luzon and recorded only from primary forest at the type locality; limits unresolved.  IUCN – Vulnerable.
2281 Isarog Shrew Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Archboldomys luzonensis Greater Luzon Faunal Region where it is endemic to montane habitat on Mt Isarog in SE peninsula of Luzon (Heaney et al., 1999; Rickart et al., 1991).  IUCN – Endangered.
2282 Sierra Madre Shrew Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Archboldomys musseri Greater Luzon Faunal Region where it is known from the type locality and the Balbalasang region of Kalinga Province at 1900 m (Rickart and Heaney, 2002), but may occur elsewhere in montane forest throughout N Luzon (Rickart et al., 1998).  
2283 Ethiopian Arvicanthis RODENTIA Muridae Arvicanthis abyssinicus Ethiopian Plateau between 1300-3400 m (Yalden et al., 1976).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2284 Sudanian Arvicanthis RODENTIA Muridae Arvicanthis ansorgei Grasslands and bush in Sudanian savannas from Gambia (Fadda and Corti, 2001) and S Senegal (Casamance region south of Gambia River; Granjon et al., 1992) through S Mali, Burkina-Faso, and Niger (Dobigny et al., 2002b; Ducroz et al., 1998; Volobouev et al., 2002a) to S Chad (Fadda and Corti, 2001); limits of range unresolved.  
2285 Blick’s Arvicanthis RODENTIA Muridae Arvicanthis blicki Ethiopia; between 2750 and 4050 m from plateau on E side of Ethiopian Rift Valley (Yalden et al., 1976; Yalden et al., 1996).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2286 East African Arvicanthis RODENTIA Muridae Arvicanthis nairobae Recorded from S Ethiopia (Sidamo) through Kenya in the Rift Valley south to the Dodoma region in EC Tanzania; western and southern limits unresolved (based largely upon our study of specimens; the Ethiopian record and some specimens from W Kenya were identified using discriminant function analysis by Fadda and Corti, 2001). An unidentified sample of Arvicanthis from SW Uganda clusters with Tanzanian samples of A. nairobae in the analysis of mtDNA cytochrome b sequences by Ducroz et al. (1998), which indicates the species may range farther west than described here.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2287 Neumann’s Arvicanthis RODENTIA Muridae Arvicanthis neumanni N and E Rift Valleys of Ethiopia (Yalden et al., 1976, 1996), Somalia, extreme SE Sudan (Dieterlen and Nikolaus, 1985), and south through Kenya in and east of the Rift Valley (Dollman, 1911; Hollister, 1919) to C and EC Tanzania on both sides of the Rift, including base of Mt Kilimanjaro (Grimshaw et al., 1995).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as A. somalicus.
2288 African Arvicanthis RODENTIA Muridae Arvicanthis niloticus Grassland and bush of Sahelian and northern Sudanian savannas, steppe, and semidesert in subsaharan N Africa, primarily in anthropogenic habitats, from Senegal (north of Gambia River), S Mauritania eastward through Mali, Burkina Faso, C and S Niger (Dobigny et al., 2002a), and C and S Chad to Sudan and western half and EC portion of Ethiopia (Bâ et al., 2001; Corti et al., 1996b, as dembeensis; Dobigny et al., 2001a, b; Granjon et al., 1992, 2002b; Osborn and Hemy, 1980;); north along the Nile Valley through Egypt; south through NE Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda, S Burundi, and W Tanzania into E Zamibia, where the population is isolated from the nearest one in SW Tanzania (Ansell, 1978). There is a record from N Malawi (1 skull only, living animals never found; Ansell and Dowsett, 1988), and the species also occurs in SW Arabian Peninsula (SW Yemen and W Oman; Al-Jumaily, 1998; Snowden et al., 2000; and references cited therein). The only truly Saharan record is from SE Algeria (Hoggar), and Dobigny et al. (2001a:216) speculated that A. niloticus "may persist across the whole Sahara, but only in some massifs or wadies where ecological conditions are more of the subdesert and/or steppe types than purely arid. Gardens also seem to be a good refuge for this species, and its commensalism may also explain its maintaining across the Sahara, via relictual populations." In Niger, the species was frequently encountered "in most wild bushy areas, gardens, villages and towns" (Dobigny et al., 2002b:498).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2289 Guinean Arvicanthis RODENTIA Muridae Arvicanthis rufinus Guinean and southern Sudanian deciduous forest and woodland savannas, and clearings in adjacent evergreen forest belt from Sierra Leone through Benin and Ghana to S Nigeria (Ducroz et al., 1998; Fadda and Corti, 2001; Volobouev et al., 2002a).  
2290 Lesser Bandicoot Rat. RODENTIA Muridae Bandicota bengalensis Probable natural range extends from N and SE Pakistan (the Punjab and Sind, respectively; Roberts, 1997) through most of India (Agrawal, 2000), Sri Lanka, S lowlands of Nepal, and Bangladesh east to Burma. Introduced to Penang Isl off the W coast of Malay Peninsula (Chasen, 1936), the Aceh region of N Sumatra and E Java (Kloss, 1921; Musser and Newcomb, 1983), and Saudi Arabia (Kock et al., 1990). Corbet and Hill (1992) noted a report of B. bengalensis from Patta Isl, Kenya, but did not know if the population was established. Indomalayan distribution mapped by Musser and Brothers (1994:7).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2291 Greater Bandicoot Rat RODENTIA Muridae Bandicota indica Extends from throughout most of India (Agrawal, 2000), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, lowlands of Nepal through Burma, S China (Yunnan, S Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Sichuan, Jiangxi, and Hong Kong Isls; Wang, 2003, and Zhang et al., 1997), Taiwan (Wang, 2003, and M.-J. Yu, 1996), Thailand (J. T. Marshall, Jr., 1977a; Robinson et al., 1995), Laos (Aplin et al., 2003b; Smith et al., In Press), Cambodia (Aplin et al., 2003b, c) and Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994; also Cat Ba Isl, off coast of N Vietnam, Kuznetsov, 2000). Introduced into Kedah and Perlis regions of Malay Peninsula (Harrison, 1956; J. T. Marshall, Jr., 1977a) as well as Java (Musser and Newcomb, 1983). Its spotty distribution may reflect other geographic introductions (Taiwan for example); "since it is commensal, large, and delicious to eat, this bandicoot may have been spread by man in comparatively recent times" (J. T. Marshall, Jr., 1977a:428). Corbet and Hill (1992:352) included Pakistan within the range but Roberts (1977, 1997) did not record it from there and we cannot locate any specimens from that country. Indomalayan range mapped by Musser and Brothers (1994).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2292 Savile’s Bandicoot Rat RODENTIA Muridae Bandicota savilei C Burma, Thailand (throughout the country north of the Isthmus of Kra and south of the Isthmus to the southern end of peninsular Thailand), Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994), Cambodia (Aplin et al., 2003b; also specimens in FMNH); and an unconfirmed photographic record from S Laos (Aplin et al., 2003b).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2293 Large-toothed Batomys RODENTIA Muridae Batomys dentatus Greater Luzon Faunal Region. Endemic to mountain forest on N Luzon and known only from the type locality.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
2294 Luzon Batomys RODENTIA Muridae Batomys granti Greater Luzon Faunal Region. Recorded only from mountain forests of Luzon Isl, Mt Data in north and Mt Isarog in SE peninsula; probably more widespread in mountains of N Luzon (Heaney et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2295 Russet Batomys RODENTIA Muridae Batomys russatus Greater Mindanao Faunal Region. Endemic to Dinagat Isl in lowland tropical evergreen rainforest.  
2296 Mindanao Batomys RODENTIA Muridae Batomys salomonseni Greater Mindanao Faunal Region on Isls of Mindanao, Dinagat, Biliran, and Leyte; tropical lowland evergreen rainforest to montane forest formations.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2297 Berdmore’s Berylmys RODENTIA Muridae Berylmys berdmorei S China (S Yunnan; Wang, 2003; Yang and Wu, 1979; Zhang et al., 1997), S Burma, Thailand (J. T. Marshall, Jr., 1977a; Robinson et al., 1995), Cambodia, N and C Laos (Aplin et al., 2003c; Smith et al., In Press), and S Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994; Kuznetsov, 2000); also on Con Dao Isl (= Con Son Isl). Details of overall range are documented by Musser and Newcomb (1983) and Corbet and Hill (1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2298 Bower’s Berylmys RODENTIA Muridae Berylmys bowersi NE India (Agrawal, 2000), N and C Burma, S China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Fujiau, and S Anhui; Liu et al., 1985), N and peninsular Thailand, N Laos, Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994), Malay Peninsula, and NW Sumatra (Medan); see Musser and Newcomb (1983) and Corbet and Hill (1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2299 Mackenzie’s Berylmys RODENTIA Muridae Berylmys mackenziei NE India in Meghalaya (Shillong and Cherrapunji), Nagaland, Mizoram (Lushai Hills), and Manipur (Bishenpur and Tamenglong); C and S Burma, China (Sichuan), and S Vietnam; see Musser and Newcomb (1983) and Agrawal (2000).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2300 Manipur Berylmys RODENTIA Muridae Berylmys manipulus India in Assam (Golaghat), Nagaland (Kekrima and Naga Hills), and Manipur (Bishenpur, Senapati, and Imphal); N and C Burma, and S China (W Yunnan); distribution extracted from Agrawal (2000), Musser and Newcomb (1983), Wang (2003), Yang and Wu (1979), and Zhang et al. (1997).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2301 Mindanao Bullimus RODENTIA Muridae Bullimus bagobus Greater Mindanao Faunal Region in the Philippines. Isls of Samar, Calicoan, Leyte, Dinagat, Siargao, Mindanao, Bohol, and Maripipi, but probably occurs on other islands in the Greater Mindanao Faunal Region; altitudinal range 200-1800 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2302 Camiguin Bullimus RODENTIA Muridae Bullimus gamay Endemic to Camiguin Isl in the Bohol Sea, 8 km north of NC Mindanao; found in remaining forests on the island, 900-1475 m.  
2303 Luzon Bullimus RODENTIA Muridae Bullimus luzonicus Greater Luzon Faunal Region in the Philippines. Endemic to Luzon and represented by samples from scattered localities over the island, 200-2440 m.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2304 Andrew’s Bunomys RODENTIA Muridae Bunomys andrewsi Sulawesi; central core, SE and SW peninsulas; primarily found in lowland tropical evergreen rainforest but reaches lower montane rainforest in some places.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as B. heinrichi, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
2305 Common Bunomys RODENTIA Muridae Bunomys chrysocomus Sulawesi; throughout island generally between 200 and 1500 m, reaching 2200 m in some regions.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2306 Lampobatang Bunomys RODENTIA Muridae Bunomys coelestis Sulawesi; endemic to the slopes of Gunung Lampobatang at tip of SW peninsula; found in montane forest formations between 1800 and 2500 m.  IUCN – Endangered.
2307 Northeastern Peninsula Bunomys RODENTIA Muridae Bunomys fratrorum Sulawesi; Endemic to NE region of N peninsula.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2308 Montane Bunomys RODENTIA Muridae Bunomys penitus Sulawesi; endemic to montane forest formations in central core and SE peninsula.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2309 Tambusisi Bunomys RODENTIA Muridae Bunomys prolatus Known only from 6000 ft (1830 m) on Gunung Tambusisi, Sulawesi.  IUCN – Endangered.
2310 Large Luzon Carpomys RODENTIA Muridae Carpomys melanurus Greater Luzon Faunal Region in the Philippines. Known only from Mt Data, but probably occurs in other forested highlands of N Luzon.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
2311 Small Luzon Carpomys RODENTIA Muridae Carpomys phaeurus Greater Luzon Faunal Region in the Philippines. Recorded only from Mt Data and Mt Kapilingan (Sanborn, 1952a), but likely occurs elsewhere in mountain forests of N Luzon.  IUCN – Data Deficient.
2312 Indochinese Chiromyscus RODENTIA Muridae Chiromyscus chiropus SW China (S Yunnan; Wang, 2003), E Burma, N Thailand (J. T. Marshall, Jr., 1977a), Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994), Laos (Aplin et al., 2003c; Smith et al., In Press; AMNH 272902); see Musser (1981b) and Corbet and Hill (1992).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2313 Palawan Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Chiropodomys calamianensis Endemic to Greater Palawan Faunal Region on islands Busuanga, Balabac, and Palawan (politically part of the Philippines but faunistically an extension of the Sunda Shelf).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2314 Indomalayan Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Chiropodomys gliroides Documented from W China (S Guangxi andYunnan; Wang, 2003, and Zhang et al., 1997), NE India (Assam; Agrawal, 2000), Burma, Thailand (J. T. Marshall, Jr. 1977a; Robinson et al., 1995), Laos (Smith et al., In Press), Vietnam (Dang et al., 1994; Lunde et al., 2003b), Malay Peninsula (Medway, 1969), S Sumatra, Pulau Nias, Kepulauan Tujuh, Kepulauan Natuna, Java, and Bali; range primarily extracted from Corbet and Hill (1992), Musser (1979), and Wu and Deng (1984); probably also occurs on other small islands of the Sunda Shelf and in Cambodia.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2315 Koopman’s Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Chiropodomys karlkoopmani Known only from Pagai (Musser, 1979), and Siberut (Jenkins and Hill, 1982) in the Mentawai Isls.  IUCN – Endangered.
2316 Greater Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Chiropodomys major Borneo: recorded only from Sarawak and Sabah (Musser, 1979), but probably also occurs in Kalimantan; found between 900 and 1500 m on Mt Kinabalu in Sabah (Corbet and Hill, 1992; Md Nor, 2001).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2317 Gray-bellied Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Chiropodomys muroides Known only by a few specimens from Gunung Kinabalu (1100-1220 m; Md Nor, 2001) and N Kalimantan (Long Petak), but probably occurs elsewhere on Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
2318 Lesser Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse RODENTIA Muridae Chiropodomys pusillus Recorded only from Sabah, Sarawak, and S Kalimantan (Musser, 1979), but probably occurs throughout Borneo.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2319 Forbes’s Chiruromys RODENTIA Muridae Chiruromys forbesi Papua New Guinea; endemic to mainland of SE Papua New Guinea, sea level to 700 m. Not recorded west of Oomsis Creek in valley of Markham River (see map of this region in Brass, 1959), and extends eastward to Bara Bara near Milne Bay (Thomas, 1897a); also on D'Entrecasteaux Isls (Goodenough, Fergusson, and Normanby). Occurs in lowlands (sea level to 700 m) on the mainland, but up to 1300 m on Goodenough Isl and nearly 900 m on Normanby Isl (Flannery, 1995a, and specimens in AMNH). Dennis and Menzies (1979) included the Louisiade Isls in the range, but samples in AMNH of Chiruromys from there are not forbesi but examples of a separate undescribed species (Musser and Lunde, ms).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2320 Broad-headed Chiruromys RODENTIA Muridae Chiruromys lamia Mainland Papua New Guinea; known only from the Owen Stanley Range in SE Papua, from 1200 to 2300 m (Flannery, 1995a; specimens in AMNH, BMNH).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2321 Lesser Chiruromys RODENTIA Muridae Chiruromys vates Mainland Papua New Guinea; S side of Central Cordillera, from Lake Murray area in the Trans-Fly region (Western Province) east to the Kokoda Gap region near type locality; sea level to 1500 m (Flannery, 1990b, 1995a).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2322 Isarog Chrotomys RODENTIA Muridae Chrotomys gonzalesi Greater Luzon Faunal Region in the Philippine . Known only from Mt Isarog, Luzon, in lower and upper montane evergreen forest formations, 1350-1750 m (Heaney et al., 1998, 1999).  IUCN – Critically Endangered.
2323 Lowland Chrotomys RODENTIA Muridae Chrotomys mindorensis Lowlands (sea level to 1000 m) of N Luzon and Mindoro (Heaney et al., 1998).  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
2324 Blazed Luzon Chrotomys RODENTIA Muridae Chrotomys silaceus Greater Luzon Faunal Region in the Philippines. Endemic to montane forest in N Luzon; known from Benguet and Kalinga provinces (Heaney et al., 1998; Largen, 1985; Rickart and Heaney, 2002; Sanborn, 1952a), 1800-2500 m, but probably lives in montane forest formations elsewhere on N Luzon.  IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Celaenomys silaceus.
2325 Montane Chrotomys RODENTIA Muridae Chrotomys whiteheadi Greater Luzon Faunal Region in the Philippines. Endemic to N Luzon in the Central Cordillera of Benguet, Mountain, and Kalinga provinces, 1000-1500 m (Heaney et al., 1999; Rickart and Heaney, 2002).  IUCN – Vulnerable.